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Graft is a form of political corruption that can be defined as an unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain. Most governmental systems have laws in place to prevent graft although this does not always halt political corruption.
A traditional example of political graft is someone exchanges a political donation for political favor (e.g. ristournes in Quebec or tangenti in Italy). Grafting, however, does not require another individual to be involved. It is possible to skim money directly from government funds, commit acts like [[insider trading] William M. Tweed or "Boss Tweed" was taken out of his position in the United States Senate to help to prevent graft and other political corruption, but this failed.
When USAID helped the Afghan government develop a strategy to pay civil service employees and police officers through mobile phones, it cut out so much graft that employees thought they were actually receiving a 30% raise.
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