Governor of New France

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Further information: List of Governors General of Canada > Governors of New France, 1627-1663

The Governor of New France was the viceroy of the King of France in North America. A French noble, he was appointed to govern the colonies of New France, which included Canada, Acadia and Louisiana. The residence of the Governor was at the Château St-Louis in the capital of Quebec City. Acadia, Louisiana, and the towns of Trois-Rivières and Montreal had their own particular governors.

Prior to the establishment of the 1663 Sovereign Council, the highest positions in New France were that of Governor and Lieutenant-General, which were often held by the same person. The Governor then had responsibilities over both military and civil affairs in the colonies. With the new royal administration of 1663, the title of Governor General was given to the person responsible for the military and diplomatic relations. The administration of justice, police, and finance was given to the Intendant, who presided over the Sovereign Council. The Governor General answered to the French Secretary of State of the Navy and the Controller General of Finance.

Beginning with Charles de Montmagny, North American Indians referred to the governor as Onontio, meaning "Great Mountain". Each Onontio was the head of the Franco-Indian alliance.

Office HolderTermAppointed by
Cardinal Richelieu1627–1632Louis XIII
Samuel de Champlain1632–1635Louis XIII
Charles de Montmagny1635–1648Louis XIII
Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge1648–1651Louis XIV
Jean de Lauson1651–1657Louis XIV
Pierre de Voyer d'Argenson, Vicomte de Mouzay1657–1661Louis XIV
Pierre Dubois Davaugour1661–1663Louis XIV
Preceded by
Lieutenant General of New France
Governor of New France
Succeeded by
Governor General of New France

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