George Archer

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George Archer
— Golfer —
Personal information
Full nameGeorge William Archer
Born(1939-10-01)October 1, 1939
San Francisco, California
DiedSeptember 25, 2005(2005-09-25) (aged 65)
Incline Village, Nevada
Height6 ft 5.5 in (1.97 m)
Weight200 lb (91 kg; 14 st)
Nationality United States
SpouseDonna Archer
Children2 daughters
Career
Turned professional1964
Former tour(s)PGA Tour
Champions Tour
Professional wins44
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour13
Champions Tour19
Other8 (regular)
4 (senior)
Best results in major championships
(Wins: 1)
Masters TournamentWon: 1969
U.S. OpenT5: 1971
The Open ChampionshipWD: 1969
PGA ChampionshipT4: 1968
 
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For other people named George Archer, see George Archer (disambiguation).
George Archer
— Golfer —
Personal information
Full nameGeorge William Archer
Born(1939-10-01)October 1, 1939
San Francisco, California
DiedSeptember 25, 2005(2005-09-25) (aged 65)
Incline Village, Nevada
Height6 ft 5.5 in (1.97 m)
Weight200 lb (91 kg; 14 st)
Nationality United States
SpouseDonna Archer
Children2 daughters
Career
Turned professional1964
Former tour(s)PGA Tour
Champions Tour
Professional wins44
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour13
Champions Tour19
Other8 (regular)
4 (senior)
Best results in major championships
(Wins: 1)
Masters TournamentWon: 1969
U.S. OpenT5: 1971
The Open ChampionshipWD: 1969
PGA ChampionshipT4: 1968

George William Archer (October 1, 1939 – September 25, 2005) was an American professional golfer who won 13 events on the PGA Tour, including one major championship, the Masters in 1969.[1][2][3][4]

Early years[edit]

Born in San Francisco, California, Archer was raised just south in San Mateo. He grew to 6 ft 5.5 in (1.97 m) tall, and as a boy he dreamed of a basketball career, but took up golf at San Mateo High School after working as a caddy at The Peninsula Golf and Country Club near his home. He was kicked off the high school basketball team because he missed too many practices due to golf.[5]

Tour career[edit]

Archer turned professional in 1964 and claimed the first of 13 victories on the PGA Tour at the Lucky International Open the following year.

The leading achievement of his career was his win at the Masters in 1969.[2][6] In the first round, he fired a 67, good for second place behind Billy Casper. His subsequent rounds of 73-69-72 earned him a one-stroke victory over Casper, Tom Weiskopf and George Knudson.[7]

Archer's other top-10 finishes in the majors came at the U.S. Open (10th in 1969, fifth in 1971) and the PGA Championship (fourth in 1968).[8]

Archer was hampered by injuries throughout his career and had surgery on his left wrist (1975), back (1979) and left shoulder (1987). In 1996, he had his right hip replaced and two years later became the first man to win on the Senior PGA Tour (now the Champions Tour) after having a hip replacement. He won 19 times on the Senior Tour between 1989 and 2000, although he did not win a senior major. Archer is also the only player in Champions Tour history to win a tournament in each of the first three decades of its existence.

Archer is considered one of the game's all-time great putters,[5] and at one time held the PGA Tour record for fewest putts over four rounds with 95 putts at the Sea Pines Heritage in 1980, an average of 1.32 putts per hole.[9] The record stood for six years, until broken by Bob Tway in 1986.[5]

Archer was known as the "Golfing Cowboy," due to a summer job in his youth at his friend and sponsor, Eugene Selvage's Lucky Hereford Ranch in Gilroy.[10][11]

Archer made Masters history in 1983 when he employed its first female caddy, his 19-year-old daughter Elizabeth, in the first year that outside caddies were allowed at Augusta National.[1] He finished tied for 12th,[12] his final top-20 finish in a major. At the time Liz was a sophomore at Stanford University and had caddied for her father at 20 previous events; a member of the Cardinal track team, she threw the javelin and discus.[13] She started caddying for him on tour in the summer of 1980, prior to her senior year at Gilroy High School.[14]

Death[edit]

