7th Cavalry Regiment (United States)

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7th Cavalry
7CavRegtCOA.jpg
7th Cavalry coat of arms
ActiveSeptember 21, 1866 –
CountryUnited States
BranchRegular Army
TypeArmored Cavalry
NicknameGarryowen
MottoThe Seventh First
ColorsYellow
MarchGarryowen[1]
EngagementsIndian Wars
*Battle of Washita River 1868
*Battle of Honsinger Bluff 1873
*Battle of the Little Bighorn1876
Mexican Punitive Expedition
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Gulf War
Iraq War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer

Lt. Col. Brice C. W. Custer
Adna R. Chaffee, Jr.
Lt. Col.(later Lt. Gen.) Hal Moore

Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia7 Cav Rgt DUI.jpg
Regimental march
Garryowen
 
  (Redirected from Garry Owen)
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7th Cavalry
7CavRegtCOA.jpg
7th Cavalry coat of arms
ActiveSeptember 21, 1866 –
CountryUnited States
BranchRegular Army
TypeArmored Cavalry
NicknameGarryowen
MottoThe Seventh First
ColorsYellow
MarchGarryowen[1]
EngagementsIndian Wars
*Battle of Washita River 1868
*Battle of Honsinger Bluff 1873
*Battle of the Little Bighorn1876
Mexican Punitive Expedition
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Gulf War
Iraq War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer

Lt. Col. Brice C. W. Custer
Adna R. Chaffee, Jr.
Lt. Col.(later Lt. Gen.) Hal Moore

Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia7 Cav Rgt DUI.jpg
Regimental march
Garryowen
U.S. Cavalry Regiments
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The 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army Cavalry Regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. Its official nickname is "Garryowen,"[1] in honor of the Irish air Garryowen that was adopted as its march tune.

Following its activation the Seventh Cavalry Regiment patrolled the Western plains for raiding native Americans and to protect the westward movement of pioneers. From 1866 to 1881, the regiment marched a total of 181,692 miles (292,342 km) across Kansas, Montana, and the Dakota Territories.

Contents

American Indian Wars

The regiment was constituted on July 28, 1866 in the regular army as the 7th Cavalry. It was organized on September 21, 1866 at Fort Riley, Kansas as part of an expansion of the regular army following the demobilization of the wartime volunteer and draft forces. From 1866 through 1871, the regiment was posted to Fort Riley and fought in the American Indian Wars.

Its most notorious action of the American Indian Wars was at the Battle of the Washita (also known as the Washita Massacre) in 1868, in which the regiment sustained 21 losses, while inflicting more that 150 deaths on a Cheyenne encampment composed largely of elderly men, as well as women and children.[2]

Typical of post-Civil War cavalry regiments, the Seventh was organized as a twelve-company regiment without formal battalion organization. However, battalions—renamed "squadrons" in 1883—did exist. Companies A–D were assigned to 1st Battalion; Companies E–H were assigned to 2nd Battalion; and Companies I–M (no company J in Regiment) were assigned to 3rd Battalion. Throughout this period, the cavalryman was armed with Colt Single Action Army .45 caliber revolvers and single-shot Springfield carbines, caliber .45–55 until 1892. He used one of the many variants of the McClellan saddle. Sabres were issued but not carried on campaign. The Seventh Cavalry, like the other U.S. Army regiments of the time had a band, which performed mounted as well as on foot, and seated for concerts. Initially established with the support of Major Alfred Gibbs, the 7th's band adopted "Garryowen" as their favorite tune and thus gave the Seventh their nickname among the rest of the Army. The troopers in the Wild West didn't only fight Indians: on July 17, 1870 in Hays, Kansas, a shoot-out between Sheriff Wild Bill Hickok and two troopers resulted in one soldier dying of his wounds and the other wounded.

