Greene County, Missouri

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Greene County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1833
Named forNathanael Greene
SeatSpringfield
Largest citySpringfield
Area
 • Total677.80 sq mi (1,755 km2)
 • Land674.97 sq mi (1,748 km2)
 • Water2.82 sq mi (7 km2), 0.42%
Population
 • (2010)275,174
 • Density408/sq mi (157.4/km²)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.greenecountymo.org
 
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Greene County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1833
Named forNathanael Greene
SeatSpringfield
Largest citySpringfield
Area
 • Total677.80 sq mi (1,755 km2)
 • Land674.97 sq mi (1,748 km2)
 • Water2.82 sq mi (7 km2), 0.42%
Population
 • (2010)275,174
 • Density408/sq mi (157.4/km²)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.greenecountymo.org

Greene County is a county located in Southwest Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 275,174,[1] making it the fourth most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Springfield.[2] The county was organized in 1833 and is named after American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.[3]

Greene County is included in the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 677.80 square miles (1,755.5 km2), of which 674.97 square miles (1,748.2 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 2.82 square miles (7.3 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Alternative/Other Schools[edit]

Colleges & Universities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Recreation[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18405,372
185012,785138.0%
186013,1863.1%
187021,54963.4%
188028,80133.7%
189048,61668.8%
190052,7138.4%
191063,83121.1%
192068,6987.6%
193082,92920.7%
194090,5419.2%
1950104,92315.9%
1960126,27620.4%
1970152,92921.1%
1980185,30221.2%
1990207,94912.2%
2000240,39115.6%
2010275,17414.5%
Est. 2013283,8703.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 240,391 people, 97,859 households, and 61,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 356 people per square mile (138/km²). There were 104,517 housing units at an average density of 155 per square mile (60/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.54% White, 2.26% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Approximately 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,859 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,185, and the median income for a family was $56,047. Males had a median income of $30,672 versus $21,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,770. About 7.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

There are 190,417 registered voters in Greene County.[7]

Cities and towns[edit]

Fire departments and districts[edit]

Republic and Springfield have city fire departments. Additionally, the county is served by the following fire districts:

Famous people[edit]

See List of People from Springfield, Missouri

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Greene County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county.

Greene County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
AssessorRick KessingerRepublican
Circuit ClerkSteve HelmsRepublican
County ClerkRichard T. StruckhoffRepublican
CollectorScott PayneRepublican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
James ViebrockRepublican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Harold BengschRepublican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Roseann BentleyRepublican
Prosecuting AttorneyDan PattersonRepublican
Public AdministratorDavid YanceyRepublican
RecorderCheryl DawsonRepublican
SheriffJim ArnottRepublican
TreasurerWilliam R. CompereDemocratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
200842.84% 57,56554.45% 73,1642.71% 3,641
200461.45% 76,64537.25% 46,4701.30% 1,621
200053.57% 54,77044.61% 45,6121.82% 1,861
199651.63% 49,99145.08% 43,6463.29% 3,189

Greene County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; seven of which are held by Republicans and one Democratic seat.

Missouri House of Representatives - District 134 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanMike Kelley13,928100.00
Missouri House of Representatives - District 135 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanCharlie Denison13,317100.00
Missouri House of Representatives - District 136 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanEric Burlison8,38171.31
DemocraticDevon Cheek3,37229.69
Missouri House of Representatives - District 137 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanMelissa Leach3,08652.50
DemocraticCharlie Norr*2,79247.50
Missouri House of Representatives - District 138 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DemocraticSara Lampe4,70447.83
RepublicanJohn Sellars4,60446.82
IndependentSteven L. Reed5265.35
Missouri House of Representatives - District 139 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanShane Schoeller12,134100.00
Missouri House of Representatives - District 140 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanLincoln Hough9,03070.68
DemocraticDan Boyts3,31325.93
LibertarianTeddy Fleck4333.39
Missouri House of Representatives - District 145 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanLyndall Fraker1,084100.00

Greene County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which represented by Republicans.

Missouri Senate - District 20 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanJay Wasson26,33275.89
DemocraticTerry Traw8,36524.21
Missouri Senate - District 30 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanBob Dixon33,71564.85
DemocraticMichael Hoeman18,27235.15

Federal[edit]

All of Greene County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 7 - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanBilly Long49,15756.12
DemocraticScott Eckersley32,33636.91
LibertarianKevin Craig6,0986.96
U.S. Senate - Missouri - Greene County (2010)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
RepublicanRoy Blunt54,27065,88
DemocraticRobin Carnahan28,10734.12

[9]

Political culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
200857.06% 77,68341.26% 56,1811.68% 2,283
200462.18% 77,88537.25% 46,6570.58% 724
200057.50% 59,17839.92% 41,0912.58% 2,657
199649.60% 48,19340.45% 39,3009.95% 9,671

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Greene County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. Although the county contains the urban Springfield and Missouri State University, the county is located in the heart of the Bible Belt where voters tend to be very socially conservative and therefore more amendable to voting Republican. George W. Bush carried Greene County in 2000 and 2004 by almost two-to-one margins, and like many other counties throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, Greene County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Greene County was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964.

Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Greene County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Greene County with 72.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly failed in Greene County with 51.62 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Greene County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Greene County with 74.41 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Voters in Greene County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

Greene County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain9,979 (27.09%)
Mike Huckabee15,645 (42.48%)
Mitt Romney9,271 (25.17%)
Ron Paul1,552 (4.21%)
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton18,322 (54.94%)
Barack Obama14,263 (42.77%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)613 (1.84%)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 170. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Registered Voters in Missouri 2008
  8. ^ http://www.pleasant-viewfire.org
  9. ^ "Missouri senate election 2010". MSNBC. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 93°20′W / 37.26°N 93.34°W / 37.26; -93.34