Fulton County, Illinois

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Fulton County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1823
SeatLewistown
Largest cityCanton
Area
 • Total882.57 sq mi (2,286 km2)
 • Land865.60 sq mi (2,242 km2)
 • Water16.98 sq mi (44 km2), 1.92%
Population
 • (2010)37,069
 • Density44/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
 
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Fulton County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1823
SeatLewistown
Largest cityCanton
Area
 • Total882.57 sq mi (2,286 km2)
 • Land865.60 sq mi (2,242 km2)
 • Water16.98 sq mi (44 km2), 1.92%
Population
 • (2010)37,069
 • Density44/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 37,069, which is a decrease of 3.1% from 38,250 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Lewistown.[2] Canton is the largest city. Both cities are southwest of Peoria, and the county is considered a part of the wider Peoria Consolidated Statistical Area. Nevertheless, Fulton County is part of Forgottonia.

The Canton Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Fulton County.

George Hall is the Chairman of the Fulton County Board and a former Board member since 2007, hired as Chairman by the Board in December 2010. Mike Hays is the County Administrator, hired in October 2009.

History[edit]

Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County. It is named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. It was the home of famous poet/writer Edgar Lee Masters in his early days; he wrote the famous Spoon River Anthology (1915). Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II.

The county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 882.57 square miles (2,285.8 km2), of which 865.60 square miles (2,241.9 km2) (or 98.08%) is land and 16.98 square miles (44.0 km2) (or 1.92%) is water.[4] The largest city in the county is Canton and the smallest is Marbletown which contains 1 house. (U.S.Census Bureau)

Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport (CTK), located in Canton.[5]

Settlements[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fulton County is divided into twenty-six townships:

Political districts[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Fulton County
Historical populations
CensusPop.
18301,841
184013,142613.9%
185022,50871.3%
186033,33848.1%
187038,29114.9%
188041,2407.7%
189043,1104.5%
190046,2017.2%
191049,5497.2%
192048,163−2.8%
193043,983−8.7%
194044,6271.5%
195043,716−2.0%
196041,954−4.0%
197041,890−0.2%
198043,6874.3%
199038,080−12.8%
200038,2500.4%
201037,069−3.1%
Est. 201236,651−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 38,250 people, 14,877 households, and 10,250 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 16,240 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.12% White, 3.60% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.4% were of English descent, 24.9% were of German descent, and 10.0% were of Irish descent according to Census 2000. 98.1% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,877 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,952, and the median income for a family was $41,193. Males had a median income of $31,800 versus $21,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,373. About 7.30% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.

Climate and weather[edit]

Lewistown, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.9
 
32
14
 
 
1.9
 
38
19
 
 
3
 
50
30
 
 
3.5
 
63
40
 
 
4.4
 
74
51
 
 
3.8
 
84
60
 
 
3.9
 
88
64
 
 
3.5
 
86
61
 
 
3.2
 
80
52
 
 
2.9
 
68
41
 
 
3.3
 
51
30
 
 
2.6
 
37
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches (47 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in May.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fulton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  5. ^ Public and Private Airports, Fulton County, Illinois
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lewistown, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°29′N 90°13′W / 40.48°N 90.21°W / 40.48; -90.21