Garfield, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Garfield, New Jersey
City
City of Garfield
Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′47″N 74°06′30″W / 40.879797°N 74.10825°W / 40.879797; -74.10825Coordinates: 40°52′47″N 74°06′30″W / 40.879797°N 74.10825°W / 40.879797; -74.10825[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedMarch 15, 1898 (as Borough)
April 19, 1917 (as City)
Named forJames Garfield
Government[6]
 • Type1923 Municipal Manager Law
 • MayorJoseph Delaney (term ends June 30, 2016)[3]
 • ManagerThomas J. Duch[4]
 • ClerkAndrew J. Pavlica[5]
Area[2]
 • Total2.160 sq mi (5.594 km2)
 • Land2.099 sq mi (5.436 km2)
 • Water0.061 sq mi (0.158 km2)  2.82%
Area rank398th of 566 in state
45th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[7]98 ft (30 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total30,487
 • Estimate (2012[11])30,872
 • Rank73rd of 566 in state
5th of 70 in county[12]
 • Density14,524.8/sq mi (5,608.1/km2)
 • Density rank15th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07026[13][14]
Area code(s)973[15]
FIPS code3400325770[16][17][17]
GNIS feature ID0876557[18]
Websitewww.garfieldnj.org
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Garfield, New Jersey
City
City of Garfield
Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′47″N 74°06′30″W / 40.879797°N 74.10825°W / 40.879797; -74.10825Coordinates: 40°52′47″N 74°06′30″W / 40.879797°N 74.10825°W / 40.879797; -74.10825[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedMarch 15, 1898 (as Borough)
April 19, 1917 (as City)
Named forJames Garfield
Government[6]
 • Type1923 Municipal Manager Law
 • MayorJoseph Delaney (term ends June 30, 2016)[3]
 • ManagerThomas J. Duch[4]
 • ClerkAndrew J. Pavlica[5]
Area[2]
 • Total2.160 sq mi (5.594 km2)
 • Land2.099 sq mi (5.436 km2)
 • Water0.061 sq mi (0.158 km2)  2.82%
Area rank398th of 566 in state
45th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[7]98 ft (30 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total30,487
 • Estimate (2012[11])30,872
 • Rank73rd of 566 in state
5th of 70 in county[12]
 • Density14,524.8/sq mi (5,608.1/km2)
 • Density rank15th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07026[13][14]
Area code(s)973[15]
FIPS code3400325770[16][17][17]
GNIS feature ID0876557[18]
Websitewww.garfieldnj.org
Bird's-eye view of Garfield New Jersey, image from memory.loc.gov
Post Ford at River Drive and Columbus Ave - Revolutionary War Monument

Garfield is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 30,487,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 701 (+2.4%) from the 29,786 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,059 (+11.4%) from the 26,727 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

When the area that is now Garfield was first developed in 1873, it was known as East Passaic. In 1881, the community's name was changed to Garfield in honor of President of the United States James Garfield. There are generally two explanations given for the new moniker. According to one, shortly after Garfield was elected to the presidency the founder of East Passaic said, "tell everyone...don’t speak of East Passaic anymore; call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity." Seven months later, President Garfield was assassinated but his name remained with the community.[20] The second theory holds that after Garfield's death in 1881, a new train station was named in his honor, which in turn led to the surrounding area becoming associated with his name as well.[21]

Garfield was originally incorporated as a borough on March 15, 1898, from portions of Saddle River Township and Wallington. At the time, the New Jersey Legislature set Garfield's boundaries as they exist today. On April 19, 1917, the borough became the City of Garfield, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[22]

Geography[edit]

Garfield is located at 40°52′47″N 74°06′30″W / 40.879797°N 74.10825°W / 40.879797; -74.10825 (40.879797,-74.10825). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.160 square miles (5.594 km2), of which, 2.099 square miles (5.436 km2) of it was land and 0.061 square miles (0.158 km2) of it (2.82%) was water.[1][2]

