Ghana national football team

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Ghana
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Black Stars
Black Stars of Africa
AssociationGhana Football Association
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Head coachAkwasi Appiah
Asst coachMaxwell Konadu
CaptainAsamoah Gyan[1]
Vice-captainAndré Ayew[2]
Top scorerEdward Acquah & Kwasi Owusu (40)
FIFA codeGHA
FIFA ranking24
Highest FIFA ranking14 (February, April, May 2008)
Lowest FIFA ranking89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking33
Highest Elo ranking14 (30 June 1966)
Lowest Elo ranking97 (14 June 2004)
First colours
Second colours
Third colours
First international
 Gold Coast 1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Kenya 0–13 Ghana Ghana
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[3]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana Ghana
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)[4]
World Cup
Appearances3 (First in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals; 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances19 (First in 1963)
Best resultWinners: 1963, 1965,
1978, 1982
 
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Ghana
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Black Stars
Black Stars of Africa
AssociationGhana Football Association
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Head coachAkwasi Appiah
Asst coachMaxwell Konadu
CaptainAsamoah Gyan[1]
Vice-captainAndré Ayew[2]
Top scorerEdward Acquah & Kwasi Owusu (40)
FIFA codeGHA
FIFA ranking24
Highest FIFA ranking14 (February, April, May 2008)
Lowest FIFA ranking89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking33
Highest Elo ranking14 (30 June 1966)
Lowest Elo ranking97 (14 June 2004)
First colours
Second colours
Third colours
First international
 Gold Coast 1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Kenya 0–13 Ghana Ghana
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[3]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana Ghana
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)[4]
World Cup
Appearances3 (First in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals; 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances19 (First in 1963)
Best resultWinners: 1963, 1965,
1978, 1982

The Ghana national football team (Akan: Gaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim), popularly known as the Black Stars (Akan: Nsoroma Tuntum) has represented Ghana in association football since the 1950s. Black Stars is administered by the Ghana Football Association (GFA), the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in geographic Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Although the team did not qualify for the senior FIFA World Cup until 2006, they had qualified for five straight Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[5] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runners up 4 times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, and 2010). In 1992, the Ghana Olympic football team became the first African football team to win a medal at the Olympics finishing third.

After going through 2005 unbeaten, Ghana national football team won the FIFA most improved team of the year award and they reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became the third African team in history to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. Black Stars is on aggregate one of the top 10 teams in the world at the last two FIFA World Cup's (2006 and 2010), a feat not achieved by a team outside of Europe and South America over a similar length of time historically.

Black Stars in 2013 became the only African side to qualify for at least the semi-final of the CAF African Cup four times in a row twice; this occurred between 1963 and 1970 and between 2008 and 2013.[6]

The African petroleum industry's Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC) became global headline sponsor of the team in 2013.[7][8]

History[edit]

Chronicles and rebirth[edit]

Black Stars (Ghana national football team) members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920 then succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, and was affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[9]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and Black Stars won successive Africa Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–0 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[10] The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the olympic games football tournaments, reaching the quarter finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 and but making little progress in continent-wide competitions until 1991. The 1992 African Cup of Nations, after three failures to reach the final tournament, saw Black Stars finish second, after a Ivory Coast win on penalty shootout in the final. Black Stars also won the olympic bronze medal in 1992 olympics, the first African team to win an olympic football medal, losing to eventual winners Spain in the semi-finals.[11]

Continuum[edit]

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and USA (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they succumbed to a 3–0 defeat by Brazil.[12]

Ghana (Black Stars) vs. Brazil in the 2006 FIFA World Cup at Westfalenstadion, Dortmund on 27 June 2006; and Ghana vs. Germany in the 2010 FIFA World Cup group D match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 23 June 2010.

Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for 2010 FIFA World Cup. The World Cup Draw in Cape Town on 4 December 2009 saw the Black Stars team being placed alongside Germany, Serbia and Australia in group D. The team reached the last 16 where they played the USA, defeating them 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost on penalty shootout with Uruguay in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was saved off the goal line by Luis Suárez's deliberately parried handball who was then shown a red card for his actions.[13]

Black Stars
Black Stars (Ghana national football team) XI.jpg
Black Stars players of the Ghanaian Republic national football team prior to taking on Nigeria in the Africa Cup of Nations quarter-final match on 3 February 2008 at 17:00 UTC+0. The match was played at Ohene Djan Stadium in Accra.
Akan name
AkanGaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim
Akan nickname
Literal meaning name
Akan nickname
Literal meaning
Nsoroma Tuntum
Black Stars

Black Stars in 2013, made the record of becoming the only team in geographic Africa to obtain the semi-final berth of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations on four consecutive occasions twice from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[14]

By virtue of Black Stars’ high ratings in the July 2011 Fifa Ranking, Black Stars did not take part in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – CAF First Round of the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification (CAF) with the qualification stage consisting of 12 home-and-away two-legged ties with the aforementioned ranking being used to seed the teams and Black Stars was duly placed in pot one of the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – CAF Second Round and planted in group D, Black Stars contended with then defending Africa Cup of Nations champions Zambia.[15]

Black Stars’ first points were retrieved at Kumasi Sports Stadium in Kumasi and on said occasion, on 1 June 2012 Black Stars hosted and despatched Lesotho 7–0 and Black Stars topped the group by virtue of a better goal difference despite having the same number of points (three) as Zambia before Black Stars wrapped the qualification campaign up at the Kumasi Sports Stadium versus Zambia with Black Stars topping group D with 12 points and a positive goal difference of 14, ahead of Zambia who boasted a point and six goals less.[15]

Black Stars qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals on Tuesday evening 19 November 2013, in the second leg of their 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – CAF Third Round two-legged tie play-off.[16] Black Stars boasted a 6–1 advantage from their clash with Egypt on 15 October 2013 and Black Stars were never going to be stopped from qualifying for the 2014 World Cup.[16]

Black Stars' comprehensive 7–3 aggregate oppositional demolition cemented Black Stars with qualification for their third consecutive World Cup and Black Stars became the fourth team in geographic Africa to qualify for three consecutive World Cup finals.[16] On 6 December 2013, Black Stars were seeded in pot two of the 2014 FIFA World Cup seeding and drawn group G at the Costa do Sauípe.[17]

Grounds and training grounds[edit]

Black Stars squad training ahead of FIFA World Cup Qualification match.

