Greater Boston

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Boston Combined Statistical Area
Boston–Worcester–Providence
Metropolitan region
Boston
Location of Boston Combined Statistical Area
Country United States
State(s)
Principal cities
Population (2012)
 • Total4,684,299(msa) or 8,041,303(csa)
 • Rank

Ranked 10th in the US for Metropolitan Statistical Areas

Ranked 6th in the US for Combined Statistical Areas
Time zoneEST
Area code(s)617, 781, 857 339, 978, 508, 603, 401,
 
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Boston Combined Statistical Area
Boston–Worcester–Providence
Metropolitan region
Boston
Location of Boston Combined Statistical Area
Country United States
State(s)
Principal cities
Population (2012)
 • Total4,684,299(msa) or 8,041,303(csa)
 • Rank

Ranked 10th in the US for Metropolitan Statistical Areas

Ranked 6th in the US for Combined Statistical Areas
Time zoneEST
Area code(s)617, 781, 857 339, 978, 508, 603, 401,

Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, consisting most of the eastern third of Massachusetts, excluding the South Coast, Cape Cod & The Islands. The area can be characterized as the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or the combined statistical area (CSA), the latter which includes the metro areas of Manchester, New Hampshire; Providence, Rhode Island and Worcester, Massachusetts.

By contrast, Metro Boston is usually reserved to signify the "inner core" surrounding the City of Boston, while "Greater Boston" usually at least overlaps the North and South Shores, as well as MetroWest and the Merrimack Valley.

Greater Boston is tenth in population among U.S. metropolitan statistical areas in the United States, home to 4,684,299 people as of the 2013 U.S. Census and is ranked sixth among CSAs, having 8,041,303 people.[1]

Greater Boston has many sites and people significant to American history and culture, particularly the American Revolution, civil rights, literature, and politics, and is one of the nation's centers of education, finance, industry, and tourism, with the sixth-largest Gross metropolitan product in the country and twelfth-largest in the world.

Definitions[edit]

Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area[specify][citation needed] and Red represents the City of Boston.

Metropolitan Area Planning Council[edit]

The most restrictive definition of the Greater Boston area is the region administered by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC).[2] The MAPC is a regional planning organization created by the Massachusetts legislature to oversee transportation infrastructure and economic development concerns in the Boston area. The MAPC includes 101 cities and towns that are grouped into eight subregions. These include most of the area within the region's outer circumferential highway, I-495. The population of the MAPC district is 3,066,394 (as of 2000), in an area of 1,422 square miles (3,680 km2),[2] of which 39% is forested and an additional 11% is water, wetland, or other open space.[3]

The eight subregions and their principal towns are: Inner Core (Boston), Minuteman (Route 2 corridor), MetroWest (Framingham), North Shore (Lynn), North Suburban (Woburn), South Shore (Route 3 corridor), SouthWest (Franklin), and Three Rivers (Norwood).

Notably excluded from the MAPC and its partner planning body, the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, are the Merrimack Valley cities of Lowell, Lawrence, and Haverhill, much of Plymouth County, and all of Bristol County; these areas have their own regional planning bodies. Northern Bristol County is part of Greater Boston, even though it is part of the Providence MSA.

New England City and Town Area[edit]

The urbanized area surrounding Boston serves as the core of a definition used by the U.S. Census Bureau known as the New England city and town area (NECTA). The set of towns containing the core urbanized area plus surrounding towns with strong social and economic ties to the core area is defined as the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan NECTA.[4] The Boston NECTA is further subdivided into several NECTA divisions, which are listed below. The Boston, Framingham, and Peabody NECTA divisions together correspond roughly to the MAPC area. The total population of the Boston NECTA was 4,540,941 (as of 2000).

Metropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850650,357
1860830,99827.8%
1870978,34617.7%
18801,205,43923.2%
18901,515,68425.7%
19001,890,12224.7%
19102,260,76219.6%
19202,563,12313.4%
19302,866,56711.8%
19402,926,6502.1%
19503,186,9708.9%
19603,516,43510.3%
19703,918,09211.4%
19803,938,5850.5%
19904,133,8955.0%
20004,391,3446.2%
20104,552,4023.7%
Est. 20134,684,2992.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

An alternative definition defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, using counties as building blocks instead of towns, is the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions. The metropolitan statistical area has a total population of approximately 4,640,802 and is the tenth-largest in the United States. The components of the metropolitan area with their estimated 2012 populations are listed below.

