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Male gnats often assemble in large mating swarms or ghosts, particularly at dusk.
Gnat larvae are mostly free-living and some are aquatic. Many feed on plants, though some are carnivorous. Larval plant feeders (such as the Hessian fly larva) cause root, stem, or leaf galls to be formed by the host plant. Some species of fungus gnats (families Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae) are pests of mushrooms and roots of potted plants in homes and greenhouses.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Gnat.|