Greenback, Tennessee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Greenback, Tennessee
City
Welcome sign along Morganton Road

Seal
Motto: "Small Town, Big Heart"
Location of Greenback, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°39′21″N 84°9′54″W / 35.65583°N 84.16500°W / 35.65583; -84.16500Coordinates: 35°39′21″N 84°9′54″W / 35.65583°N 84.16500°W / 35.65583; -84.16500
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyLoudon
Founded1883
Incorporated1957[1]
Named forGreenback Party
Government
 • TypeMayor/Aldermen Charter
 • MayorTom Peeler
 • Vice MayorPolly Evans
 • Aldermen
Area
 • Total7.2 sq mi (18.7 km2)
 • Land7.1 sq mi (18.3 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation899 ft (274 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,064
 • Density149.9/sq mi (58.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code37742
Area code(s)865
FIPS code47-30880[2]
GNIS feature ID1286135[3]
WebsiteOfficial City & Government Website
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Greenback, Tennessee
City
Welcome sign along Morganton Road

Seal
Motto: "Small Town, Big Heart"
Location of Greenback, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°39′21″N 84°9′54″W / 35.65583°N 84.16500°W / 35.65583; -84.16500Coordinates: 35°39′21″N 84°9′54″W / 35.65583°N 84.16500°W / 35.65583; -84.16500
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyLoudon
Founded1883
Incorporated1957[1]
Named forGreenback Party
Government
 • TypeMayor/Aldermen Charter
 • MayorTom Peeler
 • Vice MayorPolly Evans
 • Aldermen
Area
 • Total7.2 sq mi (18.7 km2)
 • Land7.1 sq mi (18.3 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation899 ft (274 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,064
 • Density149.9/sq mi (58.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code37742
Area code(s)865
FIPS code47-30880[2]
GNIS feature ID1286135[3]
WebsiteOfficial City & Government Website

Greenback is a city in Loudon County, Tennessee, United States. Its population was at 1,064, according to the 2010 census. It is included in the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Greenback is located at 35°39′21″N 84°09′54″W / 35.655751°N 84.164898°W / 35.655751; -84.164898 (35.655751, -84.164898).[4] The city is centered around the junction of Tennessee State Route 95 and Morganton Road, with the greater community extending to U.S. Route 411 to the south and U.S. Route 321 to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles (19 km2), of which 7.1 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.80%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1064 people, 396 households, and 298 families residing in the city. The population density was 149.9 people per square mile (58.1/km2).

As of the 2000 census, there were 416 housing units at an average density of 58.7 per square mile (22.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.59% White, 0.94% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.52% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

As of the 2000 census, there were 380 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city as of 2000, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The 2000 census reported a median income for a household in the city was $31,042, and the median income for a family was $40,000. Males had a median income of $27,222 versus $23,393 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,914. About 11.1% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Morganton[edit]

Looking across Morganton Cemetery toward the former site of Morganton, Tennessee, which is now under the lake in the background.

For thousands of years, Native Americans hunted and camped along the banks of the Little Tennessee River. The Icehouse Bottom site, located a few miles southwest of Greenback, is believed to have been inhabited as early as 9,000 years ago, making it one of the oldest known habitation sites in Tennessee.[5] By the time Euro-American explorers and settlers arrived in the area in the 18th century, the villages of the Overhill Cherokee dominated the river, stretching from the village of Tallassee (near modern Calderwood) to Mialoquo (near the modern US-411 bridge).[6] In the late 1790s, the Tellico Blockhouse was expanded to help facilitate trade between the Overhill towns and Knoxville, which was a few miles downstream to the north. As there were no major bridges spanning the Little Tennessee at the time, ferries became an important means of getting across the river. Among the earliest and most important of these ferries was the one at Morganton, located a few miles west of what is now Greenback.[7]

Morganton Ferry— initially called "Wear's Ferry"— was established in the late 18th century, and had grown into a small community known as "Portville" by 1810. It was officially chartered as "Morganton" in 1813, named after Revolutionary War veteran and local merchant, Gideon Morgan. Around this time, the Tellico Agency was moved from the Tellico Blockhouse to Fort Southwest Point (now Kingston), expanding Southwest Point's importance and influence. In response, a road quickly developed between Maryville and Southwest Point. Since the road crossed the Little Tennessee at the Morganton Ferry, the road became known to Blount Countians as Morganton Road.[8] The first commercial structure in what is now Greenback was probably the Norwood Inn, which was a stopover for merchants and farmers traveling from Maryville to Morganton.[7] Traffic along Morganton Road increased steadily until the American Civil War, when intrastate commerce declined.

