Gran Canaria Airport

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Gran Canaria Airport
Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria
Airport-LPA.jpg
IATA: LPAICAO: GCLP
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerAeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea
OperatorAeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea1
ServesGran Canaria
LocationTelde and Ingenio, Spain
Hub for
Elevation AMSL24 m / 78 ft
Coordinates27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667Coordinates: 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667
Map
LPA is located in Canary Islands
LPA
LPA
Location within the Canary Islands
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
03L/21R3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
03R/21L3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers9,770,253
Passenger change 12-13Decrease1.2%
Aircraft Movements95,483
Movements change 12-13Decrease4.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]
 
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Gran Canaria Airport
Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria
Airport-LPA.jpg
IATA: LPAICAO: GCLP
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerAeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea
OperatorAeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea1
ServesGran Canaria
LocationTelde and Ingenio, Spain
Hub for
Elevation AMSL24 m / 78 ft
Coordinates27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667Coordinates: 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667
Map
LPA is located in Canary Islands
LPA
LPA
Location within the Canary Islands
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
03L/21R3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
03R/21L3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers9,770,253
Passenger change 12-13Decrease1.2%
Aircraft Movements95,483
Movements change 12-13Decrease4.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPAICAO: GCLP), (sometimes also known as Gando Airport), (Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria) is a passenger and freight airport on the island of Gran Canaria. It is an important airport within the Spanish air-transport network (owned and managed by a public enterprise, AENA), as it holds the fifth position in terms both of passengers and cargo transported, and fourth in terms of operations. It is also ranks first of the Canary Islands in all three categories.

In 2011 it handled over 10.5 million passengers, an 11.1% increase compared to 2010, and 23,7 million tonnes of cargo (-3,5%).[1] Gran Canaria Airport remains as a relevant connecting airport for passengers travelling to West Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, among others) and to the Atlantic Isles of Madeira and the Azores. It is the operative base for Binter Canarias, NAYSA, Islas Airways, Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Other airlines operate a base for connecting charter flights to Cape Verde and Gambia (TUIfly and TUIfly Nordic), only in winter season.

The airport is located in the eastern part of Gran Canaria on the Bay of Gando (Bahía de Gando), 19 km (12 mi) south[2] of center of the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, and 25 km (16 mi) from the popular tourist areas in the south.

The airport was an official alternative (emergency) landing site for the NASA Space Shuttle, before the ending of Space Shuttle programme in July 2011.[3]

History[edit]

In 1919, Frenchman Pierre George Latécoère was granted clearance from the French & Spanish governments to establish an airline route between Toulouse & Casablanca. This also included stopovers in Malaga, Alicante and Barcelona.

The airport opened on 7 April 1930, after King Alfonso XIII signed a royal order announcing that the military air force installations on the Bay of Gando would become a civilian airfield. In its existence, the airport has become the largest gateway into the Canary Islands, as well as the largest in terms of passenger and cargo operations.

In 1946, the old passenger terminal opened, which took two years to build.[4] In 1948 a runway was built, which was completed and fully tarmaced in 1957.

In 1963, improvements to the airport were made. This included new parking spaces, enlargement of the terminal, a visual approach slope indicator system was built and a new control tower was built, replacing the old control tower that was constructed in 1946. The control tower was completed in 1966. In 1964, a transmission station was built.

In 1970, work began on the current passenger terminal that is being used to operate flights today. The new terminal opened in March 1973. During this time, a second runway was being built, and this was completed in 1980.

On 18 February 1988, Binter Canarias announced that the airline's main base was to be established at Gran Canaria. The base opened on 26 March 1989.

In October 1991, the terminal was enlarged with improved facilities so it could handle more passengers.

In December 2010, low cost carrier Ryanair announced the opening of 3 new bases on the Canary Islands. In addition to Gran Canaria these include Lanzarote and Tenerife South. From 16 February 2011, Ryanair will operate 30 routes from Gran Canaria, 12 of which are new.[5]

Currently Gran Canaria airport is under renovation. Among the improvements are increasing the number of baggage belts, 16 to 24, check-in counters from 96 to 132, and gates, up to 40. The new terminal area will be fully active in 2013 doubling the current area. There is also a plan for the building of a new runway for the airport.

Terminal[edit]

The airport has one terminal which opened in March 1973. It was later extended in October 1991 to slightly increase passenger traffic.

The terminal is split into three zones. Zone C is for European Union Flights, Zone D is for International flights outside the European Union and Zone A is for flights to the other Canary Islands.

