Gonzales, Texas

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Gonzales, Texas
—  City  —
Motto: "Where The Fight For Texas Liberty Began"
Location of Gonzales, Texas
Coordinates: 29°30′32″N 97°26′52″W / 29.50889°N 97.44778°W / 29.50889; -97.44778Coordinates: 29°30′32″N 97°26′52″W / 29.50889°N 97.44778°W / 29.50889; -97.44778
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyGonzales
Area
 • Total5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Land5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation285 ft (87 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total7,202
 • Density1,412.8/sq mi (545.5/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code78629
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-30116[1]
GNIS feature ID1336672[2]
 
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Gonzales, Texas
—  City  —
Motto: "Where The Fight For Texas Liberty Began"
Location of Gonzales, Texas
Coordinates: 29°30′32″N 97°26′52″W / 29.50889°N 97.44778°W / 29.50889; -97.44778Coordinates: 29°30′32″N 97°26′52″W / 29.50889°N 97.44778°W / 29.50889; -97.44778
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyGonzales
Area
 • Total5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Land5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation285 ft (87 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total7,202
 • Density1,412.8/sq mi (545.5/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code78629
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-30116[1]
GNIS feature ID1336672[2]

Gonzales is a city in Gonzales County, Texas, United States. The population was 7,237 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Gonzales County.

Contents

Geography

Gonzales is located at 29°30′32″N 97°26′52″W / 29.50889°N 97.44778°W / 29.50889; -97.44778 (29.508801, -97.447709).[3] It is located near the confluence of the San Marcos and Guadalupe rivers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), all of it land.

History

Come and Take It.

Gonzales is one of the earliest Anglo-American settlements in Texas, the first west of the Colorado River. It was established by Empresario Green DeWitt as the capital of his colony in August 1825. He named it for Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila y Tejas. Informally, it was known as the Dewitt Colony.

The original settlement was abandoned in 1826 after two American Indian attacks. It was rebuilt nearby in 1827. The town remains today as it was originally surveyed.

Gonzales is most famous as the "Lexington of Texas" because it was the site of the first skirmish of the Texas Revolution. In 1831, the Mexican government gave the settlers a small cannon for protection against Indian attacks. At the outbreak of settler hostilities, a contingent of Mexican soldiers was sent from San Antonio to retrieve the cannon. On 2 October 1835, Texians under the command of John H. Moore confronted them. The Texians had fashioned a flag with the words "Come and take it". The Texians successfully resisted the federal troops in what became known as the Battle of Gonzales.[4]

Gonzales later contributed thirty-two men from the Gonzales Ranging Company to the ill-fated defense of the Alamo.[5] It was to Gonzales that Susanna Dickinson, widow of one of the Alamo defenders, and Joe, the slave of William B. Travis, fled with news of the Alamo massacre. General Sam Houston was there organizing the Texas army and anticipated the town would be the next target of General Antonio López de Santa Anna and the Mexican army. He had the town burned and ordered a retreat, thus precipitating the Runaway Scrape.

The town was derelict immediately after the Texas Revolution, but was eventually rebuilt on the original site throughout the early 1840s. By 1850, it had a population of 300. The population rose to 1,703 in the 1860 census, 2,900 by the mid-1880s, and 4,297 in 1900. Part of the growth of the late 19th century can be attributed to the arrival of various immigrants, among them Jews, many of whom became merchants and peddlers.[6]

Demographics

Gonzales County Courthouse

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 7,202 people, 2,571 households, and 1,763 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,412.8 people per square mile (545.2/km²). There were 2,869 housing units at an average density of 562.8 per square mile (217.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.5% White, 7.40% African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 21.15% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.2% of the population.

There were 2,571 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,226, and the median income for a family was $34,663. Males had a median income of $22,804 versus $18,217 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,866. About 14.8% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The city of Gonzales is served by the Gonzales Independent School District and home to the Gonzales High School Apaches.

Media

Notable residents

References

Citations

External links