Great Bardfield

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Great Bardfield
Great Bardfield High Street.jpg
Great Bardfield is located in Essex
Great Bardfield

 Great Bardfield shown within Essex
Population1,300 
OS grid referenceTL675305
DistrictBraintree
Shire countyEssex
RegionEast
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRAINTREE
Postcode districtCM7
Dialling code01371 81
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex
 
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Coordinates: 51°56′51″N 0°26′07″E / 51.947500°N 0.435320°E / 51.947500; 0.435320

Great Bardfield
Great Bardfield High Street.jpg
Great Bardfield is located in Essex
Great Bardfield

 Great Bardfield shown within Essex
Population1,300 
OS grid referenceTL675305
DistrictBraintree
Shire countyEssex
RegionEast
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRAINTREE
Postcode districtCM7
Dialling code01371 81
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Great Bardfield is a large village in Essex, England.

The Great Lodge at Bardfield is a Grade II listed building, which built in the 16th century and was given to Anne of Cleves by Henry VIII as one of several properties as part of a generous settlement for an amicable divorce. The 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) grounds include a Grade I listed barn and a vineyard.[1] Great Bardfield is home to the Bardfield Cage, a 19th century village lock-up, and the Bardfield Museum. Great Bardfield has a windmill which has been converted to a house.

Great Bardfield played an important role in the history of the Oxlip[dead link] which, in the UK, is a rare plant only found where Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire meet. Originally it was thought that Oxlips were cowslip-primrose hybrids but in 1842 Henry Doubleday and Charles Darwin conducted tests on plants collected from Great Bardfield and concluded that this was not so. For a while the plant was known as the Bardfield Oxlip. The common cowslip-primrose hybrid is known as the False Oxlip.

Contents

Notable people

Bardfield is the home of many important twentieth century English artists who hosted a series of important 'open house' exhibitions in the village during the 1950s. These exhibitions garnered national press attention and attracted thousands of visitors. The Great Bardfield Artists of the 1940s and 1950s were: John Aldridge, Edward Bawden, George Chapman, Stanley Clifford-Smith, Audrey Cruddas, Walter Hoyle, Michael Rothenstein, Eric Ravilious (who lodged with Bawden at Brick House), Sheila Robinson and Marianne Straub. Other artists linked to the art community include Joan Glass, Duffy Ayers, Laurence Scarfe and the political cartoonist David Low. Down the road from Great Bardfield is Little Bardfield.

Notable 20th century sons of Great Bardfield, Early 20th century Liberal candidate in several local constituencies, Ernest William Tanner; Grayson Perry who actually grew up there and worked for a while as the local paperboy; Alan Jordan, (former Sheriff of Essex and the founder of the prestigious Great Bardfield vineyard ).

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "The producers... Bardfield Vineyard, Great Bardfield". Essex Life (Archant Life): 67. February 2009. 

External links