There's currently another terminal under construction on the west of the airport.[6][7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsZone
Aer LingusDublin
Seasonal: Cork
C
Air BerlinCologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Munich, Hamburg, Nuremberg
Seasonal: Dresden, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, Stuttgart
C
Air EuropaAsturias, Bilbao, Madrid, Málaga, Santiago de Compostela, Seville
Seasonal Charter: Cork, Hamburg
A
Air VIACharter: Bremen, Münster/Osnabrück, ZweibrückenA
ArkeflyAmsterdamA
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Linz, Salzburg, ViennaA
Binter Canarias
operated by Air Nostrum
DakarB
Binter Canarias
operated by Naysa
Lisbon, FunchalA
Binter Canarias
operated by Naysa
Agadir, Banjul, Casablanca, El Aaiún, Marrakech, PraiaB
Binter Canarias
operated by Naysa
El Hierro, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-SouthC
Blue Panorama AirlinesCharter: Milan-MalpensaA
British AirwaysSeasonal: London-Heathrow[8]A
CanaryFlyDakhla, El Aaiún, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Nouadhibou, Tenerife-NorthB, C
CondorBerlin-Schönefeld, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hanover
A
Corendon AirlinesAmsterdamA
easyJetLondon-GatwickA
easyJet SwitzerlandBasel/MulhouseA
Edelweiss AirZürichA
EuroAtlantic AirwaysLisbonA
Europe AirpostCharter: Paris-Orly, RouenA
FinnairHelsinki, OuluA
GermaniaBremen, Erfurt-Weimar
Seasonal: Rostock
Charter: Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden [9]
A
GermanwingsStuttgart, Cologne/BonnA
Hamburg AirwaysCharter: Dresden, Friedrichshafen, HamburgA
IberiaDakar, Madrid, NouakchottA
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Alicante, Badajoz, Granada, León, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Salamanca, Valencia, ValladolidA
Jet2.comGlasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Belfast-International (begins 12 May 2015), East Midlands
A
JetairflyBrussels, Charleroi, Liège, OstendA
Jet TimeCharter: CopenhagenA
LuxairLuxembourgA
LufthansaSeasonal Munich (begins 26 October 2014) [10]A
MeridianaCharter: Milan-MalpensaA
Mauritania Airlines InternationalNouadhibou, NouakchottB
Monarch AirlinesBirmingham, ManchesterA
NeosSeasonal: Milan-Malpensa, VeronaA
NikiSalzburg, Vienna
Seasonal: Graz
A
Nordwind AirlinesSeasonal Charter: Moscow-SheremetyevoB
Norwegian Air ShuttleBergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bodø, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Harstad/Narvik, Hamburg, Helsinki, London-Gatwick, Munich, Moss, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Sandefjord, Stavanger-Sola, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tromsø, Trondheim-Værnes, Warsaw-Chopin (begins 28 October 2014)
Seasonal: Aalborg, Billund, Goteborg-Landvetter, Haugesund, Karlstad, Malmö, Umeå
A
NovairCharter: Goteborg-Landvetter, Stockholm-ArlandaA
Primera AirCharter: Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal Charter: Billund, Goteborg-Landvetter, Helsinki
A
Privilege Style
operated by Swiftair
PortoA
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, El AaiúnB
RyanairBarcelona, Bergamo, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bremen, Bournemouth, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, East Midlands, Liverpool, London-Stansted, Madrid, Manchester,[11] Pisa, Prestwick, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia, Weeze
Seasonal: Cork, Knock, London Luton, Porto, Santander
A
SATA Air AçoresFunchal, Ponta Delgada, Porto SantoA
Scandinavian AirlinesOslo-Gardermoen, Copenhagen (begins November 2014)
Charter: Ålesund, Bergen, Billund, Copenhagen, Goteborg-Landvetter, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
A
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
PragueA
SunExpress DeutschlandDüsseldorfA
Thomas Cook AirlinesBelfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Exeter, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon TyneA
Thomas Cook Airlines BelgiumBrussels, Liège, OstendA
Thomas Cook Airlines ScandinaviaBillund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Karlstad, Oslo-Gardermoen, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stockholm-SkavstaA
Thomson AirwaysBirmingham, Bournemouth, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Belfast-International, Bristol, Exeter
A
Transaero AirlinesSeasonal Charter Moscow-DomodedovoB
TransaviaAmsterdam
Seasonal: Eindhoven, Groningen, Maastricht/Aachen, Rotterdam/The Hague
A
Transavia FranceSeasonal Charter: Paris-OrlyA
Travel Service AirlinesSeasonal Charter Dublin, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Stockholm-Arlanda, Warsaw-ChopinA
Travel Service HungarySeasonal Charter BudapestA
TUIflyBasel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg, Saarbrücken (begins 1 May 2015), Stuttgart, Zweibrücken (ends 8 November 2014)
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Sal
A
TUIfly NordicBoa Vista, Goteborg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Charter: Billund, Kuopio, Malmö, Oulu, Umeå, Vaasa
A
VoloteaNantes (begins 20 December 2014)A
VuelingA Coruña, Barcelona, Bilbao, Málaga, Paris-Orly, SevilleA
XL Airways FranceSeasonal: Paris-Charles de GaulleA
White AirwaysCharter LisbonA