From 1871 through 1873, 7th Cavalry companies participated in constabulary duties in the deep South in support of the Reconstruction Act, and, for half the regiment, again in 1874–1876. In 1873 the 7th Cavalry moved its garrison post to Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory. From here, the regiment carried out the historic reconnaissance of the Black Hills in 1874, making the discovery of gold in the Black Hills public and starting a gold rush that precipitated the Great Sioux War of 1876–77. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer was killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876 with 211 men of the 7th Cavalry. Although the Seventh is best known for its famous "last stand" made at the Little Bighorn, the Regiment also participated in lesser known battles, such as the capture of Chief Joseph's Nez Perce at the Battle of Bear Paw in 1877. The regiment committed the so-called Wounded Knee Massacre on December 29, 1890, signaling the end of the American Indian Wars.

A total of 45 men earned the Medal of Honor while serving with the 7th Cavalry during the American Indian Wars: 24 for actions during the Battle of the Little Bighorn, two during the Battle of Bear Paw, 17 for being involved in the Wounded Knee Massacre or an engagement at White Clay Creek the next day, and two during other actions against the Sioux in December 1890.[3]

Little Bighorn, June 25–26, 1876
  • Private Neil Bancroft, Troop A
  • Private Abram B. Brant, Troop D
  • Private Thomas J. Callan, Troop B
  • Sergeant Banjamin C. Criswell, Troop B
  • Corporal Charles Cunningham, Troop B
  • Private Frederick Deetline, Troop D
  • Sergeant George Geiger, Troop H
  • Private Theodore W. Goldin, Troop G
  • Sergeant Richard P. Hanley, Troop C
  • Private David W. Harris, Troop A
  • Private William M. Harris, Troop D
  • Private Henry Holden, Troop D
  • Sergeant Rufus D. Hutchinson, Troop B
  • Blacksmith Henry W. B. Mechlin, Troop H
  • Sergeant Thomas Murray, Troop B
  • Private James Pym, Troop B
  • Sergeant Stanislaus Roy, Troop A
  • Private George D. Scott, Troop D
  • Private Thomas W. Stivers, Troop D
  • Private Peter Thompson, Troop C
  • Private Frank Tolan, Troop D
  • Saddler Otto Voit, Troop H
  • Sergeant Charles H. Welch, Troop D
  • Private Charles Windolph, Troop H
Bear Paw, September 30, 1877
The mutilated body of Sergeant Frederick Wyllyams, Troop G, 7th Cavalry, who was one of seven soldiers killed in a skirmish with Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho warriors on June 26, 1867
Sioux campaign, December 1890
Wounded Knee and White Clay Creek, December 29–30, 1890

Before World War II

From 1895 until 1899, the Regiment served in New Mexico (Fort Bayard) and Oklahoma (Ft. Sill), then overseas in Cuba (Camp Columbia) from 1899 to 1902. An enlisted trooper with the Seventh Cavalry, "B" Company, from May 1896 until March 1897 at Fort Grant Arizona Territory was author Edgar Rice Burroughs.

The Regiment served in the Philippines during the Philippine-American War from 1904 through 1907, with a second tour from 1911 through 1915. Back in the United States, the Regiment was once again stationed in the southwest, in Arizona (Camp Harvey J. Jones), where it patrolled the U.S.-Mexico border and later was part of the Mexican Punitive Expedition of 1916 to 1917.

In December 1917, 7th Cavalry was assigned to the 15th Cavalry Division, an on-paper organization designed for service in France during World War I that was never more than a simple headquarters. This was because no significant role emerged for mounted troops on the Western Front during the nineteen months between the entry of the United States into the War and the Armistice of 11 November 1918.[4] The 7th Cavalry was released from this assignment in May 1918.

On September 13, 1921, 7th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, which assignment was maintained until 1957. The Division and its 2nd Cavalry Brigade was garrisoned at Fort Bliss, Texas, while the 1st Cavalry Brigade was garrisoned at Douglas, Arizona. Additional garrison points were used as well.

The 7th Cavalry Regiment continued to train as horse cavalry right up to World War II, including participation in several training maneuvers at the Louisiana Maneuver Area on April 26, 1940 – May 28, 1940; August 12–22, 1940; and August 8, 1941 – October 4, 1941.