The city has land borders with adjacent Elmwood Park, Saddle Brook, Lodi and South Hackensack. The Saddle River is a shared border with Wallington. There are three bridges over the Passaic River crossing the municipal and county line to Passaic and Clifton in Passaic County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18901,028
19003,504240.9%
191010,213191.5%
192019,38189.8%
193029,73953.4%
194028,044−5.7%
195027,550−1.8%
196029,2536.2%
197030,7975.3%
198026,803−13.0%
199026,727−0.3%
200029,78611.4%
201030,4872.4%
Est. 201230,872[11]1.3%
Population sources:
1890-1920[23] 1880-1890[24]
1890-1930[25] 1900-2010[26][27][28]
2000[29][30] 2010[8][9][10]

Garfield's Polish American community continues to grow significantly. The borough is also home to an architecturally prominent Russian Orthodox church,<r f>"Moscow Patriarchate, Patriarchal Parish in the USA". Russian Orthodox Church of Three Siants, Garfield, NJ. Retrieved November 8, 2013. </ref> which serves the growing Ukrainian American community in western Bergen County. Garfield is also home to a large Italian population, which has been present in the community since the early 20th century.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,487 people, 11,073 households, and 7,718 families residing in the city. The population density was 14,524.8 per square mile (5,608.1 /km2). There were 11,788 housing units at an average density of 5,616.1 per square mile (2,168.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.73% (23,393) White, 6.50% (1,981) Black or African American, 0.43% (132) Native American, 2.22% (678) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 10.85% (3,307) from other races, and 3.26% (994) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 32.24% (9,830) of the population.[8]

There were 11,073 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.29.[8]

In the city, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $51,407 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,842) and the median family income was $56,701 (+/- $5,020). Males had a median income of $42,927 (+/- $1,953) versus $33,231 (+/- $3,471) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,022 (+/- $1,348). About 9.8% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of ages 65 years or over.[31]

Same-sex couples headed 68 households in 2010.[32]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 29,786 people, 11,250 households, and 7,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,976.0 people per square mile (5,399.3/km2). There were 11,698 housing units at an average density of 5,488.8 per square mile (2,120.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.11% White, 2.98% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.11% of the population.[29][30]

There were 11,250 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.26.[29][30]

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 22.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the city was $42,748, and the median income for a family was $51,654. Males had a median income of $35,987 versus $26,896 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,530. About 6.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

As of the 2000 Census, an adjusted 22.9% of Garfield's population reported Polish ancestry, ranked third highest in New Jersey behind Manville (23.1%) and Wallington (45.5%).[33][34]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The City of Garfield operates under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law of New Jersey municipal government and is governed by a City Manager and a five-member Council. Council members are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections to serve four-year terms on a concurrent basis.[6] The Council selects one of its members to be the Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor. The work of the City is carried on under the supervision of the appointed Department Heads and they, in turn, report to the City Manager.

As of 2013, members of the Garfield City Council are Mayor Joseph Delaney, Deputy Mayor Tana M. Raymond, Louis G. Aloia, Frank J. Calandriello and Glenn A. Mati, with terms of office for all members ending June 30, 2016.[35][36] Stating that he was planning to accept a position in Switzerland with his employer, deputy mayor Stanley Moskal announced his resignation in October 2011.[37]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Garfield is located in the 9th Congressional District[38] and is part of New Jersey's 35th state legislative district.[9][39][40] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Garfield had been in the 36th state legislative district.[41]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[45][46]

The 35th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nellie Pou (D, North Haledon) and in the General Assembly by Shavonda E. Sumter (D, Paterson) and Benjie E. Wimberly (D, Paterson).[47] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[48] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[49]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[50] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[51] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[52] As of 2013, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[53] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[54] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[55] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[56] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[57] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[57][58] Countywide constitutional officials are Sheriff Michael Saudino (R), Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale).[59]

Politics[edit]

Macedonian and American flags on the streets in Garfield, New Jersey on Macedonian Independence Day.

