Gustavus, Alaska

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Gustavus
City
Gustavus, Alaska is located in Alaska
Gustavus
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 58°24′59″N 135°44′44″W / 58.41639°N 135.74556°W / 58.41639; -135.74556Coordinates: 58°24′59″N 135°44′44″W / 58.41639°N 135.74556°W / 58.41639; -135.74556
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaHoonah-Angoon
Incorporated2004[1]
Government
 • MayorSandi Matchbanks[1]
Area
 • Total37.7 sq mi (97.6 km2)
 • Land37.7 sq mi (97.6 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total442
Time zoneAlaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST)AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code99826
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-30940
GNIS feature ID1403078, 2419393
Websitewww.gustavus-ak.gov
 
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Gustavus
City
Gustavus, Alaska is located in Alaska
Gustavus
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 58°24′59″N 135°44′44″W / 58.41639°N 135.74556°W / 58.41639; -135.74556Coordinates: 58°24′59″N 135°44′44″W / 58.41639°N 135.74556°W / 58.41639; -135.74556
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaHoonah-Angoon
Incorporated2004[1]
Government
 • MayorSandi Matchbanks[1]
Area
 • Total37.7 sq mi (97.6 km2)
 • Land37.7 sq mi (97.6 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total442
Time zoneAlaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST)AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code99826
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-30940
GNIS feature ID1403078, 2419393
Websitewww.gustavus-ak.gov

Gustavus (gus-TAY-vuhs)[3] is a second-class[4] city[2] in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. The population was 429 at the 2000 census[5] and 442 as of the 2010 census.[2]

Geography[edit]

Gustavus is located at 58°24′59″N 135°44′44″W / 58.41639°N 135.74556°W / 58.41639; -135.74556 (58.416327, -135.745549).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38 square miles (98 km2), all of it land.

Gustavus is split by the Salmon River, across which there is a bridge for the paved road running out to Glacier Bay National Park. Coho salmon, Dolly Varden, and other fish are commonly caught in this river. Within the city limits, the river is affected by tides.

History[edit]

Map of Gustavus outside the town gas station

Gustavus, formerly known as Strawberry Point, lies on the outwash plain created by the glaciers that once filled Glacier Bay. Two hundred years ago, it was primarily a single large "beach". The native Tlingit and others used the area for fishing, berry picking, and other similar uses. The town itself is less than one hundred years old. The first settlers arrived in 1914, but left shortly afterward. The first permanent homestead was established in 1917, when Abraham Lincoln Parker moved his family to Strawberry Point. Many Gustavus residents are descendants and relatives of the original Parker homesteaders.

In 1925 the name became Gustavus, when the U.S. Post Office required a change for its new post office, although locals continued calling it Strawberry Point long afterwards. The new name came from "Point Gustavus" at the mouth of Glacier Bay.

In 1793 George Vancouver named Point Adolphus (today a well-known humpback whale feeding area) after Adolphus Frederick, seventh son of King George III. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a coastal survey, saw "Adolphus" on the map and assumed it was for Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. The point across Icy Straits from Point Adolphus at the mouth of Glacier Bay was not named on the map, so Dall called it "Gustavus". Another possibility is that Dall named Gustavus for Gustavus C. Hanus, a Naval Academy graduate who had extensive experience throughout southeast Alaska, and both Dall and Hanus served with the Coast Survey in Alaska. Hanus laid out the first streets in Juneau and helped quell the trouble in Klukwan in 1881.

There is still a large beach at Gustavus, with many strawberries. It is surrounded on three sides by Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, and on the fourth side by water. The area is a temperate rain forest; spruce and hemlock trees reach heights of 60 metres (200 ft), and alders, balsam poplar, fern, mosses, fireweed, lupine, and other plants are also common. Gustavus's coastal location gives it a relatively mild winter. Summer temperatures range from 11 to 17 °C (52 to 63 °F); winter temperatures from −3 to 4 °C (27 to 39 °F).

Demographics[edit]

The original Gustavus dock, now replaced

As of the census of 2000,[5] there were 429 people, 199 households, and 114 families residing in the city. The population density was 11.4 per square mile (4.4/km2). There were 345 housing units at an average density of 9.2 per square mile (3.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89% white, 0% black or African American, 4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 199 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47% were married couples living together, 6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43% were non-families. 38% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.9.

In the city the population was spread out with 26% under the age of 18, 3% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 36% from 45 to 64, and 5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 130 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 135 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,800, and the median income for a family was $51,800. Males had a median income of $41,800 versus $29,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,100. 15% of the population and 10% of families were below the poverty line. 13% of those under the age of 18 and 14% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

The Gustavus economy is strongly linked to the surrounding natural resources; tourism and commercial fishing are mainstays. However, the importance of commercial fishing is in decline, as the Dungeness crab fishery in Glacier Bay National Park was closed in the early 2000s and the fishing for Dungeness outside of the national park has become poor. Salmon and halibut remain as the primary catch of the commercial fishing done out of Gustavus. Those not involved in tourism or seafood typically work for the government at the public school, the post office, the National Park Service, or the City of Gustavus.

Transportation[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Community: Gustavus". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Gustavus city, Alaska". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Gustavus". Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]