Gilroy, California

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Gilroy, California
City
City of Gilroy
Downtown Gilroy in April 2007

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Garlic Capital of the Nation and World"
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000
Country United States of America
State California
County Santa Clara
IncorporatedMarch 12, 1870
Government
 • MayorDon Gage
 • City AdministratorTom Haglund
Area[1]
 • Total16.156 sq mi (41.845 km2)
 • Land16.146 sq mi (41.819 km2)
 • Water0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.06%
Elevation200 ft (61 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total48,821
 • Density3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes95020-95021
Area code(s)408, 669
FIPS code06-29504
GNIS feature ID0277523
Websitewww.ci.Gilroy.ca.us
 
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Gilroy, California
City
City of Gilroy
Downtown Gilroy in April 2007

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Garlic Capital of the Nation and World"
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000
Country United States of America
State California
County Santa Clara
IncorporatedMarch 12, 1870
Government
 • MayorDon Gage
 • City AdministratorTom Haglund
Area[1]
 • Total16.156 sq mi (41.845 km2)
 • Land16.146 sq mi (41.819 km2)
 • Water0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.06%
Elevation200 ft (61 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total48,821
 • Density3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes95020-95021
Area code(s)408, 669
FIPS code06-29504
GNIS feature ID0277523
Websitewww.ci.Gilroy.ca.us

Gilroy /ˈɡɪl.rɔɪ/ is the southernmost city in Santa Clara County, California. The city's population was 48,821 at the 2010 United States Census.

Gilroy is well known for its garlic crop and for the annual Gilroy Garlic Festival, featuring various garlicky foods, including garlic ice cream. Gilroy also produces mushrooms in considerable quantity. Gilroy's nickname is "Garlic Capital of the World," although Gilroy does not lead the world in garlic production. Boutique wine production is a large part of Gilroy's western portion, mostly consisting of older family estates around the Mount Madonna County Park mountain bases.

About 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Gilroy, via Gilroy Hot Springs Road, lies the Victorian resort Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs, a California Historical Landmark. Gilroy also is home to the Gilroy Premium Outlets, a large shopping center consisting entirely of factory outlet stores.

Long-time local landmarks include Gilroy Gardens Family Theme Park, a specialty theme park, along California State Route 152 just west of town, Mount Madonna County Park, at Hecker Pass, about 12 miles (19 km) west of town off Highway 152, and Henry W. Coe State Park, northeast of town. Another large presence is the Gilroy Foods plant (owned by ConAgra Foods) at the southeast edge of town.37°00′06″N 121°32′27″W / 37.00167°N 121.54083°W / 37.00167; -121.54083

Cattle, garlic, and strawberry farms occupy areas toward Hollister to the southeast and San Martin to the north. Wine is the second biggest attraction that Gilroy has to offer after garlic. Gilroy wineries can be found along the Gilroy Wine Trail.[3]

History[edit]

Gilroy's welcome sign.

Trailblazers led by Father Junípero Serra began to arrive in the area in the 1770s, and in 1797 Mission San Juan Bautista was established near the Pajaro River. In 1809, Ygnacio Ortega was granted the 13,066-acre (5,288 ha) Spanish land concession Rancho San Ysidro. The village of San Ysidro (not to be confused with the present-day San Diego community) grew nearby, at the foot of Pacheco Pass which linked the El Camino Real and the Santa Clara Valley with the San Joaquin Valley. California's main export at this time was tallow, and thousands of barrels were produced and shipped to the rest of New Spain. Trade and diplomatic intercourse with foreigners was strictly forbidden by the royal government but was quietly performed by Californios desperate for luxury goods.

During the War of 1812, the armed merchantman Isaac Todd[4] was sent by the North West Company to seize Fort Astoria, an American trading post at the mouth of the Columbia River. The ship departed from Portsmouth, England, made its way around Cape Horn and proceeded up the Pacific coast of the Americas, stopping at Spanish ports for supplies along the way. In January 1814, the Todd arrived at the Presidio of Monterey. During the visit, ordinary seaman John Gilroy (a Scotsman who had changed his name from John Cameron when he went to sea to avoid recognition) either jumped ship[5] or, depending on the historical source, was left ashore to recover from scurvy.[6] In any event he found his way to San Ysidro, converted to Roman Catholicism and became the first non-Spanish settler in Alta California legally recognized by the Spanish crown. More Americans and Europeans entered the region over time, but the area remained under the control of Spain (and after 1821, independent Mexico); Gilroy married the daughter of his employer and eventually became alcalde of the village himself.[7]

