Grand Slam (tennis)

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The four Grand Slam tournaments, also called Majors, are the most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points[1] and prize money, the greatest strength and size of field, and attract the most public and media attention. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open in May/June, Wimbledon in June/July, and the US Open in August/September. Each tournament is played over a period of two weeks. The Australian and US tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924/25, the time when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments.

The term Grand Slam also, and originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships in a single calendar year within one of the five disciplines: men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners. The term "Grand Slam" without qualification refers to winning the four majors in a single calendar year.[2][3][4]

Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not in the same year is known as a Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a Career Grand Slam. Winning the Olympic gold medal in addition to the four majors in a one calendar year is known as a "Golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam". Together, all four Majors in all three disciplines (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. No player has won all twelve events in one calendar year but it has been done by three female players during their careers.

Origin of the term "Grand Slam"[edit]

The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games (see also whist terms) is attested from early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century.[5] This use was inherited by contract bridge, a modern development of whist defined in 1925 that became very popular in Britain and America by 1930.

Grand slam has been used in golf since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American. Although John F. Kieran is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis, to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year, sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran.[6]

History[edit]

The possibility of being the reigning champion of all four Majors did not exist until 1924/25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French (previously only open to members of French tennis clubs), British and American championship tournaments as the four Majors. Before that time only three events: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (held in Paris & once in Brussels) and the World Covered Court Championships (held in various locations) were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF.[7][8] Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those earlier majors in one year – 1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since 1925. It was not possible from 1940 to 1945 because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from 1970 to 1985 when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and 1986 when there was no Australian Open at all.

The Grand Slam[edit]

The first definitive Grand Slam, of the current four majors, was accomplished when Don Budge won all four men's singles Majors in 1938. To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam. Of these players, three have won multiple Grand Slams: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines – once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.

The four Junior disciplines, boys'/girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with 18 year olds likely to hold a physical advantage. Only Stefan Edberg has completed the Grand Slam in a Junior discipline.

Yearly logistics[edit]

Australian Open

French Open

Wimbledon Championships

US Open

Winners[edit]

Grand Slam wins[edit]

Per discipline (all-time)
Per tournament (Open Era only)


Grand Slam completion[edit]

Chronological[edit]

#YearPlayerDisciplineNotes
11938United States Don BudgeMen's singlesPart of a total of 6 consecutive titles
21951Australia Ken McGregor & Australia Frank SedgmanMen's doubles
31953United States Maureen ConnollyWomen's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
41960Brazil Maria BuenoWomen's doublesWith Christine Truman Janes and Darlene Hard
51962Australia Rod LaverMen's singles
61963Australia Margaret Court & Australia Ken FletcherMixed doublesPart of consecutive titles (Court 7, Fletcher 6)
71965Australia Margaret CourtMixed doublesWith Roy Emerson, Ken Fletcher and Fred Stolle – part of 5 consecutive titles
81967Australia Owen DavidsonMixed doublesWith Lesley Turner Bowrey and Billie Jean King
91969Australia Rod LaverMen's singlesOnly player to complete the singles' Grand Slam twice
101970Australia Margaret CourtWomen's singlesSix consecutive titles
111983Sweden Stefan Edberg (in junior tennis)Boys' singlesOnly Junior to complete a Grand Slam
121984United States Martina Navratilova & United States Pam ShriverWomen's doublesEight consecutive titles
131988Germany Steffi GrafWomen's singlesFive consecutive titles
141998Switzerland Martina HingisWomen's doublesWith Mirjana Lučić and Jana Novotná
152009Netherlands Esther Vergeer & Netherlands Korie HomanWomen's wheelchair doublesPart of 14 consecutive titles for Vergeer
162011Netherlands Esther Vergeer & Netherlands Sharon WalravenWomen's wheelchair doublesPart of consecutive titles (Vergeer 8, Walraven 7)


Per player[edit]