Combined Statistical Area[edit]

A wider functional metropolitan area based on commuting patterns is also defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. This area consists of the metropolitan areas of Manchester, Worcester, Providence, as well as Cape Cod, in addition to Greater Boston. The total population (as of 2013) for the extended region is 8,041,303. The following areas, along with the above MSA, are included in the Combined Statistical Area:

Principal cities and towns and related data[edit]

Boston metropolitan area[edit]

The Census Bureau defines the following as principal cities in the Boston NECTA[4] using criteria developed for what the Office of Management and Budget calls a Core Based Statistical Area:[5]

Boston CSA[edit]

The 40 largest cities and towns in the Boston CSA in descending order (2013):

RankCity2013
population[6]
1Boston645,946
2Worcester182,544
3Providence177,944
4Manchester110,378
5Lowell108,861
6Cambridge107,289
7New Bedford95,078
8Brockton94,089
9Quincy93,494
10Lynn91,589
11Fall River88,697
12Newton87,978
13Nashua87,137
14Warwick81,971
15Cranston80,566
16Somerville78,804
17Lawrence77,657
18Pawtucket71,172
19Framingham70,068
20Waltham62,227
21Haverhill62,088
22Malden60,609
23Brookline59,115
24Plymouth57,463
25Medford57,170
26Taunton56,069
27Weymouth55,419
28Revere53,756
29Peabody52,044
30Methuen52,044
31East Providence47,149
32Barnstable44,641
33Attleboro43,886
34Arlington42,844
35Everett42,935
36Salem42,544
37Concord42,419
38Woonsocket41,026
39Saugus41,002
40Beverly40,664

The 40 most densely populated census tracts in the Boston CSA in descending order (2010):[7]

RankCity or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulationPopulation/sq mi
1Fenway–Kenmore104045,817110,108
2Fenway–Kenmore104033,00387,828
3Fenway–Kenmore104081,42685,137
4Beacon Hill2023,64980,851
5North End3011,95466,288
6North End3021,66564,642
7North End3042,45158,435
8Cambridge35397,09056,819
9Back Bay108012,78356,534
10East Boston5025,23155,692
11Allston-Brighton7044,80151,858
12South End7093,32951,485
13Back Bay108023,05950,961
14Chinatown108015,21850,281
15Allston-Brighton7014,44649,972
16South End7083,70649,378
17Beacon Hill201014,19348,669
18South End7055,46047,569
19Chelsea16024,04347,136
20East Boston5042,37246,549
21South Boston613,09846,370
22Fenway–Kenmore101044,80444,540
23East Boston501015,11544,193
24South End7062,24043,775
25Fenway–Kenmore101034,56943,342
26East Boston5074,50442,930
27East Boston5051,85741,905
28Back Bay1053,00441,817
29Allston-Brighton5032,21141,151
30Allston-Brighton7032,79140,606
31Mission Hill8094,00840,444
32Beacon Hill203021,18139,837
33Cambridge35384,70239,778
34Fenway–Kenmore102035,56939,505
35Fenway–Kenmore104055,52239,323
36Allston-Brighton5044,98538,750
37South Boston6071,98338,235
38Chelsea1605015,60437,641
39South End7072,36137,257
40Lawrence25092,19336,453

The 40 most diverse Census tracts in the Boston CSA.[8]

RankCity or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% White% Black% Hispanic% Asian% multiracial or other
1Dorchester9163,1381232152614
2Pawtucket1614,607282428118
3Pawtucket1514,472242429123
4Pawtucket1644,938292621220
5Dorchester9123,234302422618
6Dorchester921016,451302211316
7Brockton51154,308213213232
8Brockton5113,040283315124
9New Bedford65191,942261133129
10Mission Hill808013,885322035102
11Pawtucket1542,258352035011
12Brockton51143,716243614223
13Brockton51092,531243616124
14Brockton51033,798233815224
15Brockton51043,706193815225
16Dorchester909013,730381821204
17Worcester7333,762381037124
18Providence263,098232239106
19Malden34154,780392314195
20Cambridge35242,126273916125
21South End712023,131391924153
22Brockton5113015,334393111217
23Providence152,994281341144
24South Boston613,098411529114
25Lynn20722,939301242132
26Cambridge35496,05835309205
27South Boston611012,232202142142
28Brockton51167,211422910216
29Roxbury8013,350154328111
30Lowell31145,986441114265
31Brockton51086,339184412222
32Mission Hill810014,890451419192
33Malden34186,554462013165
34South Boston6071,893192046105
35Brockton51075,65646318411
36Brockton51124,849472611113
37Somerville3514044,289477221311
38Lynn20713,513181148193
39Framingham3831014,923231048118
40Mission Hill8114,091482115132

The top 40 census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Hispanic or Latino.[9]