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,904 registered voters in Garfield, of which 3,958 (33.2% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,395 (11.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 6,541 (54.9% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[60] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 39.0% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 50.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[60][61]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 5,538 votes here (67.1% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,540 votes (30.8% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 96 votes (1.2% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,256 ballots cast by the city's 13,183 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[62][63] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 5,138 votes here (59.7% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,315 votes (38.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 68 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 8,613 ballots cast by the city's 13,013 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.2% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[64][65] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 4,804 votes here (57.8% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,394 votes (40.9% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 66 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,305 ballots cast by the city's 12,665 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[66]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 2,428 ballots cast (54.1% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,796 votes (40.0% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 203 votes (4.5% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 4,490 ballots cast by the city's 12,282 registered voters, yielding a 36.6% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[67]

Education[edit]

The Garfield Public Schools serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[68] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[69][70]

Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[71]) are Garfield Preschool[72] (348 in PreK), seven K-5 elementary schools (except as indicated) — Washington Irving School #4[73] (283 in grades 2-5), Washington Irving School #4 Annex[74] (175 in grades K-1), Woodrow Wilson School #5[75] (304), Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6[76] (350), Roosevelt School #7[77] (355), Christopher Columbus School #8[78] (400) and James Madison School #10[79] (220; PreK-5) — Garfield Middle School[80] (941) for grades 6-8 and Garfield High School[81] (1,114) for grades 9-12.[82][83]

Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[84][85]

Bergen Arts and Science Charter School, which opened in September 2006, serves public school students in the district, as well as those from Hackensack and Lodi.[86] The school had 502 students in Kindergarten through eighth grade as of the 2010-11 school year.[87]

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

The Garfield Police Department (GPD) provides emergency and protective services to the city of Garfield. The GPD consists of 61 sworn officers.[88]

Fire[edit]

The Garfield Fire Department (GFD) is a fully volunteer fire department. The GFD was organized on July 17, 1893.[89] The department is staffed by 150 fully trained firefighters operating out of five firehouses. The Garfield Fire Depaertment has three engine companies, one rescue engine comapny and one ladder company. In addition they have a haz mat unit, a water rescue boat and a foam tender[90]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The city had a total of 49.24 miles (79.24 km) of roadways, of which 42.67 miles (68.67 km) are maintained by the municipality, 6.44 miles (10.36 km) by Bergen County and 0.13 miles (0.21 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[91]

U.S. Route 46 and County Route 507 pass through Garfield. Other main roads include Midland Avenue, Outwater Lane, River Drive and Passaic Street.

Public transportation[edit]

Both the Garfield station[92] and the Plauderville station, located on the Saddle Brook border,[93] are served by the New Jersey Transit's Bergen County Line, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to most of New Jersey Transit's other train lines.[94]

