Gresham, Oregon

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Gresham, Oregon
City
NW Burnside at night in Gresham
NW Burnside at night in Gresham
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°30′13″N 122°26′22″W / 45.50361°N 122.43944°W / 45.50361; -122.43944Coordinates: 45°30′13″N 122°26′22″W / 45.50361°N 122.43944°W / 45.50361; -122.43944
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyMultnomah
Incorporated1905
Named forWalter Q. Gresham
Government
 • MayorShane Bemis
Area[1]
 • City23.43 sq mi (60.68 km2)
 • Land23.20 sq mi (60.09 km2)
 • Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation301 ft (91.7 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City105,594
 • Estimate (2013[3])109,397
 • RankUS: 254th
 • Density4,551.5/sq mi (1,757.3/km2)
 • Metro2,314,554
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP codes97030, 97080, 97233
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-31250
GNIS feature ID1121424[4]
Websitewww.greshamoregon.gov
 
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Gresham, Oregon
City
NW Burnside at night in Gresham
NW Burnside at night in Gresham
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°30′13″N 122°26′22″W / 45.50361°N 122.43944°W / 45.50361; -122.43944Coordinates: 45°30′13″N 122°26′22″W / 45.50361°N 122.43944°W / 45.50361; -122.43944
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyMultnomah
Incorporated1905
Named forWalter Q. Gresham
Government
 • MayorShane Bemis
Area[1]
 • City23.43 sq mi (60.68 km2)
 • Land23.20 sq mi (60.09 km2)
 • Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation301 ft (91.7 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City105,594
 • Estimate (2013[3])109,397
 • RankUS: 254th
 • Density4,551.5/sq mi (1,757.3/km2)
 • Metro2,314,554
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP codes97030, 97080, 97233
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-31250
GNIS feature ID1121424[4]
Websitewww.greshamoregon.gov

Gresham /ˈɡrɛʃəm/ is a city located in Multnomah County, Oregon, United States immediately east of Portland. It was named after the American Civil War general, and Postmaster General, Walter Quinton Gresham. The population was 105,594 at the 2010 census, making Gresham the fourth largest city in Oregon.

History[edit]

Gresham could not establish itself as a city unless given a post office and postal code. A local storeowner offered to use his store as a post office and offered to name the city after Postmaster General Walter Q. Gresham if a post office was granted. Until that time, the city had simply been known as Campground because this forested site was where pioneers often stopped to spend the night and compose themselves before moving on to Portland and the Willamette Valley.[5] Although a post office was established in May 1884, Gresham was not incorporated as a city until 1905. Lewis Shattuck, son of a pioneer family, was the first mayor.[citation needed] Gresham General Hospital opened in 1959 in downtown Gresham, which moved to Stark Street in 1984 and became Mount Hood Medical Center.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.43 square miles (60.68 km2), of which, 23.20 square miles (60.09 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.[1] The total area includes parts of Fairview Creek and Johnson Creek.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gresham, OR
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)46
(8)
51
(11)
57
(14)
62
(17)
69
(21)
75
(24)
82
(28)
82
(28)
77
(25)
65
(18)
53
(12)
46
(8)
63.8
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C)34
(1)
36
(2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
47
(8)
52
(11)
55
(13)
55
(13)
51
(11)
44
(7)
40
(4)
35
(2)
44.2
(6.8)
Precipitation inches (mm)6.09
(154.7)
5.16
(131.1)
4.40
(111.8)
3.65
(92.7)
2.83
(71.9)
2.20
(55.9)
0.94
(23.9)
1.10
(27.9)
2.00
(50.8)
3.34
(84.8)
6.53
(165.9)
6.61
(167.9)
44.85
(1,139.2)
Source: [8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910510
19201,103116.3%
19301,63548.2%
19401,95119.3%
19503,04956.3%
19603,94429.4%
197010,030154.3%
198033,005229.1%
199068,235106.7%
200090,20532.2%
2010105,59417.1%
Est. 2013109,3973.6%
Sources:
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]
Graph showing the city's population trend[11]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $43,442, and the mean income for a family was $51,126. Males had a median income of $37,701 versus $27,744 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,588. About 8.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older.

2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 105,594 people, 38,704 households, and 25,835 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,551.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,757.3 /km2). There were 41,015 housing units at an average density of 1,767.9 per square mile (682.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.0% White, 3.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.9% of the population.

There were 38,704 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Government[edit]

The City of Gresham operates under the council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected to be the legislative and policy-making body for the city.

The council appoints a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day city operations.[12] The city manager of Gresham is Erik Kvarsten, who is a professional city manager with 20 years of experience. Kvarsten was appointed to the position on August 1, 2004.

The city council consists of the mayor and six councilors, all of whom serve four-year terms. Elections are held in November of even-numbered years. In elections in years divisible by four, (e.g. 2000, 2004, 2008), three councilors are elected. In elections in years not divisible by four, (e.g. 1998, 2002, 2006), the other three councilors and the mayor are elected.

Education[edit]

Gresham is served by three school districts: Centennial, Gresham-Barlow, and Reynolds. Mount Hood Community College is also located in Gresham.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Gresham is accessed from Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 26.

Mass transit[edit]

MAX Blue Line in Gresham
East 162nd Avenue
East 172nd Avenue
East 181st Avenue
Rockwood/E. 188th Ave.
Ruby Junction/E. 197th Ave.
Civic Drive
Gresham City Hall
Gresham Central TC
Cleveland Avenue

Gresham is serviced by TriMet's bus system and the MAX Light Rail Blue Line, which includes the following MAX stations:

Gresham is also served by the fareless Sandy Area Metro shuttle bus to Sandy, Oregon.

Bicycle/pedestrian trails[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Gresham has sister cities in other countries. They are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://www.ohwy.com/or/g/gresham.htm
  6. ^ Reed, Watford (April 3, 1983). "Contract awarded for Gresham hospital project". The Oregonian. p. B1. 
  7. ^ Jeffries, Pat (October 26, 1984). "Move is quite an operation". The Oregonian. p. D17. 
  8. ^ "Average Weather for Gresham, OR - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ U.S. Decennial Census. U.S. Census Bureau.
  12. ^ http://www.greshamoregon.gov/city/city-departments/mayor-and-city-council/

External links[edit]