Glenwood Springs, Colorado

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City of Glenwood Springs, Colorado
—  City  —
Glenwood Springs view towards south as seen from Glenwood Caverns
Location in Garfield County, Colorado
Coordinates: 39°32′48″N 107°19′29″W / 39.54667°N 107.32472°W / 39.54667; -107.32472Coordinates: 39°32′48″N 107°19′29″W / 39.54667°N 107.32472°W / 39.54667; -107.32472
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyGarfield County Seat[1]
IncorporatedSeptember 4, 1885[2]
Government
 • TypeHome Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[3]5,761 ft (1,756 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total9,614
 • Density1,784.2/sq mi (690.7/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[4]81601, 81602 (PO Box)
Area code(s)970
FIPS code08-30780
GNIS feature ID0204659
WebsiteCity of Glenwood Springs
 
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City of Glenwood Springs, Colorado
—  City  —
Glenwood Springs view towards south as seen from Glenwood Caverns
Location in Garfield County, Colorado
Coordinates: 39°32′48″N 107°19′29″W / 39.54667°N 107.32472°W / 39.54667; -107.32472Coordinates: 39°32′48″N 107°19′29″W / 39.54667°N 107.32472°W / 39.54667; -107.32472
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyGarfield County Seat[1]
IncorporatedSeptember 4, 1885[2]
Government
 • TypeHome Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[3]5,761 ft (1,756 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total9,614
 • Density1,784.2/sq mi (690.7/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[4]81601, 81602 (PO Box)
Area code(s)970
FIPS code08-30780
GNIS feature ID0204659
WebsiteCity of Glenwood Springs

The City of Glenwood Springs is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Garfield County, Colorado, United States.[5] The U.S. Census Bureau stated that the city population was 9,614 in 2010 census.[6] Glenwood Springs is home to one of the campuses in the Colorado Mountain College system.

Contents

History

Glenwood Springs was originally known as "Defiance". Defiance was established in 1883, a camp of tents, saloons, and brothels with an increasing amount of cabins and lodging establishments. It was populated with the expected crowd of gamblers, gunslingers, and prostitutes. Town Founder Isaac Cooper's wife Sarah was having a hard time adjusting to the frontier life and in an attempt to make her environment somewhat more comfortable, persuaded the founders to change the name to Glenwood Springs, Colorado, after her beloved hometown of Glenwood, Iowa.[7]

Hot Springs Lodge, Glenwood Springs, built c. 1895.

Its location at the confluence of the Colorado River and the Roaring Fork River as well as gaining a stop on the railroad historically made it a center of commerce in the area. The city has seen famous visitors including President Teddy Roosevelt who spent an entire summer vacation living out of the historic Hotel Colorado. Doc Holliday, a wild west legend from the O.K. Corral gunfight, spent the final months of his life in Glenwood Springs and is buried in the town's original Pioneer Cemetery above Bennett Avenue. Infamous serial killer Ted Bundy was imprisoned in the Glenwood Springs jail until he escaped on the night of December 30, 1977, an escape which went undetected for 17 hours.[8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), of which, 4.8 square miles (12 km2) of it is land and 0.21% is water.

Glenwood Springs is home to Glenwood Caverns.

Demographics

Grand Avenue, Glenwood Springs.
Historical populations
CensusPop.
1890920
19001,35046.7%
19102,01949.6%
19202,0782.9%
19301,825−12.2%
19402,25323.5%
19502,4127.1%
19603,63750.8%
19704,10612.9%
19804,63712.9%
19906,56141.5%
20007,73617.9%
20109,61424.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 7,736 people, 3,216 households, and 1,926 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,611 people per square mile (622.3/km²). There were 3,353 housing units at an average density of 698.5 per square mile (269.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.42% White, 0.23% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.82% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.30% of the population. 13.9% were of German, 13.3% English, 12.9% Irish, 7.6% American and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,216 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,934, and the median income for a family was $52,903. Males had a median income of $38,506 versus $29,272 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,449. About 3.5% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Glenwood Springs is the headquarters RE-1 school district. In all, the city has 5 public schools, Glenwood Springs High School, Yampah Mountain High School (an alternative school not part of RE-1), Glenwood Springs Middle School, Glenwood Springs Elementary School, and Sopris Elementary School. St. Stephen's Catholic Elementary School, which was founded in 1982, is K-8.

Transportation

The Amtrak station at Glenwood Springs.

Automobile

Glenwood Springs lies along I-70 at exit 116 (main exit), about 150 miles (240 km) west of Denver. I-70 is one of the main east-west routes through the Rocky Mountains.

