Gilda

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Gilda
Gilda.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byCharles Vidor
Produced byVirginia Van Upp
Screenplay by
Story byE.A. Ellington
Starring
Music byHugo Friedhofer
CinematographyRudolph Maté
Edited byCharles Nelson
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release dates
  • February 14, 1946 (1946-02-14)
Running time110 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
 
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For other uses, see Gilda (disambiguation).
Gilda
Gilda.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byCharles Vidor
Produced byVirginia Van Upp
Screenplay by
Story byE.A. Ellington
Starring
Music byHugo Friedhofer
CinematographyRudolph Maté
Edited byCharles Nelson
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release dates
  • February 14, 1946 (1946-02-14)
Running time110 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Gilda is a 1946 American black-and-white film noir directed by Charles Vidor and starring Rita Hayworth in her signature role as the ultimate femme fatale and Glenn Ford as a young thug. The film was noted for cinematographer Rudolph Mate's lush photography, costume designer Jean Louis' wardrobe for Hayworth (particularly for the dance numbers), and choreographer Jack Cole's staging of "Put the Blame on Mame" and "Amado Mio", sung by Anita Ellis.[1] In 2013, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[2]

Plot[edit]

Johnny Farrell (Glenn Ford) and Gilda (Rita Hayworth)
"Gilda, are you decent?"

The film's plot is continually narrated by Johnny Farrell (Glenn Ford), a small-time American gambler newly arrived in Buenos Aires, Argentina. When he wins a lot of money cheating at craps, he has to be rescued from a robbery attempt by a complete stranger, Ballin Mundson (George Macready). Mundson tells him about an illegal high-class casino, but warns him not to practice his skills there. Farrell ignores his advice, cheats at blackjack, and is taken by two men to see the casino's owner, who turns out to be Mundson. Farrell talks Mundson into hiring him and quickly gains his confidence. However, the unimpressed washroom attendant, Uncle Pio (Steven Geray), keeps calling him "Mr. Peasant".

One day, Mundson returns from a trip with a beautiful and spirited new wife, Gilda (Rita Hayworth). It is immediately apparent that Johnny and Gilda have a history together, though both deny it when Mundson questions them. Johnny visits Gilda alone in the bedroom she shares with her husband, and the two have an explosive confrontation that elucidates both their past romantic relationship, which ended badly, and their love–hate dynamic. While it is unclear just how much Mundson knows of Gilda and Johnny's past relationship, he appears to be in ignorance when he assigns Farrell to keep an eye on Gilda. Johnny and Gilda are both consumed with their hatred of each other, as Gilda cavorts with men at all hours in increasingly more blatant efforts to enrage Johnny, and he grows more abusive and spiteful in his treatment of her.

Meanwhile, Mundson is visited by two German businessmen. Their secret organization had financed a tungsten cartel, with everything put in Mundson's name to hide their connection to it. However, when they decide it is safe to take over, Mundson refuses to transfer ownership to his backers. The Argentine secret police are interested in the Germans; government agent Obregon (Joseph Calleia) introduces himself to Farrell to try to obtain information, but the American knows nothing about that aspect of Mundson's operations. When the Germans return later, Mundson shoots and kills one of them.

That same night, at Mundson's house, Farrell and Gilda have another hostile confrontation, which begins with them angrily declaring their hate for each other, and ends with them passionately kissing. Mundson arrives at that moment, then flees to a waiting seaplane. Farrell and Obregon witness its short flight; the plane explodes shortly after takeoff and plummets into the ocean. However, Mundson has parachuted to safety, thus faking his death.

With Mundson apparently dead, Gilda inherits his estate. Gilda and Johnny marry, but while Gilda married him for love, Johnny has married her to punish them both for their mutual betrayal of Mundson. He stays away, but has her guarded day and night out of contempt for her and loyalty to Mundson. Gilda tries to escape the tortured marriage a number of times (including one especially memorable and oft-imitated sequence where she tries to humiliate Johnny into setting her free by performing a striptease for a room full of dinner patrons), but Johnny is ultimately able to thwart every attempt, determined to keep her trapped in the relationship that has become a prison for them both. Finally, Obregon tells Farrell that Gilda was never truly unfaithful to Mundson or to him, prompting Farrell to try to reconcile with her.

At that moment, Mundson reappears, armed with a gun. He faked his death to deceive the Nazis. Mundson tells them he will have to kill them both, but Uncle Pio manages to fatally stab him in the back. Obregon shows up, and Johnny tries to take the blame for the murder. Uncle Pio finally credits Johnny for being a true gentleman, while insisting that he had killed Mundson. Obregon reminds them both that Mundson had technically died months before, but there is also such a thing as justifiable homicide. Farrell gives Obregon the incriminating documents from Mundson's safe, and the police confiscate the estate for the government. Farrell and Gilda finally reconcile and confess their mutual love, and apologize for the many emotional wounds they have inflicted on each other.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Gilda was filmed September 4–December 10, 1945.[3]

Hayworth's introductory scene was shot twice. While the action of her popping her head into the frame and the subsequent dialogue remains the same, she is dressed in different costumes—in a striped blouse and dark skirt in one film print, and the more famous off-the-shoulder dressing gown in the other.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

When first released, the staff at Variety magazine liked the film and wrote, "Hayworth is photographed most beguilingly. The producers have created nothing subtle in the projection of her s.a. [sex appeal], and that's probably been wise. Glenn Ford is the vis-a-vis, in his first picture part in several years...Gilda is obviously an expensive production—and shows it. The direction is static, but that's more the fault of the writers."[4]

More recently, Emanuel Levy wrote a positive review: "Featuring Rita Hayworth in her best-known performance, Gilda, released just after the end of WWII, draws much of its peculiar power from its mixture of genres and the way its characters interact with each other...Gilda was a cross between a hardcore noir adventure of the 1940s and the cycle of 'women's pictures.' Imbued with a modern perspective, the film is quite remarkable in the way it deals with sexual issues."[5]

The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 96% of critics gave the film a positive review, based on twenty-five reviews.[6]

The film was entered into the 1946 Cannes Film Festival, the first time the festival was held.[7]

Legacy[edit]

Hayworth performing "Amado Mio"

Memorabilia[edit]

The two-piece costume worn by Hayworth in the "Amado Mio" nightclub sequence was offered as part of the "TCM Presents … There's No Place Like Hollywood" auction November 24, 2014, at Bonhams in New York.[8] Estimated to bring between $40,000 and $60,000, the costume sold for $161,000.[9]

References in popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilda at the Internet Movie Database
  2. ^ "Library of Congress announces 2013 National Film Registry selections" (Press release). Washington Post. December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Gilda". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  4. ^ Variety. Film review, February 14, 1946. Last accessed: February 9, 2010.
  5. ^ Levy, Emanuel. Film review, 2009. Last accessed: February 9, 2010.
  6. ^ Gilda at Rotten Tomatoes. Last accessed: February 9, 2010.
  7. ^ "Gilda Movie Review". A Life At The Movies. June 18, 2010. 
  8. ^ "TCM Presents … There's No Place Like Hollywood". Bonhams, sale 22196, lot 244, catalog for auction November 24, 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  9. ^ "Print Results, TCM Presents … There's No Place Like Hollywood". Bonhams, sale 22196, lot 244, November 24, 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 

External links[edit]