Gallatin County, Montana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Gallatin County, Montana
Looking ENE - Gallatin County Courthouse - Bozeman Montana - 2013-070-09.jpg
Gallatin County Courthouse
Seal of Gallatin County, Montana
Seal
Map of Montana highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded1864
SeatBozeman
Largest cityBozeman
Area
 • Total2,632 sq mi (6,817 km2)
 • Land2,606 sq mi (6,750 km2)
 • Water26 sq mi (67 km2), 0.99%
Population
 • (2010)89,513
 • Density34/sq mi (13/km²)
Websitewww.gallatin.mt.gov
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Gallatin County, Montana
Looking ENE - Gallatin County Courthouse - Bozeman Montana - 2013-070-09.jpg
Gallatin County Courthouse
Seal of Gallatin County, Montana
Seal
Map of Montana highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded1864
SeatBozeman
Largest cityBozeman
Area
 • Total2,632 sq mi (6,817 km2)
 • Land2,606 sq mi (6,750 km2)
 • Water26 sq mi (67 km2), 0.99%
Population
 • (2010)89,513
 • Density34/sq mi (13/km²)
Websitewww.gallatin.mt.gov

Gallatin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 89,513.[1] Its county seat is Bozeman,[2] home of Montana State University.

The prominent physical feature of the county is the Gallatin River, named by Meriwether Lewis in 1805 for Albert Gallatin,[3] U.S. Treasury Secretary from 1801-14. A small part of Yellowstone National Park lies in the southeastern portion of the county. The Big Sky Resort is about midway between West Yellowstone and Bozeman, though the ski area itself lies mostly in neighboring Madison County, Montana. The Gallatin River canyon is accessed by U.S. Highway 191. In the mid-19th century, a portion of Gallatin County was left over after the division of the Dakota Territory into other states. In 1873, the patch was attached to Montana and became part of Gallatin County. [4]

History[edit]

Lost Dakota, is a portion of land that was left over after the division of the Dakota Territory into other states in the late 19th century, was made part of Gallatin County in 1873.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,632 square miles (6,816.8 km2), of which 2,606 square miles (6,749.5 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67.3 km2) (0.99%) is water.[6] The county attained its present boundaries in 1978, when the former Yellowstone National Park (part) county-equivalent was dissolved and apportioned between Gallatin County and Park County. Gallatin County received 99.155 square miles (256.8 km2) of land area and 0.119 square miles (0.3 km2) of water area, whereas Park County received 146.229 square miles (378.7 km2) of land area and 0.608 square miles (1.6 km2) of water area. The geographies transferred are known now as Census Tract 14 in Gallatin County, and as Census Tract 6 in Park County.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,578
18803,643130.9%
18906,24671.5%
19009,55352.9%
191014,07947.4%
192015,86412.7%
193016,1241.6%
194018,26913.3%
195021,90219.9%
196026,04518.9%
197032,50524.8%
198042,86531.9%
199050,46317.7%
200067,83134.4%
201089,51332.0%
Est. 201292,6143.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 67,831 people, 26,323 households, and 16,188 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 29,489 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:

1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of German, 11.2% Irish, 10.4% English, 9.0% Norwegian and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 26,323 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.50% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 18.50% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 8.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,120, and the median income for a family was $46,639. Males had a median income of $30,866 versus $21,330 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,074. About 6.30% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

National park[edit]

Yellowstone National Park - A small part (about 2.89%) of the park lies within the county, at its southeastern corner.[9]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ Beyond 50: American States That Might Have Been : NPR
  5. ^ Beyond 50: American States That Might Have Been. NPR. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Detailed Tables - American FactFinder

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°34′N 111°10′W / 45.56°N 111.17°W / 45.56; -111.17