German-occupied Europe

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German conquests (in black/grey) in Europe, during World War II.

German–occupied Europe or Nazi Empire refers to the countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945.They were deemed powerful for that they used diplomacy and military to take over most of the territories throughout Europe. The well-organized manner of taking over Poland was known as the German Blitzkrieg, which was known as the lightning war due to the rapid manner of attacking. At around April 1940, there was a moment of calmness, which was known as the phoney war and that’s when the Germans invaded Denmark and Norway. By 1941, Germans were deemed unstoppable caused they were invading cities after cities, which included Yugoslavia and Greece, thus claiming thousands of prisoners of war. In terms of the Holocaust, it refers to the killing of the Jewish people, which occurred once most of Europe was taken over by the Germans.

As the Germans took over countries on the eastern hemisphere, through the use of the German Blitzkrieg, the Germans became very powerful, thus forming the Axis powers. As powerful the Germans were, it took the Allied countries to face them and prevent the Germans from having absolute power under the Hitler regime. In terms of his regime, Hitler was the political leader of Germany and he had in mind of taking over as many countries as possible to achieve the status of ruler of the world. Through his powerful army, Hitler became close to achieving his goal, but as mentioned before, the Allied powers confronted the Axis powers, thus leading to the initiation of the World War II. Some countries started the war as Allies of the United Kingdom or the Soviet Union, and were forced to surrender, or were subdued and then occupied. In some cases, the governments went into exile, or governments-in-exile were formed by some of their citizens, in other Allied countries. Other countries occupied by the Nazis were officially neutral. Some occupied countries were former members of the Axis powers, and were occupied by German forces at a later stage of the war.

Occupied countries[edit]

The countries occupied included all or most of:

Country of
occupation
See for further details
Albania Albanian KingdomOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Albania Albanian Kingdom
Nazi Germany Independent Macedonia
Austria Federal State of AustriaAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Kärnten (Anschluss)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Niederdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Oberdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Salzburg
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Steiermark
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Tirol-Vorarlberg
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wien
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
(German occupation of Belgium)
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France
Nazi Germany Civil Administration of Belgium and Northern France
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany District of Brussels
Nazi Germany Gau Cologne-Aix-la-Chapelle
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Flandern
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wallonien
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussian Soviet Socialist RepublicOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok
Czechoslovakia Second Czechoslovak RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Hungary Kingdom of Hungary
Slovakia Slovak Republic
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Bayreuth
Nazi Germany Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Niederdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Oberdonau
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Sudetenland
Denmark Kingdom of DenmarkOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of Denmark by Nazi Germany
Estonia Republic of Estonia
Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany)
France French Third RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Vichy France Vichy France (Occupation of France by Nazi Germany)
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Baden
Nazi Germany Gau Westmark
Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of GreeceOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Bulgaria Kingdom of Bulgaria (Occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Hellenic State
Guernsey GuernseyOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) Kingdom of HungaryOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Hungary Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary Government of National Unity
Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of ItalyOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Italian Social Republic Italian Social Republic
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills
Jersey JerseyOccupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany
Latvia Republic of Latvia
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland (Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany)
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok (Occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany)
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland
Luxembourg Grand Duchy of LuxembourgAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Gau Koblenz-Trier (Occupation of Luxembourg by Nazi Germany)
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic Moldavian Soviet Socialist RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Kingdom of Romania Kingdom of Romania
Monaco Principality of MonacoOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of Monaco by Nazi Germany
Netherlands Kingdom of the NetherlandsOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Niederlande (Occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany)
Norway Kingdom of NorwayOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Norwegen (Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany)
Poland Second Polish RepublicAnnexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Bezirk Bialystok (Occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany) (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany)
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia
Nazi Germany Gau East Prussia
Nazi Germany General Government
Nazi Germany Gau Niederschlesien
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Wartheland
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ostland
Nazi Germany Military Administration in Poland
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russian Soviet Federative Socialist RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of Russia by Nazi Germany
San Marino Republic of San MarinoOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Occupation of San Marino by Nazi Germany
Slovakia Slovak RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Slovakia Slovak Republic (Occupation of Slovakia by Nazi Germany)
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian Soviet Socialist RepublicOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Kingdom of Romania Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Romania
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of YugoslaviaOccupied countries of Nazi Germany:
Albania Albanian Kingdom (Occupation of Yugoslavia by Nazi Germany)
Bulgaria Kingdom of Bulgaria
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg Independent State of Croatia
Hungary Kingdom of Hungary
Nazi Germany Independent Macedonia
Flag of Montenegro (1905-1918 & 1941-1944).svg Kingdom of Montenegro
Occupied territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia
Annexed territories of Nazi Germany:
Nazi Germany Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Kärnten
Nazi Germany Reichsgau Steiermark

See also[edit]

External links[edit]