In the years leading up the Civil War, a cave in the Morganton and Greenback area is believed to have been a stop on the Underground Railroad, perhaps reflecting the area's ties to abolitionist-heavy Blount County.[9]

Alleghany Springs and the railroad[edit]

An old railroad depot in Greenback

In 1859, entrepreneur Jesse Kerr established a hotel and health resort at the mineral-rich Sulphur Springs near the base of Chilhowee Mountain several miles southeast of Morganton (the resort was located near the modern junction of US-129 and TN-336). The resort was connected to Morganton Road by a stagecoach road which roughly paralleled what is now Highway 95.[8]

In 1876, Lorenzo Thompson established Thompson's Stand, a general store situated at the junction of the Sulphur Springs coach road and Morganton Road. Hoping to draw traffic to his store, Thompson submitted a request to establish a post office at Thompson's Stand in 1882. The Postal Service rejected his initial name for the town of Thompson Station, as well as subsequent submissions Pine Grove and Alleghany Station, all of which were already taken. The town finally settled on the name "Greenback," which was inspired by a local politician and member of the Greenback Party named Jonathan Tipton.[10]

In 1885, Indiana businessman Nathan McCoy purchased the Sulphur Springs resort with plans to expand it. In the summer of 1886, the resort reopened with a newly constructed 3-story, 60-room hotel under the new name of Alleghany Springs. The resort was instrumental in luring the L&N Railroad to the head of its coach road at Greenback, where it had established Alleghany Station for its guests making the trek from Knoxville.[8]

Greenback in the 20th Century[edit]

Greenback Mills, photographed in 1942

With the arrival of passenger train service from Knoxville, Greenback grew quickly. In the early 1890s, the young town had its own grist mill, blacksmith, physician, shoemaker, and general store. In the early 20th century, the L&N Railroad constructed a second line through the town, opening a depot in 1914. By 1920, the town had its own bank and several industries, including the Greenback Motor Company. In 1923, the town added the Greenback Drug Company (which is still in operation, primarily as a diner). Several fires throughout the 1920s and the Great Depression, however, halted the town's rapid growth.[10]

Greenback was officially incorporated in 1957, with Glenn McTeer as its first mayor. A community center— built by the town's residents with no outside help or outside funding— was completed in 1978. It now houses a library, the city hall, and recreational facilities.[10]

On September 22, 1964, one of the first confrontations between TVA and conservation groups over the proposed Tellico Dam project took place in a meeting at Greenback High School. TVA had called the meeting in hopes of gaining the support of locals, and the agency was surprised when most of the 400 or so in attendance vehemently opposed the project. TVA Chairman Aubrey Wagner, who spoke on the Authority's behalf, was continuously interrupted throughout his speech. At one point, Wagner was shouted down by legendary Monroe County judge Sue K. Hicks, who as president of the Fort Loudoun Association feared the destruction of the historic fort's site by the proposed dam's reservoir.[11]

In 2011, Greenback's residents were featured in an H&R Block television commercial as part of the company's nationwide campaign to promote its income tax preparation services. Along with free tax services for several dozen residents, the company donated several thousand dollars to Greenback School.[12]

2010-2012 tornadoes[edit]

In 2010, a small EF-1 tornado touched down south of US 411. In 2011, three tornadoes touched down. One, an EF-3 tornado, touched down in March 2011, and caused major damage and injuries, though no deaths. Two EF-0 tornadoes touched down during the April 27, 2011 Tornado Super Outbreak, though no major damage or injuries were reported. On February 29, 2012, an EF-0 tornado touched down, though no major damage or injuries were reported.[13] [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Jefferson Chapman, Tellico Archaeology: 12,000 Years of Native American History (Norris, Tenn.: Tennessee Valley Authority, 1985), 41.
  6. ^ James Mooney, Myths of the Cherokee and Sacred Formulas of the Cherokee (Nashville: Charles Elder, 1972), 414.
  7. ^ a b Alberta and Carson Brewer, Valley So Wild (Knoxville: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1975), pp. 92-96.
  8. ^ a b c Inez Burns, History of Blount County, Tennessee: From War Trail to Landing Strip, 1795-1955 (Nashville: Benson Print Co., 1957), pp. 87-89, 266.
  9. ^ "Underground Railroad - Tennessee Stations." The Center for Historic Preservation, Middle Tennessee State University (2005). Retrieved: 21 December 2007.
  10. ^ a b c Linda Albert, "About Greenback," The Maryville-Alcoa Daily Times, 19 February 2000.
  11. ^ W. Bruce Wheeler, TVA and the Tellico Dam, 1936–1979: A Bureaucratic Crisis In Post-Industrial America (Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 1986), p. 64.
  12. ^ Greenback Gets Possible National Exposure. WBIR.com, 12 November 2010. Retrieved: 26 January 2011.
  13. ^ National Weather Service Tornado Database : Blount County. National Weather Service Morristown Tn, Retrieved: 22 April 2012.
  14. ^ National Weather Service Tornado Database : Loudon County County. National Weather Service Morristown Tn, Retrieved: 22 April 2012.

External links[edit]