German-occupied Europe

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German conquests (in black/grey) in Europe, during World War II.

German–occupied Europe or Nazi Empire refers to the countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945.

Some countries started the war as Allies of the United Kingdom or the Soviet Union, and were forced to surrender, or were subdued and then occupied. In some cases, the governments went into exile, or governments-in-exile were formed by some of their citizens, in other Allied countries. Other countries occupied by the Nazis were officially neutral. Some occupied countries were former members of the Axis powers, and were occupied by German forces at a later stage of the war.

Occupied countries[edit]

The countries occupied included all or most of:

Country of
occupation
See for further details
Albania Albanian KingdomPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Flag of Albania (1943-1944).svg Albanian Kingdom
Flag IMARO.svg Independent Macedonia
Austria Federal State of AustriaAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Kärnten (Anschluss)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Niederdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Oberdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Salzburg
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Steiermark
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Tirol-Vorarlberg
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wien
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
(German occupation of Belgium)
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France

Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany District of Brussels
Nazi Germany Gau Cologne-Aix-la-Chapelle
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Flandern
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wallonien

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussian Soviet Socialist RepublicOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok
Czechoslovakia Second Czechoslovak RepublicAnnexed territories of Hungary:
Hungary Carpathian Ruthenia

Annexed territories of Slovakia:
Slovakia Slovak Republic
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Bayreuth
Nazi Germany Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Niederdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Oberdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Sudetenland

Denmark Kingdom of DenmarkNazi Germany Occupation of Denmark by Nazi Germany
Estonia EstoniaOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany)
France French Third RepublicPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Vichy France Vichy France

Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Military Administration in France
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Baden
Nazi Germany Gau Westmark
Occupied territories of Italy:
Kingdom of Italy Italian occupation of mainland France
Kingdom of Italy Italian occupation of Corsica
Occupied territories of Axis:
Nazi Germany Kingdom of Italy Axis occupation of Tunisia

Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of GreecePuppet government of Axis:
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Hellenic State

Annexed territories of Bulgaria:
Bulgaria Bulgarian occupation zone
Occupied territories of Axis:
Nazi Germany Kingdom of Italy Bulgaria Axis occupation of Greece

Guernsey GuernseyOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) Kingdom of HungaryPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Hungary Government of National Unity
Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of ItalyPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Italian Social Republic Italian Social Republic

Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills

Jersey JerseyOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany
Latvia LatviaOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany)
Lithuania LithuaniaAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok (Occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany)
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland
Luxembourg Grand Duchy of LuxembourgAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Koblenz-Trier (Occupation of Luxembourg by Nazi Germany)
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic Moldavian Soviet Socialist RepublicAnnexed territories of Romania:
Kingdom of Romania Bessarabia
Monaco Principality of MonacoKingdom of Italy Nazi Germany Occupation of Monaco by Axis
Netherlands Kingdom of the NetherlandsOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Niederlande (Occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany)
Norway Kingdom of NorwayPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Flag of Norway.svg Quisling regime

Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Norwegen (Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany)

Poland Second Polish RepublicAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok (Occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany) (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia
Nazi Germany Gau East Prussia
Nazi Germany Gau Niederschlesien
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wartheland
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany General Government
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Poland
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russian Soviet Federative Socialist RepublicOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of Russia by Nazi Germany
San Marino Republic of San MarinoNazi Germany Occupation of San Marino by Nazi Germany
Slovakia Slovak RepublicPuppet government of Nazi Germany:
Slovakia Slovak Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian Soviet Socialist RepublicAnnexed territories of Romania:
Kingdom of Romania Bessarabia
Kingdom of Romania Bukovina
Kingdom of Romania Hertza region
Kingdom of Romania Transnistria

Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine

Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of YugoslaviaPuppet government of Axis:
Flag of Albania (1943-1944).svg Albanian Kingdom
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg Independent State of Croatia
Government of National Salvation
Flag IMARO.svg Independent Macedonia
Flag of Montenegro (1905-1918 & 1941-1944).svg Kingdom of Montenegro

Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia
Nazi Germany German occupied territory of Montenegro
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Kärnten
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Steiermark
Annexed territories of Italy:
Kingdom of Italy Italian occupation zone
Annexed territories of Hungary:
Hungary Hungarian occupation territories
Annexed territories of Bulgaria:
Bulgaria Bulgarian occupation zone

See also[edit]

External links[edit]