New Jersey Transit buses includes lines 160 and 161 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service on the 702, 707, 709 and 758 routes.[95]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Garfield include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ City Manager's Office, City of Garfield. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  5. ^ City Clerk's Office, City of Garfield. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 154.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Garfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Garfield city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Garfield, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 29, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Garfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ a b A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  20. ^ Garfield History, Accessed June 30, 2011. "The founder of Garfield said, 'tell everyone...don’t speak of East Passaic anymore, call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity.' Unfortunately, seven months later President Garfield was assassinated but his name would live on in this great city."
  21. ^ History of Garfield, City of Garfield. Accessed August 21, 2007. "Gilbert D. Bogart is often credited as having been the founder of "modern day" Garfield. When seven houses were constructed in 1873 between Monroe Street and Van Winkle Avenue, the area became known as "East Passaic"....In 1881, a railroad shortcut, the Bergen County Railroad, was laid and a station built and called Garfield after President James A. Garfield who died that year."
  22. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  24. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 710. Accessed December 13, 2011.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 at the Wayback Machine (archived May 2, 2009), Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed December 13, 2011.
  27. ^ Bergen County Data Book 2003, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  28. ^ Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900-2010), Bergen County, New Jersey Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Garfield city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  32. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  33. ^ Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Garfield city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  34. ^ Polish Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 15, 2008.
  35. ^ City Council, City of Garfield. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  36. ^ Bergen County Directory 2012 - 2013, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  37. ^ Cattafi, Kristie. "Garfield Deputy Mayor steps down after getting job in Switzerland", Community News, October 21, 2011. Accessed January 4, 2012. "Garfield Deputy Mayor Stanley Moskal has stepped down from his role as of Oct. 15 to pursue a career opportunity in Switzerland with his employer Unilever. Moskal served the city as a councilman from July 1, 2004 through June 30, 2008 and was appointed as deputy mayor July 1, 2008."
  38. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  43. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  44. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  45. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  46. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  48. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  50. ^ Bergen County Overview, p. 20. Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ Bergen County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013
  52. ^ What Is a Freeholder?, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ David L. Ganz, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Joan M. Voss, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  55. ^ John A. Felice, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  56. ^ Maura R. DeNicola, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  57. ^ a b Ensslin, John C. "Bergen County Freeholders choose Ganz as chairman; Democrat gives Republicans 2 top slots", The Record (Bergen County), January 3, 2013. Accessed January 10, 2013. "The swearing-in of Freeholders Tracy Silna Zur and Steve Tanelli gave the Democrats a 4-3 majority and control of the board for the first time in two years. The board elected David Ganz as chairman, as expected.... The reorganization meeting drew several top Democrats from across the state, with U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez swearing in Tanelli, a former North Arlington councilman, and Mayor Cory Booker of Newark swearing in Zur, an attorney from Franklin Lakes."
  58. ^ Freeholder Home Page, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  59. ^ Constitutional Officers, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  60. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Bergen, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  61. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  62. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  63. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  64. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  65. ^ 2008 General Election Results for Garfield, The Record (Bergen County). Accessed December 13, 2011.
  66. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  67. ^ 2009 Governor: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  68. ^ Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archiveas of May 15, 2009. Accessed August 14, 2012.
  69. ^ What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state’s new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
  70. ^ SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012.
