Gaze (physiology)

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The term gaze is frequently used in physiology to describe coordinated motion of the eyes and neck. The lateral gaze is controlled by the paramedian pontine reticular formation (PPRF).[1] The vertical gaze is controlled by the rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus and the interstitial nucleus of Cajal.[2]

Conjugate gaze[edit]

The conjugate gaze is the motion of both eyes in the same direction at the same time, and conjugate gaze palsy refers to an impairment of this function. The conjugate gaze is controlled by four different mechanisms:[3]


  1. ^ "Neural Control of Saccadic Eye Movements -- Neuroscience -- NCBI Bookshelf". Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  2. ^ Fukushima, K (Apr 1991). "The interstitial nucleus of Cajal in the midbrain reticular formation and vertical eye movement.". Neuroscience research 10 (3): 159–87. doi:10.1016/0168-0102(91)90055-4. PMID 1650435. 
  3. ^ Fowler, Timothy J.; John W. Scadding (2003). Clinical Neurology (3rd ed.). Arnold. ISBN 0-340-80798-9. 

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