GitHub

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GitHub
GitHub logo 2013.svg
Web addressgithub.com
SloganBuild software better, together
Commercial?Yes
Type of siteCollaborative revision control
RegistrationOptional (required for creating and joining projects)
Available inEnglish
Written inRuby, JavaScript
OwnerGitHub, Inc.
LaunchedApril 2008[1]
Alexa rankpositive decrease 168 (July 2014)[2]
Current statusOnline
 
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GitHub
GitHub logo 2013.svg
Web addressgithub.com
SloganBuild software better, together
Commercial?Yes
Type of siteCollaborative revision control
RegistrationOptional (required for creating and joining projects)
Available inEnglish
Written inRuby, JavaScript
OwnerGitHub, Inc.
LaunchedApril 2008[1]
Alexa rankpositive decrease 168 (July 2014)[2]
Current statusOnline

GitHub is a Git repository web-based hosting service which offers all of the distributed revision control and source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as well as adding own features. Unlike Git, which is strictly a command-line tool, GitHub provides a web-based graphical interface and desktop as well as mobile integration. It also provides access control and several collaboration features such as wikis, task management, and bug tracking and feature requests for every project.[3]

GitHub offers both paid plans for private repositories, and free accounts, which are usually used to host open source software projects. As of 2014, GitHub reports having over 3.4 million users,[4] making it the largest code host in the world.[5]

GitHub has become such a staple among the open-source development community that many developers have begun considering it a replacement for a conventional resume and some employers require applicants to provide a link to and have an active contributing GitHub account in order to qualify for a job.[6][7][Unreliable fringe source?]

Services[edit]

GitHub[edit]

Development of the GitHub platform began on 19 October 2007.[8][9] The site was launched in April 2008 by Tom Preston-Werner, Chris Wanstrath, and PJ Hyett after it had been made available for a few months prior as a beta period.[1]

Projects on GitHub can be accessed and manipulated using the standard git command-line interface and all of the standard git commands work with it. GitHub also allows registered and non-registered users to browse public repositories on the site. Multiple desktop clients have also been created by GitHub and other third parties which integrate with the platform.

The site provides social networking functionality such as feeds, followers, wikis (using gollum Wiki software) and a social network graph to display how developers work on their versions ("forks") of a repository and which fork is newest.

A user must create a profile in order to contribute content to the site, but public repositories can be browsed and downloaded by anyone. With a registered user account, users are able to discuss, manage, create repositories, submit contributions to others' repositories, and review changes to code.

GitHub also operates other services: a pastebin-style site called Gist[1] which is for hosting code snippets, whereas GitHub proper would be for hosting larger projects, and a slide hosting service called Speaker Deck.

The software that runs GitHub was written using Ruby on Rails and Erlang by GitHub, Inc. (previously known as Logical Awesome) developers Chris Wanstrath,[10] PJ Hyett, and Tom Preston-Werner.

Scope[edit]

GitHub is mostly used for code, but is also sometimes used for non-code types of files like Final Cut or Word documents. GitHub is not solely for programmers: in their educational videos, GitHub states that any "knowledge worker" (defined as almost any professional who makes use of a computer) can benefit.

In addition to source code, GitHub supports the following formats and features:

Terms of Service[edit]

GitHub's Terms of Service does not require public software projects hosted on GitHub to meet the Open Source Definition.

GitHub Enterprise[edit]

GitHub Enterprise is similar to GitHub's public service but is designed for use by large-scale enterprise software development teams where the enterprise wishes to host their repositories behind a corporate firewall.[12]

Gist[edit]

Gist builds upon that idea by adding version control for code snippets, easy forking, and SSL encryption for private pastes. Because each “gist” is its own Git repository, multiple code snippets can be contained in a single paste and they can be pushed and pulled using Git. Further, forked code can be pushed back to the original author in the form of a patch, so pastes can become more like mini-projects.

Jobs[edit]

One of GitHub's primary revenue streams is GitHub Jobs[13] where employers can post job offers for $450/listing. GitHub's salespeople are not paid on a commission basis.[14]

Popularity[edit]

The shading of the map illustrates the number of users as a proportion of each country’s Internet population. The circular charts surrounding the two hemispheres depict the total number of GitHub users (left) and commits (right) per country.

Company[edit]

Organizational structure[edit]

As of December 2012, GitHub, Inc. was a flat organization with no middle managers; in other words, "everyone is a manager" (self-management).[21] Employees can choose to work on projects that interest them (open allocation). However, salaries are set by the chief executive, Tom Preston-Werner.[22][needs update]

However, in 2014, GitHub, Inc. introduced a layer of middle management. [23]

Finance[edit]

GitHub.com is a start-up business, which in its first years provided enough revenue to be funded solely by its three founders and start taking on employees.[24] In July 2012, four years after the company was founded, Andreessen Horowitz invested $100M in venture capital.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Catone, Josh (July 24, 2008). "GitHub Gist is Pastie on Steroids". 
  2. ^ "Github.com Alexa Ranking". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  3. ^ a b Williams, Alex (July 9, 2012). "GitHub Pours Energies into Enterprise – Raises $100 Million From Power VC Andreessen Horowitz". Tech Crunch. "Andreessen Horowitz is investing an eye-popping $100 million into GitHub" 
  4. ^ Whitaker, Marisa (April 2014). "Former UC student establishes a celebrated website in GitHub that simplifies coding collaboration for millions of users". University of Cincinnati. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  5. ^ Georgios Gousios; Bogdan Vasilescu; Alexander Serebrenik; Andy Zaidman. Lean GHTorrent: GitHub Data on Demand. The Netherlands: Delft University of Technology & †Eindhoven University of Technology. p. 1. Retrieved 9 July 2014. "During recent years, GITHUB (2008) has become the largest code host in the world." 
  6. ^ Doubrovkine, Daniel (July 14, 2011). "Github Is Your New Resume". Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  7. ^ "Github Is Your Resume Now". June 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  8. ^ Weis, Kristina (2014-02-10). "GitHub CEO and Co-Founder Chris Wanstrath Keynoting Esri’s DevSummit!". "in 2007 they began working on GitHub as a side project" 
  9. ^ Preston-Werner, Tom (October 19, 2008). "GitHub Turns One!". GitHub. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  10. ^ "Interview with Chris Wanstrath". Doeswhat.com. 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2013-02-26. 
  11. ^ Weinhoffer, Eric (2013-04-09). "GitHub Now Supports STL File Viewing". 
  12. ^ "Introducing GitHub Enterprise". GitHub. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Github Jobs API". 
  14. ^ "Github Raises $100 Million From Andreessen Horowitz". Forbes. July 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ Dascalescu, Dan (3 November 2009). "The PITA Threshold: GitHub vs. CPAN". Dan Dascalescu's Wiki. 
  16. ^ "One Million Repositories, Git Official Blog". 25 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "Those are some big numbers, Git Official Blog". 20 April 2011. 
  18. ^ Peter Levine (2012-07-09). "Software Eats Software Development". 
  19. ^ "Code-sharing site Github turns five and hits 3.5 million users, 6 million repositories". TheNextWeb.com. 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  20. ^ "10 Million Repositories". GitHub.com. 2013-12-23. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  21. ^ Ryan Tomayko (2 April 2012). "Show How, Don't Tell What - A Management Style". Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  22. ^ Quentin Hardy. "Dreams of 'Open' Everything". New York Times. 
  23. ^ Evelyn, Rusli (17 July 2014). "Harassment claims make startup GitHub grow up". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  24. ^ Michael, Carney (June 20, 2013). "GitHub CEO explains why the company took so damn long to raise venture capital". PandoDaily. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 

External links[edit]