Grey Gardens

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Grey Gardens
Grey Gardens (1975 film) poster.jpg
Criterion DVD cover
Directed byAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Ellen Hovde
Muffie Meyer
Produced byAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Susan Froemke
StarringEdith "Big Edie" Ewing Bouvier Beale
Edith "Little Edie" Bouvier Beale
CinematographyAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Edited bySusan Froemke
Ellen Hovde
Muffie Meyer
Production
company
Portrait Films
Distributed byPortrait Films
Release dates
  • September 27, 1975 (1975-09-27) (NYFF)
  • February 19, 1976 (1976-02-19) (United States)
Running time95 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
 
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For other uses, see Grey Gardens (disambiguation).
Grey Gardens
Grey Gardens (1975 film) poster.jpg
Criterion DVD cover
Directed byAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Ellen Hovde
Muffie Meyer
Produced byAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Susan Froemke
StarringEdith "Big Edie" Ewing Bouvier Beale
Edith "Little Edie" Bouvier Beale
CinematographyAlbert Maysles
David Maysles
Edited bySusan Froemke
Ellen Hovde
Muffie Meyer
Production
company
Portrait Films
Distributed byPortrait Films
Release dates
  • September 27, 1975 (1975-09-27) (NYFF)
  • February 19, 1976 (1976-02-19) (United States)
Running time95 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Grey Gardens is a 1975 American documentary film by Albert and David Maysles. Ellen Hovde and Muffie Meyer also directed, and Susan Froemke was the associate producer. The film depicts the everyday lives of two reclusive socialites, a mother and daughter both named Edith Beale, who lived at Grey Gardens, a derelict mansion at 3 West End Road in the wealthy Georgica Pond neighborhood of East Hampton, New York. The film was screened at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival but was not entered into the main competition.[2]

In 2010 the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". In a 2014 Sight and Sound poll, film critics voted Grey Gardens the joint ninth best documentary film of all time.[3]

Background[edit]

Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale (1895–1977), known as "Big Edie", and her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale (1917–2002), known as "Little Edie", were the aunt and the first cousin, respectively, of former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. The two women lived together at Grey Gardens for decades with limited funds in increasing squalor and isolation.[4]

The house was designed in 1897 by Joseph Greenleaf Thorpe and purchased in 1923 by "Big Edie" and her husband Phelan Beale. After Phelan left his wife, "Big Edie" and "Little Edie" lived there for more than 50 years. The house was called Grey Gardens because of the color of the dunes, the cement garden walls, and the sea mist.[5]

Throughout the fall of 1971 and into 1972, their living conditions—their house was infested by fleas, inhabited by numerous cats and raccoons, deprived of running water, and filled with garbage and decay—were exposed as the result of an article in the National Enquirer and a cover story in New York Magazine[6] after a series of inspections (which the Beales called "raids") by the Suffolk County Health Department. With the Beale women facing eviction and the razing of their house, in the summer of 1972 Jacqueline Onassis and her sister Lee Radziwill provided the necessary funds to stabilize and repair the dilapidated house so that it would meet village codes.

Albert and David Maysles became interested in their story and received permission to film a documentary about the women, which was released in 1976 to wide critical acclaim. Their direct cinema technique left the women to tell their own stories.

Soundtrack[edit]

Aftermath[edit]

"Big Edie" died in 1977 and "Little Edie" sold the house in 1979 to former Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee and his wife Sally Quinn for $220,000, who promised to restore the dilapidated structure (the sale agreement forbade razing the house). "Little Edie" died in Florida in 2002 at the age of 84. According to a 2003 article in Town & Country, after their purchase, Bradlee and Quinn completely restored the house and grounds.

Jerry Torre, the handyman shown in the documentary, was sought by the filmmakers for years afterward, and was found by chance driving a New York City taxicab.[7] He is now a sculptor at The Art Students League of New York and a documentary is being made about his life by Jason Hay and Steve Pelizza of Aggregate Pictures.[8][9]

Lois Wright, one of the two birthday party guests in the film, has hosted a public television show in East Hampton since the 1980s. She wrote a book about her experiences at the house with the Beales.[10]

In 2006, Maysles made available previously unreleased footage for a special 2-disc edition for The Criterion Collection. It included a new feature titled The Beales of Grey Gardens, which also received a limited theatrical release.

Walter Newkirk, a longtime friend of Little Edie, interviewed her during his college days. A CD of the interview is titled Little Edie Live! A Visit to Grey Gardens.[11] It was followed with a scrapbook memoir of their friendship entitled memoraBEALEia (2008).[12]

Adaptations[edit]

References in other works[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Music[edit]

Television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GREY GARDENS (A)". Mainline Pictures. British Board of Film Classification. January 29, 1980. Retrieved October 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Grey Gardens". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ "Silent film tops documentary poll". BBC News. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "The top houses from the movies". Daily Telegraph (London). 2012-05-02. 
  5. ^ A Return to Grey Gardens, retrieved October 13, 2013 
  6. ^ Sheehy, Gail. "The Secret Of Grey Gardens". New York Magazine.  Retrieved on 20 May 2014.
  7. ^ Green, Adam (2006-03-06). "The Marble Faun". The New Yorker. 
  8. ^ Jerry Torre. "About". The Marble Faun. 
  9. ^ Jerry Torre. "In Production". The Marble Faun. 
  10. ^ Wright, Lois (2007). My Life at Grey Gardens: 13 Months and Beyond, A True and Factual Book. ISBN 9780977746217. 
  11. ^ Grey Gardens CD
  12. ^ MemoraBEALEia
  13. ^ Felming, Michael (2006-02-21). "Thesps tend to 'Gardens'". Variety. 
  14. ^ IMDB. "Grey Gardens". 
  15. ^ Golden Globes. "Grey Gardens". 
  16. ^ Posted: 09/11/2012 4:55 pm Updated: 09/11/2012 6:29 pm (2012-09-11). "'The New Normal' Episode 2: Nana Hates Goldie And Bebe's New Apartment (EXCLUSIVE VIDEO)". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-05-02. 
  17. ^ Louis Peitzman (2012-09-12). "'The New Normal' Recap: A ‘Grey Gardens’ Episode, Already!". NewNowNext. Retrieved 2013-05-02. 

External links[edit]