RankCity or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Hispanic or Latino
1Lawrence25253,81094
2Lawrence25092,19393
3Lawrence25043,85890
4Lawrence25032,10189
5Lawrence25133,72189
6Lawrence25121,35686
7Lawrence25074,75686
8Lawrence2511,78285
9Chelsea16024,04383
10Lawrence25065,59983
11Lawrence25145,05377
12Chelsea1601017,55176
13Lawrence25012,32975
14Lawrence25165,97774
15Lawrence25112,93773
16Lawrence25025,52472
17Chelsea16042,71671
18Chelsea1605015,60471
19Providence168,54070
20Lawrence25156,14970
21Worcester7320013,32767
22East Boston5062,06367
23East Boston5025,23166
24East Boston5074,50465
25East Boston509014,16565
26Providence26,45264
27Providence43,76164
28Providence146,69363
29Providence53,04063
30Central Falls115,53463
31Lawrence25086,93263
32Chelsea1605024,46062
33Methuen25244,17562
34Providence173,74462
35Providence187,11461
36Central Falls1114,17661
37East Boston501015,11561
38Lawrence25175,14561
39Providence37,71460
40Central Falls1084,76359

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Black American.[10]

RankCity or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Black
1Mattapan1011013,11584
2Mattapan1011024,39684
3Mattapan1010015,48083
4Mattapan10033,30380
5Mattapan10022,78778
6Mattapan1010024,97977
7Dorchester9232,89377
8Roxbury822,81574
9Roxbury8173,82071
10Hyde Park14047,65071
11Roxbury9014,57171
12Dorchester9193,86070
13Dorchester10044,86568
14Roxbury8193,11566
15Roxbury9245,27766
16Roxbury8182,89865
17Mattapan10015,51064
18Roxbury8152,13462
19Roxbury8215,02562
20Roxbury8031,76960
21Roxbury9033,17958
22Dorchester10094,07258
23Dorchester10055,90955
24Hyde Park14036,38254
25Dorchester924,94554
26Roxbury9022,23353
27Dorchester9183,45252
28Roxbury9043,65952
29Roxbury8143,00350
30Roxbury804012,71050
31Roslindale1401061,90149
32Dorchester9173,06947
33Dorchester9142,74146
34Brockton51086,33944
35Roxbury8053,09644
36Roxbury8013,35043
37Randolph4203027,70342
38Roxbury8134,76042
39Dorchester9223,34942
40Randolph4202026,30340

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Asian American.[11]

RankCity or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Asian
1South End704021,72370
2Chinatown7025,21858
3Lowell31123,26755
4Lowell31183,51354
5Lowell31175,09847
6Quincy4175024,63945
7Quincy41728,18244
8Malden34135,43939
9Lowell31134,05738
10Westborough7424023,02638
11Quincy4175015,00437
12Cambridge3531025,04036
13Quincy4178023,15035
14Lowell31112,41034
15Lowell31152,97433
16Dorchester921016,45131
17Quincy4176015,19630
18Fenway–Kenmore101034,56929
19Quincy41800027,02028
20Quincy4176025,15528
21Chinatown/Leather District/Downtown701015,90227
22Cambridge35397,09027
23Lowell31145,98626
24Lowell31165,29526
25Lowell31074,44126
26Quincy41714,26426
27Dorchester9163,13826
28Malden34126,85725
29Malden3411024,56425
30Malden3411013,67525
31Acton3631025,90925
32Dorchester9114,86125
33Allston-Brighton7032,79124
34Lexington35835,52624
35Quincy4180044,28023
36Brookline40093,86522
37Cambridge35324,89722
38Cambridge3521011,65422
39Shrewsbury73919,55722
40Westborough76125,78022

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Irish American.<ref=>"Irish as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. </ref>

City or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Irish
South Boston601013,10668
Milton4164006,06963
Charlestown0404012,43963
Dorchester10074,32263
South Boston6083,96462
South Boston6044,90461
Milton4161015,72458
Marshfield5062044,88657
Weymouth4221005,29357
Quincy4178015,44355
Hull5001013,70255
Scituate5051013,86055
West Roxbury1304024,63754
Quincy4174002,56653
South Boston603013,07652
Abington5201006,45852
Braintree4192005,00252
Braintree4196006,76652
Abington5202013,95252
Pembroke5082006,03152

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Italian American.[12]

City or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Italian
Johnston0124022,48663
Cranston0145015,17958
Johnston0125005,49057
Johnston0122007,18757
Providence0119024,78055
Cranston0148005,59155
Saugus2081023,34351
Cranston0143004,71649
Cranston0146006,99149
Cranston0145024,09648
Johnston0123006,65648
Johnston0124016,95048
Stoneham3371025,04245
Stoneham3372024,84945
Revere1702004,56445
Revere1705022,81843
Cranston0139002,99243
Revere1703009,04043
North Providence0121032,96543

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Portuguese American.[13]

