Gopher frog

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Gopher Frog
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Amphibia
Order:Anura
Family:Ranidae
Genus:Rana
Species:R. capito
Binomial name
Rana capito
LeConte, 1855
 
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Where R. capito does not occur, "gopher frog" may mean any North American species of Rana that is not a bullfrog or leopard frog.
Gopher Frog
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Amphibia
Order:Anura
Family:Ranidae
Genus:Rana
Species:R. capito
Binomial name
Rana capito
LeConte, 1855

The gopher frog (Rana capito) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family, endemic to the Southeastern United States. It primarily inhabits the threatened sandhill communities, flatwoods, and scrub in the Atlantic coastal plain,[1] where it is usually found near ponds.[2] Recent taxonomic studies have placed this species, as well as other North American frogs of the genus Rana, in the genus Lithobates (Crother, 2008).

Subspecies[edit]

Its two subspecies include the Carolina gopher frog (R. c. capito), and Florida gopher frog (R. c. aesopus). The dusky gopher frog (R. sevosa) had previously been considered a subspecies, but was elevated to species status in 2001.[3]

Conservation status[edit]

Its primary threats include loss of habitat and fire suppression. It is entirely dependent upon small vernal pools for its annual reproduction.[4] These pools in pine flatwoods are being lost to development, and to fire suppression, which allows forests to invade the natural savanna habitat. Hence, prescribed burns and habitat acquisition are considered key management strategies for its survival.[5]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ United States Geological Survey. "Rana capito". Retrieved 2007-09-04. 
  2. ^ Georgia Museum of Natural History. "Gopher Frog (Rana capito)". Retrieved 2007-09-04. [dead link]
  3. ^ Stephen C. Richter and Rebecca A. Doubledee (2001). "Rana sevosa". AmphibiaWeb. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  4. ^ Richter, S. C., Young, J. E., Johnson, G. N., and Seigel, R. A. (2003). Stochastic variation in reproductive success of a rare frog, Rana sevosa: implications for conservation and for monitoring amphibian populations. Biological Conservation 111: 171–7.
  5. ^ Florida Natural Areas Inventory (2001). "Gopher Frog (Rana capito)". Field Guide to the Rare Animals of Florida. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]