Amtrak

Amtrak services regularly stop at Glenwood Springs. The California Zephyr operates daily in both directions between Chicago and Emeryville, California (across the bay from San Francisco).

Amtrak takes a scenic route through the mountains between Denver and Glenwood Springs. Much of the route follows the Colorado River and is away from roads and major development. Part of the route near Glenwood Springs was used for locations in the 1995 action movie Under Siege 2: Dark Territory, starring Steven Seagal.

Airport

Glenwood Springs Airport, a municipal airport, was built in the early 1940s. Its airport code is KGWS. The airport was also named the 4th most challenging mountain airport by the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA). The main reasons cited were the airport's mountainous location, the runway, and the unpredictable wind gusts, which caused a crash in 2007.[1] In 2004 a Cessna crashed into an apartment near the airport due to engine problems.[2] The city provides snow plow operations in the winter. Due to noise concerns, runway 14 is recommended for take-off, and 32 for landing. Currently, 73 planes are based on the field.

Bus

Roaring Fork Transportation Authority provides bus transit in Glenwood Springs and throughout the Roaring Fork Valley. The city also operates an intracity bus service, Ride Glenwood. Ride Glenwood offers a main route from the west side of town along the 6&24 corridor, through downtown, to the south part of Glenwood along Hwy 82.

Recreation

Outdoor recreation opportunities in Glenwood Springs abound; many visitors choose to have their experiences arranged by an outfitter. Activities include whitewater rafting, kayaking, cycling, rock climbing, horseback riding, all-terrain vehicle (ATV) tours, off-road Hummer tours, Segway tours, world-class fishing, and lodge stays in Glenwood Canyon.

Skiing

Glenwood Springs lies about 45 miles (70 km) north of Aspen and 60 miles (100 km) west of Vail. There are 6 world-class ski resorts in this triangle: Aspen Mountain, Snowmass, Aspen Highlands, and Buttermilk in the Aspen area and Beaver Creek and Vail Mountain in the Vail area. There is also a family ski resort, Sunlight Mountain, 10 miles (16 km) from town. Another ski area, Red Mountain, existed until the mid-1900s. Some of the ski lift towers can still be seen. Nowadays the old service road acts as a hiking trail.

Rafting, kayaking, and fishing

Two rivers, the Colorado River and Roaring Fork River, converge in Glenwood Springs. Both are used extensively for recreation by locals, visitors and commercial outfitters. The waters of the Roaring Fork are "Gold Medal" fishing waters.

Mountain Biking

There are quite a few noted mountain bike trails in the Roaring Fork Valley, all requiring fitness and stamina. The favored routes for locals are the Forest Hollow Trail that winds along the rim above Glenwood Canyon and the Scout Trail, an extreme drop from the canyon rim into downtown Glenwood. Red Mountain, also known as the Jeanne Golay Trail, is a dirt trail up Red Mountain that locals use for training and exercise.

Golf

Glenwood Springs is home to a 9-hole golf course referred to by locals as "The Hill" and is within driving distance of mountain golf. One golf club received Golf Magazine's "Best of America's New Courses" list.

Bike trails

The 16 miles (26 km) long recreation trail through Glenwood Canyon is sandwiched between the canyon walls and the Colorado River. It is suitable for families and recreational riders, with several access points and rest areas along the way. Bike rentals and shuttles are available at several outfitters in town. There is a paved loop along the Roaring Fork River that takes you from one end of town to the other and back again.

Glenwood Caverns

A tram takes visitors up to what was formerly called the "Fairy Caves", now known as the Glenwood Caverns, which also has a recreation complex. It includes North America's first Alpine roller coaster, and a Screamin' Swing called the "Giant Canyon Swing", which swings riders out over the edge of Glenwood Canyon, looking down at the Colorado River 1,300 feet below.

Hanging Lake

Hanging Lake is located in Glenwood Canyon about 7 miles (11 km) east of Glenwood Springs. The lake is reached via a trailhead located near I-70 in the bottom of the canyon. In the summer of 2010 the boardwalk at the lake was replaced.

Yampah hot springs

Yampah hot springs vapor caves are historic underground steam baths. They are over 100 years old and were used by the Ute Indians as a source of rejuvenation and healing. Today, the vapor caves consist of three adjoining underground rock chambers. Cave temperatures average 110 to 112 °F (43 to 44 °C). The hot springs and mineral caves are tourist attractions and were a main reason for the settlement of Glenwood Springs.

Notable natives

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/citytown.jsp. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/08/0830780.html
  7. ^ http://www.basecampco.com/
  8. ^ Michaud, Stephen, and Hugh Aynesworth. The Only Living Witness. Authorlink 1999, paperback. ISBN 1-928704-11-5. p. 212-213.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links