Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

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Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun airport logo.svg
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2.JPG
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorGuangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesGuangzhou, China
Hub forChina Southern Airlines
FedEx Express
Elevation AMSL15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
WebsiteGBIA
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
Location in Guangdong Province
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
02L/20R3,60011,811Concrete
02R/20L3,80012,467Concrete
3,80012,467Under Construction
Statistics (2012)
Passenger volume48,309,410
Cargo (metric tonnes)1,248,763.8
Aircraft movements373,314
Sources: Statistics from CAAC[1]
 
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Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun airport logo.svg
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2.JPG
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorGuangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesGuangzhou, China
Hub forChina Southern Airlines
FedEx Express
Elevation AMSL15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
WebsiteGBIA
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
Location in Guangdong Province
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
02L/20R3,60011,811Concrete
02R/20L3,80012,467Concrete
3,80012,467Under Construction
Statistics (2012)
Passenger volume48,309,410
Cargo (metric tonnes)1,248,763.8
Aircraft movements373,314
Sources: Statistics from CAAC[1]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese廣州白雲國際機場

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the old airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. It is the main hub of China Southern Airlines and a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines and Hainan Airlines.

In 2012, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's second busiest and world's 18th busiest airport in passenger traffic, with 48,309,410 people handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the third busiest in China and the 21st busiest worldwide. Guangzhou airport was also the second busiest airport in China in traffic movements.

Overview[edit]

The airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004, replacing the 72-year-old, identically named old airport (now closed). The new airport, built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan) near the former airport (much closer to downtown Guangzhou than the new airport). It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous one, but this is not a part of the official name.

The opening of the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport relieved most of the controversies of the older and deteriorated airport because of the limited space, overcrowding and lack of expansions. Its opening allowed it to overcome curfews and restrictions and begin 24-hour operation. This meant that China Southern Airlines could highly use their intercontinental routes by flying overnight. Other airlines have this benefit, too.

The airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro.

Future development[edit]

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[2]

It includes a third runway, 3800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equivalent to the current terminal building in size. Other elements include new indoor and outdoor car parks, a transportation centre with a metro station. The total cost of the project will be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the new runway began in 2011 and due to be completed in 2014. The whole project including the new terminal is estimated to be finished in 2018, by which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[3]

Data[edit]

Terminal[edit]

The terminal has A and B boarding areas. For A gates, there are A101-A133, A01-A04, A07-A10, and A13-A18. For B gates, there are B201-B235, B01-B04, B07-B10, and B13-B18. The A boarding area is on the east concourse, and the B boarding area is on the west concourse. Each of the boarding areas have three smaller concourses. The A area is divided into East 1-East 3. The B area is divided into West 1-West 3. East 1 is the only concourse that serves international flights. It has gates A101-A112 and A01-A04. East 2, East 3, and West 1-West 3 all serve domestic flights. East 2 has gates A113-A123 and A07-A11. East 3 has gates A124-A133 and A13-A18. West 1 has gates B201-B213 and B01-B04. West 2 has gates B214-B223 and B07-B10. West 3 has gates B224-B235 and B13-B18. East and West 3 were built in late 2010. Because of this, all of the gates at Baiyun Airport had to be renamed.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Drop off zone outside Terminal 1
Interior of
Terminal 1
The departure lobby of Terminal 1
The transporting system
Air China Boeing 737-800 taxing at Guangzhou International Airport.
AirlinesDestinations
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Luzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yibin, Yuncheng
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian (begins 1 February 2014)
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle
Air MadagascarAntananarivo, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
AirAsiaKota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo-Narita
Asiana AirlinesBusan, Seoul-Incheon
Beijing Capital AirlinesChengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Sanya
Cambodia Angkor AirSiem Reap
Cebu PacificManila
Chengdu AirlinesChengdu
China AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern AirlinesBaoshan, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jinan, Kunming, Lijiang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan
China Southern AirlinesAnqing, Anshun, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Diqing, Enshi, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jiujiang, Jiuzhaigou, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Ordos, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tongliao, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xilinhot, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yantai, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yichang, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi
China Southern AirlinesAmsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Chiang Mai, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali,[5] Dhaka, Dubai-International, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu (begins 16 July 2014), Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK (begins 6 August 2014),[6] Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sapporo (begins 28 January 2014),[7] Seoul-Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Yangon
Seasonal: Cairns, Koh Samui, Langkawi
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United AirlinesBeijing-Nanyuan, Hangzhou, Shijiazhuang
DragonairHong Kong
EgyptAirCairo
EmiratesDubai-International
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa
EVA AirKaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Garuda IndonesiaJakarta-Soekarno Hatta
Hainan AirlinesBaise, Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tongliao, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yichang, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou
Hainan AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan
Hebei AirlinesShijiazhuang
Japan AirlinesTokyo-Narita
Juneyao AirlinesShanghai-Hongqiao
Kenya AirwaysBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon
Charter: Jeju
Kunming AirlinesKunming
Lao AirlinesVientiane
Mahan AirTehran-Imam Khomeini
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur
Myanmar Airways InternationalYangon
Okay AirwaysTianjin
Orient Thai AirlinesBangkok-Don Mueang
Philippine AirlinesManila
Qatar AirwaysDoha
SaudiaJeddah, Riyadh
Shandong AirlinesJinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai
Shanghai AirlinesHangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen
Shenzhen AirlinesBaotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jingdezhen, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu, Chongqing, Yinchuan
Sichuan AirlinesCharter: Saipan
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Spring AirlinesShanghai-Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang
SriLankan AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo
T'way AirlinesCharter : Jeju
Thai AirAsiaBangkok-Don Mueang
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi
TigerairSingapore
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Ataturk
Uni AirTaichung
Ural AirlinesIrkutsk, Novosibirsk
Vietnam AirlinesHanoi, Ho Chi Minh City,
Charter: Da Nang
West Air (China)Chongqing
Xiamen AirlinesFuzhou, Quanzhou, Wuyishan, Xiamen
Zhejiang Loong AirlinesHangzhou [8]

