Glenwood, Iowa

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Glenwood, Iowa
City
Looking west at Glenwood from Old Slaughterhouse Hill at the Glenwood Lake Park
Looking west at Glenwood from Old Slaughterhouse Hill at the Glenwood Lake Park
Motto: "The Best of Both Worlds"[1]
Location of Glenwood, Iowa
Location of Glenwood, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°2′44″N 95°44′33″W / 41.04556°N 95.74250°W / 41.04556; -95.74250Coordinates: 41°2′44″N 95°44′33″W / 41.04556°N 95.74250°W / 41.04556; -95.74250
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyMills
Area[2]
 • Total2.96 sq mi (7.67 km2)
 • Land2.95 sq mi (7.64 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation1,017 ft (310 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total5,269
 • Estimate (2012[4])5,232
 • Density1,786.1/sq mi (689.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code51534
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-31350
GNIS feature ID0456928
WebsiteCity of Gleenwood, Iowa
 
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Glenwood, Iowa
City
Looking west at Glenwood from Old Slaughterhouse Hill at the Glenwood Lake Park
Looking west at Glenwood from Old Slaughterhouse Hill at the Glenwood Lake Park
Motto: "The Best of Both Worlds"[1]
Location of Glenwood, Iowa
Location of Glenwood, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°2′44″N 95°44′33″W / 41.04556°N 95.74250°W / 41.04556; -95.74250Coordinates: 41°2′44″N 95°44′33″W / 41.04556°N 95.74250°W / 41.04556; -95.74250
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyMills
Area[2]
 • Total2.96 sq mi (7.67 km2)
 • Land2.95 sq mi (7.64 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation1,017 ft (310 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total5,269
 • Estimate (2012[4])5,232
 • Density1,786.1/sq mi (689.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code51534
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-31350
GNIS feature ID0456928
WebsiteCity of Gleenwood, Iowa

Glenwood is a city in and the county seat of Mills County, Iowa, United States.[5] The population was 5,269 in the 2010 census, a decline from 5,358 in the 2000 census.[6][7]

History[edit]

Located in a hollow of the Loess Hills on the east side of the Missouri River, Glenwood was established by Mormons in 1848 as Coonsville. It prospered during the California Gold Rush largely due to the grain mill on Keg Creek. Coonsville was the scene of anti-Mormon mob violence, became the county seat of Mills County in 1851, and was renamed Glenwood after most of Mormons left for Utah in 1852. Glenwood is named for a Presbyterian minister, Glenn Wood.[8] The community supported the creation of Nebraska Territory in 1854. Two Glenwood attorneys were elected to the Nebraska territorial legislature, and they were run out of town for accepting shares in Scriptown. At the end of the Civil War, an Iowa Veteran's Orphans Home was founded here. The evangelist Billy Sunday lived at the orphanage as a child.

The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad was completed through Glenwood in 1869. During the late 19th century, the community was widely known as Iowa's center of fruit production, particularly of apples, and it hosted an annual Apple Carnival. Early industries included an iron foundry, an expansive marble and stone works, the Glenwood Creamery, and a large cannery that covered a city block on the east side of Locust Street. It distributed its products under the brand-name "The Glenwood." Darting & McGavern's "Sanitary" cannery on South Vine and Railroad Avenue canned tomatoes, pumpkin, apples, and beets into the 1920s.

In 1876 the State Veteran's Orphan's Home at Glenwood was adapted for use as the Iowa Asylum for Feeble-Minded Children, the seventh such facility in the country and the first located west of the Mississippi River. The Glenwood facility expanded with increased acceptance of treatment and institutionalization for Intellectual Disability; it became the Iowa Institution for Feeble-Minded Children. The grounds and Administration Building were largely patterned on the Kirkbride Plan, as state funding permitted. (The historic Administration Building has since been demolished.)

The institution has long dominated Glenwood both economically and culturally, although the IIFMC was self-sufficient and intentionally isolated the residents from the rest of the town. By 1925, the Glenwood IIFMC was the home of 1,555 inmates classified as idiots, imbeciles, and morons, according to contemporary definitions. The IIFMC became the Glenwood State-Hospital School in 1941. By the early 1950s, the facility covered 1,185 acres (5 km2); it had 310 staff members for the 1,968 patients. Under the influence of eugenics theory, the state had ordered sterilization of those defined as feeble-minded or worse, and experimental treatments such as cold baths and electroshock were used to reduce symptoms of psychosis and depression.

The de-institutionalization of Glenwood began in the late 1950s. A November 17, 1957 article in the Des Moines Register revealed that Mayo Buckner had spent 59 years confined to Glenwood, despite an IQ of 120, indicating above-average intelligence. National attention followed for Buckner and the Glenwood State-Hospital School, which were featured in the December 9, 1957 issue of Time Magazine and the March 25, 1958 issue of Life Magazine. During the 1970s, the facility completed a transformation from traditional ward buildings into group home-styled cottages. It is now known as the Glenwood Resource Center and provides services and skills training to support people living in communities.

After World War II, the town of Glenwood became a center of meat-packing. During the early 1950s, it had one of America's largest kosher packinghouses, with most of its product shipped to New York and the East Coast. The packinghouse was later modified to process both cattle and pork; it was bought by Swift & Company and then closed in the 1980s. Meatpacking has moved to sites further west, closer to ranching areas.

Trajet, a whirlpool manufacturer, now occupies the former slaughterhouse. A large industrial laundry operated for most of the 20th century in the town until it was purchased and closed by Cintas.

Transportation links include the BNSF; U.S. Route 34, and U.S. Route 275 pass through Glenwood, and Interstate 29 is located a few miles west on the floodplain of the Missouri River. Tourist destinations are the Loess Hills and the National Scenic Byway.

Geography[edit]

View of Glenwood, Iowa looking north from the Loess Hills.

Glenwood is located at 41°2′44″N 95°44′33″W / 41.04556°N 95.74250°W / 41.04556; -95.74250 (41.045581, -95.742371).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.96 square miles (7.67 km2), of which, 2.95 square miles (7.64 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Glenwood
population history
CensusPop.
1860614
18701,291110.3%
18801,79338.9%
18901,8905.4%
19003,04060.8%
19104,05233.3%
19203,862−4.7%
19304,26910.5%
19404,5015.4%
19504,6643.6%
19604,7832.6%
19704,421−7.6%
19805,28019.4%
19904,960−6.1%
20005,3588.0%
20105,269−1.7%
Iowa Data Center[7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,269 people, 1,883 households, and 1,243 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,786.1 inhabitants per square mile (689.6 /km2). There were 2,045 housing units at an average density of 693.2 per square mile (267.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 1,883 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 38.1 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 13.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 5,358 people, 1,863 households, and 1,276 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,067.7 people per square mile (798.7/km²). There were 1,946 housing units at an average density of 751.0 per square mile (290.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.26% White, 0.62% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.47% of the population.

There were 1,863 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09.

Population spread: 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,682, and the median income for a family was $46,555. Males had a median income of $29,918 versus $24,368 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,790. About 6.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Landmarks and neighborhoods[edit]

The IIFMC Girls Cottage is at the far left in this view of the campus of the Glenwood Resource Center.
Sharp Street on the Glenwood Courthouse Square during the 2007 Homecoming parade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Gleenwood, Iowa". City of Gleenwood, Iowa. Retrieved August 30, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  7. ^ a b "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 138. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Bennet, Hiram Pitt, (1826 - 1914). Retrieved August 30, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]