Goblin

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Goblin
Goya - Caprichos (49).jpg
GroupingFairy
CountryScandinavia, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, United States, South Korea
HabitatCaves, woodland
 
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Goblin
Goya - Caprichos (49).jpg
GroupingFairy
CountryScandinavia, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, United States, South Korea
HabitatCaves, woodland

A goblin is a legendary evil or mischievous creature; a grotesquely evil or evil-like phantom.

They are attributed with various (sometimes conflicting) abilities, temperaments and appearances depending on the story and country of origin. In some cases, goblins have been classified as constantly annoying little creatures somewhat related to the brownie and gnome. They are usually depicted as small, sometimes only a few inches tall, sometimes the size of a dwarf. They also often are said to possess various magical abilities. They are also very greedy and love money.

Name[edit]

English goblin was borrowed from Old French gobelin, rendered as Medieval Latin gobelinus, of uncertain origin. It may be related to German kobold or to Medieval Latin cabalus, itself from Greek κόβαλος (kobalos), "rogue" or "knave".[1] Alternatively, it may be a diminutive of the proper name Gobel.[2] The suffix -ing meaning "the people or kin of"; therefore, the people or kin of Gobel.

Alternative spellings include gobblin, gobeline, gobling, goblyn, and gobbelin.

The Welsh coblyn, a type of knocker, derives from the Old French gobelin via the English goblin.[3][4]

European folklore and collected folk stories[edit]

Illustration of a goblin

Goblin-like creatures in other cultures[edit]

Many Asian mythical creatures have been likened to, or translated as, goblins. Some examples for these:

Goblin-related place names[edit]

Goblins in fiction and popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ κόβαλος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  2. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Goblin". The Online Etymological Dictionary. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  3. ^ Franklin, Anna (2002). "Goblin", The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fairies. London: Paper Tiger. ISBN 1-84340-240-8. p. 108
  4. ^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English
  5. ^ Apples4theTeacher - short stories
  6. ^ Dutch Fairy Tales for Young Folks, 1918, compiled by William Elliot Griffis
  7. ^ Sacred texts
  8. ^ Rick Walton - folktale
  9. ^ Sacred texts
  10. ^ Ghosts, Goblins, and Haunted Castles, Aventinum Publishers, 1990 in English, page 51
  11. ^ Glasgow Street Names, Carol Foreman, Birlinn, 2007, page 58.
  12. ^ SF Site
  13. ^ F, S (2008). "Stronghold Creatures". Age Of Heroes. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  14. ^ The Complete Encyclopedia of Elves, Goblins, and Other Little Creatures by Pierre Dubois, in English 2005
  15. ^ Encyclopedia of Things That Never Were by Michael Page & Robert Ingpen, 1987
  16. ^ "Glossary". Survivalblog.com. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  17. ^ "Jeff Cooper’s Commentaries #7". Scribd.com. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 

Further reading[edit]