Greenville, Texas

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Greenville, Texas
—  City  —

Flag
Motto: "Rich Heritage, Vibrant Future"[1]
Location of Greenville, Texas
Coordinates: 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972Coordinates: 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyHunt
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Steve Reid
Place 1 Dan Perkins
Place 2 Joseph Perks
Place 3 Jeff Dailey
Place 4 Velma Del Bosque-Hobdy <br/ Place 5 Renee Francey
Place 6 Sandra Linson-Bell
 • City ManagerSteven J. Alexander
Area
 • Total34.7 sq mi (89.9 km2)
 • Land33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation541 ft (165 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total25,557
 • Density706.5/sq mi (272.8/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75401-75404
Area code(s)903, 430
FIPS code48-30920[2]
GNIS feature ID1377755[3]
Websiteci.greenville.tx.us
 
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Greenville, Texas
—  City  —

Flag
Motto: "Rich Heritage, Vibrant Future"[1]
Location of Greenville, Texas
Coordinates: 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972Coordinates: 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyHunt
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Steve Reid
Place 1 Dan Perkins
Place 2 Joseph Perks
Place 3 Jeff Dailey
Place 4 Velma Del Bosque-Hobdy <br/ Place 5 Renee Francey
Place 6 Sandra Linson-Bell
 • City ManagerSteven J. Alexander
Area
 • Total34.7 sq mi (89.9 km2)
 • Land33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation541 ft (165 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total25,557
 • Density706.5/sq mi (272.8/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75401-75404
Area code(s)903, 430
FIPS code48-30920[2]
GNIS feature ID1377755[3]
Websiteci.greenville.tx.us

Greenville is the county seat, and largest city, of Hunt County,[4] Texas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 25,557.

Greenville was named for Thomas J. Green,[5] a general in the Texas Army during the war for independence from Mexico.[6]

Contents

Geography

Greenville is located at 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972 (33.126004, -96.109703).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.7 square miles (90 km2), of which, 33.9 square miles (88 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (2.30%) is water.

Climate

Greenville is considered to be a part of the humid subtropical region.

History

City in 1886
Cotton scene, public square, Greenville, Texas (postcard, circa 1908)

Greenville was founded in 1846. The city was named after Thomas J. Green, a significant contributor to the establishment of Texas as a Republic. He later became a member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. The city was almost named “Pinckneyville” in honor of James Pinckney Henderson, the first Governor of Texas.[citation needed]

As the Civil War loomed, Greenville was divided over the issue of secession, as were several area towns and counties. Greenville attorney and State Senator Martin D. Hart was a prominent Unionist. He formed a company of men who fought for the Union in Arkansas, even as other Greenville residents fought for the Confederacy. The divided nature of Greenville, Hunt County and the State of Texas is noted by an historical marker in "The SPOT" Park at 2800 Lee Street in downtown Greenville. In the post-Civil War era, Greenville's economy became partly dependent on cotton, an industry which many local Jews helped develop within the city as the local economy entered a period of transition.[8]

The town was also famous (or infamous) for a sign that hung over Lee Street, the main street in the downtown district, between the train station and the bus station in the 1920s to 1960s. The banner read "Welcome to Greenville, The Blackest Land, The Whitest People". The same sentiment was also printed on the city water tower.[9] An image of the sign was available as a postcard.[10] The slogan's original intent was to describe the richness of the area's soil along with the kindness of its citizens. However, the imputed racial overtones caused the later phrase to be modified to "the Greatest People" in the early 1970s.

In 1957 Greenville annexed Peniel, Texas, which had been founded in 1899 as a religious community.[11]

On May 12, 2011, a white buffalo was born near Greenville, Texas during a thunderstorm on the ranch of Arby Littlesoldier, a great-great grandson of Sitting Bull. A naming ceremony and dedication was scheduled for June 29, 2011 during which the male calf was officially be given the title "Lightning Medicine Cloud." Public ceremonies were held.[12]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18904,330
19006,86058.4%
19108,85029.0%
192012,38439.9%
193012,4070.2%
194013,99512.8%
195014,7275.2%
196019,08729.6%
197022,04315.5%
198022,1610.5%
199023,0714.1%
200023,9603.9%
201025,5576.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 23,960 people, 9,156 households, and 6,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 706.5 people per square mile (272.8/km²). There were 9,977 housing units at an average density of 294.2 per square mile (113.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.71% White, 18.86% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.19% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.65% of the population.

