Grassington

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Grassington
Main Street, Grassington.jpg
Main Street, Grassington
Grassington is located in North Yorkshire
Grassington
Grassington
 Grassington shown within North Yorkshire
Population1,390 
OS grid referenceSE001639
   – London190 mi (310 km)  SSE
DistrictCraven
Shire countyNorth Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSKIPTON
Postcode districtBD23
Dialling code01756
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentSkipton and Ripon
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
 
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Grassington
Main Street, Grassington.jpg
Main Street, Grassington
Grassington is located in North Yorkshire
Grassington
Grassington
 Grassington shown within North Yorkshire
Population1,390 
OS grid referenceSE001639
   – London190 mi (310 km)  SSE
DistrictCraven
Shire countyNorth Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSKIPTON
Postcode districtBD23
Dialling code01756
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentSkipton and Ripon
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°04′16″N 1°59′53″W / 54.071°N 1.998°W / 54.071; -1.998

Grassington is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town is situated in Wharfedale, about 8 miles (10 km) north-east from Bolton Abbey, and is surrounded by limestone scenery. Nearby villages include Linton, Threshfield, Hebden, Conistone and Kilnsey.

The entrance to an inclined shaft at Yarnbury Lead Mine to the north of Grassington.

History[edit]

The Domesday Book lists Grassington as part of the estate of Gamal Barn including 7 carucates of ploughland (840 acres/350ha) including Grassington, Linton and Threshfield.[1] The Norman conquest of England made it part of the lands of Gilbert Tison. But by 1118 Tison had suffered a demotion and his lands returned to the king then given to Lord Percy[2]

Grassington was historically a township in the parish of Linton in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It became a separate civil parish in 1866,[3] and was transferred to North Yorkshire in 1974.

Although often described by local people as a village, Grassington was granted a Royal Charter for a market and fair in 1282 giving it market town status. The market was held regularly until about 1860. A change in land use from the early 17th century, when lead mining began to assume more importance, brought some prosperity, but Grassington's heyday arrived during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The opening of the Yorkshire Dales Railway to Threshfield in 1901 brought new visitors, many of whom settled, some finding work in Skipton or in the developing limestone quarries. The Old Hall at Grassington is reputedly the oldest house in Yorkshire, dating from the late 13th or early 14th century.[4]

Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1908. The club continued until the Second World War.[5]

Culture and community[edit]

Grassington is the main residential and tourist centre in Upper Wharfedale.[citation needed] Centred on its small cobbled square are shops, public houses, the village museum, small cafes, restaurants and hotels. Grassington Folk Museum houses a collection which tells the story of Wharfedale.[6] It is an independent museum run and managed by volunteers. Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association, based in Grassington, is a voluntary mountain rescue organisation which rescues people in trouble on the surrounding fells and in caves.[7]

Grassington Festival is a two-week-long annual event, with music, performance and visual arts, held in a number of venues around the village.[8] In 2008 it included acts by Jo Brand, Dara Ó Briain, Clare Teal and Toyah Willcox.[citation needed]

Every September since 2011, Grassington has held a 1940's themed weekend. Events include war re-enactments, dances and a variety of military and civilian vehicles on display from the period.[9]

In the winter Grassington holds the Dickensian Festival, with period costumes, Christmas activities and commercial selling.[10][dead link]

A Yorkshire Dales National Park information centre is on Hebden Road.

Three miles north of Grassington, at Kilnsey, is the glacially carved overhang of Kilnsey Crag.

Grass Wood, an area of ancient woodland including the Iron-Age fort, Fort Gregory (also known as Gregory's Fort), is situated just over 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Grassington.[11][12]

Electricity generation[edit]

In 1909 Grassington received its first electricity from a hydroelectric plant at Linton Falls, which continued to operate until 1948 when the National Grid arrived in the area. In March 2012 a new hydroelectric power plant was opened using the same but restored turbine house, which provides 500,000 kWh of electricity a year, using two Archimedean screws.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Anne Williams and Prof. G H Martin, ed. (1992). Domesday Book a Complete Translation. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-143994-5. 
  2. ^ Paul Dalton. Conquest, Anarchy and Lordship: Yorkshire, 1066–1154
  3. ^ Vision of Britain website
  4. ^ "Grassington Hall, Grassington". BritishListedBuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ “Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ Grass Wood
  12. ^ Wharfedale and Littondale
  13. ^ "Linton Falls hydroelectric plant supplies electricity again". BBC. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  14. ^ Rhianna Rose. "Linton Falls and Low Wood Hydropower Schemes utilising Scheduled Monuments to harbour modern power generation". UK Water Projects Ltd. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 

External links[edit]