Greenwich, Connecticut

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Greenwich, Connecticut
Town
Flag of Greenwich, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Greenwich, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTABridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk
RegionSouth Western Region
Settled1640
Joined Connecticut1656
Government
 • TypeRepresentative town meeting
 • First selectmanPeter Tesei
 • Town administratorJohn Crary
 • Town meeting moderatorThomas J. Byrne
Area
 • Total67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)
 • Land47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)
 • Water19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)
Elevation56 ft (17 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total62,396
 • Density930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878
Area code(s)203
FIPS code09-33620
GNIS feature ID0213435
Websitewww.greenwichct.org
 
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Greenwich, Connecticut
Town
Flag of Greenwich, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Greenwich, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTABridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk
RegionSouth Western Region
Settled1640
Joined Connecticut1656
Government
 • TypeRepresentative town meeting
 • First selectmanPeter Tesei
 • Town administratorJohn Crary
 • Town meeting moderatorThomas J. Byrne
Area
 • Total67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)
 • Land47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)
 • Water19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)
Elevation56 ft (17 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total62,396
 • Density930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878
Area code(s)203
FIPS code09-33620
GNIS feature ID0213435
Websitewww.greenwichct.org

Greenwich /ˈɡrɛnɨ/ is an affluent town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171.[1] As of a census done by the Census Bureau on July 1, 2012, the town had a population of 62,256. It is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies. Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut and is 38+ minutes by train (express) from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. In July 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich 1st on its list of the 100 Best Places to Live in the United States.[2] Money magazine in 2006 also ranked Greenwich #1 in the "Biggest Earner" category.[3] The town is named after Greenwich, a borough of London in the United Kingdom.[4]

History[edit]

Memorial to Col. Raynal C. Bolling, first high-ranking US officer killed in World War I
Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club (1894) by Theodore Robinson from National Gallery of Art exhibit

The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich.[5] Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.[6]

During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford.[6]

In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned killing 24 young people.

In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.[7]

For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.[8]

During the late 1990s and early 2000s, Greenwich's location as the first Connecticut town off Interstate 95 and the Merritt Parkway meant that when New York City-area residents wanted to buy Powerball lottery tickets as the jackpot rose above $100 million, they crowded into Greenwich stores to purchase them, creating traffic jams in the business areas. The Connecticut Lottery introduced special rules for such situations. This no longer was a problem after Pennsylvania joined Powerball in 2002; those living west of the Hudson River no longer cross it to buy Powerball tickets.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Downtown Street Scene

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and to the south by Long Island Sound.

Neighborhoods and sections[edit]

Greenwich is unofficially divided into several sections, or neighborhoods. The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town.[9][10] In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.[11]

ZIP codes[edit]

Greenwich is covered by five ZIP codes:

Notable points[edit]

Islands[edit]

Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.[13]

More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.[13]

Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary.

Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time.[14]

Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.[14]

Climate[edit]

Greenwich experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). However, it is quite close to a humid continental climate. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound.

Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)36
(2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
58
(14)
69
(21)
77
(25)
83
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
41
(5)
59.7
(15.3)
Average low °F (°C)21
(−6)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
65
(18)
64
(18)
56
(13)
45
(7)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
43.2
(6.1)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.32
(109.7)
3.24
(82.3)
4.73
(120.1)
4.44
(112.8)
4.58
(116.3)
3.77
(95.8)
3.72
(94.5)
4.00
(101.6)
4.70
(119.4)
4.17
(105.9)
4.47
(113.5)
4.31
(109.5)
50.45
(1,281.4)
Snowfall inches (cm)7.7
(19.6)
8.3
(21.1)
4.9
(12.4)
1.2
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
5.2
(13.2)
28
(71)
Source #1: Weather Channel[15]
Source #2: WeatherDB [16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18003,047
18103,53316.0%
18203,7907.3%
18303,8010.3%
18403,9213.2%
18505,03628.4%
18606,52229.5%
18707,64417.2%
18807,8923.2%
189010,13128.4%
190012,17220.1%
191016,46335.3%
192022,12334.4%
193033,11249.7%
194035,5097.2%
195040,83515.0%
196053,79331.7%
197059,75511.1%
198059,578−0.3%
199058,441−1.9%
200061,1014.6%
201061,1710.1%
Est. 201262,2561.8%

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.02% White, 1.66% African American, 0.09% Native American, 5.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.29% of the population.

