Garden Grove, California

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Garden Grove, California
City
City of Garden Grove

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Seal

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028
Country United States of America
State California
County Orange
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Bruce Broadwater
Steve Jones
Dina Nguyen
Kris Beard
Chris Phan
 • City ManagerMatthew J. Fertal
 • City ClerkKathleen Bailor
Area[1]
 • Total17.959 sq mi (46.513 km2)
 • Land17.941 sq mi (46.467 km2)
 • Water0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2)  0.10%
Elevation89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total170,883
 • Rank5th in Orange County
25th in California
137th in the United States
 • Density9,500/sq mi (3,700/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes92840-92846
Area code(s)714
FIPS code06-29000
GNIS feature ID1660662
Websitewww.Ci.Garden-Grove.CA.US
 
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Garden Grove, California
City
City of Garden Grove

Flag

Seal

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028
Country United States of America
State California
County Orange
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Bruce Broadwater
Steve Jones
Dina Nguyen
Kris Beard
Chris Phan
 • City ManagerMatthew J. Fertal
 • City ClerkKathleen Bailor
Area[1]
 • Total17.959 sq mi (46.513 km2)
 • Land17.941 sq mi (46.467 km2)
 • Water0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2)  0.10%
Elevation89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total170,883
 • Rank5th in Orange County
25th in California
137th in the United States
 • Density9,500/sq mi (3,700/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes92840-92846
Area code(s)714
FIPS code06-29000
GNIS feature ID1660662
Websitewww.Ci.Garden-Grove.CA.US
Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove

Garden Grove is a city located in northern Orange County, California. The population was 170,883 at the 2010 U.S. Census. State Route 22, also known as the Garden Grove Freeway, passes through the city in an east-west direction. The city is known outside the Southern California area for being the home of Robert H. Schuller's Crystal Cathedral, from which religious broadcasts are made. Garden Grove has the second-largest Vietnamese American population (47,331 (2010)) and second highest concentration (27.7%) of any city in the nation.

The city has a distinct community within it, West Garden Grove, which is located in the westernmost portion of the city. It is connected to the rest of Garden Grove by a narrow strip of land that runs along Garden Grove Boulevard.

History[edit]

Garden Grove was founded by Alonzo Cook in 1874. A school district and Methodist church were organized that year. It remained a small rural crossroads until the arrival of the railroad in 1905. The rail connection helped the town prosper with crops of orange, walnuts, chili peppers and later strawberries. In 1933, much of the town's central business district was destroyed by the Long Beach earthquake, and one person was killed. The post-World War II boom led to rapid development, and Garden Grove was incorporated as a city in 1956 with about 44,000 residents.

By 1960, population had grown to 85,000; by 1970 it was 120,000. In the late 1970s and 1980s a significant Asian population (primarily Vietnamese and Korean) began to locate in the area. In recent years, Harbor Boulevard has become a booming entertainment and tourism area, served by nine high-rise hotels.

Strawberry Festival[edit]

An annual event held over Memorial Day weekend, the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is one of the largest community festivals in the western United States, attracting an estimated 250,000 visitors.[2][3] It began in 1958 and celebrates the city's agricultural past, which includes cultivating crops such as chili peppers, oranges, walnuts and strawberries. One strawberry field remains within city limits, at Euclid Street and Hazard Avenue. Part of the festivities include the cutting of the world's largest strawberry shortcake, carnival rides and vendors and a celebrity-filled parade.[4] Numerous Garden Grove organizations, including the Miss Garden Grove Scholarship Program, are part of the Memorial Day weekend festivities every year. In commemoration of Garden Grove's 50th anniversary, the city painted some of its fire hydrants with a design that featured a strawberry, recognizing the festival as a big part of Garden Grove's history.l[5][6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km2 (18.0 sq mi) 0.10% of which is water.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Garden Grove had a population of 170,883. The population density was 9,515.3 people per square mile (3,673.9/km²). The racial makeup of Garden Grove was 68,149 (39.9%) White, 2,155 (1.3%) African American, 983 (0.6%) Native American, 63,451 (37.1%) Asian, 1,110 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 28,916 (16.9%) from other races, and 6,119 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63,079 persons (36.9%). Vietnamese Americans numbered 47,331 of the population. At 27.7% this was the highest concentration of any city in the U.S. except for neighboring Westminster.

The Census reported that 168,942 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 1,234 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 707 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 46,037 households, out of which 21,361 (46.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26,659 (57.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,866 (14.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,588 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,025 (4.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 269 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,491 households (14.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,842 (6.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67. There were 37,113 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.94.

