Garrard County, Kentucky

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Garrard County, Kentucky
Garrard County Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Garrard County courthouse in Lancaster
Map of Kentucky highlighting Garrard County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 17, 1796
Named forJames Garrard
SeatLancaster
Largest cityLancaster
Area
 • Total234 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Land230 sq mi (596 km2)
 • Water3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 1.7%
Population
 • (2010)16,912
 • Density74/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.garrardcounty.ky.gov
 
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Garrard County, Kentucky
Garrard County Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Garrard County courthouse in Lancaster
Map of Kentucky highlighting Garrard County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 17, 1796
Named forJames Garrard
SeatLancaster
Largest cityLancaster
Area
 • Total234 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Land230 sq mi (596 km2)
 • Water3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 1.7%
Population
 • (2010)16,912
 • Density74/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.garrardcounty.ky.gov

Garrard County (/ˈɡærɪd/ GAIR-id;) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,912.[1] Its county seat is Lancaster.[2] The county was formed in 1796 and was named for James Garrard, Governor of Kentucky from 1796 to 1804.[3] It is a prohibition or dry county but Lancaster is wet.

History[edit]

Garrard County was formed in 1796 from parts of Lincoln County, Madison County and Mercer County.[4][5] It was named for Col. James Garrard, second Governor of Kentucky and acting governor at the time of the county's establishment.[6][7]

Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, visited the Kennedy home in Garrard County in her only visit to the South while gathering material for the book. The cabin of the inspiration for Uncle Tom stood behind the plantation house.[8] County officials hope to recreate the slave cabin on the grounds of the Governor William Owsley House.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 234 square miles (610 km2), of which 230 square miles (600 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (1.7%) is water.[10]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Law and Government[edit]

In the United States Senate, Garrard County is represented by US Senator Mitch McConnell and US Senator Rand Paul. Garrard County is in the 6th Congressional District, represented by US Rep. Andy Barr; in the 22nd State Senatorial District represented by State Senator Tom Buford and in the 36th State Legislative District represented by State Representative Jonathan Shell.

Garrard County is governed by the Garrard County Fiscal Court, composed of the [County Judge Executive], who is elected county wide, and five Magistrates who are elected in magisterial districts representing different geographic areas of the county. Each member of the Fiscal Court is elected to a four-year term, pursuant to the Kentucky Constitution.

Popular culture[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18006,186
18109,18648.5%
182010,85118.1%
183011,8719.4%
184010,480−11.7%
185010,237−2.3%
186010,5312.9%
187010,376−1.5%
188011,70412.8%
189011,138−4.8%
190012,0428.1%
191011,894−1.2%
192012,5035.1%
193011,562−7.5%
194011,9103.0%
195011,029−7.4%
19609,747−11.6%
19709,457−3.0%
198010,85314.8%
199011,5796.7%
200014,79227.7%
201016,91214.3%
Est. 201316,9150.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 14,792 people, 5,741 households, and 4,334 families residing in the county. The population density was 64 per square mile (25/km2). There were 6,414 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.75% White, 3.06% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,741 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.95.

By age, 24.40% of the population was under 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% were 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,284, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,989 versus $21,856 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,915. About 11.60% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.10% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Garrard County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  4. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 114. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  6. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135. 
  8. ^ "Highway Marker: Birthplace of Carry A. Nation". Kentucky Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  9. ^ Cox, Charlie (2008-05-29). "Garrard proceeds with Uncle Tom's Cabin". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Kentucky: Garrard County - County Overview". Garrardcounty.ky.gov. January 14, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  12. ^ Stephenson, David (2007-06-13). "Garrard Stockyards Prepares to Close". Lexington Herald Leader. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  13. ^ "Barbara Montgomery v John Michael Montgomery, Atlantic Records Corporation, and Maureen Ryan". Supreme Court of Kentucky. 2001-11-21. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ "Carry A. Nation (1846 – 1911)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  20. ^ http://www.courier-journal.com/article/20110322/SCENE04/303220032/1031/SPORTS05/Mickey-Raphael-loves-being-part-Willie-Nelson-s-Family?odyssey=nav%7Chead

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°39′N 84°32′W / 37.65°N 84.54°W / 37.65; -84.54