There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich (sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.[18]

The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republicans' favor, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.[18]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 31, 2012[19]
PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentage
 Republican13,61870314,32136.89%
 Democratic8,9576309,58724.69%
 Unaffiliated13,41396714,38037.04%
 Minor parties494415351.38%
Total36,4822,34138,823100%

Taxes[edit]

In 2005, the mill rate for Greenwich was 7.5[20] and is reportedly 11.01 for the 2012–2013 fiscal year.[21]

Emergency services[edit]

Emergency Medical Services[edit]

Greenwich Emergency Medical Service, Inc. (or "GEMS", as it is often referred to) is contracted as the primary service area responder (PSAR) for the Town of Greenwich. GEMS operates out of four strategically located stations throughout the town, and has mutual aid agreements with Stamford and Port Chester/Rye/Rye Brook. Each GEMS unit is operated at the highest level of advanced prehospital care, utilizing highly trained and experienced paramedics. GEMS was the first service in New England to make use of 12-lead EKGs in the prehospital setting, and continues to lead the region with advanced life support tools and equipment. GEMS responds to, on average, approximately 6,000 emergency medical calls annually. Greenwich EMS operates out of 4 EMS Stations throughout town and staff and operate 7 Ambulances and numerous other special and support units.[22]

Fire Department[edit]

The town of Greenwich is protected and served by the Greenwich Fire Department (GFD). The Greenwich Fire Department is divided into two divisions of sections, the paid force of 100 career firefighters and the volunteer force of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters. There is currently a total of 7 Fire Stations in Greenwich, and also an all-volunteer Fire Station that is located in Banksville, New York, but serves outlying areas of the town. Five of those eight Fire Stations are staffed by a combination of paid and volunteer firefighters. Two of those eight are all-volunteer Fire Stations, and one of those eight is an all-paid Fire Station. The paid career staff operates 6 Engines, 1 Truck, 1 Special Operations Unit, and 1 Command Vehicle 24/7, 365.[23] The volunteer force operates a combined fire apparatus fleet of 8 Engines, 2 Trucks, 1 Rescue, 5 Squads, 5 Utility Units, 2 Tankers, 1 Dive Unit, 1 Technical Rescue Unit, 3 Fireboats, 2 Decon. Trailers, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The paid Greenwich Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.[24][25]

In 2012, the town is planning to replace the current Central Fire Station(Fire Headquarters) with a new Fire Headquarters and merge the Greenwich EMS into the new facility. The town is also planning on adding a 9th Fire Station with a paid Engine in the Back Country on King Street in town. As of early Summer 2012, Engine 1, Tower 1, and the Deputy Chief will be moving to a temporary facility in the commuter parking lot at Horseneck Ln. and Shore Rd.[26]

Fire station locations[edit]
The Byram Fire Station on Delavan Ave.

Below is a list of the 8 Fire Stations that protect and serve the town of Greenwich, as well as the fire apparatus quartered there.[27]

DepartmentEngineLadderSpecial unitSquadUtilityFireboatCommand unitAddressNeighborhood
GFDEngine 1Car 3(Deputy Chief)Horseneck Ln. and Arch St.(Temporarily)Downtown
GFD/Cose Cob Vol. Fire Co. 1/Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol/Vol. Hose & Chem. Co. 2(Temporarily)Engine 2, Engine 21Tower 1Special Operations 1, Tanker 2, Patrol 1, Patrol 2Squad 2, Squad 11Utility 2Marine 2, Patrol Boat 2Car 201(District Chief)200 Post Rd.Cos Cob
GFD/Byram Vol. Fire Co. 3/Amogerone Vol. Fire Co. 1(Temporarily)Engine 3, Engine 31Squad 1(Air Unit), Prime Mover 1Utility 3Delavan Ave. & Mead Ave.Byram
GFD/Glenville Vol. Fire Co. 4Engine 4, Engine 41Ladder 4Decon. Trailer 1Squad 4Utility 4Marine 4266 Glenville Rd.Glenville
GFD/Sound Beach Vol. Fire Co. 5Engine 5, Engine 51Ladder 5Rescue 5, Rescue 51, Dive Unit 5, Tech. Rescue TrailerSquad 5Utility 5Marine 5Car 501(District Chief)207 Sound Beach Ave.Old Greenwich
Round Hill Vo. Fire Co. 6Engine 61, Engine 62Tanker 6, Patrol 6Squad 6Utility 6166 Old Mill Rd.Round Hill
Banksville Independent Vol. Fire Co. 1Engine 71, Engine 72, Engine 73Rescue 7, Tanker 7, Tanker 17, Mini-Attack 11Car 701(District Chief), Car 702(Assistant District Chief)33 Bedford-Banksville Rd.Banksville, New York
GFDEngine 8Decon. Trailer 2669 North St.Back Country
Companies and Apparatus[edit]