World War II

Troop E, 7th Cavalry Regiment, advances towards San Jose on Leyte, October 20, 1944

The 7th Cavalry Regiment was dismounted on February 28, 1943, and started packing up for deployment to the Pacific Theater, still part of 1st Cavalry Division. The 7th Cavalry staged at Camp Stoneman, California on June 18, 1943, and departed the San Francisco Port of Embarkation on June 26, 1943. It arrived in Australia on July 11, 1943, where it trained for combat, and then participated in the New Guinea campaign, which began on January 24, 1943, and did not end until December 31, 1944.

The regiment was relieved from duty in this campaign, and moved on to be reorganized under special Cavalry and Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment on December 4, 1943, and then trained for combat and participated in the Bismarck Archipelago campaign, which started on December 15, 1943, and did not end until November 27, 1944.

The 7th Cavalry moved to Oro Bay, New Guinea on February 22, 1944, and moved by landing craft to Negros Island on March 4, 1944 to reinforce the units in the Admiralty Islands campaign, securing Lombrum Plantation.

The 7th Cavalry moved on to Hauwei Island, which it secured on March 12–13, 1944. The regiment continued on, and arrived at Lugos Mission on Manus Island on March 15, 1944.

The Leyte campaign started on October 17, 1944, and 7th Cavalry moved on towards the Philippines, and assaulted Leyte on October 20, 1944. 7th Cavalry reached the Visayan Sea in late December 1944, and reassembled with the 1st Cavalry Division near Tunga on January 7, 1945. Leyte did not end until July 1, 1945, but 7th Cavalry was needed for the Luzon campaign, which started on December 15, 1944.

Deploying again by landing craft, 7th Cavalry landed at Luzon on January 27, 1945, where the regiment engaged until the end of the Luzon campaign on July 4, 1945. 7th Cavalry again reorganized—this time entirely under Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment, but still designated as a Cavalry Regiment, on July 20, 1945 to prepare for the invasion of the main Japanese islands. However, the invasion was not to be. 7th Cavalry Regiment was at Lucena, Batangas in the Philippines until September 2, 1945, when it was moved to Japan to start Occupation duty.

Occupation of Japan and Korean War

The 7th stayed in Japan as part of the occupation force. Coincidentally, one of its officers during this period was Lt. Col. Brice C. W. Custer, the grand-nephew of former commander George Armstrong Custer.[5]

The 7th Cavalry fought in the Korean War's bloodiest battles. These include Hwanggan, Poksong-Dong, Kwanni, and Naktong River Defense (Battle of Pusan Perimeter). When the 1st Cavalry Division attacked north, the 7th Cavalry was in front, smashing 106 miles behind enemy lines in an historic 24 hours. Three more Presidential Unit Citations were added to the colors.

In the No Gun Ri Massacre, July 26-29, 1950, early in the war, the regiment's 2nd Battalion was found to have killed South Korean refugees under and around a railroad bridge at the village of No Gun Ri, 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Seoul, because of fear of North Korean infiltrators among civilian groups.[6] In 2005, the South Korean government certified the names of 163 dead or missing (mostly women, children and old men) and 55 wounded, and said many other victims' names were not reported.[7] Survivors generally estimated some 400 were killed. The massacre first gained worldwide attention through Associated Press articles in 1999 in which 7th Cavalry veterans corroborated Korean survivors' accounts.[8]

7th Cavalry Regiment was reorganized under a new Table of Organization & Equipment on March 25, 1949, when the Troops were once again designated as Companies.

Cold War

The regiment was relieved from its assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division on October 15, 1957, and then reorganized under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) on November 1, 1957. HQ & HQ Company transferred to the control of the Department of the Army. November 1, As part of this reorganization, Company "A" redesignated, 1st Battle Group, 7th Cavalry and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. Company "B" was redesignated 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry and Company "C" was redesignated, 3d Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry and assigned to the 10th Infantry Division.

After the Korean War, 7th Cavalry was used mainly in a reconnaissance role. It received the M14 rifle, along with various other new weapons and equipment (including the Patton tank). Also, a few OH-13s were used by the reconnaissance squadrons.