Archer died of Burkitt's lymphoma – a lymphatic system malignancy – in Incline Village, Nevada in 2005, several days before his 66th birthday. He was survived by his wife, Donna, and two daughters, Elizabeth and Marilyn.[15]

Illiteracy[edit]

Six months after his death, Archer's widow, Donna, revealed in the March/April 2006 issue of Golf For Women magazine that he had suffered his entire life from a severe form of learning impairment. Despite years of effort and the consultation of many experts, he was never able to read more than the simplest sentences and could only write his own name. She reported that they never revealed this truth beyond their family and that Archer lived in constant fear that the secret of his illiteracy would be revealed.[16]

In 2008, Donna created the George Archer Memorial Foundation for Literacy, a 501(c)(3) organization located in Incline Village, Nevada. The Foundation's mission is to raise funds to identify reading deficiencies, diagnose causes and effective treatments for learning disabilities, improve systems for training teachers, tutors and other educators in literacy issues, provide grants, stipends and scholarships for deserving students, and assist in the development of tools and techniques for the effective teaching of reading and writing skills. The Foundation's primary fundraiser is the George Archer Memorial Stroke of Genius Pro-Am golf tournament held every October since 2008 at the Peninsula Golf and Country Club, in San Mateo, California – the club at which Archer began his golf career.[17]

Quotations[edit]

"One thing about golf is you don't know why you play bad and why you play good."

"When I joined the tour in 1964, I told my wife I wanted to play five years. Instead, I've played five careers."

"If it weren't for golf, I'd probably be a caddie today."[18]

Amateur wins (1)[edit]

Professional wins (44)[edit]

PGA Tour wins (13)[edit]

Legend
Major championships (1)
Other PGA Tour events (12)
No.DateTournamentWinning scoreTo parMargin
of victory
Runner(s)-up
1Jan 31, 1965Lucky International Open68-73-69-68=278−6PlayoffNew Zealand Bob Charles
2Apr 2, 1967Greater Greensboro Open67-64-68-68=267−172 strokesUnited States Doug Sanders
3Mar 25, 1968Pensacola Open Invitational66-68-69-65=268−201 strokeEngland Tony Jacklin, United States Dave Marr
4May 12, 1968Greater New Orleans Open Invitational69-65-70-67=271−172 strokesUnited States Bert Yancey
5Sep 22, 1968PGA National Team Championship
(with Bobby Nichols)[19][20]
65-66-69-65=265−222 strokesUnited States Monty Kaser & United States Rives McBee
6Jan 27, 1969Bing Crosby National Pro-Am72-68-72-71=283−51 strokeUnited States Bob Dickson, United States Dale Douglass, United States Howie Johnson
7Apr 13, 1969Masters Tournament67-73-69-72=281−71 strokeUnited States Billy Casper, Canada George Knudson, United States Tom Weiskopf
8Jan 31, 1971Andy Williams-San Diego Open Invitational67-72-68-65=272−163 strokesUnited States Dave Eichelberger
9Sep 6, 1971Greater Hartford Open Invitational68-66-68-66=268−16PlayoffUnited States Lou Graham, United States J. C. Snead,
10Jan 9, 1972Glen Campbell-Los Angeles Open66-69-69-66=270−14PlayoffUnited States Tommy Aaron, United States Dave Hill
11May 20, 1972Greater Greensboro Open70-68-66-68=272−12PlayoffUnited States Tommy Aaron
12Oct 3, 1976Sahara Invitational67-66-69-69=271−132 strokesUnited States Dave Hill, United States Don January
13Sep 9, 1984Bank of Boston Classic69-66-70-65=270−146 strokesUnited States Frank Conner, United States Joey Sindelar

PGA Tour playoff record (4–3)

No.YearTournamentOpponent(s)Result
11965Lucky International OpenNew Zealand Bob CharlesWon with birdie on second extra hole
21969Kaiser International Open InvitationalUnited States Billy Casper, United States Don January, United States Jack NicklausNicklaus won with birdie on second extra hole
January eliminated with par on first hole
31970Robinson Open Golf ClassicCanada George KnudsonLost to par on fourth extra hole
41971Greater Hartford Open InvitationalUnited States Lou Graham, United States J. C. SneadWon with birdie on first extra hole
51972Glen Campbell-Los Angeles OpenUnited States Tommy Aaron, United States Dave HillWon 18-hole playoff (Archer:66, Aaron:68, Hill:68)
61972Dean Martin Tucson OpenUnited States Miller BarberBarber won with birdie on third extra hole after 18-hole playoff (Archer:72, Barber:72)
71972Greater Greensboro OpenUnited States Tommy AaronWon with par on second extra hole

Major championship is shown in bold.