Cargo[edit]

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub[edit]

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[9] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .[10] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[9] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[11]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[12]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[12]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[13]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[14] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[15]

Cargo airlines[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
ANA CargoTokyo-Narita,[16] Okinawa (Begins March 5, 2014)[17]
Asiana CargoSeoul-Incheon
China Airlines CargoTaipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
China Postal AirlinesShanghai-Hongqiao, Nanjing
China Southern CargoAmsterdam, Los Angeles,[18] Frankfurt,[19] Taipei-Taoyuan, Chongqing, Qingdao, Zhengzhou
Etihad Crystal CargoAbu Dhabi [20]
EVA Air CargoTaipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressAlmaty, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air CargoSeoul-Incheon
Lufthansa CargoKrasnoyarsk, Delhi, Frankfurt
Martinair-KLMDammam, Sharjah [21]
MASkargoKuala Lumpur
Saudia CargoBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF AirlinesBeijing-Capital[22]
Turkish Airlines CargoAlmaty, Bishkek, Delhi, Istanbul, Tashkent
UPS AirlinesAnchorage, Honolulu, Ontario, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River ExpressDhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Tapei-Taoyuan, Xiamen

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2012年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China.  (Chinese)
  2. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  3. ^ a b c "白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定". Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06.  (Chinese)
  4. ^ "在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话" (in Simplified Chinese). 广州市交通委员会. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  5. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/09/18/cz-candps-w13/
  6. ^ "China Southern to Start New York JFK Service from August 2014". Airline Route. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  7. ^ http://flyteam.jp/airline_route/cts_can/news/article/29988
  8. ^ http://www.loongair.cn/loongB2C/html/20131227/7520131227123237.html
  9. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  10. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  11. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  12. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  13. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  14. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  15. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  16. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/cargo/en/int/news/schedule/2013/131206.html
  17. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/pr/13_1012/13-137.html
  18. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  19. ^ China Southern begins Guangzhou-Frankfurt freighter service | Air Cargo World News. Aircargoworld.com (2013-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  20. ^ Etihad Cargo to Launch Abu Dhabi-Guangzhou Service. JOC (2013-07-30). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  21. ^ MP Cargo winter 2012 timetable
  22. ^ 图片 顺丰快递7月1日新开通“广州——北京航线” 民航新闻 民航资源网. News.carnoc.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.

External links[edit]