PlayerGrand Slams
SinglesDoublesMixedTotal
Australia Margaret Court
1
2
3
Australia Rod Laver
2
2
Netherlands Esther Vergeer (wheelchair tennis)
2
United States Don Budge
1
1
Australia Ken McGregor
1
Australia Frank Sedgman
1
United States Maureen Connolly Brinker
1
Brazil Maria Bueno
1
Australia Ken Fletcher
1
Australia Owen Davidson
1
Sweden Stefan Edberg (junior tennis)
1
United States Martina Navratilova
1
United States Pam Shriver
1
Germany Steffi Graf
1
Switzerland Martina Hingis
1
Netherlands Korie Homan (wheelchair tennis)
1
Netherlands Sharon Walraven (wheelchair tennis)
1

Non-calendar year Grand Slam[edit]

In 1982 the International Tennis Federation (ITF) broadened the definition of the Grand Slam as meaning any four consecutive major victories, including the ones spanning two calendar years.[9] As defined in the constitution of the ITF: "The Grand Slam titles are the championships of Australia, France, the United States of America and Wimbledon. Players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam".[10] As this definition differs from the original definition of the Grand Slam as restricted to a single calendar year, there has been some controversy towards this redefinition in the tennis world.[11][12] Subsequently, the ITF has distanced itself from the 1982 decision, reverting to the traditional calendar-year definition (when Martina Navratilova won the 1984 French Open to become the reigning champion of all four women's singles, the ITF awarded her $1 million Grand Slam bonus in recognition of her achievement.[9] However subsequently, the ITF abandoned recognizing non-calendar year grand slams.

Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat (of being the reigning champion in all four majors) expands to 18.

Laver was the most recent male grand-slammer even by this more relaxed definition until 2013, but still is the most recent single male grand-slammer. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde reached the final of the 1997 French Open holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek; in singles, Roger Federer in 2006 and 2007 and Novak Djokovic in 2012 repeated this, both ultimately losing the Paris final to Rafael Nadal. Nadal himself was denied from achieving this feat by his own countryman David Ferrer, who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the Australian Open 2011, with Nadal previously having won the French Open, Wimbledon and US Open in 2010.

Men's doubles[edit]

Women's singles[edit]

Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last Major of the calendar year.

Women's doubles[edit]

Women's wheelchair doubles[edit]

Most consecutive Grand Slam tournament titles[edit]

Men's singles[edit]

Women's singles[edit]

Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last Major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles[edit]

Team:

Player:

Women's doubles[edit]

Team and Player:

Mixed doubles[edit]

Team:

Player:

Men's wheelchair singles[edit]

Women's wheelchair singles[edit]

Women's wheelchair doubles[edit]

Team:

Player:

Most consecutive Grand Slam singles finals[edit]

Men[edit]

RankPlayerCons.
finals
FromTo
1Switzerland Roger Federer102005 Wimbledon Championships2007 US Open
2Switzerland Roger Federer82008 French Open2010 Australian Open
3Australia Jack Crawford71934 Australian Championships1935 Wimbledon Championships
4United States Don Budge61937 Wimbledon Championships1938 U.S. Championships
=Australia Rod Laver61961 Wimbledon Championships1962 U.S. Championships
6United Kingdom Fred Perry51934 Wimbledon Championships1935 Wimbledon Championships
=Australia Frank Sedgman51951 U.S. Championships1952 U.S. Championships
=Australia Fred Stolle51964 Wimbledon Championships1965 Wimbledon Championships
=Spain Rafael Nadal52011 French Open2012 French Open
10Australia Lew Hoad41956 Australian Championships1956 U.S. Championships
=Australia Rod Laver41969 Australian Open1969 US Open
=United States Andre Agassi41999 French Open2000 Australian Open
=Serbia Novak Djokovic42011 Wimbledon Championships2012 French Open

Women[edit]