Other wins (8)[edit]

Senior PGA Tour wins (19)[edit]

No.DateTournamentWinning scoreTo parMargin
of victory
Runner(s)-up
1Oct 15, 1989Gatlin Brothers Southwest Senior Classic69-72-68=209−7PlayoffUnited States Orville Moody, United States Jimmy Powell
2Jan 7, 1990MONY Senior Tournament of Champions73-69-67-74=283−57 strokesAustralia Bruce Crampton
3Jul 8, 1990Northville Long Island Classic69-67-72=208−161 strokeUnited States Frank Beard, United States Charles Coody
4Aug 26, 1990GTE Northwest Classic69-66-70=205−152 strokesAustralia Bruce Crampton
5Oct 28, 1990Rancho Murieta Senior Gold Rush70-68-66=204−121 strokeUnited States Dale Douglass
6Aug 4, 1991Northville Long Island Classic68-67-69=204−122 strokesUnited States Jim Colbert, United States Larry Laoretti
7Sep 1, 1991GTE North Classic66-66-67=199−171 strokeUnited States Dale Douglass
8Oct 13, 1991Raley's Senior Gold Rush67-71-68=206−101 strokeSouth Africa Simon Hobday
9May 10, 1992Murata Reunion Pro-Am66-72-73=211−5PlayoffUnited States Tommy Aaron
10Aug 2, 1992Northville Long Island Classic70-67-68=205−92 strokesUnited States Jim Albus
11Aug 16, 1992Bruno's Memorial Classic66-68-74=208−81 strokeUnited States Jack Kiefer, United States Rocky Thompson
12Jul 18, 1993Ameritech Senior Open67-66=133−111 strokeUnited States Jim Colbert, South Africa Simon Hobday,
United States Dick Rhyan
13Jul 25, 1993First of America Classic67-69-63=199−14PlayoffUnited States Jim Colbert, United States Chi-Chi Rodríguez
14Oct 17, 1993Raley's Senior Gold Rush68-66-68=202−141 strokeNew Zealand Bob Charles, United States Chi-Chi Rodríguez
15Oct 31, 1993PING Kaanapali Classic67-69-63=199−14PlayoffUnited States Dave Stockton, United States Lee Trevino
16Feb 20, 1995Toshiba Senior Classic67-68-64=199−111 strokeUnited States Dave Stockton, United States Tom Wargo
17May 14, 1995Cadillac NFL Golf Classic69-66-70=205−111 strokeUnited States Raymond Floyd, United States Bob Murphy
18Aug 16, 1998First of America Classic68-67-64=199−175 strokesUnited States Jim Dent
19Jan 23, 2000MasterCard Championship67-71-69=207−92 strokesUnited States Hale Irwin, Australia Graham Marsh,
United States Dana Quigley, United States Lee Trevino

Senior PGA Tour Tour playoff record (4–2)

No.YearTournamentOpponent(s)Result
11989Gatlin Brothers Southwest Senior ClassicUnited States Orville Moody, United States Jimmy PowellWon with par on second extra hole
21991Security Pacific Senior ClassicUnited States John Brodie, United States Chi-Chi RodríguezBrodie won with birdie on first extra hole
31992GTE Suncoast ClassicUnited States Jim ColbertLost to birdie on fourth extra hole
41992Murata Reunion Pro-AmUnited States Tommy AaronWon with birdie on third extra hole
51993First of America ClassicUnited States Jim Colbert, United States Chi-Chi RodríguezWon with par on third extra hole
Rodríguez eliminated with par on first hole
61993PING Kaanapali ClassicUnited States Dave Stockton, United States Lee TrevinoWon with birdie on first extra hole

Other senior wins (4)[edit]

Major championships[edit]

Wins (1)[edit]