Three battalions, the 1st, 2nd and 5th served during the Vietnam War as the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division. 3rd Brigade often self-referred itself as the "Garryowen Brigade". These troopers were armed with the new M16 rifle, M1911A1 Pistols and the M79 grenade launcher. The use of Bell UH-1 Iroquois "Huey" helicopters transformed the 1st Cavalry into an "Air-mobile" unit. Seven men earned the Medal of Honor while serving with the 7th Cavalry in Vietnam: Private First Class Lewis Albanese, Company B, 5th Battalion; First Lieutenant Douglas B. Fournet, Company B, 1st Battalion; Sergeant John Noble Holcomb, Company D, 2nd Battalion; Second Lieutenant Walter Joseph Marm, Jr., Company A, 1st Battalion; Private First Class William D. Port, Company C, 5th Battalion; Specialist Four Héctor Santiago-Colón, Company B, 5th Battalion; and First Lieutenant James M. Sprayberry, Company D, 5th Battalion.[9][10]

The other 2 units, the 3rd and 4th reconnaissance Squadrons, were based in Germany, and Korea.

The 1st, 2nd, and 5th Battalions were deactivated after the Vietnam War, and only the 3rd and 4th Squadrons remained as divisional reconnaissance squadrons assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division and 2nd Infantry Division respectively. Both the 3rd and 4th squadrons were aviation-tank cavalry squadrons using the M551 Sheridan AR/AAV vehicle (later replaced by the M48 Patton tank), M113 & M114 Armored Personnel Carriers. Both squadrons had an air cavalry "Delta" Troop, that had both reconnaissance & gunship UH-1B's. The gunships were armed with M-5 rocket launchers, and M-22 anti-tank guided missiles. In 1963 the 3rd Squadron became the divisional cavalry squadron for the 3rd Infantry Division and was stationed at Ledward & Conn Barracks Schweinfurt West Germany. The Squadron consisted of three ground troops, one aviation troop and a headquarters troop. The ground troops were equipped with M60A3 tanks, M113 Armored Personnel Carriers, ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle, an M113 variant) and a mortar section with 4.2-inch (110 mm) mortars mounted in an M113 variant. In 1989 the M60 tanks were replaced with M1A1 Abrams tanks. The aviation troops were equipped with OH-58 scout helicopters and AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters. On November 16, 1992, the Squadron was inactivated in Germany and relieved of assignment to the 8th Infantry Division. The Headquarters and Headquarters Troop consolidated on December 16, 1992 with the 3rd Reconnaissance Company and designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry. On February 16, 1996, the squadron was assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division and activated at Fort Stewart, Georgia as the Division Cavalry Squadron and became the "Eyes and Ears" of the Marne Division, the "Iron Fist" of the XVIII Airborne Corps. The Squadron has been involved in several deployments since then including Operation Desert Storm in Kuwait, Operation Joint Forge in Bosnia, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Squadron was reassigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team of the 3rd Infantry Division in 2004 and as the Brigade's Armored Reconnaissance Squadron. Combat operations for Operation Iraqi Freedom III began on February 4, 2005 when the Squadron arrived at Forward Operating Base Rustamiyah located in southeast Baghdad. Immediately upon arrival, the Squadron began patrolling the area east of the Tigris River in the Rusafa and New Baghdad districts as well as securing Route Pluto North, one of the primary supply routes for the Division.

However, between 1974 and 1975 other units were reactivated. The 1st Battalion became an armored unit, the 2nd Battalion remained an air mobile unit with a recon platoon using motorcycles moved by helicopters. After 1975, the 2nd and 5th Battalion were reorganized as mechanized infantry. In 1978, the 5th Battalion was once again deactivated.

Operation Desert Storm

The 1st Squadron and 4th Squadron fought in Operation Desert Storm[11] in January/February 1991. Ground troops were armed with the M3A1 Bradley CFV. Air cavalry Troops AH-1F Cobras, OH-58C scouts.

