A box grater with multiple grating surfaces
Box grater with vegetable slicing surface displayed
A grater (also known as a shredder in parts of the eastern United States) is a kitchen utensil used to grate foods into fine pieces. It was invented by François Boullier in the 1540s.
Several types of graters feature different sizes of grating slots, and can therefore aid in the preparation of a variety of foods. They are commonly used to grate cheese and lemon or orange peel (to create zest), and can also be used to grate other soft foods. They are commonly used in the preparation of toasted cheese, Welsh rarebit, and macaroni and cheese.
In Slavic cuisine, graters are commonly used to grate potatoes, for preparation of, e.g., draniki, bramborak or potato babka.
In tropical nations, graters are also used to grate coconut meat.
In Jamaica, coconut graters are used as a traditional musical instrument (along with drums, fife, and other instruments) in the performance of kumina, jonkanoo, and sometimes mento.
The cheese grater was invented by François Boullier in the 1540s with the idea that hard cheeses could still be used.
There are also complex food-processing machines with grater-like mechanisms. These mechanisms rotate by the turn of a cluster or electric motor.
In popular culture