Gloucester Cathedral

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Gloucester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity
Gloucester Cathedral is located in Gloucester Central
Gloucester Cathedral
Gloucester Cathedral
Shown within Gloucester
51°52′03″N 2°14′48″W / 51.8675°N 2.246667°W / 51.8675; -2.246667Coordinates: 51°52′03″N 2°14′48″W / 51.8675°N 2.246667°W / 51.8675; -2.246667
LocationGloucester, Gloucestershire
CountryEngland
DenominationChurch of England
Previous denominationRoman Catholic
Websitewww.gloucester cathedral.org.uk
Architecture
StyleRomanesque & Gothic
Years built1089–1499
Specifications
Length130m
Width across transepts43.9m
Height68.6m
Number of towers1
Tower height68.6m
Administration
DioceseGloucester (since 1541)
ProvinceCanterbury
Clergy
DeanStephen Lake
PrecentorNeil Heavisides
ArchdeaconJackie Searle
Laity
Director of musicAdrian Partington
 
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Gloucester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity
Gloucester Cathedral is located in Gloucester Central
Gloucester Cathedral
Gloucester Cathedral
Shown within Gloucester
51°52′03″N 2°14′48″W / 51.8675°N 2.246667°W / 51.8675; -2.246667Coordinates: 51°52′03″N 2°14′48″W / 51.8675°N 2.246667°W / 51.8675; -2.246667
LocationGloucester, Gloucestershire
CountryEngland
DenominationChurch of England
Previous denominationRoman Catholic
Websitewww.gloucester cathedral.org.uk
Architecture
StyleRomanesque & Gothic
Years built1089–1499
Specifications
Length130m
Width across transepts43.9m
Height68.6m
Number of towers1
Tower height68.6m
Administration
DioceseGloucester (since 1541)
ProvinceCanterbury
Clergy
DeanStephen Lake
PrecentorNeil Heavisides
ArchdeaconJackie Searle
Laity
Director of musicAdrian Partington

Gloucester Cathedral, or the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn. It originated in 678 or 679 with the foundation of an abbey dedicated to Saint Peter (dissolved by King Henry VIII).

History[edit]

Foundations[edit]

The foundations of the present church were laid by Abbot Serlo (1072–1104). Walter Gloucester (d. 1412) the abbey's historian, became its first mitred abbot in 1381. Until 1541, Gloucester lay in the see of Worcester, but the separate see was then constituted, with John Wakeman, last abbot of Tewkesbury, as its first bishop. The diocese covers the greater part of Gloucestershire, with small parts of Herefordshire and Wiltshire. The cathedral has a stained glass window containing the earliest images of golf. This dates from 1350, over 300 years earlier than the earliest image of golf from Scotland.[1] There is also a carved image of people playing a ball game, believed by some to be one of the earliest images of medieval football.

Construction and architecture[edit]

The cathedral, built as the abbey church, consists of a Norman nucleus (Walter de Lacy is buried there), with additions in every style of Gothic architecture. It is 420 feet (130 m) long, and 144 feet (44 m) wide, with a fine central tower of the 15th century rising to the height of 225 ft (69 m) and topped by four delicate pinnacles, a famous landmark. The nave is massive Norman with an Early English roof; the crypt, under the choir, aisles and chapels, is Norman, as is the chapter house. The crypt is one of the four apsidal cathedral crypts in England, the others being at Worcester, Winchester and Canterbury.

The south porch is in the Perpendicular style, with a fan-vaulted roof, as also is the north transept, the south being transitional Decorated Gothic. The choir has Perpendicular tracery over Norman work, with an apsidal chapel on each side: the choir vaulting is particularly rich. The late Decorated east window is partly filled with surviving medieval stained glass. Between the apsidal chapels is a cross Lady chapel, and north of the nave are the cloisters, the carrels or stalls for the monks' study and writing lying to the south. The cloisters at Gloucester are the earliest surviving fan vaults, having been designed between 1351 and 1377 by Thomas de Cambridge.[2]

The most notable monument is the canopied shrine of King Edward II of England who was murdered at nearby Berkeley Castle (illustration below). The building and sanctuary were enriched by the visits of pilgrims to this shrine. In a side-chapel is a monument in coloured bog oak of Robert Curthose, eldest son of William the Conqueror and a great benefactor of the abbey, who was interred there. Monuments of Bishop Warburton and Dr Edward Jenner are also worthy of note.

Between 1873 and 1890, and in 1897, the cathedral was extensively restored by Sir George Gilbert Scott.

Misericords[edit]

The cathedral has forty-six 14th-century misericords and twelve 19th-century replacements by George Gilbert Scott. Both types have a wide range of subject matter: mythology, everyday occurrences, religious symbolism and folklore.

Clergy[edit]

Music[edit]

The organ, rebuilt by Henry Willis in 1847.

Organ[edit]

Details of the organ from the National Pipe Organ Register

Organists[edit]

In 1582, Robert Lichfield is recorded as the organist of Gloucester Cathedral. Notable among the organists are composers and choral conductors of the Three Choirs Festival, Sir Arthur Herbert Brewer, Herbert Sumsion and John Sanders.

The Three Choirs Festival[edit]

An annual musical festival, the Three Choirs Festival, is hosted by turns in this cathedral and those of Worcester and Hereford in rotation.[8] The Three Choirs is the oldest annual musical festival in the world. Three Choirs Festival

Burials[edit]

Tomb of Edward II

Film and TV location[edit]

Cloisters with fan vaulted roof was used as a location in the Harry Potter film series
The cathedral has been used from as a location for filming the first, second and sixth Harry Potter films. Filming caused some controversy amongst those who suggest that the theme of the films was unsuitable for a church.[citation needed]
In 2008 the Cathedral was used by BBC Wales as a location for the Doctor Who Christmas Special.[citation needed]
The Cathedral was used as a filming location in BBC's series "The Hollow Crown" (an adaption of Shakespeare's Henry IV parts 1 and 2).[9]

Academic use[edit]

Degree ceremonies of the University of Gloucestershire and the University of the West of England (through Hartpury College) both take place at the cathedral.[10][11]

The cathedral is also used during school term-time as the venue for assemblies (known as morning chapel) by The King's School, Gloucester, and for events by the High School for Girls (Denmark Road, Gloucester), the Crypt Grammar School for boys and Ribston Hall High School.[citation needed]

Timeline[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Simmons, D A (1962). Who's who in music and musicians' international directory (4th. ed.). London: Burke's Peerage Ltd. OCLC 13309419.  Published in America as Simmons, David (1962). Who's who in music and musicians' international directory (4th. ed.). New York: Hafner Publishing Company. OCLC 12923270. 

External links[edit]