RankPlayerCons.
finals
FromTo
1Germany Steffi Graf131987 French Open1990 French Open
2United States Martina Navratilova111985 French Open1987 US Open
3United States Maureen Connolly Brinker61952 Wimbledon Championships1953 US Championships
=Australia Margaret Court61969 US Open1971 Australian Open
=United States Martina Navratilova61983 Wimbledon Championships1984 US Open
=United States Chris Evert61984 French Open1985 Wimbledon Championships
=Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles61991 US Open1993 Australian Open
8Australia Margaret Court51963 Wimbledon Championships1964 Wimbledon Championships
=Australia Margaret Court51965 Australian Championships1966 Australian Championships
=Germany Steffi Graf51993 Australian Open1994 Australian Open
=Switzerland Martina Hingis51997 Australian Open1998 Australian Open
12Norway Molla Bjurstedt Mallory41915 U.S. Championships1918 U.S. Championships
=United States Pauline Betz Addie41941 U.S. Championships1944 U.S. Championships
=Brazil Maria Bueno41964 French Championships1965 Australian Championships
=Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková41980 US Open1981 Wimbledon Championships
=United States Martina Navratilova41981 US Open1982 Wimbledon Championships
=United States Chris Evert41982 Wimbledon Championships1983 French Open
=Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario41994 US Open1995 Wimbledon
=United States Serena Williams42002 French Open2003 Australian Open
=United States Venus Williams42002 French Open2003 Australian Open
=Belgium Justine Henin42006 Australian Open2006 US Open

Most Grand Slam singles titles in a row (non-consecutive)[edit]

Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the 1924 U.S. Championships and extending to the 1933 Wimbledon Championships (not counting her defaults in the 1926 French and Wimbledon Championships). The first 15 of those were won without losing a set. During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.S. Championships. She also won the 1924 Summer Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships.

Most Grand Slam mixed doubles titles in a row (non-consecutive)[edit]

Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the 1951 French Championships and extending to the 1955 U.S. Championships. During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U.S. Championships.

Career Grand Slam[edit]

The career achievement of all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam in that discipline. Dozens of players have accomplished that (column two) and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one discipline (column three). Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two disciplines, one in three disciplines, so 22 players are counted in the table (column three). Their achievements are tabulated below.

Career Grand Slams by discipline
DisciplineNumbers of players
completed the Career GScompleted at least two
Men's Singles7 players (2 Golden)2 players
Women's Singles10 players (2 Golden)4 players
Men's Doubles21 players (14 as teams)5 players (2 as a team)
Women's Doubles21 players (10 as teams)8 players (6 as teams)
Mixed Doubles15 players (5 as teams)4 players (2 as teams)

Seven men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play (rows one and two); among them two men and four women have at least two CGS in singles (column three).

Since the beginning of the open era, four men and six women have done it (Rod Laver, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal; Margaret Court, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova).

Several singles players have won multiple major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam. Björn Borg never won the US Open or the Australian Open, and John McEnroe never won the Australian Open or the French Open. Ken Rosewall, Guillermo Vilas, Ivan Lendl, Monica Seles, Mats Wilander, and Justine Henin failed to win Wimbledon. Pete Sampras, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Jimmy Connors, Boris Becker, Stefan Edberg, Martina Hingis, and Lindsay Davenport failed to win the French Open. Evonne Goolagong Cawley never won the US Open. Helen Wills Moody and Althea Gibson never won the Australian Open.

Among active singles players who won multiple championships, neither Andy Murray, Lleyton Hewitt nor Venus Williams have won either the Australian Open or the French Open; Novak Djokovic has not won the French Open.

Only six players have completed a CGS in both singles and doubles, one male (Roy Emerson) and five female (Margaret Court, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry Irvin, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams). Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.

The remainder of this section is a complete list, by discipline, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Slam.

Men's singles[edit]

Seven men have won the four grand slam tournaments. Two of the seven men achieved a double career Slam.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1United Kingdom Fred Perry261934193519341933
2United States Don Budge231938193819371937
3Australia Rod Laver241960196219611962
4Australia Roy Emerson271961196319641961
5United States Andre Agassi291995199919921994
6Switzerland Roger Federer272004200920032004
7Spain Rafael Nadal242009200520082010

Women's singles[edit]