When the annexation of California by the United States in 1848 was followed by the discovery of gold in the Sierra Nevada, the trickle of immigrants from the eastern states became a flood. As many of the original Californio landowners sold off their land, lost it to squatters, or were dispossessed through title hearings, the area around San Ysidro became known as Pleasant Valley. On March 12, 1870 it was officially incorporated by the state legislature as the town of Gilroy (John Gilroy had died in 1869[8]). By then the town center had been relocated west of the El Camino Real (the locale of the original village is today a sparsely populated area known as Old Gilroy). Cattle ranching and timber from the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains were important to the economy for some time, but as in the rest of the valley agriculture was the town's greatest source of income. Farming remains significant, but in the 1970s the city began evolving into a bedroom community for Silicon Valley to the north.

There are a number of extant historical buildings dating from the mid-19th century. Built in 1857, the Christian Church at 160 Fifth Street is the oldest wood framed church in Santa Clara County in continuous use. Blacksmith George Eustice's house at 213 Fifth Street was constructed in 1869; Eustice was an American Civil War veteran who fought at Gettysburg. Samuel Moore was a long time Gilroy postmaster, whose home was built in the 1870s at 7151 Church Street[9] (an apartment complex now stands at the site where the house was built[10]). Nearby to the northeast is the historic resort site Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs, developed in the late 19th century.

Geography[edit]

Gilroy is located at 37°00′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.012048°N 121.580080°W / 37.012048; -121.580080.[11] It is approximately 26 km (16 mi) south of San Jose, California (Bailey Avenue (37.206770, -121.729150) to Monterey/Day Road (37.038210, -121.584480)) on U.S. Route 101 and 31 km (19 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast. Lying in a southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley at an elevation of about 61 m (200 ft) above MSL, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west and the Diablo Range to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.2 square miles (42 km2). 16.1 square miles (42 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.

Contributing to environmental noise are primarily U.S. Route 101, El Camino Real, Leavesley Road and other major arterials. The number of people exposed to sound levels above 60 CNEL is approximately 4,000.[12]

Climate[edit]

Due to the moderating influence of the Pacific Ocean, Gilroy enjoys a warm, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures range from an average midsummer maximum of 32.3°C (90.2°F) to an average midwinter low of 0.9°C (33.6°F). Average annual precipitation is 480 mm (18.9 in), and the summer months are typically dry. Snowfall is rare, about once every 20 years, and is light and short-lived when it occurs. Summer months are characterized by coastal fog which arrives from the ocean around 10 p.m. and dissipates the next morning by 10 a.m. Winter months have many sunny and partly cloudy days, with frequent breaks between rainstorms. The local terrain is inconducive to tornadoes, severe windstorms, and thunderstorms. The local climate supports chaparral and grassland biomes, with stands of live oak at higher elevations.

Average temperatures in December, the coldest month, are a maximum of 60 °F (16 °C) and a minimum of 38 °F (3 °C). Average temperatures in July, the hottest month, are a maximum of 88 °F (31 °C) and a minimum of 55 °F (13 °C). There are an average of 7.4 days with highs of 100°F ( 37.7°C) or higher and an average of 17.7 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. The record high temperature of 115°F was on July 15, 1972. The record low temperature of 17°F was on December 22–24, 1990.[13]

There are an average of 60 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 37.76 inches and the dryest year was 1977 with 11.17 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 14.64 inches in January 1914.[14]

Climate data for Gilroy, California (1906-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)60
(16)
64
(18)
67
(19)
72
(22)
78
(26)
84
(29)
88
(31)
88
(31)
86
(30)
79
(26)
68
(20)
60
(16)
74.5
(23.7)
Average low °F (°C)37
(3)
41
(5)
43
(6)
44
(7)
49
(9)
52
(11)
54
(12)
54
(12)
53
(12)
48
(9)
42
(6)
37
(3)
46.2
(7.9)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.70
(119.4)
3.74
(95)
3.24
(82.3)
1.40
(35.6)
.39
(9.9)
.10
(2.5)
.05
(1.3)
.05
(1.3)
.32
(8.1)
.90
(22.9)
2.21
(56.1)
3.72
(94.5)
20.83
(529.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ .01 in)109962100136958
Avg. rainy days (≥ .1 in)76631000124637
Source: NOAA [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,625
18801,621−0.2%
18901,6944.5%
19001,8207.4%
19102,43733.9%
19202,86217.4%
19303,50222.4%
19403,6153.2%
19504,95137.0%
19607,34848.4%
197012,68472.6%
198025,769103.2%
199026,3032.1%
200041,46457.6%
201048,82117.7%
Est. 201149,5821.6%
[1]
2011 estimate