  71. ^ School Data for the Garfield Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  72. ^ Garfield Preschool, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  73. ^ Washington Irving School #4, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  74. ^ Washington Irving School #4 Annex, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  75. ^ Woodrow Wilson School #5, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  76. ^ Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  77. ^ Roosevelt School #7, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  78. ^ Christopher Columbus School #8, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  79. ^ James Madison School #10, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  80. ^ Garfield Middle School, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  81. ^ Garfield High School, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  82. ^ Schools, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  83. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Garfield Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  84. ^ About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  85. ^ Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  86. ^ About Us, Bergen Arts and Science Charter School. Accessed April 1, 2011.
  87. ^ School Data for the Bergen Arts And Sciences Charter School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  88. ^ Police Department, City of Garfield. Accessed June 30, 2011.
  89. ^ Garfield History. Accessed June 30, 2011. "On July 17, 1893 a group of citizens gathered at Hollingshead Hall on Washington Place and formed the first Fire Department. It is still called Old Reliable today. Fire Company No. 1 used the bell at the First Presbyterian Church as the companies’ fire alarm."
  90. ^ City Of Garfield Fire Department, Fire Departments Network. Accessed June 30, 2011.
  91. ^ Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  92. ^ Plauderville station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  93. ^ Garfield station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  94. ^ Main/Bergen-Port Jervis Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  95. ^ Routes by County: Bergen County at the Wayback Machine (archived May 22, 2009), New Jersey Transit. Accessed June 30, 2011.
  96. ^ Lees, Gene. Leader of the band: The life of Woody Herman, p. 117. Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-19-505671-X. Accessed June 30, 2011. "Born Anthony Allesandrini in Garfield, New Jersey, on August 22, 1921, Tony would stay with the band for two years, and then work with various members of the Herman alumni in small groups, and with Charlie Parker, Sheldon Powell and others."
  97. ^ Caplan, Jeff. "Cowboys receiver Miles Austin smiles all the way to the end zone", The Victoria Advocate, October 31, 2009. Accessed April 1, 2011. "Humble, charming and hard-working, Austin, 25, is a byproduct of his hometown and his family. That hometown, blue-collar Garfield in northern New Jersey, is going bananas over Miles-mania."
  98. ^ Zeitchik, Steven. "IN PERSON; Meet Joe Fan", The New York Times, January 23, 2005. Accessed April 1, 2011. "Amid the swirl of the New York region's media personalities, most people have probably never heard of Mr. Benigno. But as the longtime host of WFAN's overnight program, the Garfield-born, Paramus-bred broadcaster combined an uncommon mix of black humor, esoteric knowledge and incredulity to become a cult figure."
  99. ^ Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. "Two Giants Were Heroes Far From Playing Field", The New York Times, January 26, 1991. Accessed September 25, 2009. "Blozis, who was born in Garfield, N.J., and was a star athlete at Dickinson High School in Jersey City before going to Georgetown on a track scholarship, was regarded as the strongest player in professional football and had the physique to prove it."
  100. ^ Lang, Harry G. Deaf Persons in the Arts and Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary, p. 47. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995. ISBN 9780313291708. Accessed February 1, 2014. "Linda Bove was born on November 30, 1945, in Garfield, New Jersey".
  101. ^ Trescott, Jacqueline. "Growing Up in The Land Of Ozzie; New Jersey and the Shape Of America's Teen Culture", The Washington Post, May 8, 1998. Accessed April 1, 2011. "Eddie Brigati of Garfield, he being part of the Young Rascals."
  102. ^ Pelzman, J.P. "Jets notes: Garfield's Luis Castillo feels the hurt of loss", The Record (Bergen County), January 18, 2010. Accessed April 1, 2011. "'We'll have nine months,' the Garfield native said, 'for every individual to find a way to point to themselves and to find a way, one of these years, to get past one of these games.'"
  103. ^ Pedulla, Tom. "Unlikely pair of aces lift Jets Johnson, Chrebet catch fire", USA Today, January 8, 1999. Accessed April 1, 2011. "The 5-10, 185-pound Chrebet comes from Garfield, N.J., played his college ball at Hofstra and never was drafted."
  104. ^ Deans, Mickey; and Pinchot, Ann. Weep no more, my lady, Hawthorn Books, 1972. ISBN 0515029890. Accessed May 16, 2013. " I was born Michael De Vinko in Garfield, New Jersey, on September 24, 1934."
  105. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: Gordon Hollingshead", Los Angeles Times. Accessed December 7, 2013. "Born Jan. 8, 1892 in Garfield, N.J."
  106. ^ Isaac M. Laddon, Florida International University. Accessed June 30, 2011.
  107. ^ Nichols, Joseph C. "LARKIN KNOCKS OUT ARCHER IN EIGHTH; Outboxed at Start in Garden, He Adopts Slugging Tactics in Sixth to Turn Tide REFEREE STOPS CONTEST Newark Welterweight Suffers Concussion and Is Removed to Hospital After Fight", The New York Times, June 3, 1944. Accessed June 30, 2011. "Tippy Larkin's right hand served him to better advantage than did his vaunted boxing ability in his scheduled ten-round bout with Freddie Archer of Newark at Madison Square Garden last night. Outpointed in the early rounds, the Garfield (N.J.) welterweight brought the weapon into play to such good effect that he registered an eight-round technical knockout."
  108. ^ Morse, Steve. "JANICE ROBINSON THE COLOR WITHIN ME WARNER BROS.", Boston Globe, December 23, 1999. Accessed April 1, 2011. "Get ready for a pumped-up blast of rock'n soul, hip-hop and gospel spirit that goes by the name of Janice Robinson. Hailing from Garfield, N.J., she holds nothing back on this very personal and appealing record."
  109. ^ Staff. "Joseph Villa, Pianist, 46", The New York Times, April 15, 1995. Accessed June 30, 2011. "Mr. Villa was born in Garfield, N.J., on Aug. 9, 1948, and studied at the Juilliard School with Sascha Gorodnitzki."

External links[edit]