Each woman's "first wins" in the four Majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Slam are given in brackets. Five of the ten women achieved at least a double career Slam, led by Steffi Graf's quadruple Slam.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1United States Maureen Connolly Brinker18 years 254 days1953195319521951
2United States Doris Hart28 years 359 days1949195019511954
3United States Shirley Fry Irvin29 years 211 days1957195119561956
4Australia Margaret Court20 years 353 days1960196219631962
5United States Billie Jean King28 years 241 days1968197219661967
6United States Chris Evert28 years 357 days1982197419741975
7United States Martina Navratilova26 years 328 days1981198219781983
8Germany Steffi Graf19 years 89 days1988198719881988
9United States Serena Williams21 years 121 days2003200220021999
10Russia Maria Sharapova25 years 51 days2008201220042006

Men's doubles[edit]

At Men's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam including fourteen who "slammed" with one partner. The latter are listed first, as seven teams, ignoring any major wins with other partners. Five of the 21 men achieved at least a double career Slam at Men's Doubles, led by Roy Emerson and John Newcombe with triple Slams.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1Australia Adrian Quist1936193519351939
2Australia Frank Sedgman241951195119481950
3Australia Ken McGregor231951195119511951
4Australia Lew Hoad211953195319531956
Australia Ken Rosewall1953195319561956
6Australia Neale Fraser1957195819591957
7Australia Roy Emerson1962196019591959
8Australia John Newcombe1965196719651967
Australia Tony Roche1965196719651967
10South Africa Bob Hewitt1963197219621977
11Australia John Fitzgerald1982198619891984
Sweden Anders Järryd1987198319891987
13Netherlands Jacco Eltingh1994199519941998
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis1994199519941998
15Australia Todd Woodbridge1992200019931995
Australia Mark Woodforde1992200019931989
17Sweden Jonas Björkman1998200520022003
18United States Bob Bryan2006200320062005
United States Mike Bryan2006200320062005
20Canada Daniel Nestor2002200720082004
21India Leander Paes2012199919992006

Women's doubles[edit]

At Women's Doubles, 20 players have won the career Slam including ten who "slammed" with one partner. Eight of the 20 achieved at least a double career Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each Major.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1United States Louise Brough Clapp1950194619461942
2United States Doris Hart1949195119511951
3United States Shirley Fry Irvin1957195019511951
4United States Althea Gibson1957195619561957
5Brazil Maria Bueno1960196019581960
6Australia Margaret Court1961196419641963
Australia Lesley Turner Bowrey1964196419641961
8Australia Judy Tegart Dalton1964196619691970
9Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova1980197519761977
10United States Kathy Jordan1981198019801981
United States Anne Smith1981198019801981
12United States Pam Shriver1982198419811983
13Czechoslovakia Helena Suková1990199019871985
14United States Gigi Fernández1993199119921988
Soviet Union/Belarus Natasha Zvereva1993198919911991
16Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic Jana Novotná1990199019891994
17Switzerland Martina Hingis1997199819961998
18United States Serena Williams2001199920001999
United States Venus Williams2001199920001999
20United States Lisa Raymond2000200620012001

Mixed doubles[edit]

At Mixed Doubles, a total of 15 players have won the career Slam, including five who "slammed" as a pair (won all four with same partner) — an odd number because Margaret Court has accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen. The other two of the five are Doris Hart and Frank Sedgman. Also three of the 15 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1France Jean Borotra1928192719251926
2United States Doris Hart1949195119511951
Australia Frank Sedgman1949195119511951
4Australia Margaret Court1963196319631961
5Australia Ken Fletcher1963196319631963
6Australia Owen Davidson1965196719671966
7United States Billie Jean King1968196719671967
8United States Marty Riessen1969196919751969
9Union of South Africa Bob Hewitt1961197019771979
10Australia Mark Woodforde1992199219931992
11Australia Todd Woodbridge1993199519941990
12Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova2003197419851985
13Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová2002200520012005
14India Mahesh Bhupathi2006199720021999
15Zimbabwe Cara Black2010200220042008

Boys singles[edit]

Boys doubles[edit]

Men wheelchair doubles[edit]

Wheelchair tennis Grand Slams are possible only in men's doubles and women's doubles.[nb 1]