The 1st Squadron, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Walter L. Sharp was the divisional cavalry squadron for the 1st Cavalry Division and assigned to the Division's aviation brigade. The squadron was organized as a headquarters troop, two ground troops (Troops A and B), and two air troops (Troops C and D). Prior to deployment, the squadron also attached a ground troop, Troop A, 2d Squadron, 1st Cavalry, from the inactivating 2d Armored Division, also at Fort Hood. After attachment, the additional troop was provisionally flagged as Troop E, 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry. The squadron was in Southwest Asia from October 1990 until May 1991. During the campaign, 1-7 CAV overwatched the border area of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait did numerous recon missions into Iraq and led the 1st Cavalry Division during its attack into Iraq after being released as the CENTCOM theater reserve. After the war, Trp E/1-7 CAV remained in the squadron's task organization through its reorganization in 1993, exchanging its guidons with Trp C/1-7 CAV in 1994.

The 4th Squadron, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Terry L. Tucker, was the divisional cavalry squadron for 3rd Armored Division, taking part of the Battle of Phase Line Bullet. The squadron was inactivated in 1992 with the rest of the 3d Armored Division. In 1996, the squadron was reactivated as a subordinate element of Aviation Brigade, 2d Infantry Division at Camp Pelham, Korea (later renamed Camp Garryowen), using the equipment and personnel of the inactivating 5th Squadron, 17th Cavalry. In 2006, the squadron was reassigned as a subordinate element of the 1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 2d Infantry Division, Camp Hovey, Korea.

Operation Iraqi Freedom

The 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry was the spearhead and the screening force for the main elements of the U.S. 3rd Infantry Division during the Iraq War. The 3d Squadron launched its attack under the command of LTC Terry Ferrell on March 22, 2003.

The 3rd Squadron was the "Eyes and Ears" for the U.S. 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) and the "Iron Fist" for the U.S. XVIII Airborne Corps. The Squadron was engaged with the enemy earlier and more often in the war than any other unit.

The 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry served in the 1st Cavalry Division's 5th Brigade Combat Team (BCT) during its first deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom II from April 1, 2004 to April 1, 2005. The 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry, commanded by LTC William R. Salter, distinguished itself by extraordinary valor and gallantry while executing combat operations in the Al Rashid District of Baghdad, Iraq. The Squadron defeated a surge of enemy attacks and neutralized insurgent and terrorist elements within its Area of Operations (AO) through a combination of constant day to day interaction with the populace, adaptable tactics and the tenacious fighting spirit of its troopers. In addition to securing an AO of 68 km2 with a population of more than 1.2 million, the Squadron also secured ROUTE IRISH, a strategic highway and Multi-National Corps-Iraq (MNC-I) Main Supply Route connecting the International Zone (IZ) to the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP). The Squadron was also instrumental in providing a secure environment during the first Iraqi democratic election in January 2005. 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment was awarded the Meritorious Unit Citation for its actions during this campaign. Most recently 1-7 CAV, commanded by LTC Kevin S. MacWatters, deployed as the Armed Reconnaissance Squadron for 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 06-08 (October 6, 2006 to January 15, 2008). The Squadron conducted full-spectrum operations as a part of Multi-National Division-Baghdad (MND-B)in the Taji Area of Operations. During this deployment the Squadron was instrumental in the destruction of multiple improvised explosive device (IED)and Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED) terrorist cells as a part of the "Surge", greatly enhancing MND-B's ability to secure Baghdad. The secure environment created by the Squadron in the Taji area enabled local government to take hold, local police and Iraqi Army forces to take over security operations, and the "Reconciliation" to successfully spread throughout the Area of Operations.[citation needed]

