Gillette, Wyoming

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Gillette, Wyoming
City
Gillette seen from I-90
Gillette seen from I-90
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyCampbell
Government
 • MayorTom Murphy
Area[1]
 • Total19.00 sq mi (49.21 km2)
 • Land18.97 sq mi (49.13 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation4,554 ft (1,388 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total29,087
 • Estimate (2012[3])31,378
 • Density1,533.3/sq mi (592.0/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code82716-82718
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-31855[4]
GNIS feature ID1609094[5]
Websitewww.gillettewy.gov
 
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Gillette, Wyoming
City
Gillette seen from I-90
Gillette seen from I-90
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyCampbell
Government
 • MayorTom Murphy
Area[1]
 • Total19.00 sq mi (49.21 km2)
 • Land18.97 sq mi (49.13 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation4,554 ft (1,388 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total29,087
 • Estimate (2012[3])31,378
 • Density1,533.3/sq mi (592.0/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code82716-82718
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-31855[4]
GNIS feature ID1609094[5]
Websitewww.gillettewy.gov

Gillette is a city in and the county seat of Campbell County, Wyoming, United States.[6] The population was 29,087 in 2010. Gillette is centrally located in an area involved with the development of vast quantities of American coal, oil, and coal bed methane gas. The city calls itself the "Energy Capital of the Nation," noting that the state of Wyoming provides nearly 35% of the nation's coal.[7] Over the last decade Gillette has seen a population increase of 48.06% from the 2000 census of 19,646 residents.[8] [9]

History[edit]

Gillette was incorporated on January 6, 1892, less than two years after Wyoming became a state. The city was named after Edward Gillette, who worked as a surveyor for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. [10] Companies based in Gillette include Cloud Peak Energy.

In 1974, U.S. psychologist ElDean Kohrs used the town as the basic example of what he called the 'Gillette Syndrome': the social disruption that can occur in a community due to rapid population growth.

Geography and climate[edit]

Gillette is located at 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528 (44.282660, −105.505256).[11] It is situated between the Big Horn Mountains to the west and the Black Hills to the east, in the Powder River Basin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.00 square miles (49.21 km2), of which, 18.97 square miles (49.13 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[1]

Gillette has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk).

Climate data for Gillette, Wyoming
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)67
(19)
70
(21)
80
(27)
88
(31)
95
(35)
104
(40)
107
(42)
106
(41)
102
(39)
89
(32)
75
(24)
69
(21)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C)30.9
(−0.6)
36.6
(2.6)
45.2
(7.3)
54.7
(12.6)
64.5
(18.1)
76.0
(24.4)
84.5
(29.2)
83.5
(28.6)
71.8
(22.1)
58.7
(14.8)
42.1
(5.6)
32.9
(0.5)
56.78
(13.77)
Daily mean °F (°C)20.5
(−6.4)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.4
(0.8)
41.9
(5.5)
51.5
(10.8)
61.9
(16.6)
69.3
(20.7)
68.4
(20.2)
57.5
(14.2)
45.6
(7.6)
31.2
(−0.4)
22.5
(−5.3)
44.12
(6.73)
Average low °F (°C)10.0
(−12.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
21.5
(−5.8)
29.1
(−1.6)
38.4
(3.6)
47.7
(8.7)
54.1
(12.3)
53.3
(11.8)
43.2
(6.2)
32.4
(0.2)
20.3
(−6.5)
12.1
(−11.1)
31.41
(−0.33)
Record low °F (°C)−36
(−38)
−40
(−40)
−23
(−31)
−12
(−24)
11
(−12)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
32
(0)
10
(−12)
−12
(−24)
−26
(−32)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.56
(14.2)
0.54
(13.7)
1.00
(25.4)
1.97
(50)
2.95
(74.9)
2.64
(67.1)
1.78
(45.2)
1.33
(33.8)
1.43
(36.3)
1.57
(39.9)
0.70
(17.8)
0.67
(17)
17.14
(435.3)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[12]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900151
1910448196.7%
19201,157158.3%
19301,34015.8%
19402,17762.5%
19502,1910.6%
19603,58063.4%
19707,194100.9%
198012,13468.7%
199017,63545.3%
200019,64611.4%
201029,08748.1%
Est. 201331,7979.3%
[14]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $69,581, and the median income for a family was $78,377. Males had a median income of $41,131 versus $22,717 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,749. About 5.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 29,087 people, 10,975 households, and 7,299 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile (592.0 /km2). There were 12,153 housing units at an average density of 640.6 per square mile (247.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 0.4% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 10,975 households of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 30.6 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 5.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.3% male and 47.7% female.

A large surface coal mine near Gillette

Local Media[edit]

Radio

The Basin Radio Network owns KIML 1270 AM, KLED 93.3 FM, KAML-FM 97.3 FM, KGWY 100.7 FM, and KDDV-FM 101.5 FM.

Keyhole Broadcasting, LLC owns KGCC 99.9 FM, KQOL-FM 105.3 and KXXL 106.1 FM.

KUWG 90.9 FM, is a Wyoming Public Radio station.

Newspapers

Gillette has two newspapers, the Gillette News-Record, published by Ann Kennedy Turner, and the "Campbell County Observer" Published by Nicholas De Laat Campbell County Observer Website. The News-Record was originally two newspapers, the Gillette News and the Campbell County Record. The News-Record became a daily in the early 1980s. The Campbell County Observer is a weekly local newspaper established in April 2011.

Local Magazines

Gillette has many local magazines, The Gillette Wy Adventure Guide, published online by Tyson Waggener. There are also several print magazines including Anybody's Autos, The House Hunter and W Magazine. These are valuable resources for anyone looking for information on the Gillette area.

Special facilities[edit]

At Gillette, Wyoming there is a LORAN-C transmitter at 44°00'11" N and 105°37'24" W. Its antenna, a 700 ft (213.36 meter) high guyed radio mast, is the tallest structure in Wyoming.[citation needed]

Gillette-Campbell County Airport (GCC) is served by Delta Airlines and United Airlines operated by SkyWest Airlines. SkyWest currently operates 8 flights daily in and out of Gillette to hubs in Denver, Rock Springs and Salt Lake City.[15]

The Wyoming Center, a 9,000 seat arena located at the Cam-Plex just east of the city, was completed in 2008. The Cam-Plex hosts events ranging from concerts and balls to the National High School Finals Rodeo.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Gillette is provided by Campbell County School District #1. Gillette is home to Campbell County High School. Gillette College, a two-year college, is part of the Northern Wyoming Community College District.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ http://www.gillettechamber.com/External/WCPages/WCEvents/EventDetail.aspx?EventID=281
  8. ^ http://censusviewer.com/city/WY/Gillette
  9. ^ About the County, Campbell County, Wyoming, retrieved August 20, 2012 
  10. ^ Edward Gillette (1925). Locating the iron trail. The Christopher Publishing House. p. 75. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Gillette, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  15. ^ "The Gillette-Campbell County Airport". Iflygillette.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 

External links[edit]