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Kunieda, ShingoShingo Kunieda (JPN)242007200820062007
2 Scheffers, MaikelMaikel Scheffers (NED)282011200820112010

Women wheelchair doubles[edit]

Wheelchair tennis Grand Slams are possible only in men's doubles and women's doubles.[nb 1]

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Vergeer, EstherEsther Vergeer (NED)272004200720092005
2 Walraven, SharonSharon Walraven (NED)402011201020102010

Golden Slam[edit]

Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics through the 1924 Games, then was dropped for the next 64 years (except as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984) before returning in 1988. As there were only three Major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before 1925, none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between 1896 and 1924 had a chance to complete a Golden Slam. However although it didn't occur, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Slam by winning the 1920 Olympics or 1924 Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from 1925 onwards. The term Golden Slam (initially "Golden Grand Slam") was coined in 1988.[13]

Singles players who won a Golden Slam[edit]

Non-calendar year Golden Slam[edit]

Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in one year is called Non-calendar year Golden Slam.[14] Only Bob and Mike Bryan have achieved this by winning the 2012 Olympics, 2012 US Open, 2013 Australian Open, 2013 French Open and 2013 Wimbledon Championships. After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam".[15]

Career Golden Slam[edit]

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam. Serena Williams is the only player to have achieved a career golden slam in both singles and doubles.

#PlayerDisciplineAustralia
Australian Open
France
French Open
United Kingdom
Wimbledon
United States
US Open
International Olympic Committee
Olympics
1United States Pam ShriverWomen's doubles19821984198119831988
2Germany Steffi GrafWomen's singles19881988198819881988
3United States Gigi FernándezWomen's doubles19931991199219881992
4United States Andre AgassiMen's singles19951999199219941996
5Australia Todd WoodbridgeMen's doubles19922000199319921996
Australia Mark WoodfordeMen's doubles19922000199319921996
7United States Serena WilliamsWomen's doubles20011999200019992000
United States Venus WilliamsWomen's doubles20011999200019992000
8Japan Shingo KuniedaMen's wheelchair doubles20092008200620072004
9Netherlands Korie HomanWomen's wheelchair doubles20092009200920052008
10Netherlands Esther VergeerWomen's wheelchair doubles20042007200920052000
11Canada Daniel NestorMen's doubles20022007200920042000
12Spain Rafael NadalMen's singles20092005200820102008
14Netherlands Sharon WalravenWomen's wheelchair doubles20112010201020102008
15United States Bob BryanMen's doubles20062003200620052012
United States Mike BryanMen's doubles20062003200620052012
16United States Serena WilliamsWomen's singles20032002200219992012

Three Major tournament titles in a year[edit]

Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Jack Crawford, Lew Hoad and Martina Navratilova won the first three events, but lost the last grand slam tournament. Crawford, an asthmatic, won two of the first three sets of the 1933 U.S. Championships final against Fred Perry, then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.[16]

Men's singles
#PlayerYearAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1Australia Jack Crawford1933WWWF
2United Kingdom Fred Perry1934WQFWW
3United States Tony Trabert1955SFWWW
4Australia Lew Hoad1956WWWF
5Australia Ashley Cooper1958WSFWW
6Australia Roy Emerson1964WQFWW
7United States Jimmy Connors1974WA[17]WW
8Sweden Mats Wilander1988WWQFW
9Switzerland Roger Federer2004W3RWW
10Switzerland Roger Federer2006WFWW
11Switzerland Roger Federer2007WFWW
12Spain Rafael Nadal2010QFWWW
13Serbia Novak Djokovic2011WSFWW
Women's singles
#PlayerYearAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1United States Helen Wills Moody1928AWWW
2United States Helen Wills Moody1929AWWW
3Australia Margaret Court1962WW2RW
4Australia Margaret Court1965WFWW
5Australia Margaret Court1969WWSFW
6United States Billie Jean King1972AWWW
7Australia Margaret Court1973WWSFW
8United States Martina Navratilova1983W4RWW
9United States Martina Navratilova1984SFWWW
10Germany Steffi Graf1989WFWW
11Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles1991WWAW
12Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles1992WWFW
13Germany Steffi Graf1993FWWW
14Germany Steffi Graf1995AWWW
15Germany Steffi Graf1996AWWW
16Switzerland Martina Hingis1997WFWW
17United States Serena Williams2002AWWW


