Glendale, Arizona

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Glendale, Arizona
City
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Official seal of Glendale, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639Coordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Government
 • MayorJerry Weiers (Non-Partisan)
Area
 • Total55.8 sq mi (144.4 km2)
 • Land55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation1,152 ft (351 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total226,721
 • Estimate (2013[2])234,632
 • RankUS: 87th
 • Density4,063.1/sq mi (1,570.1/km2)
Time zoneMST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code85301-85318
Area code(s)623 and 602
FIPS code04-27820
Websitehttp://www.glendaleaz.com
 
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Glendale, Arizona
City
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Official seal of Glendale, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639Coordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Government
 • MayorJerry Weiers (Non-Partisan)
Area
 • Total55.8 sq mi (144.4 km2)
 • Land55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation1,152 ft (351 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total226,721
 • Estimate (2013[2])234,632
 • RankUS: 87th
 • Density4,063.1/sq mi (1,570.1/km2)
Time zoneMST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code85301-85318
Area code(s)623 and 602
FIPS code04-27820
Websitehttp://www.glendaleaz.com

Glendale /ˈɡlɛndl/ is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about 9 miles (14 km)) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 226,721.[1]

History[edit]

Main article: William John Murphy

In the late 1800s what is now known as Glendale, Arizona, was a desert wasteland. William John Murphy, a native of New Hartford, New York who resided in the town of Flagstaff in what was then known as the territory of Arizona, was in charge of building a 40-mile long Arizona Canal from Granite Reef to New River for the Arizona Canal Company. He completed the canal, which would bring water to the desert land, in 1885.[3] Murphy was deep in debt, since he had agreed to be paid in Arizona Canal Company stock and bonds and land instead of cash.[4]

William John Murphy - Founder of Glendale

In 1887, Murphy formed the Arizona Improvement Company. His objective was to sell the land and water rights south of the canal. Murphy had to raise capital from out of state sources in order to meet payroll and construction expenses.[4] Murphy decided to refer to this land as “Glendale”. In order to develop and interest potential investors and settlers in this new town, Murphy decided to provide a better way of access from Phoenix to Glendale and ending in the town of Peoria by building an 18 mile long diagonal road which he named Grand Avenue.

In 1891, Burgess Hadsell worked with Murphy to bring 70 Brethren and River Brethren families to Glendale to form a temperance colony. Soon settlers, attracted by the town's ban on alcoholic beverages, continued to arrive. In 1895, Murphy platted the original town site and amended the plat to include a town park and some business lots. The construction of a railroad from Prescott to Phoenix was made possible with an exchange of the right-of-way made by Murphy along Grand Avenue.[3] The railroad allowed Glendale settlers to transport goods to the north and easily receive building materials.

The construction and commercial applications of the Beet Sugar Factory in 1906, also contributed to the growth of Glendale. Though the operations of the factory only lasted until 1913, it played an important role in the increase of immigrant and migrant settlers in the city.[5]

Arizona's Antique Capital[edit]

Glendale bills itself as "Arizona's Antique Capital", with support for its claim from both Sunset magazine (2004[dead link]) and a 1998 article in USA Today. Glendale is home to the popular Arrowhead Towne Center mall in the northwest part of the city. Glendale also is home to Midwestern University, metropolitan Phoenix's first medical school, as well as a major post-graduate international business school: the Thunderbird School of Global Management.

An extension of METRO light rail service is planned to serve the city, opening in 2026,[6] reprising a role played by the Phoenix Street Railway between 1911 and 1926.

