Gilbert, Arizona

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Gilbert
—  Town  —
The water tower in downtown Gilbert

Seal
Motto: "a service organization"
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 111°47′21″W / 33.35°N 111.78917°W / 33.35; -111.78917Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 111°47′21″W / 33.35°N 111.78917°W / 33.35; -111.78917
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Government
 • MayorJohn Lewis
Area
 • Town76.0 sq mi (121.62 km2)
 • Land75.76 sq mi (120.98 km2)
 • Water0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Town211,951 (US: 99th)
 • Density2,862.12/sq mi (1,788.82/km2)
 • Metro4,263,236 (US: 14th)
Time zoneMST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s)480
FIPS code04-27400
Websitehttp://www.gilbertaz.gov/
 
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Gilbert
—  Town  —
The water tower in downtown Gilbert

Seal
Motto: "a service organization"
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 111°47′21″W / 33.35°N 111.78917°W / 33.35; -111.78917Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 111°47′21″W / 33.35°N 111.78917°W / 33.35; -111.78917
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Government
 • MayorJohn Lewis
Area
 • Town76.0 sq mi (121.62 km2)
 • Land75.76 sq mi (120.98 km2)
 • Water0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Town211,951 (US: 99th)
 • Density2,862.12/sq mi (1,788.82/km2)
 • Metro4,263,236 (US: 14th)
Time zoneMST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s)480
FIPS code04-27400
Websitehttp://www.gilbertaz.gov/

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation",[2] as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn"[2] by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 24th safest in the nation,"[3] in their annual report released November 2009 using FBI statistics. Gilbert's Cosmo Dog Park has twice made Dog Fancy magazine's list of top dog parks in the nation since opening in 2006, including being named Dog Park of the Year in 2007.[4] The Riparian Preserve at Water Ranch is recognized by the National Audubon Society as being an "Important Bird Area".[5] Gilbert has been named as a "bicycle-"[6] and "tree-friendly"[7] community and receives "high satisfaction rates" from citizens in town surveys.

Today, Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Phoenix metropolitan area. In the last two decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of a 2010 Census Bureau estimate.

Contents

History

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first Post Office in 1912. The location of the town Post Office moved regularly before settling for many years on the east side of downtown Gilbert Road. To this very day Gilberts post office still stands and is a promonient building to the Gilbert residences because of how long it has been around. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward.[8]

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World"[9] from 1911 until the late 1920s.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which, 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) of it is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) of it is water.

Climate

Climate data for Gilbert, AZ
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
118
(48)
116
(47)
119
(48)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
119
(48)
Average high °F (°C)67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
94
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
86.5
(30.3)
Daily mean °F (°C)54
(12)
58
(14)
63
(17)
70
(21)
78
(26)
87
(31)
92
(33)
90
(32)
85
(29)
74
(23)
61
(16)
54
(12)
72.2
(22.3)
Average low °F (°C)41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57.4
(14.1)
Record low °F (°C)15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.01
(25.7)
1.03
(26.2)
1.19
(30.2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.17
(4.3)
0.06
(1.5)
0.89
(22.6)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(22.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.77
(19.6)
0.98
(24.9)
9.27
(235.5)
Source: The Weather Channel [10]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1920865
1930791−8.6%
19408375.8%
19501,11433.1%
19601,83364.5%
19701,9717.5%
19805,717190.1%
199029,188410.5%
2000109,697275.8%
2010208,45390.0%
Est. 2011211,9511.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

As of July 1, 2009, Maricopa Association of Governments,[11] Census 2000. United States Census Bureau. there were 217,521 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

2009 According to Nielsens Claritas Demographics,[14] in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

2009 Estimated Population Data by Gender/Age:[14]

2009 Estimated Population Age 15+ by Marital Status:[14]

2009 Estimated Population Age 25+ Educational Attainment:[14]

2009 Estimated Households by Household Income:[14]

Religion

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert, including 17.26% claiming to be Roman Catholic, 11.12% Protestant and 12.6% Mormon.[citation needed] The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's recent announcement to construct a temple in Gilbert.[15][16] Gilbert is also rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest city in the United States with zero murders in 2005.[17]

Politics

The town is part of the fifth congressional district of Arizona, which is represented by Republican Matt Salmon.[18] The mayor of Gilbert is John Lewis.