Men's doubles
1928: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1931: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1935: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1950: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1952: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1952: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1953: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1956: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1953: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1956: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1967: Australian Championships, French Championships, U.S. Championships
1967: Australian Championships, French Championships, U.S. Championships
1973: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1987: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1991: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1991: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1998: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
2013: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
2013: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon


Women's doubles
1946: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1949: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1946: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1949: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1950: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1951: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1952: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1953: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1951: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1952: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1953: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1957: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1962: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1964: Australian Championships, French Championships, Wimbledon
1966: Australian Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1972: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1973: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1973: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1977: Australian Open (January), Wimbledon, Australian Open (December)
1982: French Open, Wimbledon, Australian Open
1983: Wimbledon, US Open, Australian Open
1986: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1987: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1983: Wimbledon, US Open, Australian Open
1987: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1990: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1992: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1993: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1994: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1992: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1993: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1994: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1997: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1990: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1998: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
2004: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
2004: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
2009: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
2009: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open


Mixed doubles
1949: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1951: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1952: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1951: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1952: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1953: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1953: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1964: Australian Championships, French Championships, U.S. Championships
1969: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1967: French Championships, Wimbledon, U.S. Championships
1969: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1979: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1985: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1992: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
Boys' singles
1984: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1988: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
2004: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
Girls' singles
1987: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1990: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
Boys' doubles
1983: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open

Simon Youl

1983: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1988: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon

Todd Woodbridge

1988: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
1994: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
2004: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
2004: Australian Open, Wimbledon, US Open
Girls' doubles
1982: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open
1995: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
1995: Australian Open, French Open, US Open
2005: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
2006: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon
2007: French Open, Wimbledon, US Open


Men's wheelchair singles[nb 1]
#PlayerYearAustralian OpenFrench OpenUS Open
1Japan Shingo Kunieda2007WWW
2Japan Shingo Kunieda2009WWW
3Japan Shingo Kunieda2010WWW
4Japan Shingo Kunieda2011WWW
Women's wheelchair singles[nb 1]
#PlayerYearAustralian OpenFrench OpenUS Open
1Netherlands Esther Vergeer2002WWW
2Netherlands Esther Vergeer2006WWW
3Netherlands Esther Vergeer2007WWW
4Netherlands Esther Vergeer2009WWW
5Netherlands Esther Vergeer2011WWW


Women's wheelchair doubles
#PlayerYearAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1Netherlands Esther Vergeer2007WWN/HW
2Netherlands Sharon Walraven2010AWWW

Triple Crown[edit]

Winning a trifecta of singles, doubles and mixed doubles titles at one Grand slam event has become a rare accomplishment. This is partly because the final match in all three disciplines often takes place concurrently in the same day if not in consecutive days. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.

Notes:

Men
TotalPlayerYearTriple champion of
3 times
United States Don Budge1937Wimbledon
1938Wimbledon
1938US Championships
2 times
United States Bill Tilden1922US Championships
1923US Championships
Australia Frank Sedgman1951US Championships
1952Wimbledon
Australia Neale Fraser1959US Championships
1960US Championships
1 time
Australia Jack Hawkes1926Australian Championships
France Jean Borotra1928Australian Championships
Australia Jack Crawford1932Australian Championships
United States Bobby Riggs1939Wimbledon
United States Vic Seixas1954US Championships
Australia Ken Rosewall1956US Championships
Women
TotalPlayerYearTriple champion of
5 times
France Suzanne Lenglen1920Wimbledon
1922Wimbledon
1925French Championships
1925Wimbledon
1926French Championships
Australia Margaret Court1963Australian Championships
1964French Championships
1965Australian Championships
1969Australian Open
1970US Open
4 times
United States Alice Marble1938US Championships
1939Wimbledon
1939US Championships
1940US Championships
United States Doris Hart1951Wimbledon
1952French Championships
1952Wimbledon
1954US Championships
3 times
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman1909US Championships
1910US Championships
1911US Championships
United States Mary Browne1912US Championships
1913US Championships
1914US Championships
Australia Daphne Akhurst Cozens1925Australian Championships
1928Australian Championships
1929Australian Championships
Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton1940Australian Championships
1947Australian Championships
1948Australian Championships
United States Louise Brough Clapp1947US Championships
1948Wimbledon
1950Wimbledon
United States Billie Jean King1967Wimbledon
1967US Championships
1973Wimbledon
2 times
United States Helen Wills Moody1924US Championships
1928US Championships
1 time
Ireland Mabel Cahill1892US Championships
United States Juliette Atkinson1895US Championships
Norway Molla Bjurstedt Mallory1917US Championships
United States Helen Jacobs1934US Championships
France Simone Mathieu1938French Championships
United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke1941US Championships
United States Margaret Osborne duPont1950US Championships
Australia Thelma Coyne Long1952Australian Championships
United States Maureen Connolly Brinker1954French Championships
United States Martina Navratilova1987US Open

Boxed Set[edit]

Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles – which is at least one of every possible type of Major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year. This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years.

Career Boxed Set[edit]

The Career Boxed set is winning the same set of all possible grand slam titles over the course of an entire career. No male player has won a complete set of all titles. Men who participate in top/elite level singles have played comparatively few doubles, and very few mixed doubles. So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:

Boxed Sets
(minimum amount of
each of all possible titles)
Player
2
Australia Margaret Court
1
United States Doris Hart
1
United States Martina Navratilova

Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era, and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era.

Serena Williams has come closer than any other currently active player to joining this elite group. She has yet to win the mixed doubles at the Australian and French Opens (finishing as the runner-up at the 1999 Australian Open and 1998 French Open). Prior to Williams, it was Billie Jean King who came close at completing a career boxed set. She only needed the Australian Open women's doubles title and although she reached the final twice (in 1965 and 1969), she failed to win the title.

Multiple Career Grand Slams[edit]

Of the many players who have managed to win a full set of four Majors, there is a small number who have gone on to win all four Majors a second or more times. The completion of "Multiple Career Grand Slams" or sometimes called "multiple slam sets" (MSS) has been achieved by only 22 unique players up to the end of the 2013 French Open. MSS players can be found in each of the five tennis disciplines: men's or women's singles, men's or women's doubles, mixed doubles. It can also be found in women's wheelchair doubles. Of these, five players have completed MSS in more than one discipline: Roy Emerson, Martina Navratilova, Frank Sedgman and Serena Williams have MSS in two disciplines, Margaret Court has MSS in three disciplines.

This table shows each multiple occurrence of a complete MSS for each of the players who have accomplished multiple slams in a particular tennis discipline. The year shown for each of the four Majors is the year that particular Major win was repeated as part of that player's achievement of their second (all 22 players) and third (8 players) and fourth (4 players) and fifth through seventh (Martina Navratilova, in women’s doubles) complete slam set of Major wins.[clarification needed]

For example, the fourth row shows that Margaret Court completed her third career slam set in Women's Singles —winning each of the four majors three times— during the 1970 Wimbledon Championships (bold). More specific, she won: Australian open 11 times, the third in 1962; French Open five times, the third in 1969; Wimbledon three times (determins the maximum of sets), the third in 1970 and finally US Open five times, the third in 1969. Grey background shades lesser achievements by the same player in the same discipline (e.g., Court in the seventh row); yellow highlights the greatest achievement in the discipline (e.g., Graf in the third row).