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
SwiftairMadrid

Statistics[edit]

PassengersAircraft movementsCargo (tonnes)
20009,376,64098,06343,706
20019,332,13293,29140,860
20029,009,75693,80339,638
20039,181,22999,71240,050
20049,467,494104,65940,934
20059,827,157110,74840,389
200610,286,726114,94938,360
200710,354,903114,35537,491
200810,212,123116,25233,695
20099,155,665101,55725,994
20109,486,035103,08724,528
201110,538,829111,27123,679
20129,892,067100,39320,601
20139,770,25395,48318.781
Source: Aena Statistics[1]
Busiest European Routes from Gran Canaria (2013)
RankCityPassengersTop Carriers
1Flag of Norway.svg Oslo Gardermoen, Norway344,066Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUIfly Nordic.
2Flag of Germany.svg Düsseldorf, Germany284,381Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly.
3Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm Arlanda, Sweden282,128Norwegian Air Shuttle, Novair, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUIfly Nordic.
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam, Netherlands272,572Arkefly, Corendon Airlines, Transavia.
5Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki, Finland233,043Air Finland, Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUIfly Nordic.
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Gatwick, United Kingdom219,831easyJet,Norwegian Air Shuttle,Thomas Cook Airlines,Thomson Airways.
7Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany189,384Air Berlin, Condor, Ryanair, TUIfly.
8Flag of Denmark.svg Copenhagen, Denmark183,623Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUIfly Nordic.
9Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester,United Kingdom177,156Monarch, Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways.
10Flag of Germany.svg Hamburg, Germany151,915Air Berlin, Condor, TUIfly.
Busiest Domestic Routes from Gran Canaria (2011)
RankCityPassengersTop Carriers
1Flag of the Community of Madrid.svg Madrid-Barajas, Community of Madrid1,459,672Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair.
2Flag of the Canary Islands.svg Tenerife, Canary Islands698,650Binter Canarias.
3Flag of the Canary Islands.svg Fuerteventura, Canary Islands603,999Binter Canarias.
4Flag of the Canary Islands.svg Lanzarote, Canary Islands602,409Binter Canarias.
5Flag of Catalonia.svg Barcelona, Catalonia416,051Ryanair, Vueling Airlines.
6Flag of Andalusia.svg Sevilla, Andalusia188,138Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling Airlines.
7Flag of the Canary Islands.svg La Palma, Canary Islands117,128Binter Canarias.
8Flag of Andalusia.svg Malaga, Andalusia101,901Air Europa, Vueling Airlines.
9Flag of the Basque Country.svg Bilbao, Basque Country87,682Air Europa, Vueling Airlines.
10Flag of Galicia.svg Santiago de Compostela, Galicia84,327Air Europa, Ryanair.
Busiest Africans Routes from Gran Canaria (2011)
RankCityPassengersTop Carriers
1Flag of Morocco.svg El Aaiun, Morocco33,332Binter Canarias, CanaryFly.
2Flag of Cape Verde.svg Boa Vista, Cape Verde24,670TACV, TUIFLY
3Flag of Senegal.svg Dakar, Senegal23,140Iberia.
5Flag of Cape Verde.svg Sal, Cape Verde22,523TACV, TUIFLY
6Flag of Mauritania.svg Nouadhibou, Mauritania18,135CanaryFly, Mauritania Internacional Airways.
7Flag of Cape Verde.svg Praia, Cape Verde10,712TACV
8Flag of Morocco.svg Marrakech, Morocco9,934Binter Canarias
9Flag of Morocco.svg Agadir, Morocco9,648CanaryFly
10Flag of Morocco.svg Dakhla, Morocco3,175CanaryFly

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport can be reached by several island roads from all points in the island. There are special bus service from most towns in Gran Canaria, but access by taxi is usual.