The 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry was attached to the 39th BCT although assigned to 3d BCT, 1st CAV. The unit deployed to Iraq under the command of LTC Charles Forshee. 7 weeks after arrival in Iraq. LTC James Eugene Rainey became the new commander of the battalion upon the relief for cause of LTC Forshee. In August 2004, the 2nd Battalion was hand selected to support US Marine Corps operations during the battle of Najaf (2004) . The 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit (11th MEU) Commander, Colonel Tony Haslam, attributed their success in the city to the brave Soldiers of the 2nd Battalion. In November, the Marines again requested the presence of the Garryowen Ghosts for the Battle of Fallujah. The "Ghost Battalion" was the main combat power for the onslaught into the insurgent ran city.[citation needed]

A squad marksman scans for enemy snipers at the Nineveh ancient ruins in Mosul, Iraq, April 4, 2007

The 2nd Battalion moved from 3rd BCT, 1st Cav Div, Ft Hood Texas, to Ft Bliss to become part of the newly formed 4th BCT and in October 2006 The 2nd Battalion again headed for Iraq this time to Mosul. Within the first several months the Battalion took the first casualties of the 4th BCT. Since October 2006 C Co. 2-7 Cav. has endured 6 KIA and numerous wounded.[citation needed]

2nd Battalion redeployed in December 2007 to Fort Bliss, TX. In 2008, it deployed from Fort Hood, TX to Iraq in support of OIF 08-10. Maintaining control of the northern half of the Maysan province of Iraq, it operated out of FOB Garryowen. FOB Garryowen, located in Amarah, Iraq's border city with Iran, was established in June 2008 for the battalion by a team of 23 Air Force Enlisted Engineers. B/2-7 CAV worked with the Iraqi Police in Majar al Kabir to capture the criminals responsible for murdering 6 British Military Police in November 2004. Among its other accomplishments, 2-7 CAV worked with the Iraqi Security Forces to provide successful security to Iraq's provincial elections in January 2009 and is responsible for several large volume cache finds. During its tour, the 10th Iraqi Army Division conducted Operation "Lion's Roar," a combined live-fire exercise in Maysan province in April 2009 - the first of its kind in the Iraqi Army. The exercise integrated U.S. enablers and demonstrated the capability and lethality of the Iraqi Army. 2nd Battalion is currently deploying to Mosul, Iraq.[citation needed]

The 5th Squadron, 7th Cavalry as part of the Army's modularity program, the 3rd Infantry Division converted the 1-3 Air Defense Artillery battalion to become 5th Squadron, 7 Cavalry Regiment, an Armored Reconnaissance Squadron. The 5th Squadron deployed in 2005 and most recently in January 2007. Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Cliff Wheeler, the Warpaint Squadron initially operated to the north of Ramadi, and remained under the operational control of the 1st Brigade Combat Team. In April 2007, the Squadron conducted a full-scale movement to contact, clearing from Ramadi, to the south of Lake Habbaniyah, and then east to Route Iron in Fallujah, while attaching to the Marine Corps' 6th Regimental Combat Team and basing at Camp Baharia. Due to the firepower and mobility inherent within a Cavalry Squadron, 5-7 CAV was assigned the largest battlespace within RCT 6's Area of Operations. The Squadron also suffered from the limitations in assigned Troopers that also comes with the Cavalry. For 8 months, the Squadron conducted security and COIN operations across the Warpaint AO. The Squadron established and maintained freedom of movement along Routes Michigan, Iron, San Juan and Gold, and maintained a safe and secure environment in the towns of Saqliwiyah, North Saqliwiyah, Amariyah, and Farris. Additional operations at both the Troop and Squadron level cleared and held new terrain within the Regimental Security Zone. In December 2007, the Squadron was attached to the operational control of the 3rd Infantry Division's 2nd Brigade Combat Team at FOB Kalsu. The Squadron conducted relief-in-place with two USMC rifle battalions and redeployed to Kalsu in approximately 8 days. An additional week of training and preparations were required before they attacked into Arab Jabour and cleared the town of Sayafiyah (30,000 residents) in conjunction with the Iraqi "Sons of Iraq" program. The Squadron occupied an area that had seen no long-term coalition forces presence, and conducted operations in a most austere fashion. The Squadron secured all routes with fixed positions while simultaneously building COP Meade, clearing all routes, terrain and structures within the new Warpaint AO. The Squadron completed the mission in March 2008, and conducted a relief-in-place with 1-187 IN, the Rakkasans, before redeploying to Fort Stewart in April, 2008. During OIF V, the Squadron suffered 6 KIA and numerous wounded. During 20 months of subsequent dwell time, the Squadron participated, as part of the 1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team, in the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive Consequence Management Reaction Force (CCMRF) mission in support of the requirements of Defense Support to Civil Authority. This mission requires the unit, at the request of local, state or national civil authorities, to deploy within the United States in response to a catastrophic event. The Squadron is currently in final preparations for a third deployment to Iraq in December 2009.[citation needed]