Police department[edit]

Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 Police Officers, 22 Detectives, 19 Sergeants, 10 Lieutenants, 3 Captains, and 1 Deputy Chief with 20+ Civilian Dispatchers and administrative personnel.[28] and includes a K-9 unit.[29] The current Chief of Police is Jim Heavey while the First Selectman is Police Commissioner.[30]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Greenwich Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue.[9] The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment.[31] There is a Connecticut racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013, the district was out of compliance[10] and was searching for solutions.[31]

Private schools[edit]

Recreation[edit]

The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound: Greenwich Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island.

A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $5 per person and $20 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall or the Eastern Greenwich Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan, the bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens, and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York.

There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and rollerblading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.

The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill Rink is also in town.

Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation.

Arts and culture[edit]

Winter Harmony (1890s) by John Henry Twachtman

Hotels[edit]

The J House Greenwich is located at 1114 East Putnam Ave. Greenwich at the site of a former Howard Johnson hotel. This hotel is neighboring both Greenwich and Stamford, CT. The 50-foot 3-story hotel was built by Gateway Development in 2011. The property was purchased by Brenwood Hospitality Group in 2011.[35] Hotel features two dining establishments: eleven14Kitchen and Chocolate Lab.

Business[edit]

ilver Point Capital]]: hedge fund by* W.R. Berkley Corp.: headquarters, 475 Steamboat Road; a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance; 4,961 employees company-wide, 319 in Connecticut; $5 billion in annual revenues; CEO William R. Berkley

Top employers[edit]

According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[38] the top employers in the town are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Town of Greenwich2,366
2Greenwich Hospital1,816
3Bimbo Bakeries USA500
4Blue Sky Studios400
5Hyatt Regency - Greenwich650
6Greenwich Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center235
7Tudor Investment Corporation227
8Connecticut Light and Power Company200
9Brunswick School200
10Camuto Group200

Transportation[edit]

The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 40-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 50-minute ride on the local. Amtrak stops in the adjacent city of Stamford.

Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.

Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.

Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.[39]

Wealth[edit]

Artist's Home in Autumn, Greenwich, Connecticut (ca. 1895), by John Henry Twachtman

Both the Official AENGLC Wealth Value and the CPR AENGLC Wealth Value show Greenwich as having the highest wealth value in Connecticut at over $930,000 per person. The AENGLC is based on the value of residential and commercial real estate and measures the town's tax base available to pay for public education(see Conn. Dep of Ed). It is not a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents. New Canaan is the wealthiest town in Connecticut, with a per capita income of $100,824, second is Darien at $95,577 and Greenwich third at $92,759 per the 2010 Census. Median family income in New Canaan at $220,278 also is higher than Greenwich at $167,825. Greenwich does have many extremely wealthy individuals but the averages are lowered by the significant areas of poverty. Demographically Greenwich is more akin to Manhattan than to a traditional Gold Coast suburb. Greenwich was the highest income place with a population of 50,000 or more in 2000. However, using the list of the 100 richest places in the United States with at least 1,000 households yields a different result. This is the most common list used for referring to the richest communities in the country, as it eliminates any places with unsubstantial populations. On this list Greenwich ranks 56th after New Canaan at 30th, Darien at 42nd, and Weston at 55th.

The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.[40]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Greenwich currently has three sister cities:[41]

CityMunicipalityCountryYear
KitzbühelTirol Wappen.svg Tyrol Austria1961
VienneBlason département fr Isère.svg Isère France
NackaNacka vapen.svg Nacka Sweden

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Newspapers and print[edit]

Films shot in Greenwich[edit]

Spring by John Henry Twachtman, 1890s, a painting of his Greenwich farm

List is in reverse chronological order of movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Greenwich:[42]

Television filmed in Greenwich[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Greenwich town, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  2. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2005: Greenwich, CT snapshot". CNN. 
  3. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006: Top 25 Biggest earners". CNN. 
  4. ^ "Greenwich History". The US Gen Web Project. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Greenwich Point History". friendsofgreenwichpoint.org. 1944-12-13. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  6. ^ a b [1] Greenwich history page at Connecticut GenWeb site.
  7. ^ "I-95 Bridge Collapse Sends Cars Into River". New York Times. June 29, 1983. Retrieved 2010-03-10. "At least two tractor-trailer trucks and two passenger cars went into the Mianus River early this morning when a Connecticut Turnpike bridge over it collapsed, the Connecticut state police said." 
  8. ^ a b "Imbalance in Greenwich Schools". The New York Times. July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Al Baker (July 19, 2013). "Law on RacialDiversity Stirs Greenwich Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d Johnson, Robert (2 June 2011). "The 25 Richest Neighborhoods In America". The Business Insider. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Nova, Susan, "Many rooms, skyline views: Chateau atop Round Hill is for sale", article, Real Estate section, The Advocate of Stamford, March 2, 2007, page R1
  12. ^ a b "Upgrades make Calf Island more attractive to visitors", by Michael Dinan, "Greenwich Time", and "The Advocate" of Stamford, August 15, 2006, page 4, "The Advocate"
  13. ^ a b "Crew member passes on stories about island", by Michael Dinan, an article in the Greenwich Time August 7, 2006. When the public first began visiting this island, a casino existed here.
  14. ^ "Average Weather for Greenwich". Weather.com. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  15. ^ http://average-snowfall.weatherdb.com/l/10614/Greenwich-Connecticut
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ a b "A Guide To Greenwich Government". League of Women Voters Greenwich. Retrieved 8 March 2013. [dead link]
  18. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  19. ^ Connecticut Mill Rates - Courant.com
  20. ^ http://www.greenwichct.org/upload/medialibrary/48a/Mill_Rate_Summary_12-13.pdf
  21. ^ "GEMS Greenwich Emergency Medical Service - Locations". Greenwichems.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  22. ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: About the GFD". Greenwichfire.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  23. ^ "Fire Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  24. ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: Home". Greenwichfire.org. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  25. ^ "Central Fire Station Presentation - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  26. ^ "Station Locations - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  27. ^ "Patrol Division - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  28. ^ "K-9 Unit - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Police Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  30. ^ a b "Greenwich Public Schools Facility Utilization and Racial Balance Frequently Asked Questions". Greenwich Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  31. ^ Chamoff, Lisa. "Greenwich Japanese School celebrates its 35th anniversary." Greenwich Time. Thursday September 2, 2010. Retrieved on January 9, 2012.
  32. ^ Hagey, Keach, "Hebrew Academy opens on new campus", The Advocate of Stamford, September 13, 2006, page A3
  33. ^ Society history[dead link] Greenwich Choral Society website, accessed on July 19, 2006
  34. ^ "First Look: The J House in Greenwich, CT". HotelChatter. Jun. 13, 2012. Retrieved 10-18-2012. http://www.hotelchatter.com/story/2012/6/13/114852/659/hotels/First_Look%3A_The_J_House_in_Greenwich,_CT
  35. ^ cambridgeworldwide.com
  36. ^ "Water, water everywhere -- but activists don't want Nestle to have it", article by Hugo Miller for Bloomberg News as appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Business section, August 6, 2006, pp. F1, F6
  37. ^ Town of Greenwich CAFR
  38. ^ Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, article reprinted from The Hartford Courant, August 5, 2007, pp1, A6
  39. ^ Crenson, Sharon L., "Gibson selling Greenwich estate for $39.5M", Bloomberg News, article appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, July 12, 2007, pA2
  40. ^ "Web Resources - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  41. ^ IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Greenwich, Connecticut, USA"
  42. ^ Greenwich Time 2/11/12

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