YearChampionship54 holesWinning scoreTo parMarginRunners-up
1969Masters Tournament1 shot deficit67-73-69-72=281−71 strokeUnited States Billy Casper, Canada George Knudson, United States Tom Weiskopf

Results timeline[edit]

Tournament196419651966196719681969
Masters TournamentDNPDNPDNPT16T221
U.S. OpenT39DNPT17WDT16T10
The Open ChampionshipDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPWD
PGA ChampionshipDNPT61DNPT55T4T69
Tournament1970197119721973197419751976197719781979
Masters TournamentT3135T12T43WDCUTCUTT19WDDNP
U.S. OpenT30T5T65T34DNPDNPDNPT27CUTDNP
The Open ChampionshipDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNP
PGA ChampionshipT61T34T36T51DNPDNPDNPT1961DNP
Tournament1980198119821983198419851986198719881989
Masters TournamentCUTT11T30T12T25T53CUTDNPCUTT43
U.S. OpenDNPT58DNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNP
The Open ChampionshipDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNPDNP
PGA ChampionshipT17CUTT34T67DNPT47DNPDNPDNPDNP
Tournament199019911992
Masters Tournament49WD51
U.S. OpenDNPDNPDNP
The Open ChampionshipDNPDNPDNP
PGA ChampionshipDNPDNPDNP

DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10

Summary[edit]

TournamentWins2nd3rdTop-5Top-10Top-25EventsCuts made
Masters Tournament1001182416
U.S. Open0001241210
The Open Championship00000010
PGA Championship0001131514
Totals10034155240

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Masters champ Archer dies at 65". St. Petersburg Times. September 27, 2005. p. 2C. 
  2. ^ a b Jenkins, Dan (April 21, 1969). "Sorry, Billy". Sports Illustrated: 24. 
  3. ^ "Archer wins Masters by 1; trio shares 2nd". Milwaukee Sentinel. UPI. April 14, 1969. p. 1, part 2. 
  4. ^ Green, Bob (April 14, 1969). "Masters success won't spoil George Archer". Reading Eagle (Reading, Pennsylvania). Associated Press. p. 20. 
  5. ^ a b c Litsky, Frank (September 28, 2005). "1969 Masters golf champ Archer noted for putting prowess". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. E5. 
  6. ^ "1969 Masters leaderboard". Augusta.com. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.augusta.com/masters/historic/leaderboards/1969leaderboard.shtml
  8. ^ "Golf Major Championships". Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  9. ^ "'I'm still in a state of shock,' Tewell says". Williamson Daily News (Williamson, West Virginia). April 2, 1980. p. 19. Retrieved February 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ Herskowitz, Mickey (April 13, 1964). "Home On The Range Or The Greens". Sports Illustrated: E9. Retrieved January 31, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Golf: Archer Makes His Bow". Time. April 25, 1969. Retrieved January 31, 2013. 
  12. ^ "1983 Masters leaderboard". Augusta.com. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ Greenday, Joe (April 11, 1983). "Elizabeth Archer enjoying a first in golf at Masters". Boca Raton News. Knight Ridder Newspapers. p. 1D. 
  14. ^ "Pro Archer has daughter carry bag". News and Courier (Charleston, South Carolina). Associated Press. August 17, 1980. p. 8B. 
  15. ^ "Masters winner George Archer dies". USA Today. Associated Press. September 26, 2005. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Former Masters Champion George Archer Battled Secret Life-long Illiteracy; Moving First-Person Account Written by Archer's Wife Appears in the March/April Issue of Golf For Women". Business Wire. February 14, 2006. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  17. ^ "The George Archer Memorial Foundation for Literacy". Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  18. ^ Apfelbaum, Jim, ed. (2007). The Gigantic Book of Golf Quotations. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-014-0. 
  19. ^ "Just in ...". Golf World 66 (10): 15. September 17, 2012. "The victory totals for four former PGA Tour players have been increased after the tour determined they were not credited with winning the 1968 and 1972 National Team Championship ... Hiskey and Zarley now have three wins, Archer 13 and Nichols 12." 
  20. ^ "Nichols, Archer triumph". The Windsor Star. AP. September 23, 1968. p. 6B. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]