There were 9,156 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,606, and the median income for a family was $41,808. Males had a median income of $31,556 versus $22,373 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,231. About 11.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund Financial Statements, the city’s various funds had $19.9 million in Revenues, $21.7 million in expenditures, $10.1 million in total assets, $1.8 million in total liabilities, and $1.4 million in investments. [13]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[14]

DepartmentDirector
City ManagerSteven J. Alexander
City AttorneyBrent A. Money
City SecretaryDebra Newell
Police ChiefDaniel J. Busken
Fire ChiefDoug Caison
City PlannerLance Estep
Main Street CoordinatorDoyle Dick
Finance DirectorCliff Copeland
Human Resources DirectorBarry Robinson
Public Works DirectorMassoud Ebrahim
Library DirectorPaul Phelan
Parks & Recreation DirectorColby VanGundy

State government

Greenville is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Bob Deuell, District 2, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Dan Flynn, District 2.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Greenville District Parole Office in Greenville.[15]

Federal government

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz (Elect) succeeding Kay Bailey Hutchison; Greenville is part of Texas' US Congressional 4th District, which is currently represented by Republican Ralph M. Hall.

The United States Postal Service operates the Greenville,[16] Greenville Finance,[17] and Rolling Hills post offices.[18]

Economy

In early years, Hunt County was known as the cotton capital of the world. The world's largest inland cotton compress was located in Greenville until it was destroyed by fire in the mid-1900s.

Currently, the largest industry is L-3 Communications Missions Integration (formerly E-Systems, then Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems (RIIS, IIS)) a major U.S. Defense contractor located at Majors Airport. This airport, created in 1942 and initially financed by the local Rotary club, was used as a training base for P-47 Thunderbolt fighter pilots in World War II, and since then has served as a focal point for economic growth in Greenville. Greenville is also known for its saddle making industry.[citation needed]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [19] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1L-3 Communications4,700
2Presbyterian Hospital815
3Greenville Independent School District810
4Newell Rubbermaid650
5Hunt County420
6Wal-Mart Supercenter363
7McKesson300
8City of Greenville280
9Masonite International250
10Cytec Engineered Materials237


Entertainment includes the Kenneth Threadgill Concert series, which brings well-known Texas performers to the Municipal Auditorium stage in three concerts per year; the Greenville Entertainment Series, a subscription concert series featuring artists from a variety of musical genres; the Symphony Festival Series, which brings the world-famous Dallas Symphony Orchestra to Greenville for three concerts and an additional children's concert per year; and the Greenville Follies, a musical review showcasing local talent every other year. Local clubs with musical entertainment, live theater in nearby Commerce, local art shows, a movie theater and a bowling alley offer year-round entertainment.

Tourism draws include the Audie Murphy/American Cotton Museum, Mary of Puddin Hill Chocolate Factory and the historic downtown area which includes wineries, antique malls, public gardens and boutique shopping. The Rally 'Round Greenville festival is held the third weekend each September and includes the Cotton Patch Challenge Bicycle Race and Tour, an Art Show, Barbecue and Chili Cook-Off, Texas Music Weekend, Kids Alley, and more. Downtown Blooms is held in May to celebrate the revitalization of the historic Main Street Area.

Greenville is also home to the Hunt Regional Medical Center.

Notable residents and natives

References

  1. ^ "City of Greenville Texas". City of Greenville Texas. http://www.ci.greenville.tx.us/. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgr39
  6. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/heg03
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Greenville, Texas", found in the Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities,
  9. ^ http://www.amren.com/mtnews/archives/2005/08/a_texas_town_ne.php Amren.com
  10. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A30177-2004May15.html '"Washingtonpost.com
  11. ^ http://www.greenvillenazarene.org/images/6153/Peniel%20Historical%20Marker.jpg
  12. ^ http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/New-Details-in-the-Death-of-Rare-White-Buffalo-166910266.html
  13. ^ City of Greenville 2009 CAFR Retrieved 2010-11-16
  14. ^ City of Greenville website Retrieved 2010-11-16
  15. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "Post Office Location - GREENVILLE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location - GREENVILLE FINANCE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  18. ^ "Post Office Location - ROLLING HILLS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  19. ^ City of Greenville 2009 CAFR retrieved 2010-11-16
  20. ^ "Maud Robinson Crawford (1891-1957)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2405. Retrieved January 14, 2011.

Further reading

External links