Black Stars does not have a specific home national stadium like many other national teams and as such, often rotate their home World Cup qualifying and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches and training camps through various stadiums (grounds) and training grounds: the Essipong Stadium or Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium or Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the capital Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller Ghana regional stadia were used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

Since September 2010, Black Stars have played many high profile international friendlies in Europe, and more recently in Asia, where they played against South Korea at the Jeonju World Cup Stadium, South Korea in 2011, and the match was well attended. Black Stars played at the Wembley Stadium, London in 2011 against England and drew 1–1. The match drew a sell-out attendance, and was the largest away following for any nation since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[18] The match was watched by 700 million people globally.[18] They have most recently played a high profile international friendly against Brazil at Craven Cottage, London.

Training[edit]

The Black Stars training program undertakes high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and strength training at the Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahahfo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon where the Black Stars squad initiates their physical exercise routines for physical fitness and where the Black Stars prepares for all their upcoming scheduled matches.[19]

Panoramic view and skyline of the Lizzy sports Complex Showing the football pitches and sports field, the swimming pool area and the Coffeehouse.

Media coverage[edit]

Black Stars fans watching the team play on television against Uruguay at the World Cup 2010 quarter-final.

The Ghanaian nationals are 98% English-speakers, and about 83% are Akan-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Viasat 1; and during the scheduled qualification for World Cup 2014 national broadcaster GTV sub-division of Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) broadcast to the Ghana public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1, in which the exhibition match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GBC and Viasat 1.[20]

Kit and team crest[edit]

Ghana home kit 2008.svg
Ghana away kit 2008.svg
Black Stars 2006 FIFA World Cup 1st and 2nd kits

The Ghana national football team (The Black Stars) are currently sporting an all-white and partly black football kit instead of a kit that coordinates in color of the Ghana national flag, as in the team's crest and in general, Pan-African colours. The Black Stars 1st kit color choice has been all-white from the years 1950 to 1989, and an introduction of a 2nd kit color to coordinate with the national flag of Ghana was worn from the years 1990 to 2006 designed with the national colors gold with red and green visibly decorated on its kits. The kit design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with vertical stripes gold-green and red shoulders with introduction of an all black 3rd kit in 2008 aligning the team's symbol of continuity; Black Star and in 2014, Black Stars' all black colored kit is to be re-assigned to the position of 3rd kit following the induction of a brown with blue and gold colored Black Stars 4th kit in 2013.[21][22] The Black Stars 1st kit was reconstructed to an all-white and partly black colored kit, at the beginning of the 21st century.

Black star.svg

The Ghana national football team symbol of continuity, is the, black star, that is present in the Ghana national flag and Ghana coat of arms in the center of the primordial national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957; the black star has always been included on its kits, and is currently located on the front of the 2012–2013 Black Stars first kit shirt.

Kit evolution[edit]

2010–2011 2nd Kit
2010 Africa Cup of Nations & 2010 FIFA World Cup
Ghana national football team
(The Black Stars) association football equipments and souvenirs on Display Case
1990–2006
Black Stars 2nd Kit
2008–present
Black Stars 3rd Kit
2012–present
Black Stars 4th Kit
[21][22]
Ghana national football team
(The Black Stars) crest in FIFA World Cup qualification match
Black Stars Kit Construction
ConstructorTimeline
Germany Adidas1957–2001
United Kingdom Umbro2002–2005
Germany Puma2005–2013
Italy Kappa2014–present
Kit left arm.pngKit body gha2012h.pngKit right arm.png
Kit shorts gha12h.png
Kit socks blacktop.png
31px Kit left arm nativos del chaco.PNGKit body gha12a.png31px Kit right arm nativos del chaco.PNG
Kit shorts gha12a.png
Kit socks gha12A.png
2012–2013 1st Kit
2012 Africa Cup of Nations 1st Kit
2013 Africa Cup of Nations 1st Kit
2012–2013 2nd Kit
2012 Africa Cup of Nations 2nd Kit
2013 Africa Cup of Nations 2nd Kit

Personnel[edit]

Current technical staff[edit]

PositionStaff
Head coachGhana James Kwesi Appiah
Assistant coach

U-23 Manager

Ghana Maxwell Konadu
2nd Assistant coach

U-20 Manager

Ghana Sellas Tetteh
Goalkeepers' coachGhana Joe Carr
2nd Goalkeepers' coachGhana Simon Addo
Technical CoordinatorGhana Francis Oti Akenteng
Head ScoutGhana Otto Addo
SpokesmanGhana Ibrahim Saanie Diara
Business ManagerGhana Anthony Baffoe
Team DoctorGhana Dr. Adam Baba
PhysiotherapistGhana Ofosu Anim
PsychologistGhana Patrick Ofori
Protocol OfficerGhana Alex Asante
Welfare OfficerGhana Sarbahn Quaye
MasseurGhana Samuel Ankomah
Suit TailorGhana Ozwald Boateng
Kit ManagerGhana Ismail Hamidu
Team DrummerGhana Joseph Langabell

Last updated: December 2013
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Manager and Head coach of Black Stars and the first Black manager to qualify Black Stars to the World Cup and 2014 World Cup; James Kwesi Appiah.

Squad[edit]

Black Stars squad members line-up before a FIFA World Cup Qualification match.

The following is the list of players called up to the squad by the Black Stars head coach; James Kwesi Appiah and his assistant coach Maxwell Konadu for the 2014 African Nations Championship match vs. Congo, which takes place on 13 January 2014.
Caps and goals correct as of 13 January 2014.
Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.

Current squad[edit]

Match Date:
17 January 2014
Opposition:
 Libya
Competition:fd
2014 African Nations Championship
Caps and goals correct as of:
17 January 2014, including the match against  Libya[23]

Squad Selection Criteria

In international football, players can normally only play for one national team once they play in all or part of any match recognised as a full international by FIFA. Based on current FIFA rules, a player will be eligible to play for Black Stars, strictly if all both of the 2 following statements applies:[24]

0#0Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11GKIsaac Amoako(1983-08-12) 12 August 1983 (age 30)00Ghana Asante Kotoko
121GKSteven Adams(1989-09-28) 28 September 1989 (age 24)20Ghana Aduana Stars
161GKAdade Foli(1991-05-12) 12 May 1991 (age 22)00Ghana Medeama
22DFGodfred Saka(1988-11-02) 2 November 1988 (age 25)20Ghana Aduana Stars
32DFTijani Joshua(1988-10-22) 22 October 1988 (age 25)20Ghana Ashanti Gold
42DFFrancis Morton(1992-11-05) 5 November 1992 (age 21)00Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs
142DFKwabena Adusei(1987-06-03) 3 June 1987 (age 26)20Ghana Asante Kotoko
192DFAbeiku Ainooson(1990-09-24) 24 September 1990 (age 23)00Ghana Asante Kotoko
212DFNuru Sulley(1992-06-11) 11 June 1992 (age 21)20Ghana Hearts of Oak
232DFAlfred Nelson(1992-08-18) 18 August 1992 (age 21)00Ghana Liberty Professionals
252DFJoshua Otto(1990-04-06) 6 April 1990 (age 23)00Ghana Wa All Stars
53MFMichael Akuffu(1985-12-18) 18 December 1985 (age 28)10Ghana Asante Kotoko
63MFYahaya Mohamed(1988-02-17) 17 February 1988 (age 25)21Ghana Asante Kotoko
73MFRichard Mpong(1990-07-04) 4 July 1990 (age 23)31Ghana Asante Kotoko
83MFJordan Opoku(1987-10-08) 8 October 1987 (age 26)20Ghana Asante Kotoko
113MFJackson Owusu(1988-10-15) 15 October 1988 (age 25)10Ghana Berekum Chelsea
153MFMoro Abubakar(1991-08-17) 17 August 1991 (age 22)00Ghana Hearts of Oak
173MFEdmund Owusu-Ansah(1983-04-02) 2 April 1983 (age 30)20Ghana Heart of Lions
203MFTheophilus Annorbaah(1987-09-17) 17 September 1987 (age 26)21Ghana Medeama
223MFAsiedu Attobrah(1995-03-15) 15 March 1995 (age 18)00Ghana New Edubiase United
243MFLatif Mohammed(1993-01-22) 22 January 1993 (age 20)20Ghana Ashanti Gold
94FWSeidu Bancey(1990-05-15) 15 May 1990 (age 23)00Ghana Asante Kotoko
104FWSulley Mohammed(1995-12-07) 7 December 1995 (age 18)20Ghana King Faisal Babes
134FWRichard Gadze(1995-04-01) 1 April 1995 (age 18)00Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs
184FWKennedy Boateng(1989-11-30) 30 November 1989 (age 24)20Ghana Medeama
264FWPaul de Vries(1996-03-03) 3 March 1996 (age 17)10Ghana Wa All Stars
274FWSamuel Afful(1991-09-29) 29 September 1991 (age 22)00Ghana Sekondi Hasaacas

Recent callups[edit]

The following additional players were called up to the Black Stars squad in the year of 2013 and were not inducted into the Black Stars current squad by the Black Stars head coach; James Kwesi Appiah for the 2014 African Nations Championship, which commences on 11 January 2014 to 1 February 2014. Caps and goals correct as of 19 November 2013. Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GKAdam Kwarasey(1987-12-12) 12 December 1987 (age 26)190Norway Strømsgodsetv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GKFatau Dauda(1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 (age 28)170South Africa Orlando Piratesv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GKDaniel Agyei(1989-11-10) 10 November 1989 (age 24)50South Africa Free State Starsv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GKEric Ofori Antwi(1994-11-20) 20 November 1994 (age 19)00Ghana Amidaus Professionalsv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GKRichard Kingson(1978-06-13) 13 June 1978 (age 35)901Turkey Balıkesirsporv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
GKBrimah Razak(1987-06-22) 22 June 1987 (age 26)20Spain Córdobav.  Japan, 10 September 2013
DFSamuel Inkoom(1989-06-01) 1 June 1989 (age 24)441Greece Plataniasv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFHarrison Afful(1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 (age 27)390Tunisia Espérancev.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFDaniel Opare(1990-10-18) 18 October 1990 (age 23)150Belgium Standard Liègev.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFJerry Akaminko(1988-05-02) 2 May 1988 (age 25)71Turkey Eskişehirsporv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFDavid Addy(1990-02-21) 21 February 1990 (age 23)70Portugal Vitória Guimarãesv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFRashid Sumaila(1992-12-18) 18 December 1992 (age 21)50South Africa Mamelodi Sundownsv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFMohamed Awal(1988-05-01) 1 May 1988 (age 25)20South Africa Maritzburg Unitedv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFEdwin Gyimah(1991-03-09) 9 March 1991 (age 22)10South Africa SuperSport Unitedv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFYaw Ihle Amankwah(1988-07-07) 7 July 1988 (age 25)00Norway Sandefjordv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFDavidson Ampem(1988-03-26) 26 March 1988 (age 25)00Denmark Esbjergv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFGodwin Antwi(1988-06-07) 7 June 1988 (age 25)00Norway Bodø/Glimtv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFDaniel Boateng(1992-09-02) 2 September 1992 (age 21)00England Arsenalv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFDaniel Pappoe(1993-12-30) 30 December 1993 (age 20)00England Colchester Unitedv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFMarvin Peersman(1991-02-10) 10 February 1991 (age 22)00Netherlands Dordrechtv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DFJohn Boye(1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 (age 26)283France Rennesv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
DFBaba Rahman(1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 (age 19)00Germany Greuther Fürthv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
DFJonathan Mensah(1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 (age 23)251France Évianv.  Japan, 10 September 2013
DFRichard Kissi Boateng(1988-11-25) 25 November 1988 (age 25)20Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembev.  Japan, 10 September 2013
DFCurtis Obeng(1989-02-14) 14 February 1989 (age 24)00Wales Swansea Cityv.  Zambia, 6 September 2013
DFPhil Ofosu-Ayeh(1991-09-15) 15 September 1991 (age 22)00Germany Duisburgv.  Zambia, 6 September 2013
DFIsaac Vorsah(1988-06-21) 21 June 1988 (age 25)431Austria Red Bull Salzburgv.  Sudan, 24 March 2013
DFYaw Frimpong(1986-12-04) 4 December 1986 (age 27)00Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembev.  Sudan, 24 March 2013
DFJohn Paintsil(1981-06-15) 15 June 1981 (age 32)890South Africa Santosv.  Mali, 9 February 2013
MFSulley Muntari(1984-08-27) 27 August 1984 (age 29)8020Italy Milanv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFKwadwo Asamoah(1988-12-09) 9 December 1988 (age 25)594Italy Juventusv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFMichael Essien(1982-12-03) 3 December 1982 (age 31)559England Chelseav.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFEmmanuel Agyemang-Badu(1990-12-02) 2 December 1990 (age 23)477Italy Udinesev.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFAndré Ayew(1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 (age 24)474France Marseillev.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFChristian Atsu(1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 22)204Netherlands Vitessev.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFWakaso Mubarak(1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 (age 23)157Russia Rubin Kazanv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFAlbert Adomah(1987-12-13) 13 December 1987 (age 26)121England Middlesbroughv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFKevin-Prince Boateng(1987-03-06) 6 March 1987 (age 26)102Germany Schalke 04v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
MFEmmanuel Frimpong(1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 22)10England Arsenalv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
MFClifford Aboagye(1995-02-11) 11 February 1995 (age 18)00Spain Granadav.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
MFKoby Arthur(1996-01-03) 3 January 1996 (age 18)00England Birmingham Cityv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
MFHiram Boateng(1996-01-08) 8 January 1996 (age 18)00England Crystal Palacev.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
MFMohammed Rabiu(1989-12-31) 31 December 1989 (age 24)150Russia Kuban Krasnodarv.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MFSolomon Asante(1990-09-15) 15 September 1990 (age 23)140Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembev.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MFYussif Chibsah(1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 20)10Italy Sassuolov.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MFKarim Bellarabi(1990-04-08) 8 April 1990 (age 23)00Germany Eintracht Braunschweigv.  Zambia, 6 September 2013
MFQuincy Owusu-Abeyie(1986-04-15) 15 April 1986 (age 27)182Greece Panathinaikosv.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
MFIsaac Cofie(1991-04-05) 5 April 1991 (age 22)10Italy Genoav.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
MFAnthony Annan(1986-07-21) 21 July 1986 (age 27)652Germany Schalke 04v.  Mali, 9 February 2013
MFDerek Boateng(1983-05-02) 2 May 1983 (age 30)461England Fulhamv.  Mali, 9 February 2013
FWAsamoah Gyan(1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 (age 28)7739United Arab Emirates Al-Ainv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWDominic Adiyiah(1989-11-29) 29 November 1989 (age 24)204Unattachedv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWMajeed Waris(1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 (age 22)103France Valenciennesv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWJordan Ayew(1991-09-11) 11 September 1991 (age 22)102France Sochauxv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWEbenezer Assifuah(1993-07-03) 3 July 1993 (age 20)00Switzerland Sionv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWKwame Nsor(1992-08-01) 1 August 1992 (age 21)00France Metzv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWIshmael Yartey(1990-01-11) 11 January 1990 (age 24)00Switzerland Sionv.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FWMahatma Otoo(1992-02-06) 6 February 1992 (age 21)30Norway Sogndalv.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
FWFrank Acheampong(1993-10-16) 16 October 1993 (age 20)21Belgium Anderlechtv.  Japan, 10 September 2013
FWKwesi Appiah(1990-08-12) 12 August 1990 (age 23)00England Crystal Palacev.  Zambia, 6 September 2013
FWKingsley Boateng(1994-04-07) 7 April 1994 (age 19)00Italy Cataniav.  Zambia, 6 September 2013
FWRichmond Boakye(1993-01-28) 28 January 1993 (age 20)72Spain Elchev.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
FWJeff Schlupp(1992-12-23) 23 December 1992 (age 21)10England Leicester Cityv.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
FWEmmanuel Clottey(1987-08-30) 30 August 1987 (age 26)90United Arab Emirates Al-Dhafrav.  Mali, 9 February 2013
Notes

Development levels[edit]

The feeder levels of the Black Stars; are the teams administered by the football association of Ghana (GFA) as a whole, and are composed of professional association football players aged 16 to 23, representing the Republic of Ghana in different international tournaments in different association levels of age categories in which constitutes the squad ranks prior to the senior Black Stars squad. The different categories are set for the year of birth of the professional association football players aged 16 to 23, and usually include professional association football players born in two consecutive years. Traditionally the name of the categories refers to the maximum age of which professional association football players compete from the under-15 to under-23.

Under-23[edit]

The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the olympic games of Barcelona 1992 competes in the football at the lympic games, football at the All-Africa games, CAF U-23 Championship and regulated to professional association football players aged 23 years and under.[25] The football at the olympic games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and from the olympic games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 olympic games, capturing third place in the olympic games of 1992. In 1992, under-23 level became the first on the Africa continent to win a medal in olympic games.[25]

Under-20[edit]

The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and competes at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level have captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 in penalty shootout after completing the match 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been 3-times champions of the African Youth Championship in 1995, 1999 and 2009 and 2-times runners-up in 2001 and 2013.

Under-17[edit]

The under-17 level is the youngest level and is regulated to association football players under 17 years of age; representing the football association of Ghana (GFA) in the FIFA U-17 World Cup and internationally replaced the under-16 level in official association football competitions, in which the under-16 level became under-17 level in 1991 in accordance with FIFA. The under-17 level have been 2-times FIFA U-17 World Cup champions in 1991 and 1995, and 2-times runners-up in 1993 and in 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s where at one time was classified to four consecutive finals and have also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Ex-Black Stars players[edit]

See Ghana international footballers for all Ghanaian internationals with a Wikipedia article.
Black Stars players 1990s–2000s
Laryea Kingston; 2002–2010 Black Stars striker at the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations and at the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations.
 
Samuel Kuffour; 1993–2006 Black Stars and Bayern Munich's centre-back at the 2006 World Cup.
 
Hans Sarpei; 2000–2010 Black Stars wing-back at the 2006 World Cup and the 2010 World Cup.
 
Eric Addo; 1998–2010 Black Stars centre-back at the 2006 World Cup.
 
Junior Agogo; 2006–2009 Black Stars striker at the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations.
 
Stephen Appiah; 1996–2010 former Black Stars captain and defensive midfielder at the 2006 World Cup and the 2010 World Cup.
 

Black Stars has participated in two of the last three editions of the FIFA World Cups since the turn of the 21st century; notables that competed for Black Stars between the 1990s and the turn of the 2000s include Laryea Kingston whom was well known as an uncompromising and hard-working striker by fellow professionals and Samuel Kuffour competed as centre-back for Black Stars at the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals in which Black Stars entered the round-of-16 and on 12 January 2007, the Confederation of African Football voted Samuel Kuffour as a member of the Top 30 African Players of All-Time; Hans Sarpei participated for Black Stars as wing-back at the 2006 FIFA World Cup and the 2010 FIFA World Cup with influential and strong performances on both occasions with Eric Addo, whom competed for Black Stars as a solid centre-back at the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals, playing in all four of Black Stars' matches including the round-of-16, while Junior Agogo was known as a physically strong and footspeed striker for Black Stars with a total of 12 goals scored in 27 Black Stars caps between 2006 and 2009, in which influential former Black Stars captain Stephen Appiah was known as an enigmatic and energetic defensive midfielder competing for Black Stars at the 2006 FIFA World Cup and the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[26]

Competitive statistics[edit]

Richardkingston.jpgJohn Mensah.jpgQuincyowusu.jpg
Richard Kingson
Black Stars Goalkeeper

Richard Kingson; has 90 Black Stars caps
and Richard Kingson is the best goalkeeper in
Africa and number one Black Stars
goalkeeper at the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations
and one of the best goalkeepers at the
2010 FIFA World Cup.[27]

John Mensah
Black Stars Centre-Back

John Mensah; Black Stars centre-back and long
serving captain. John Mensah captained
Black Stars at the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations,
2012 Africa Cup of Nations and at the
2010 FIFA World Cup.

Quincy Owusu-Abeyie
Black Stars Footspeed Forward and
Left Winger

Quincy Owusu-Abeyie; Black Stars
super fast skillful forward and winger
at the Bronze Medalist 2008 Africa Cup
of Nations
and 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Quincy Owusu-Abeyie is the top
3 Fastest professional footballer in the
World.[28]

FIFA World Cup Record
FIFA World Cup RecordGPWDLGFGAGD
World Cup Finals9423910−1
World Cup Quals (H)3424827819+59
World Cup Quals (A)3398163742−5
World Cup Total7637182112471+53
African Cup of Nations Record
Nations Cup RecordGPWDLGFGAGD
Nations Cup Finals7843161910767+40
Nations Cup Quals (H)3223637123+48
Nations Cup Quals (A)32128124331+12
Nations Cup Total142783034221117+100

West African Nations Cup [SCSA Zone III] Record

YearVenueRoundPositionGPWDLGFGAGD
1982 BeninFinalWinner5320148+6
1983 Ivory CoastFinalWinner431072+5
1984 Burkina FasoFinalWinner523095+4
1986 GhanaFinalWinner6510122+10
1987 LiberiaFinalWinner5500142+12
Total5/55 Finals5 Championships2518705619+37
  • The Tournament was not held in 1985.
Map of the CAF Africa championship participants colored by the number of appearances in final tournaments.

  19 CAF Africa championship appearances
The map shows the number of final round participation of the respective countries with the FIFA world championship (colors indicated as down) and the host countries (black squares).

  2 FIFA world championship appearances

Nations Cup Record by team

GK: Goalkeeper
CB: Centre-Back • WB: Wing-Back
BBM: Box-to-Box Midfielder
DM: Defensive Midfielder
AM: Attacking Midfielder
W: Winger • ST: Striker
Black Stars starting line-up against Uruguay, World Cup 2010 Quarter-Final

World Cup record[edit]

Black Stars defeating Czech Republic in the 2006 FIFA World Cup group E match at RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne on 17 June 2006.

Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Black Stars were the only African side to advance to the second round of 2006 FIFA World Cup and were the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[29] Black Stars had the youngest team in the FIFA World Cup 2006 with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[29] and were praised for their improving performance.[30][31] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[32]

In the 2010 World Cup, Black Stars progressed beyond the group stages of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. Black Stars were defeated by Uruguay on penalties after Luis Suárez controversially handballed on the goal line deep into extra time, denying Black Stars an almost certain winning goal.[33] Had Black Stars won their quarter-final they would have become the first African nation to progress to the semi-finals of the world cup. Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[34]

After neutralizing and beating Egypt on a 7–3 aggregate on November 19, 2013, Black Stars qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. This will be Black Stars' 3rd consecutive World Cup.[35] On December 6, 2013 Black Stars were drawn into group G with Germany, USA and Portugal.[36] Black Stars will be facing Portugal for the first time. Black Stars ecountered Germany in the group stage and knocked out USA in the round of 16 during the 2010 World Cup.[37]

Ghana vs. Serbia in the 2010 FIFA World Cup group D match at Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Pretoria on 13 June 2010.
Ghana vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010.
FIFA World Cup results (in green reached quarter-finals)
FIFA World Cup record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGA
1962Did not qualify
1966Withdrew
1970 to 1978Did not qualify
1982Withdrew
1986 to 2002Did not qualify
Germany 2006Round of 1613th420246
South Africa 2010Quarter-Final7th522154
Brazil 2014Qualified
Russia 2018To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total2/139423910

African Cup of Nations record[edit]

After the 1963 and 1965 triumphs, Black Stars hosted and won the 13th edition of the African Cup of Nations trophy for keeps in 1978, and four years later, won it again in Tripoli, Libya. The team have won the African Cup of Nations fo ur times (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982), making the Black Stars the second most successful team in the contest's history. Black Stars in 2013 became the only African side to qualify for at least the semi-final of the African cup four times in a row twice; this occurred between 1963 and 1970 and between 2008 and 2013.[6]

The Ghana national team at the 2008 African Cup of Nations before the quarter-final match against Nigeria.
Number of Africa Cup of Nations (in brown with 4 titles)
African Cup of Nations
Titles: 4
Appearances: 19
YearPositionYearPositionYearPosition
Sudan 1957Did not enterGhana 1978ChampionsBurkina Faso 1998Round 1
Egypt 1959Did not enterNigeria 1980Round 1GhanaNigeria 2000Quarter-finals
Ethiopia 1962Did not qualifyLibya 1982ChampionsMali 2002Quarter-finals
Ghana 1963ChampionsIvory Coast 1984Round 1Tunisia 2004Did not qualify
Tunisia 1965ChampionsEgypt 1986Did not qualifyEgypt 2006Round 1
Ethiopia 1968Second PlaceMorocco 1988Did not qualifyGhana 2008Third Place
Sudan 1970Second PlaceAlgeria 1990Did not qualifyAngola 2010Second Place
Cameroon 1972Did not qualifySenegal 1992Second Place*GabonEquatorial Guinea 2012Fourth Place
Egypt 1974Did not qualifyTunisia 1994Quarter-finalsSouth Africa 2013Fourth Place
Ethiopia 1976Did not qualifySouth Africa 1996Fourth PlaceMorocco 2015TBD
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.

***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Olympic record[edit]

Bernard Aryee former Black Stars Central Midfielder and part of the Bronze Medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football.
Olympic medal record
Men's Football
Bronze1992 BarcelonaTeam
YearRoundPositionGPWDLGFGA
Greece Athens 1896No association football competition
France Paris 1900In 1900 and 1904 Olympics competed for clubs
United States St. Louis 1904
United Kingdom London 1908Gold Coast national football did not participate
Sweden Stockholm 1912
Belgium Antwerp 1920
France Paris 1924
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928
United States Los Angeles 1932No association football competition
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936Gold Coast national football did not participate
United Kingdom London 1948
Finland Helsinki 1952Did not participate [a]
Australia Melbourne 1956
Italy Rome 1960Did not qualify
Japan Tokyo 1964Quarter-Final7th4112712
Mexico Mexico 1968Round 112th302168
Germany Munich 1972Round 116th3003111
Canada Montreal 1976Round 1 (Did not participate)
Soviet Union Moscow 1980Did not qualify
United States Los Angeles 1984
South Korea Seoul 1988
Spain Barcelona 1992Since 1992 the competition has been competed by U-23 [n]
Total6/2224th101361431
  1. ^ Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
  2. ^ Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

African Nations Championship record[edit]

YearRoundPositionGPWDLGFGASquad
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 2009Runner-up2nd513186Team
Sudan Sudan 2011Round 114th300314Team
South Africa South Africa 2014Qualified
Rwanda Rwanda 2016To be determined
Total2/212th81349102

Team honours[edit]

Major honours[edit]

Africa Cup of Nations trophy from 1957 to 1978; captured on three occasions in 1963, 1965, and in 1978
Africa Cup of Nations trophy from 1980 to 2000; captured on one occasion in 1982
Abédi Pelé – the three time African Footballer of the Year with Ghana's African Cup of Nations trophy – four titles
Quarter-final (7th): 2010
Winners (4): Gold medal africa.svg 1963, Gold medal africa.svg 1965, Gold medal africa.svg 1978, Gold medal africa.svg 1982
Runners-up (4): Silver medal africa.svg 1968, Silver medal africa.svg 1970, Silver medal africa.svg 1992, Silver medal africa.svg 2010
Third place: Bronze medal africa.svg 2008
Fourth place (3): 1996, 2012, 2013
Gold medal.svg Olympic football tournament
Third place: Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992 [n]

Continental Sub-Region[edit]

Winners (9): 1 1953, 1 1955, 1 1957, 1 1959, 1 1961,1 1962, 1 1965, 1 1966, 1 1967
Runners-up (4): 21951, 2 1954, 21956, 2 1958
Winners (5): 1 1982, 1 1983, 1 1984, 1 1986, 1 1987
Winners (3): 1 1959, 1 1960, 1 1963
Third place (1): 3 1991
Winner (1): 1 2013
Third place (1): 3 2010

Continental Multi-sport event[edit]

Winners: 1 2011 [n]
Third place (2): 3 1978, 3 2003

Continental tournaments[edit]

Runners-up: 2 2009

Other Tournaments and Cups[edit]

Winner: 1 1962
Winner: 1 1964
Winner: 1 1983
Winner: 1 1984
Runners up: 1 1986
Winner: 1 2007
Winner: 1 2010

Confederation of African Football[edit]

CAF Awards logo.png CAF Awards

African National Team of the Year Winners (3): 1 1983, 1 2006, 1 2010
  1. ^ Note: Designated to U-23 tournament.

Team schedules and results[edit]

This is Black Stars' forthcoming 2014 African Nations Championship, 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualification, International Friendly, and 2014 World Cup – group g matches
Key
      Win
      Draw
      Loss

For 2013 Black Stars schedules and results, see Ghana national football team 2013

Supporters and popularity[edit]

Black Stars fans at the 2010 FIFA World Cup and blowing vuvuzelas.

Black Stars former team captain Stephen Appiah took the microphone and said: I'm not a prophet, but definitely we're going to qualify for 2014... we're going to Brazil to be major contenders.

Stephen Appiah; Black Stars legendary defensive midfielder speaking on 2014 FIFA World Cup after the 2010 FIFA World Cup on 6 July 2010.[48]

We did our best but luck was not on our side but we'll go to Brazil in 2014 to be major contenders.

Stephen Appiah; Black Stars legendary defensive midfielder speaking on 2014 FIFA World Cup after the 2010 FIFA World Cup on 6 July 2010.[48]

Following the Black Stars debut at the World Cup 2006 and upon Ghana's national football team arriving back to Ghana from the World Cup 2010 in South Africa they were greeted by a rapturous welcome.[48] Hundred thousands of dancing and singing fans welcomed the squad players – known as the Black Stars – at the Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[48] The Black Stars were praised for holding high the flag of Ghana and the entire Africa continent.[48] Black Stars paraded through the eleventh-largest metropolitan area in Africa, Accra followed by a free music concert in Black Stars honour.[48] Black Stars fans cheered as Ghana's Black Stars players walked up a red carpet laid on the tarmac from their scheduled flight from the World Cup 2010.[48] Black Stars were also formally greeted by a welcoming party of ministers, deputy ministers and association football officials.[48] With music, whistles and vuvuzelas blaring, it was a very joyous and celebratory occasion.[48]

Black Stars Henchmen Ultras on operation at the Kumasi Sports Stadium.

Stephen Appiah's comment and his optimistic attitude and the positive vibrations from the Black Stars fans make up for the blues Black Stars fans have been feeling since their last-minute quarter-final penalty shootout with Uruguay on 2 July 2010 and each Black Stars player got his own cheer from the crowds as they stepped aboard their coach bus to leave the airport.[48] There were spontaneous shouts of joy at the Kotoka International Airport as the airplane with the Black Stars landed late on Monday 5 July 2013.[48] Black Stars fans, many of whom had started arriving hours before the team's expected arrival, waved Ghana's national flags and blasted vuvuzelas to greet their Black Stars heroes in a carnival atmosphere and the Black Stars were commended for fighting gallantly, and not only making Ghana proud, but the entire Africa continent.[48]

Black Stars represented the Africa continent well and although they did not qualify for the semi-finals they can return home with their heads held high.

Nelson Mandela speaking on Black Stars.[48]

The Black Stars' street procession following the World Cup 2010 ended at the president's office, known as The Castle or Fort Christiansborg, where the president received the Black Stars players.[48] The Ghanaian president urged Ghanaians not to "nail" the Black Stars players despite their disappointment at the controversial loss in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-finals and said that the Black Stars fans should rather continue to support them and show appreciation for what they have achieved and that match on 2 July 2010, there was going to be only one winner and unfortunately, it was not the Black Stars.[48]

Black Stars fans goal celebrating a 1–0 victory against Serbia at the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Black Stars squad said: It's a dream come true, you know. It is very, very good for us. We feel more happy and feel good that we have met this man. He is a legend.

Black Stars squad speaking on 6 July 2010 of Black Stars meeting nobel laureate Nelson Mandela on 3 July 2010 following the World Cup 2010.[48]

On Sunday 4 July 2010, hundred thousands of crowds gathered to cheer Black Stars as they toured Johannesburg and the Black Stars met with former South African president Nelson Mandela at his Johannesburg home on 3 July 2010.[48] Upon leaving Nelson Mandela's house, Black Stars players described meeting the Nobel laureate; "I am very happy to meet a great man like President Mandela. I was there with him, shaking his hand. I'm so happy to meet him face to face," said Black Stars goalkeeper Richard Kingson.[48]

Black Stars maintains an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and an average stadium match attendance high of 80,000+ such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[49] Globally, Black Stars maintains an extremely high worldwide match television coverage as in Black Stars 1–1 match draw against England on 29 March 2011 in which the match drew a sell-out attendance of 80,102 spectators, and was the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[18] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[18]

Rivalries[edit]

Black Stars line up a direct free kick prior to Black Stars defeating the
Nigeria national football team 2–1 in the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations Quarter-Final.

The Black Stars possess remarkable fewer matches against teams outside of continental sub-saharan Africa as the Black Stars have forged a fearsome grudge in the case of the "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" between two of the best teams on the African continent: Black Stars, and the Nigeria national football team, with whom Black Stars maintains a strong and vicious rivalry.[50]

This dispute between Black Stars and the Nigeria national football team was enhanced by several factors: the proximity of Ghana to Nigeria, as well as the dispute of different association football competitions and a non-sporting dispute between Ghana and Nigeria in which Ghana battles Nigeria in contention for the supremacy of the whole of West Africa zone and for the more territorial domain of Sub-Saharan Africa; as Black Stars is the undisputed best team in continental West Africa and geographic Africa; and the Nigeria national football team along with Cameroon are the udisputed two best teams after Ghana in sub-saharan Africa.[50]

In books and popular culture[edit]

Gold Coast-born Arthur Wharton is the first black professional association footballer in the world during the 1880s.[51][52][53]
Black Stars on the road in the 1960s, and members of the Black Stars of Africa 20th-century Golden Generation on arrival in Japan for exhibition game.

As with existing Black Stars supporters' groups along with fan clubs, fansites and social networking on the World Wide Web (W3) which contribute to the devotation and purchase of Black Stars supporters' souvenirs motivating the association football national team in their quest for ultimate World Championship and African Championship glory, as with further products inclined to the Black Stars. Souvenirs include books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs. These may or may not be intended with commercial motives but are driven towards preceding and succeeding World Championship or African Championship.

Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Organization and finance[edit]

Economics and Sponsorship[edit]

Ghana National Petroleum Corporation logo.JPG
Ghana Football Association Television (GFA TV).png
Television Network and
Television Channel; Ghana Football
Association Television (GFA TV)
Black Stars television broadcaster and
Black Stars Worldwide television rights
from 2013
UniBank logo.jpg
Hydrocarbon Exploration;
Ghana National Petroleum
Corporation
(GNPC)
Black Stars global headline sponsor
since 2013
Private Banking;
UniBank
Black Stars private bank
from 2013

Black Stars is headed by president of the Ghana Football Association Kwesi Nyantakyi, and vice-president Fred Pappoe, with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[64] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million-Chinese Yuan Renminbi (15 million-US dollar) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars players salary wage bill, following the gold mining corporations; Ashanti Goldfields Corporation, Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which has been sponsoring Black Stars since 2005.[65]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched its TV Channel and TV programmed called GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the Africa continent to launch its own TV programme and TV network which has the exclusive rights and television rights to the broadcasting of all the Black Stars' matches.[66] In November 2013, Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorhip deal with 100% wholly owned Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[67]

Black Stars Team players salaries[edit]

Black Stars per player salary is at CN¥9,171,350–12,228,500 (US$1,500,000–2,000,000) and further additional Black Stars per player bonus payments in 2014 of gold bars troy ounces as Ghana is the 7th largest producer of gold bullions in the word,[68] with an overall Black Stars team annual salary wage bill set at CN¥611,423,000 (US$100 million) or GH₵234 million with 2 tons of gold in 2014.

Black Stars Annual Per Player Salary
YearMonthDaily SalaryWeekly SalaryTotal Player
Monthly Wage
YearMonthDaily SalaryWeekly SalaryTotal Player
Monthly Wage
2014JanuaryUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014JulyUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
2014FebruaryUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014AugustUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
2014MarchUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014SeptemberUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
2014AprilUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014OctoberUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
2014MayUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014NovemberUS$ $4,166.67$28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
2014JuneUS$ $4,166.67US$ $28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,0002014DecemberUS$ $4,166.67$28,846.15CN¥ 764,279US$ 125,000
Total Per Player Annual SalaryCN¥ 9,171,350 + 400 Gold Troy ounces
Bonus Payments
US$ 1,500,000 + 400 Gold Troy ounces
Bonus Payments
Total Players Annual Salary Wage BillCN¥ 611,423,000 + 2 Gold TonsUS$ 100,000,000 + 2 Gold Tons
Black Stars organizational structure and organization (ghanafa.org) web search engine and world wide web indication figures on Compete.com

World Ranking history[edit]

Last updated 19 December 2013[69]

Key to FIFA Ranking table
Highest position
Increased
Unchanged
No ranking made
Decreased
Lowest position

Out of a total of 209 teams in the World, Black Stars, according to FIFA, Black Stars are currently holding the rank of number 24 association football national team for the month of December 2013 on the FIFA World Rankings; while its highest ranking was at number 14 on the FIFA World Rankings during the year 2008 and in which Black Stars' highest Elo rating system was at number 14 on 30 June 1966 and Black Stars is currently holding the Elo rating system of number 33 out of 100 Worldwide for the month of December 2013 on the World Football Elo Ratings.[69][70] Black Stars competes for the West African Football Union and competes in the Confederation of African Football and is currently holding the rank of number 2 in continental West Africa and number 2 in Africa for the month of December 2013.[69][70]

YearJan.Feb.Mar.Apr.MayJun.Jul.Aug.Sep.Oct.Nov.Dec.
1990*
1991*
1992*
199348. (33)42. (36)40. (36)41. (37)37. (39)
199435. (39)31. (41)29. (43)28. (44)26. (44)28. (43)26. (44)26. (45)26. (45)26. (46)
199525. (46)27. (44)26. (45)27. (45)26. (46)24. (47)26. (44)23. (47)27. (46)29. (47)
199619. (51)16. (52)15. (52)17. (51)20. (52)19. (51)19. (51)23. (51)25. (51)25. (50)
199738. (45)40. (45)35. (47)36. (47)42. (46)41. (47)45. (47)50. (45)53. (44)57. (44)
199854. (45)58. (44)60. (43)65. (40)65. (39)67. (39)60. (40)46. (45)48. (44)48. (46)
199941. (547) **43. (541)43. (542)44. (540)46. (538)45. (535)46. (532)44. (547)47. (543)54. (518)55. (505)48. (525)
200050. (526)53. (526)57. (522)57. (519)48. (532)49. (530)54. (525)50. (531)53. (530)48. (543)57. (531)57. (531)
200158. (531)58. (529)59. (526)60. (525)61. (521)62. (537)55. (557)59. (550)57. (552)60. (546)58. (553)59. (551)
200261. (549)56. (564)54. (566)57. (558)52. (558)57. (537)56. (529)61. (522)59. (535)59. (529)61. (525)
200359. (529)59. (526)61. (521)64. (520)67. (516)69. (513)71. (507)75. (503)75. (503)81. (491)79. (500)78. (508)
200479. (508)80. (506)83. (502)84. (498)84. (492)89. (486)71. (523)70. (527)74. (525)72. (539)75. (538)77. (528)
200577. (528)79. (526)79. (524)76. (530)75. (531)76. (547)70. (548)70. (547)62. (566)51. (599)50. (608)50. (608)
200650. (608)48. (609)50. (605)50. (602)48. (600)25. (839) ***25. (839)23. (830)24. (826)28. (814)28. (816)
200728. (828)22. (848)19. (881)28. (813)28. (819)19. (917)37. (721)43. (693)45. (671)47. (632)43. (659)43. (659)
200843. (660)14. (990)15. (1003)14. (1006)14. (1010)16. (986)20. (885)19. (892)20. (864)25. (839)26. (805)25. (815)
200925. (813)35. (714)34. (717)31. (779)31. (779)36. (750)35. (772)35. (772)32. (786)38. (746)37. (739)34. (747)
201034. (747)27. (823)28. (818)31. (802)32. (802)32. (800)23. (874)23. (874)20. (889)17. (891)17. (903)16. (908)
201116. (925)15. (940)16. (931)15. (918)15. (918)33. (735)36. (696)36. (726)37. (700)33. (734)29. (761)29. (761)
201226. (779)23. (819)23. (820)22. (816)22. (816)25. (818)33. (707)32. (707)31. (714)31. (722)29. (762)30. (777)
201326. (788)19. (865)20. (883)22. (874)22. (874)21. (887)24. (830)24. (830)24. (815)23. (860)24. (849)24. (849)
2014TBATBATBATBATBATBATBATBATBATBATBATBA
*The 1990 and 1991 FIFA World Rankings are unofficial; the exact 1990–1992 rankings and points can be retrieved from FIFA's Communications & Public Affairs Division.
**In January 1999 the FIFA changed the system of the ranking calculation.
***In July 2006 the FIFA changed the system of the ranking calculation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Andre Ayew congratulates new Ghana captain Gyan". mtnfootball.com. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ayew: A dream to captain Black Stars". kickoff.com. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kenya International Matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  4. ^ "MATCH: 02.10.1968 Ghana – Bulgaria 0:10". eu-football.info. 2 October 1968. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "African Football: The early years". bbc.co.uk (British Broadcasting Corporation). 16 January 2004. Retrieved 16 January 2004. 
  6. ^ a b 2013 Africa Cup of Nations
  7. ^ "GNPC hails Black Stars". myjoyonline.com. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
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Titles chronology[edit]

Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 Congo DR 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent

External links[edit]