Geology of Iceland

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Iceland Mid-Atlantic Ridge Fig16.gif

The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists. Iceland lies on the geologic rift between the Eurasian plate and the North American plate. It also lies above a hotspot, the Iceland plume, which is believed to have caused the formation of Iceland itself, the island first appearing over the ocean surface about 16 to 18 million years ago. [1] [2] The result is an island of volcanism and geothermal phenomena such as geysers.

The eruption of Laki in 1783 caused much devastation and loss of life and affected Europe.

In the period 1965 to 1969 the new island of Surtsey was created on the southwest coast by a volcanic eruption.

Chronology[edit]

Opening of the North Atlantic[edit]

Cenozoic fossiliferous strata[edit]

Glaciations[edit]

Holocene changes and volcanism[edit]

Human impact and natural catastrophes[edit]

Current climate change[edit]

Current tectonics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]