Current status

Lineage

7th Cavalry Regiment

A computer generated reproduction of the insignia of the Union Army 7th Regiment of Cavalry. The insignia is displayed in gold and consists of two sheafed swords crossing over each other at a 45 degree angle pointing upwards with a Roman numeral 7
7th Regiment - United States Cavalry insignia

2nd Reconnaissance Company

Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

  1. Comanches
  2. Little Big Horn
  3. Nez Perces
  4. Pine Ridge
  5. Montana 1873
  6. North Dakota 1874
  1. Mexico 1916–1917
  1. New Guinea
  2. Bismarck Archipelago (with arrowhead)
  3. Leyte (with arrowhead)
  4. Luzon
  1. UN Defensive
  2. UN Offensive
  3. CCF Intervention
  4. First UN Counteroffensive
  5. CCF Spring Offensive
  6. UN Summer-Fall Offensive
  7. Second Korean Winter
  8. Third Korean Winter
  1. Defense
  2. Counteroffensive
  3. Counteroffensive, Phase II
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase III
  5. Tet Counteroffensive
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase IV
  7. Counteroffensive, Phase V
  8. Counteroffensive, Phase VI
  9. Tet 69/Counteroffensive
  10. Summer-Fall 1969
  11. Winter-Spring 1970
  12. Sanctuary Counteroffensive
  13. Counteroffensive, Phase VII
  14. Consolidation I
  15. Consolidation II
  16. Cease-Fire
  1. Defense of Saudi Arabia
  2. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
  3. Cease-Fire

Decorations

  1. Antipolo, Luzon
  2. Yonchon, Korea
  3. Taegu, Korea
  4. Pusan, Korea
  5. 4th Battalion Hongchon [12]
  6. Pleiku province
  7. Troop B, 1st Battalion, Binh Thuan province
  8. 3rd Squadron embroidered Iraq (2003)
  9. HHC, A and C Companies 2d Battalion Fallujah (2004)
  1. Troop B, 1st Battalion Tay Ninh province[13]
  2. 1st, 2d, 5th Battalions Quang Tin province
  3. 1st, 2d, 5th Battalions Fish Hook
  4. HHT, A, B, C Troops of 1st Squadron, Iraq (2007)
  5. HHT, A, B, C Troops of 1st Squadron, Iraq (2009)
  1. 1st Squadron Southwest Asia (1991)
  2. 1st Squadron Iraq (2004, 2008)
  3. 3rd Squadron Iraq (2006)
  1. HHC, A, B, C Companies, 2nd Battalion embroidered Anbar Province (2005)
  1. 4th Squadron 1940
  1. 4th Squadron In the Ardennes
  2. 4th Squadron At Elsenborn Crest
  1. Streamer embroidered COLMAR (3rd Reconnaissance Trp, cited; DA GO 43, 1950)
  2. Streamer embroidered COLMAR (3rd Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry, cited; WD GO 43, 1950)
  3. Fourragere (3rd Reconnaissance Trp cited; DA GO 43, 1950)
  1. 17 October 1944 to 4 July 1945
  1. Waegwan-Taegu
  2. Korea 1952–1953
  1. Korea[14]

