Gough-Calthorpe family is descended from ancient and notable families who both held lands in the area around Birmingham, England. Sir Henry Gough, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament, (1709–1774) was made a baronet in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1728. He married into the Calthorpe family, descendents of the Calthorpes who held the manors of Cockthorpe, Norfolk, and Ampton, Suffolk, and who were also sometime Lords of the Manor of Edgbaston. The Fess Ermine in Birmingham's coat of arms is a reference to the arms of the Calthorpe family.
The Calthorpe Barony (1796) became extinct in June 1997 when the last Baron died without a male heir. The Gough-Calthorpe family papers are held in Hampshire Record Office,
Winchester. Gough family [edit ] Sir Henry Gough, Knt (1649–1724), of Perry Hall; son of John Gough (died 1665), matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 1666; was a student at Middle Temple in 1667; elected as a Tory MP in Tamworth in 1685; became High Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1671. Knighted in 1678 for services his grandfather rendered to the King in 1642. Walter Gough (1677–1730); married Martha Harwood, a niece of Sir Richard Hill. Walter Gough Jr (died 1773), married Bridget Kempson, daughter of Willis Kempson of Bilston. Sir Richard Gough (died 1728); third son of Henry Gough; a merchant, who travelled to the Mediterranean, India and China. In 1717 he purchased Edgbaston Hall from Thomas Belasyse, 3rd Viscount Fauconberg. Charles Gough thought to have rediscovered the island of Diego Alvarez, half way between the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn, which became known as Gough Island, in 1731. (1709–1774); son of Sir Richard; was made a Baronet. His second wife (her first marriage) was Barbara (1716–1782), only daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Gough, 1st Baronet, M.P. Reynolds Calthorpe of Elvetham, Hampshire, by his spouse Barbara (died 1724), daughter of Henry Yelverton, first Viscount Longueville and 15th Baron Grey of Ruthyn. She was a matrilineal descendant of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, and the mitochondrial DNA descent through which the remains of Richard III of England were identified in 2013 passes through her. They had a son, Henry, 2nd Bt., and two daughters, Barbara and Charlotte, the former marrying Isaac Spooner (their daughter [1 ] Barbara married abolitionist William Wilberforce) and the latter marrying Sir John Palmer, 5th Baronet, MP for Leicestershire 1765–1780. , brother of Sir Henry, 1st Bt., chairman of the Harry Gough East India Company and MP for Bramber, who purchased ancient burgages in the Bull Ring, an estate in Ladywood, and a 25-acre (100,000 m 2) farm, now marked by Gough Street. Sir Henry Gough, 2nd Baronet (1748–1798), was created Baron Calthorpe in 1796 having assumed the additional surname of Calthorpe upon inheriting, in 1788, the Elvetham and Norfolk estates of his maternal uncle, Sir Henry Calthorpe, K.B.. He left two sons, George, Lord Calthorpe, and Frederick Gough of Perry Hall. Gough-Calthorpe family [edit ] Henry Gough-Calthorpe, 1st Baron Calthorpe (1749–1798), married in 1783, Frances (died 1827), second daughter of General Benjamin Carpenter, with issue, eleven children. Charles Gough-Calthorpe, 2nd Baron Calthorpe (1786–1807), no issue. George Gough-Calthorpe, 3rd Baron Calthorpe (1787–1851), succeeded his brother Charles, 2nd Lord, but died without issue. Frederick Gough, 4th Baron Calthorpe (1790–1868) succeeded his brothers George, 3rd Lord, and Charles, 2nd Lord. He was a Counsellor of King's College London, and married in 1823, Lady Charlotte Sophia, daughter of Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, with issue: ten children. Frederick Henry William Gough-Calthorpe, 5th Baron Calthorpe (1826–1893) Augustus Cholmondeley Gough-Calthorpe, 6th Baron Calthorpe (1829–1910) Rachel Gough-Calthorpe, daughter of Sir Augustus Cholmondeley Gough-Calthorpe married FitzRoy Hamilton Anstruther in 1898, creating the Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe family. Somerset John Gough-Calthorpe, 7th Baron Calthorpe (1831–1912) Somerset Frederick Gough-Calthorpe, 8th Baron Calthorpe (1862–1940) Ronald Arthur Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, 9th Baron Calthorpe (1924–1945) Peter Waldo Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, 10th Baron Calthorpe (1927–1997) The Hon Sir. Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe; (1864–1937); Admiral of the Fleet, R.N.. The Hon. Frederick ("Freddie") Somerset Gough Calthorpe; (1892–1935); cricketer. Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe family [edit ] Sir Fitzroy Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 1st Baronet (1872–1957; son of Robert Hamilton Lloyd-Anstruther) Sir Richard Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 2nd Baronet (1908–1985) Niall Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (1940–1970) Michael Richard Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 30 October 1943, died September 1990) John Austen Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 14 July 1947), property magnate Georgiana Moireach Gay Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 14 October 1978), artist. Isabella Amaryllis Charlotte Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe(born 3 March 1980), an actress who uses the stage name Isabella Calthorpe. Jacobi Richard Penn Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 10 May 1983), property developer. Gabriella Zanna Vanessa Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 1989), a model (and actress as ' Gabriella Wilde'), sister of Octavia, half-sister of Georgiana, Isabella and Jacobi. Octavia Elsa Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 27 October 1991), sister of Gabriella, half-sister of Georgiana, Isabella and Jacobi. See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ http://www.le.ac.uk/richardiii/science/familytree.html Lodge, Edmund, Norroy King of Arms, &c., The Peerage of the British Empire, 27th edition, London, 1858, p. 94-5. Ruvigny & Raineval, The Marquis of, The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, Essex volume, London, 1908, p. 598. Townend, Peter, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 105th edition, London, 1970, p. 452. External links [edit ]