Granby, Massachusetts

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Granby, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Kellogg Hall
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°15′23″N 72°31′00″W / 42.25639°N 72.5166667°W / 42.25639; -72.5166667Coordinates: 42°15′23″N 72°31′00″W / 42.25639°N 72.5166667°W / 42.25639; -72.5166667
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyHampshire
Settled1727
Incorporated1768
Government
 • TypeOpen Town Meeting
Area
 • Total28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Land27.9 sq mi (72.2 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation330 ft (101 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total6,132
 • Density220.1/sq mi (85.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01033
Area code(s)413
FIPS code25-26535
GNIS feature ID0618200
Websitewww.granbyma.net
 
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Granby, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Kellogg Hall
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°15′23″N 72°31′00″W / 42.25639°N 72.5166667°W / 42.25639; -72.5166667Coordinates: 42°15′23″N 72°31′00″W / 42.25639°N 72.5166667°W / 42.25639; -72.5166667
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyHampshire
Settled1727
Incorporated1768
Government
 • TypeOpen Town Meeting
Area
 • Total28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Land27.9 sq mi (72.2 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation330 ft (101 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total6,132
 • Density220.1/sq mi (85.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01033
Area code(s)413
FIPS code25-26535
GNIS feature ID0618200
Websitewww.granbyma.net

Granby is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,420 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Part of the town is comprised in the census-designated place of Granby.

Contents

History

Granby was first settled in 1727 and was officially incorporated in 1768. The town is named in honor of John Manners, Marquess of Granby, a hero of the Seven Years War. Granby was originally part of Hadley equivalent lands, and then South Hadley, before being incorporated on June 11, 1768. Old Hadley was first settled in 1659 by people from Hartford and Wethersfield, Connecticut. These settlers left Connecticut because of religious differences within their communities. John Pynchon was commissioned to buy wilderness land for their new community. Pynchon purchased the land from three Native American chiefs, Chickwallop, Umpanchala and Quontquont. Ownership was transferred to the settlers and confirmed by the General Court. These original boundaries include part of present day Granby.

Geography

View of Five Corners in Granby MA

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²), of which, 27.9 square miles (72.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.71%) is water. Granby is bordered by South Hadley to the west, Amherst to the north, Belchertown to the east, and Ludlow and Chicopee to the south. Two highways pass through town. Route 202 runs eastward though town from South Hadley to Belchertown on East State Street and West State Street. Route 116 runs northeastward from South Hadley to Amherst along Amherst Road.

The Holyoke Range is in the northern part of Granby. Major peaks within the town are Long Mountain and Mount Norwottuck. Norwottuck is the highest peak in town at 1106 feet above sea level. The Monadnock Trail runs along this mountain range as it passes through Granby. The Horse Caves are geological ledges along this trail.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,104
1860907−17.8%
1870863−4.9%
1880753−12.7%
1890765+1.6%
1900761−0.5%
1910761+0.0%
1920779+2.4%
1930891+14.4%
19401,085+21.8%
19501,861+71.5%
19604,221+126.8%
19705,473+29.7%
19805,380−1.7%
19905,565+3.4%
20006,132+10.2%
2001*6,149+0.3%
2002*6,228+1.3%
2003*6,232+0.1%
2004*6,236+0.1%
2005*6,218−0.3%
2006*6,253+0.6%
2007*6,271+0.3%
2008*6,272+0.0%
2009*6,280+0.1%
20106,240−0.6%

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 6,132 people, 2,247 households, and 1,662 families residing in the town. The population density was 220.1 people per square mile (85.0/km²). There were 2,295 housing units at an average density of 82.4 per square mile (31.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.77% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 2,247 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,293, and the median income for a family was $57,632. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $30,597 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,209. About 1.0% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/P1/0400000US25.06000. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US25&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-T1&-ds_name=PEP_2009_EST&-_lang=en&-format=ST-9&-_sse=on. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  3. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen1990/cp1/cp-1-23.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1980a_maABC-01.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1950 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/23761117v1ch06.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41084506no553ch2.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41084506no553ch2.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1870e-05.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c.. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1860a-08.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c.. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1850c-11.pdf. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links