Education

Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School District, Mesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Edu-Prize (the first charter school in Arizona).

Economy

Largest Employers

According to the Town's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Gilbert Public Schools4,173
2Town of Gilbert1,402
3Banner Health1,213
4Fry's Food and Drug817
5Mercy Gilbert Medical Center762
6Walmart694
7Go Daddy600
8Target455
9Costco418
10Orbital400

Transportation

Gilbert is served by two area freeway—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202 and US-60. Several major arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa; and is a twenty-five minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific (formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. However, buses operate to downtown Phoenix from here, and future commuter rail service to Gilbert will require little modification since most of the facilities are already built.[citation needed] Most people get around by cars or bikes.

Sister cities

Gilbert has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Notable people

Groups

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Arizona: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011" (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2011. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2011/tables/SUB-EST2011-03-04.csv. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Best Places to Live 2010". CNN. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2010/snapshots/PL0427400.html.
  3. ^ "CQ Press: City Crime Rankings 2010". Os.cqpress.com. http://os.cqpress.com/citycrime/2010/City_crime_rate_2010-2011_hightolow.pdf. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  4. ^ Kochan, Maureen. "America’s Best Dog Parks 2007". Dogchannel.com. http://www.dogchannel.com/dog-magazines/dogfancy/dog-park-winners-2007.aspx. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  5. ^ "National Audubon Society". Audubon. http://www.audubon.org/. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  6. ^ "League of American Bicyclists * Bicycle Friendly Community Campaign". Bikeleague.org. http://www.bikeleague.org/programs/bicyclefriendlyamerica/communities/bfc_gilbert.php. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  7. ^ "Tree Cities Around the Nation—Tree City USA at". Arborday.org. http://www.arborday.org/programs/treeCityUSA/map.cfm. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  8. ^ "''LDS Church News'', Nov. 19, 2010". Ldschurchnews.com. 2010-11-19. http://www.ldschurchnews.com/articles/60150/Gilbert-Arizona-Communitys-roots-date-to-1920.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  9. ^ "Gilbert History". Ci.gilbert.az.us. http://www.ci.gilbert.az.us/busdev/profile/history.cfm. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  10. ^ "Average Weather for Gilbert, AZ - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/fitness/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USAZ0082. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
  11. ^ "Maricopa Association of Governments Population & Housing Numbers for Greater Phoenix". Mag.maricopa.gov. http://www.mag.maricopa.gov/pdf/cms.resource/MAG_2009-07-01_Municipality-Updates_99200.pdf. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  12. ^ "CNN Money Magazine 2008". Money.cnn.com. http://money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  13. ^ "FBI Crime Statistics". Fbi.gov. 2010-03-17. http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ucr.htm#cius. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  14. ^ a b c d e f Nielsen Claritas[dead link]
  15. ^ "LDS Church announces two new temples in Arizona - Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. 2008-04-27. http://www.sltrib.com/lds/ci_9071215?source=rss. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  16. ^ Gilbert Arizona Temple, ldschurchtemples.com. Last accessed on 2008-04-27.
  17. ^ Offenses Known to Law Enforcement, by State, By City, 2005 (Microsoft Excel file format document) - Federal Bureau of Investigation
  18. ^ "US Congressman Matt Salmon". Salmon.house.gov. http://salmon.house.gov/about/our-district. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  19. ^ "Town of Gilbert CAFR" (PDF). http://www.gilbertaz.gov/budget/pdf/cafr/CAFR%2011.pdf. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ "NFL Players". Nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/players/playerpage/492913. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  22. ^ "NFL Players". Nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/players/playerpage/547043. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  23. ^ "Los Angeles Galaxy: Roster: Player Bio". La.galaxy.mlsnet.com. http://la.galaxy.mlsnet.com/players/bio.jsp?team=t106&player=gordon_a&playerId=gor137067&statType=current. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  24. ^ "Gilbert woman vies for Miss USA". Azcentral.com. 2008-04-11. http://www.azcentral.com/community/gilbert/articles/2008/04/11/20080411gr-missusa11-ON.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  25. ^ "Astronaut Bio: Carlos I. Noriega (1/2008)". Jsc.nasa.gov. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/noriega.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  26. ^ "Phil Ortega Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/o/ortegph01.shtml. Retrieved 2012-09-04.

External links

Media related to Gilbert, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons