Gerry and the Pacemakers

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Gerry and the Pacemakers
Gerry and the Pacemakers group photo 1964.JPG
The band in 1964.
Background information
OriginLiverpool, England
GenresMerseybeat, British rock and roll, Rock, Pop
Years active1959–66; 1974–present
LabelsColumbia (EMI) (UK)
Laurie Records (US)
United Artists (US)
Capitol Records (Canada)
Websitegerryandthepacemakers.co.uk
MembersGerry Marsden
Freddie Marsden
Arthur Mack
Les Chadwick
Les Maguire
 
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Gerry and the Pacemakers
Gerry and the Pacemakers group photo 1964.JPG
The band in 1964.
Background information
OriginLiverpool, England
GenresMerseybeat, British rock and roll, Rock, Pop
Years active1959–66; 1974–present
LabelsColumbia (EMI) (UK)
Laurie Records (US)
United Artists (US)
Capitol Records (Canada)
Websitegerryandthepacemakers.co.uk
MembersGerry Marsden
Freddie Marsden
Arthur Mack
Les Chadwick
Les Maguire

Gerry and the Pacemakers were a British beat music group prominent during the 1960s. In common with the Beatles, they came from Liverpool, were managed by Brian Epstein and recorded by George Martin.[1] They are most remembered for being the first act to reach number one in the UK Singles Chart with their first three single releases.[2] This record was not equalled for 20 years,[2] until the mid-1980s success of fellow Liverpool band Frankie Goes to Hollywood.

History[edit]

Gerry Marsden formed the group in 1959 with his brother, Fred, Les Chadwick and Arthur McMahon. They rivalled the Beatles early in their career, playing in the same areas of Hamburg, Germany and Liverpool.[1] McMahon (known as Arthur Mack) was replaced on piano by Les Maguire around 1961.[1] They are known to have rehearsed at Cammell Laird shipping yard at Birkenhead. The group's original name was Gerry Marsden and the Mars Bars,[3] but they were forced to change this, when the Mars Company, producers of the chocolate Mars Bar, complained.[4]

The band was the second to sign with Brian Epstein, who later signed them with Columbia Records (a sister label to the Beatles' label Parlophone under EMI).[1] They began recording in early 1963 with "How Do You Do It?", a song written by Mitch Murray, that Adam Faith had turned down and one that the Beatles chose not to release (they did record the song but insisted on releasing their own song, "Please Please Me").[5] The song was produced by George Martin and became a number one hit in the UK, the first by an Epstein Liverpool group to achieve this on all charts, until being replaced at the top by "From Me to You", the Beatles' third single.[6]

Gerry and the Pacemakers' next two singles, Murray's "I Like It" and Rodgers and Hammerstein's "You'll Never Walk Alone", both also reached number one in the UK Singles Chart,[7] the latter recorded instead of the Beatles' "Hello Little Girl", which went on to become the first hit for the Fourmost. "You'll Never Walk Alone" had been a favourite of Gerry Marsden's since seeing Carousel growing up. It quickly became the signature tune of Liverpool Football Club and, later, other sports teams around the world. The song remains a football anthem, there and elsewhere, inspired by Gerry Marsden's rendition rather than the Broadway original.[8]

The group's New York arrival in 1964.

Despite this early success, Gerry and the Pacemakers never had another number one single in the UK. Gerry Marsden began writing most of their songs, including "It's Gonna Be All Right", "I'm the One[disambiguation needed]", and "Ferry Cross the Mersey", as well as their first and biggest US hit, "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying", which peaked at No.4, and which Gerry Marsden initially gave to Decca recording artist Louise Cordet in 1963.[1] She recorded the song (Decca F11824), but without commercial success. The song, written by all bandmembers, has also been covered by Les Carle, the Lettermen, Jackie DeShannon (This Is Jackie DeShannon album, 1965), José Feliciano, Dr. John, Rickie Lee Jones, Gloria Estefan (Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me album) among others.[9] They also starred in an early 1965 film called Ferry Cross the Mersey (sometimes referred to as "Gerry and the Pacemakers' version of A Hard Day's Night"), for which Marsden wrote much of the soundtrack.[1] The title song was revived in 1989 as a charity single for an appeal in response to the Hillsborough football crowd disaster, giving Marsden – in association with other Liverpool stars, including Paul McCartney and Frankie Goes to Hollywood's Holly Johnson – another British number one.[1][10]

In the US, their recordings were released by the small New York City record label Laurie in 1963, with whom they issued four singles during 1963 without success (as listed below). When the Beatles broke through in January 1964, Laurie's next regular single release of "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying became a big hit and during 1964 Laurie coupled "How Do You Do It?" with "You'll Never Walk Alone" (Laurie 3261) and "I Like It" with "Jambalaya" (Laurie 3271) with some success.

By late 1965, their popularity was rapidly declining on both sides of the Atlantic.[1] They disbanded in October 1966,[1] with much of their latter recorded material never released in the UK.

Drummer Freddie Marsden, born Fredrick John Marsden, 23 November 1940, at 8 Menzies Street, Toxteth, Liverpool, died on 9 December 2006 in Southport, age 66.

Discography[edit]

Singles[edit]

In the United States, a different series of Gerry and the Pacemakers' singles was issued, as their Laurie Records label created more albums, and at least two singles, which were never issued in Britain. This was a standard practice at the time; it also happened with the Beatles and the Dave Clark 5.[11]

Release DateA-sideB-sideChart Positions
UK[7]US[11]AU
March 1963 (UK)
April 1963 (US)
"How Do You Do It?""Away From You"
1
-
3
May 1963 (UK)
June 1963 (US)
"I Like It""It's Happened To Me"
1
-
3
October 1963 (UK)
December 1963 (US)
"You'll Never Walk Alone""It's Alright"
1
-
1
January 1964 (UK)
June 1964 (US)
"I'm the One"UK: "You've Got What I Like"
US: "It's Alright"
2
82
14
April 1964 (UK)
May 1964 (US)
"Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying"UK: "Show Me that You Care"
US: "Away From You"
6
4
21
July 1964"How Do You Do It?" (Reissue)"You'll Never Walk Alone"
n/a
9
n/a
September 1964"I Like It" (Reissue)"Jambalaya"
n/a
17
n/a
September 1964 (UK)
June 1965 (US)
"It's Gonna Be Alright"UK: "It's Just Because"
US: "Skinny Minnie"
24
23
36
December 1964 (UK)
January 1965 (US)
"Ferry Cross the Mersey"UK: "You, You, You"
US: "Pretend"
8
6
2
March 1965"I'll Be There"UK: "Baby You're So Good To Me"
US: "You, You, You"
15
14
9
March 1965"Pretend""Here's Hoping"
n/a
n/a
17
September 1965"You'll Never Walk Alone" (Reissue)"Away From You"
n/a
48
n/a
October 1965"Give All Your Love to Me""You're the Reason"
n/a
68
45
November 1965 (UK)
December 1965 (US)
"Walk Hand in Hand""Dreams"
29
-
32
February 1966 (UK)
March 1966 (US)
"La La La""Without You"
-
90
66
June 1966 (UK)
September 1966 (US)
"Girl on a Swing"UK: "A Fool to Myself"
US: "The Way You Look Tonight"
-
28
24
October 1966"The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine""Looking for My Life"
-
-
-
April 1970"Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying" (Reissue)"Away From You"
-
-
-
April 1974"Remember (The Days of Rock and Roll)""There's Still Time"
-
-
-

Albums[edit]

Release dateTitleUK Albums Chart[7]Billboard 200[12]
October 1963How Do You Like It?
2
n/a
July 1964Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying
n/a
29
November 1964Gerry and the Pacemakers' Second Album
n/a
129
February 1965Ferry Cross the Mersey
19
13
February 1965I'll Be There!
n/a
120
May 1965Gerry and the Pacemakers' Greatest Hits
n/a
44
December 1966Girl on a Swing
n/a
-
July 1979The Best of Gerry and the Pacemakers
n/a
-
1981Ferry Cross the Mersey (live album)
n/a
-
198220 Year Anniversary Album
-
n/a
June 1984The Very Best of Gerry and the Pacemakers
-
n/a

† – Soundtrack, includes other artists

See also[edit]

Quotation[edit]

In 1963, Gerry Marsden was quoted as saying –

The Beatles and ourselves (The Pacemakers) – we let go, when we get on-stage. I'm not being detrimental, but in the south, I think the groups have let themselves get a bit too formal. On Merseyside, it's beat, beat, beat all the way. We go on and really have a ball.

NME – August 1963[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Biography by Richie Unterberger". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Roberts, David (2001). British Hit Singles (14th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 35. ISBN 0-85156-156-X. 
  3. ^ Meet the Singer: Gerry Marsden at triumphpc.com
  4. ^ FREDDIE MARSDEN (1940–2006) at spectropop.com
  5. ^ The Beatles Anthology: Episode 1, chapter 16 "Please Please Me"-"We're No.1"
  6. ^ The Beatles Bible: How Do You Do It Retrieved 22 August 2008
  7. ^ a b c Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 264. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  8. ^ Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 74. ISBN 0-85112-250-7. 
  9. ^ "Original versions of Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying by Gerry & The Pacemakers". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  10. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 106. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  11. ^ a b Allmusic.com – Charts & Awards (singles)
  12. ^ Allmusic.com – Charts & Awards (albums)
  13. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 123. CN 5585. 

External links[edit]