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that Gilroy had a population of 48,821. The population density was 3,021.7 people per square mile (1,166.7/km²). The racial makeup of Gilroy was 28,674 (58.7%) White, 942 (1.9%) African American, 831 (1.7%) Native American, 3,448 (7.1%) Asian, 111 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 12,322 (25.2%) from other races, and 2,493 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,214 persons (57.8%).

The Census reported that 48,015 people (98.3% of the population) lived in households, 642 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 164 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,175 households, out of which 7,111 (50.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,160 (57.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,212 (15.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 964 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 996 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 102 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,136 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals and 908 (6.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39. There were 11,336 families (80.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.

The population was spread out with 14,983 people (30.7%) under the age of 18, 4,514 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 14,104 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 11,122 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,098 people (8.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

There were 14,854 housing units at an average density of 919.4 per square mile (355.0/km²), of which 8,624 (60.8%) were owner-occupied, and 5,551 (39.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 27,798 people (56.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 20,217 people (41.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[16]2010
Total Population48,821 - 100.0%
One Race46,328 - 94.9%
Not Hispanic or Latino20,607 - 42.2%
White alone15,335 - 31.4%
Black or African American alone709 - 1.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone180 - 0.4%
Asian alone3,265 - 6.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone86 - 0.2%
Some other race alone58 - 0.1%
Two or more races alone974 - 2.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)28,214 - 57.8%

2000[edit]

As of the United States 2000 Census,[17] there were 41,464 people, 11,869 households, and 9,590 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,615.2 per square mile (1,010.1/km²). There were 12,152 housing units at an average density of 766.5 per square mile (296.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.9% White, 1.8% African American, 1.6% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 27.7% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. 53.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,869 households out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46 and the average family size was 3.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,401, and the median income for a family was $80,371. Males had a median income of $45,759 versus $34,710 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,071. About 7.3% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older.

Economy[edit]

The unemployment rate in Gilroy, CA, is 15.30%, with job growth of -1.48%. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 21.74%.

Two of the largest employers in Gilroy are Christopher Ranch and Olam Spices & Vegetables.[18]

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

International Relations[edit]

Gilroy is twinned with:

Parks and recreation[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Gilroy is located in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat Bill Monning, and in the 30th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Luis Alejo. Federally, Gilroy is divided between California's 19th congressional district, represented by Democrat Zoe Lofgren and California's 20th congressional district, represented by Democrat Sam Farr.

Education[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

Santa Clara County Library operates the Gilroy Library.[19]

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Online[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (Excel). California Department of Finance. Retrieved March 22, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Gilroy Wine Trail". web site. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Article - "Isaac Todd"". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  5. ^ "Historical plaque". E Clampus Vitus Chapter 1850. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  6. ^ "San Francisco History - The Beginning". San Francisco Genealogy. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  7. ^ "South County towns' names rich in history". Gilroy Dispatch. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  8. ^ "A trip to the gold mines of California in 1848". California, First Person Narratives. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  9. ^ Santa Clara County Heritage Resource Inventory, Santa Clara County Historical Heritage Commission, published by Santa Clara County, San Jose, Ca., June, 1979
  10. ^ http://www.redfin.com/CA/Gilroy/7151-Church-St-95020/home/1640672
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Ballard George and Marc Papineau, Noise Element of the General Plan, Earth Metrics, published by the city of Gilroy (1982)
  13. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  14. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca3417
  15. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  16. ^ http://www.bayareacensus.ca.gov "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Cover Page and City of Gilroy Introduction
  19. ^ "Welcome to the Gilroy Library." Santa Clara County Library. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  20. ^ "Gilroy and Morgan Hill Service". Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  21. ^ "Caltrain timetable effective April 2, 2007". Caltrain. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  22. ^ "Train & Bus Schedules". Amtrak California. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  23. ^ "Line 55 Monterey - San Jose Express". Monterey-Salinas Transit. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  24. ^ "Intercounty Routes". San Benito County Express. Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 

External links[edit]