The population was spread out with 43,763 people (25.6%) under the age of 18, 17,383 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 49,105 people (28.7%) aged 25 to 44, 42,106 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,526 people (10.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 7.7 males.

There were 47,755 housing units at an average density of 2,659.1 per square mile (1,026.7/km²), of which 26,240 (57.0%) were owner-occupied, and 19,797 (43.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 96,308 people (56.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,634 people (42.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 165,196 people, 45,791 households, and 36,449 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,165.2 inhabitants per square mile (3,539.5/km²). There were 46,703 housing units at an average density of 2,591.1 per square mile (1,000.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 46.88% White, 30.92% Asian, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.65% Pacific Islander, 15.35% from other races, and 4.12% from two or more races. 32.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,791 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.56 and the average family size was 3.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,754, and the median income for a family was $49,697. Males had a median income of $33,295 versus $26,709 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,209. About 10.5% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $206.0 million in Revenues, $193.0 million in expenditures, $1,098.9 million in total assets, $251.5 million in total liabilities, and $196.3 million in cash and investments.[9]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[10]

City departmentDirector
City ManagerMatthew J. Fertal
City AttorneyTom Nixon
Fire ChiefDavid Bertka
Community Development DirectorSusan Emery
Information Technology DirectorCharles Kalil
Community Services DirectorKim Huy
Human Resources DirectorJohn Clark
Economic Development DirectoryChet Yoshizaki
Police ChiefKevin Raney
Finance DirectorKingsley Okereke
Public Works DirectorBill Murray

Politics[edit]

Of the 65,208 registered voters in Garden Grove; 39.8% are Republicans and 38.7% are Democrats. The remaining 21.5% either declined to state political affiliation or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties.

The headquarters of the Government of Free Vietnam, a self-styled anti-Communist group, is in Garden Grove.

Emergency services[edit]

Fire protection in Garden Grove is provided by the Garden Grove Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Garden Grove Police Department provides law enforcement with mutual aid assistance offered at times by the Anaheim Police Department's helicopter, and the Orange County Sheriff's Department Air Unit.

State and federal[edit]

In the state legislature Garden Grove is located in the 34th and 35th Senate Districts, represented by Democrat Lou Correa (Santa Ana) and Republican Tom Harman (Huntington Beach) respectively, and in the 67th, 68th, and 69th Assembly District, represented by Republicans Jim Silva and Van Tran and Democrat Jose Solorio respectively. Federally, Garden Grove is located in California's 40th, 46th, and 47th congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of R +8, R +6, and D +4 respectively[11] and are represented by Republicans Ed Royce and Dana Rohrabacher, and Democrat Loretta Sanchez respectively.

Economy[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[12] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1Prime Healthcare Services516
2Air Industries Corp.465
3Driessen Aircraft Interior Systems370
4Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics363
5OfficeMax360
6Hyatt Regency Orange County350
7GKN Aerospace Transparency Systems331
8NBTY298
9Crystal Cathedral Ministries290
10C & D Zodiac286

Arts and culture[edit]

Garden Grove is home to three stage theaters, the Garden Grove Playhouse, the Gem Theater and the Festival Amphitheater. The Festival Amphitheater hosts Shakespeare Orange County, which presents an annual Shakespeare Festival each summer. All venues are owned by the City of Garden Grove, but operated by outside entities. The Garden Grove Playhouse is operated by a non-profit group of the same name. The Gem Theater is currently operated by Damien Lorton and Nicole Cassesso of 'One More Productions'. The Festival Amphitheater is managed by Thomas Bradac, the producing artistic director of Shakespeare Orange County.

Popular culture[edit]

The song "Garden Grove", by the band Sublime, was named after the city from their self-titled 1996 album.

The weekly broadcast of The Hour of Power has been televised from the Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove since 1970.

The Mountain Goats have referenced the city in several songs including Home Again Garden Grove.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Sports[edit]

Politics[edit]

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. federal government. 
  2. ^ Bharath, Deepa (May 27, 2010). "Strawberry Festival kicks off today". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "About us". Garden Grove Strawberry Festival website. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Garden Grove Strawberry Festival- EVENTS Retrieved 2011-04-20
  5. ^ "Turning Golden". Retrieved 30th September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Showing off fire hydrants painted to note the city’s 50th anniversary". Retrieved 30th September 2013. 
  7. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  10. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  11. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  12. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR
  13. ^ "The Kids Aren't Alright by The Offspring". Retrieved 31 August 2010. 

External links[edit]