1st Battalion

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 14 to 16 Nov 1965; DA GO 21, 1969, amended DA GO 48, 1968)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the periods 09 Aug to 13 Nov 1965 and 17 Nov Nov 1965 to 19 May 1969; DA GO 70, 1969, amended DA GO 59, 1969)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period May 1969 to Feb 1970; DA GO 11, 1973, amended DA GO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970 - 1971 (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 21 Feb 1970 to 28 Feb 1971; DA GO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1972 (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 17 Sep 1965 to Jun 1972; DA GO 54, 1974)

Troop B additionally entitled to: Streamer embroidered BINH THUAN PROVINCE ("B" Co, 1st Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 12 Dec 1966 to 18 Feb 1967; DA GO 02, 1973)

Streamer embroidered VIETNAM (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 01 Jan 1969 to 01 Feb 1970; DA GO 42, 1972)

Streamer embroidered VIETNAM (1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 01 Jan 1969 to 01 Feb 1970; DA GO 42, 1972)


2nd Battalion

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 ("A" Co, 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 15 to 16 Nov 1965; DA GO 21, 1969, DA GO 70, 1969, amended DA GO 46, 1968)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 ("A" Co, 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the periods 09 Aug to 14 Nov 1965 and 17 Nov Nov 1965 to 19 May 1969; DA GO 70, 1969, amended DA GO 59, 1969)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 ("B" Co, 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 14 to 16 Nov 1965; DA GO 21, 1969, DA GO 70, 1969, amended DA GO 46, 1968)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 ("B" Co, 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the periods 09 Aug to 13 Nov 1965 and 17 Nov Nov 1965 to 19 May 1969; DA GO 70, 1969, amended DA GO 59, 1969)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period May 1969 to Feb 1970; DA GO 11, 1973, amended DA GO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970 - 1971 (2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 21 Feb 1970 to 28 Feb 1971; DA GO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 (earned by the 3rd Reconnaissance Trp as part of the 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period ;)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (earned by the 3rd Reconnaissance Trp as part of the 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period ;)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970-1971 (earned by the 3rd Reconnaissance Trp as part of the 2nd Bn, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period ;)

Streamer embroidered VIETNAM (2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 01 Jan 1969 to 01 Feb 1970; DA GO 42, 1972)


5th Battalion

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 (5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 09 Aug to 19 May 1969; DA GO 59, 1969)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period May 1969 to Feb 1970; DA GO 11, 1973, amended DA GO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970 - 1971 (5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 21 Feb 1970 to 28 Feb 1971; DA GO 42, 1972)

Streamer embroidered VIETNAM (5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, cited for the period 1 Jan 1969 to 1 Feb 1970; DA GO 42, 1972)

In popular culture

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Special Unit Designations". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/spdes-123-ra_ar.html. Retrieved June 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients - Indian Wars Period". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 6 November 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/indianwars.html. Retrieved November 2, 2009. 
  4. ^ Randy Stern: "The Horse Soldier 1776-1943" ISBN 0-8061-1283-2
  5. ^ Commanders of the 7th Cavalry Regiment,
  6. ^ Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of the Army (January 2001). No Gun Ri Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Army. pp. x. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/U.S._Department_of_the_Army_No_Gun_Ri_Review_Report. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  7. ^ Committee for the Review and Restoration of Honor for the No Gun Ri Victims (2009). No Gun Ri Incident Victim Review Report. Seoul: Government of the Republic of Korea. pp. 277-281. ISBN 978-89-957925-1-3. 
  8. ^ "War's hidden chapter: Ex-GIs tell of killing Korean refugees". The Associated Press. September 29, 1999. 
  9. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients - Vietnam (A-L)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/vietnam-a-l.html. Retrieved November 2, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients - Vietnam (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/vietnam-m-z.html. Retrieved November 2, 2009. 
  11. ^ AR 600-8-27 p. 26 paragraph 9-14 & p. 28 paragraph 2-14
  12. ^ 4th Squadron ONLY.
  13. ^ Troop B, 1st Battalion only 1st Battalion unit entitled.
  14. ^ Department of the Army (2 February 1956). "General Order No. 2". apd.army.mil. Army Publishing Directorate. http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/go5602.pdf. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 

Sources

External links