City or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% Portuguese
New Bedford6528003,27772
Fall River6406004,45069
Dartmouth6532035,00565
New Bedford6524002,66464
New Bedford6520002,67662
Fall River6405005,16560
Fall River6412002,80359
New Bedford6505003,14158
Fall River6409015,07158
New Bedford6504003,77357
New Bedford6525002,58956
East Providence0104006,66155
New Bedford6523002,87054
Fall River6410002,41954
Fall River6403003,69353
Westport6461017,35653
Fall River6407002,90053
Fall River6404002,68253
New Bedford6501015,75353
Fall River6401005,35852


Census tracts in the Boston CSA with French or French Canadian listed as first ancestry.[14]

City or NeighborhoodCensus TractPopulation% French
Woonsocket0185002,83166
Woonsocket0177003,51861
Woonsocket0175003,12859
Woonsocket0178002,51458
Burrillville0130013,47956
North Smithfield0128022,39154
North Smithfield0128034,77653
Burrillville0130027,53953
North Smithfield0128014,80052
Manchester0023003,75852
Woonsocket0179003,04951
Burrillville0129004,93750
Manchester0002022,29749
Manchester0021004,78249
Woonsocket0176002,56049
Manchester0026005,74648
Manchester0022003,23247
Woonsocket0184006,52747
Blackstone7471015,11047
Woonsocket0180002,68046

Major companies[edit]

References:[15][16][17][18]

Selected statistics[edit]

Greater Boston has a sizable Jewish community, estimated at between 210,000 people,[20][21] and 261,000[22] or 5–6% of the Greater Boston metro population, compared with about 2% for the nation as a whole. Contrary to national trends, the number of Jews in Greater Boston has been growing, fueled by the fact that 60% of children in Jewish mixed-faith families are raised Jewish, compared with roughly one in three nationally.[20]

The City of Boston also has one of the largest LGBT populations per capita. It ranks fifth of all major cities in the country (behind San Francisco, and slightly behind Seattle, Atlanta, and Minneapolis respectively), with 12.3% of the city recognizing themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.[23]

Changes in house prices for the Greater Boston area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.

Sports[edit]

Main article: Sports in Boston
ClubSportLeagueStadiumEstablishedLeague Titles
Boston BruinsIce hockeyNational Hockey LeagueTD Garden (Boston)19246 Stanley Cups
7 Eastern Conference Titles
Boston CannonsLacrosseMajor League LacrosseHarvard Stadium (Boston)20011 MLL Championship
Boston CelticsBasketballNational Basketball AssociationTD Garden (Boston)194617 NBA Championships
21 Eastern Conference Titles
Boston Red SoxBaseballMajor League Baseball (American League)Fenway Park (Boston)19018-time MLB World Series Champions
13 American League Pennants
New England PatriotsFootballNational Football League (American Football Conference)Gillette Stadium (Foxboro)1960
(as Boston Patriots)
4-time Super Bowl Champions
7-time AFC Champions
New England RevolutionSoccerMajor League SoccerGillette Stadium (Foxboro)19951 US Open Cup
1 SuperLiga

Annual sporting events include:

Higher education[edit]

A long time center of higher education, the area includes many community colleges, two-year schools, and internationally prominent undergraduate and graduate institutions. The graduate schools include highly regarded schools of law, medicine, business, technology, international relations, public health, education, and religion.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Bridges and tunnels[edit]

Airports[edit]

Rail and bus[edit]

The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple

The first railway line in the United States was in Quincy. See Neponset River.

The following Regional Transit Authorities have bus service that connects with MBTA commuter rail stations:

Ocean transportation[edit]

The Salem Ferry, 92 ft. Catamaran is photographed approaching its dock off Blaney Street at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem, Massachusetts, USA.

Geography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "About MAPC". Metropolitan Area Planning Council. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Transportation Plan – Overview". Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  4. ^ a b "New England City and Town Areas and Principal Cities". U.S. Census Bureau. November 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Standards for Defining Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". Office of Management and Budget. December 27, 2000. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "City and Town Population for 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  8. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  9. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  10. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  11. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  12. ^ "Italian as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "French as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "2009 Globe 100 – Top Massachusetts-based employers – The Boston Globe". The Boston Globe. 2010-01-19. 
  16. ^ [2][dead link]
  17. ^ "Top Companies in Massachusetts on the Inc. 5000 - Inc.com". Inc.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  18. ^ [3][dead link]
  19. ^ "Who We Are & About Us - Vistaprint". News.vistaprint.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  20. ^ a b Michael Paulson (2006-11-10). "Jewish population in region rises". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  21. ^ "Cities with the Largest Jewish Population in the Diaspora". adherents.com. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  22. ^ "Metro Area Membership Report". The Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  23. ^ "12.9% in Seattle are gay or bisexual, second only to S.F., study says". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35817°N 71.06369°W / 42.35817; -71.06369