Geography[edit]

Glendale is located at 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639 (33.538654, -112.186261).[7]

Climate[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.8 square miles (145 km2), of which, 55.7 square miles (144 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
19101,000
19202,737173.7%
19303,66533.9%
19404,85532.5%
19508,17968.5%
196015,89394.3%
197036,228127.9%
198097,172168.2%
1990147,86452.2%
2000218,81248.0%
2010226,7213.6%
Est. 2013234,6323.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 218,812 people, 75,700 households, and 54,352 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,929.5 people per square mile (1,517.3/km²). There were 79,667 housing units at an average density of 1,430.7 per square mile (552.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 4.70% Black or African American, 1.45% Native American, 2.74% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 11.97% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 24.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 75,700 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,015, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,901 versus $27,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions[edit]

Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas

Historic properties in Glendale[edit]

There are numerous properties in the city of Glendale which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[14] or the listings of the Glendale Arizona Historical Society. At the end of the article are some of these properties with a short description of the same.

Sports[edit]

Westgate City Center
Ground level of the stadium.

Glendale is the site of two major sports venues: University of Phoenix Stadium and Jobing.com Arena. Both venues are part of the Glendale Sports and Entertainment District development plan, meant to spur growth in the sparsely inhabited Yucca district. Both venues are owned by the City of Glendale.

University of Phoenix Stadium is the home field of the Arizona Cardinals of the NFL. The team formerly played at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University in nearby Tempe, and in 2006 moved to University of Phoenix Stadium. Designed by architect Peter Eisenman, the stadium was featured on The History Channel TV series, Modern Marvels because of its roll-out natural grass field. The stadium hosted Super Bowl XLII in 2008. Almost 1 year later on January 18, 2009, it hosted the NFC Championship Game as the Arizona Cardinals defeated the Philadelphia Eagles 32-25 for the franchise's first ever Super Bowl berth. The University of Phoenix Stadium will host Super Bowl XLIX in 2015.

The stadium is also used for college football and other events. The stadium hosts the annual Tostitos Fiesta Bowl bowl game.The BCS National Championship college football championship game also circulates to Glendale. The 2011 BCS National Championship Game was held in Glendale on January 10, 2011. The Auburn Tigers defeated the Oregon Ducks 22-19. The 26th annual WrestleMania event was held at University of Phoenix Stadium on March 28, 2010.

Jobing.com Arena (formerly Glendale Arena) and Westgate City Center is adjacent to University of Phoenix Stadium, and is the home of the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL). It was also the home of the now defunct Arizona Sting of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). The inaugural Street League Skateboarding event was held in the summer of 2010 in Glendale, Arizona at the Jobing.com Arena. This street skateboarding competition returns to Glendale annually.

In 2009, the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball began to share the new Camelback Ranch-Glendale spring training complex and stadium in Phoenix, Arizona owned and operated by the City of Glendale.

Education[edit]

This 1917 Nash Fire Truck was the first motorized fire truck of the Glendale Fire Department. The truck was manufactured by the "Nash Motors Company" and is on exhibit at the Glendale Training Center located at 11330 W. Glendale Ave. in Glendale, Arizona.

There are a number of higher education campuses in Glendale. Glendale Community College and Glendale Community College North, just across the border in northwestern Phoenix, are members of the Maricopa County Community College District, while Arizona State University has its West campus just across the border from Glendale in west Phoenix. Midwestern University is a graduate college of medicine located in Glendale. Thunderbird School of Global Management is a graduate school specializing in international management located in Glendale.

Many school districts serve the city of Glendale.

The following school districts serve the city:

Notable people[edit]

Historical Glendale, Arizona
(NRHP = National Register of Historic Places)[14]
(GAHS=Glendale Arizona Historical Society-listed)
Sine Brothers Hardware Store, built in 1912 (GAHS) 
Beet Sugar Factory Building, built in 1906 (NRHP) 
The Hoghe Bunkhouse, is located at the intersection of Lamar Road and North 53rd Avenue. It was built by Leo M. Hoghe in 1906. The Hoghe Bunkhouse is the only remaining example of workers housing associated with the Beet Sugar Factory in Glendale. Glendale Arizona Historical Society. 
The Glendale Memorial Park Cemetery Caretakers’ House was built in 1895 and is located inside the Glendale Memorial Park Cemetery at 7844 N. 61st Ave. The Memorial Park Cemetery is Glendale’s first cemetery. 
Main mansion of the Manistee Ranch, built in 1897 (NRHP) 
Main mansion in Sahuaro Ranch, built in 1886 (NRHP) 
First National Bank of Glendale, built in 1906 (NRHP) 
E.C. Bunch House, built in 1898 (NRHP) 
George O'Dowdy Rental Cottage, built in 1926 (NRHP) 
C. L. Gillett Building which once housed the Glendale State Bank, built in 1909 (GAHS) 
Glendale Womens Club, structure built in 1912 (NRHP) 
Jonas McNair House, built in 1897 (NRHP) 
C.H. Tinker House, built 1913 (NRHP) 
The Forney House, built in 1893, is the second oldest house in Glendale, Arizona. It is located at 7534 North 61st Avenue. The oldest house in Glendale is the Adobe house located in Saguaro Ranch. 
Glendale Grammar School One-Room Class Building, built in 1920 (NRHP) 
Glendale High School Auditorium, built 1939 (NRHP) 
Santa Fe Railroad Depot, built in 1895 in Glendale, Arizona (GAHS) 
Hine Building built in 1913, now houses numerous businesses (GAHS) 
Humphrey and Davidson Building built in 1895. It is the second oldest brick commercial building in Glendale. (GARS) 
The historic William John Murphy House was built in 1895 and is located at 7514 N. Central Ave. in Phoenix, Arizona. Even though the house is not located in Glendale, it served as the residence of William J. Murphy who created the Arizona Improvement Company in 1887 and bought land in areas that would eventually become the towns of Peoria and Glendale. The house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register. 
Murphy Park. The turn of the century town clock (pictured) was dedicated in 1987 to the memory of Thelma Renick Heatwole (1912-1991), who covered life in the Glendale community for more than 40 years as a newspaper reporter. The park is located at 58th & Glendale Avenues and has a public library. 
Glendales’ first Fire Station located at N. 57th Drive. The structure was built in 1912. It was later used as the towns’ municipal court and is now occupied by the Glendale Information Technology. 
Catlin Court Historic District
(NRHP = National Register of Historic Places)
(GAHS=Glendale Arizona Historic Society-listed)[16]
First Methodist Episcopal Church of Glendale Sanctuary, built 1926 (NRHP) 
Glendale’s historic Methodist Church Parsonage House, built in 1898, was moved to 7142 N. 58th Avenue and is now an antique store. 
Christian Church Bungalow built in 1917(GAHS). Now known as Manor at Catlin Court, it is the only bungalow church in Arizona.[16] 
Victor Messinger House, built 1897 (GAHS) 
Victor Messinger House MRHP plaque. 
C. E. Allen House built in 1924 (GAHS) 
Floyd Holmes Sine House built in c. 1917 (GAHS) 
Frank Carden House built in 1936 (GAHS) 
Harry Madison House built in 1920 (GAHS) 
Phillip Marshall House built in 1930 (GAHS) 
Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field
The historic Thunderbird Control Tower was built in 1941 and served as the Air Control Tower and Officers' quarters during the operation of the Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field, in Glendale. There American, British, Canadian and Chinese pilots trained during WWII. The air field was deactivated in 1945 and is now occupied by the Thunderbird School of Global Management which is located southeast of the intersection of West Greenway Road & North 59th Avenue in Glendale, Arizona (GAHS)
Different view of the historic Thunderbird Control Tower. The tower and officer quarters were built in 1941 and served the Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field, in Glendale during WW II (GAHS)
The historic Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field Airplane Hangar was built in 1941 (GAHS)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official records for Phoenix kept at downtown August 1895 to September 1953, and at Sky Harbor Int'l since October 1953. For more information see ThreadEx.

References[edit]

External links[edit]