Gran Canaria's main motorway GC1 runs past the airport providing transport links to Las Palmas in the North and to the tourist resorts in the South.

Military use[edit]

There is an airbase of the Spanish Air Force to the east of the runways. Beyond several hangars opposite to the passenger terminal, the Gando Air Base (Base Aérea de Gando) contains ten shelters situated on the southern end of the eastern runway. They harbor the Ala 46 with F/A-18 Hornets, Eurofighter Typhoon, CASA 212 and the Eurocopter AS 532 and Fokker F27 of SAR .[12] Ala 46 or 46 Wing, composed of 462 and 802 fighter squadron, defends the Spanish airspace around the Canary Islands. It is one of the biggest and most important air bases of the Spanish Air Force and unique by the big diversity of aeroplane that it operates.

Military activity was most intense during the mid 1970s, at the time of the crisis of decolonisation of Western Sahara and its occupation by Morocco. Military crises in Western Africa, like the 2013 Mali intervention by France, made Gando Air Base the main air platform for operations in Western Africa area by NATO. In 2006 Spain proposed Gando Air Base as headquarters for the newly created US Africa Command (AFRICOM), but the AFRICOM HQ was ultimately based in Stuttgard (Germany).

The Canary Islands Air Command (Mando Aéreo de CanariasMACAN) is based in the city of Las Palmas. Canary Islands Air Command is the only territorial general Air Command Air Force in Spain; its mission is the maintenance, preparation, and command of air units located in the Canary archipelago.[13][14] Any Spanish military airplane that lands in the Canary Islands is immediately put at the disposal of the Canary Islands Air Command, who can retain it and use it as long as necessary for missions within the islands. This happens sometimes with heavy military transport, antisubmarine warfare and early warning airplanes; the islands do not have these on a permanent basis. Once the plane is released by the Canary Islands Air Command, it can leave the Canary Islands and reverts to the Air Force Commands of mainland Spain.

The deployment base of Gando Air Base is the Lanzarote Military Airfield (Aeródromo Militar de Lanzarote). Lanzarote Military Airfield has permanently its own Air Force troops platoons and the radar for the air defence (the EVA 22, which covers the Eastern Canary Islands and the maritime area up to the Sahara), but it has no permanently based military planes, using the ones from Gando.

MPAIAC bombing and Tenerife disaster[edit]

See also Tenerife airport disaster

At 1:15 PM on 27 March 1977, a bomb planted by the Movement for the Independence and Autonomy of the Canaries Archipelago (MPAIAC) exploded in a florist's shop on the terminal concourse. Ten minutes' warning was given to the airport authorities,[15] who started to evacuate the building; the inside of the terminal was damaged and eight people were injured, one seriously. A later telephone call claimed responsibility for the explosion and hinted that a second bomb had been planted somewhere in the terminal building; the airport was closed and searched, necessitating the diversion of several incoming flights, including a number of large aircraft on long international flights, to Los Rodeos airport (later named Tenerife North Airport) on the nearby island of Tenerife. The resulting runway congestion on the small regional airport was a factor in the subsequent disaster at Los Rodeos, when just after 5pm two Boeing 747s originally bound for Gran Canaria collided on the Los Rodeos runway, resulting in 583 deaths, the worst aviation accident in history.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c AENA passenger statistics and aircraft movements. Aena.es. Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  2. ^ a b Spanish AIP (AENA)[dead link]
  3. ^ There is a programme to expand the airport building a new terminal and a new runway. Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites. Globalsecurity.org (2011-07-21). Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  4. ^ Gran canaria history on Aena[dead link]
  5. ^ Ryanair to open base in Gran Canaria. Ryanair.com (2006-11-06). Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  6. ^ Airports of the World connected with: GRAN CANARIA. Aena.es. Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  7. ^ Zones. Gran-canaria-lpa.airports-guides.com (2011-07-27). Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  8. ^ new BA route to LHR
  9. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/download/file/Flugplaene/Flugplan.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.airliners.de/lufthansa-fliegt-wieder-auf-die-kanaren/32629
  11. ^ http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/business/business-news/manchester-airport-ryanair-today-announced-6509282 New Manchester route
  12. ^ Yañez and Rodriguez 2008, p. 23.
  13. ^ Orden DEF/1575/2007, de 28 de mayo, por la que se establecen las Comandancias Militares Aéreas de Aeropuerto y se fijan sus dependencias.
  14. ^ *Página del Ministerio del Aire de España
  15. ^ "Crash of the Century". Cineflix Productions.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gran Canaria Airport at Wikimedia Commons