Slam Sets completed, second and subsequent sets
(chronological sequence in column one)
NameCountryDisciplineMSSAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
09Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson AUSMen's Singles21963196719651964
13Laver, RodRod Laver AUSMen's Singles21962196919621969
34Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf GERWomen's Singles41994199519921995
15Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSWomen's Singles31962196919701969
21Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Singles21983198419791984
22Evert, ChrisChris Evert USAWomen's Singles21984197519761976
42Williams, SerenaSerena Williams USAWomen's Singles22005201320032002
06Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSWomen's Singles21961196419651965
30Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf FRGWomen's Singles21989198819891989
31Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf GERWomen's Singles31990199319911993
16Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson AUSMen's Doubles31969196219711965
18Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe AUSMen's Doubles31971197319681973
01Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman AUSMen's Doubles21952195219511951
04Fraser, NealeNeale Fraser AUSMen's Doubles21958196019611960
10Stolle, FredFred Stolle AUSMen's Doubles21964196819641966
14Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall AUSMen's Doubles21956196819561969
43Bryan, BobBob Bryan USAMen's Doubles22007201320112008
44Bryan, MikeMike Bryan USAMen's Doubles22007201320112008
07Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson AUSMen's Doubles21966196119611960
17Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe AUSMen's Doubles21967196919661971
28Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles71988198819861987
29Shriver, PamPam Shriver USAWomen's Doubles41985198819841987
35Zvereva, NatashaNatasha Zvereva BLRWomen's Doubles31997199319931995
12Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSWomen's Doubles21962196519691968
32Fernández, GigiGigi Fernández USAWomen's Doubles21994199219931990
36Novotná, JanaJana Novotná CZEWomen's Doubles21995199119901997
37Williams, SerenaSerena Williams USAWomen's Doubles22003201020022009
38Williams, VenusVenus Williams USAWomen's Doubles22003201020022009
19Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles21982198219791978
20Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles31983198419811980
23Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles41984198519821983
25Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles51985198619831984
26Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova USAWomen's Doubles61987198719841986
24Shriver, PamPam Shriver USAWomen's Doubles21983198519821984
27Shriver, PamPam Shriver USAWomen's Doubles31984198719831986
33Zvereva, NatashaNatasha Zvereva BLRWomen's Doubles21994199219921992
11Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSMixed Doubles41969196919681964
02Hart, DorisDoris Hart USAMixed Doubles21950195219521952
03Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman AUSMixed Doubles21950195219521952
40Bhupathi, MaheshMahesh Bhupathi INDMixed Doubles22009201220052005
05Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSMixed Doubles21964196419651962
08Court, MargaretMargaret Court AUSMixed Doubles31965196519661963
41Vergeer, EstherEsther Vergeer NEDWomen's wheelchair doubles32012201220112011
39Vergeer, EstherEsther Vergeer NEDWomen's wheelchair doubles22011201120102010

By discipline (numbers of players and table entries)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs. Notwithstanding year when the US Open did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.[clarification needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.atpworldtour.com/Rankings/Rankings-FAQ.aspx?#points
  2. ^ USOpen.org
  3. ^ Grandslamhistory.com
  4. ^ LA Times
  5. ^ "Slam". Online Etymological Dictionary. Douglas Harper. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  6. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1955&dat=19330718&id=c3gzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=DeIFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2327,2495314
  7. ^ "The first World Clay Court Championships". Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. The Viking Press. p. 33. 
  9. ^ a b Stratte-McClure, Joel (25 June 1984). "Martina Navratilova Takes the Grand Slam and Nets a Cool Million While She's at It". People. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  10. ^ 2010 Constitution of the International Tennis Federation Limited
  11. ^ Kirkpatrick, Curry (18 June 1984). "Worthy Of Really High Fives". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 17 January 2011. 
  12. ^ Newman, Paul (13 January 2011). "Nadal:This will be my only shot at doing the Grand Slam". The independent. UK. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  13. ^ Tandon, Kamakshi (5 January 2009). "Gold Standard: Graf mints Golden Slam in 1988". tennis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  14. ^ Cronin, Matt (2 July 2013). "Bryan Twins on Verge of Golden Slam". 10sBalls.com. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  15. ^ Gibson, Owen (6 July 2013). "Bob and Mike Bryan complete the 'Golden Bryan Slam' at Wimbledon". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  16. ^ George Vecsey (11 September 1988). "Sports of The Times; A Champion For All Seasons". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  17. ^ Jimmy Connors at the Association of Tennis Professionals. Retrieved 19 September 2010.

External links[edit]