Free Methodist Church

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Free Methodist Church
Free Methodist Church (emblem).jpg
Free Methodist Church logo
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationMethodist Holiness
PolityModified episcopacy
AssociationsChristian Holiness Partnership;
Christian Churches Together;
National Association of Evangelicals;
Wesleyan Holiness Consortium;
World Methodist Council
RegionWorldwide: divided into 13 General Conferences
FounderBenjamin Titus Roberts
Origin1860
Pekin, New York
Separated fromMethodist Episcopal Church
Congregations957 in the United States(average congregation size: 77)
Members850,000 (77,000 in the United States)[1]
Official websitefmcusa.org
 
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Free Methodist Church
Free Methodist Church (emblem).jpg
Free Methodist Church logo
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationMethodist Holiness
PolityModified episcopacy
AssociationsChristian Holiness Partnership;
Christian Churches Together;
National Association of Evangelicals;
Wesleyan Holiness Consortium;
World Methodist Council
RegionWorldwide: divided into 13 General Conferences
FounderBenjamin Titus Roberts
Origin1860
Pekin, New York
Separated fromMethodist Episcopal Church
Congregations957 in the United States(average congregation size: 77)
Members850,000 (77,000 in the United States)[1]
Official websitefmcusa.org
Free Methodist Hymnal, ca 1908

The Free Methodist Church is a Methodist Christian denomination within the holiness movement. It is evangelical in nature and has its roots in the Wesleyan-Arminian tradition.[2]

The Free Methodist Church has 77,000 members in the United States and 850,000 members worldwide in 82 nations. The Light & Life Magazine [3] is their official publication. The Free Methodist Church World Ministries Center is in Indianapolis, Indiana.

History[edit]

The Free Methodist Church was organized at Pekin, New York, in 1860. The founders had been members of the Methodist Episcopal Church but were excluded from its membership for too earnestly advocating what they saw as the doctrines and usages of authentic Wesleyan Methodism. Under the leadership of the Rev. Benjamin Titus (B. T.) Roberts, a graduate of Wesleyan University and an able and eloquent preacher, the movement spread rapidly. Societies were organized, churches built and the work established.

At the 1910 session of the General Conference of the Methodist Church at Rochester, New York, a full acknowledgement was made of the wrong done to Roberts fifty years before, and the credentials unjustly taken from him were restored in a public meeting to his son, Rev. Benson Roberts.[4]

Before the founding of the church, Roberts began publication of a monthly journal, The Earnest Christian. In 1868, The Free Methodist (now Light and Life) was begun. A publishing house was established in 1886 to produce books, periodicals and Sunday school curriculum and literature.[5]

The name "Methodist" was retained for the newly organized church because the founders felt that their misfortunes (expulsion from the Methodist Episcopal Church) had come to them because of their adherence to doctrines and standards of Methodism. The word "Free" was suggested and adopted because the new church was to be an anti-slavery church (slavery was an issue in those days), because pews in the churches were to be free to all rather than sold or rented (as was common), and because the new church hoped for the freedom of the Holy Spirit in the services rather than a stifling formality.[6] However, according to World Book Encyclopedia, the third principle was "freedom" from secret and oathbound societies (in particular the Freemasons).[citation needed]

Recent history[edit]

Free Methodist World Ministries Center

Free Methodist headquarters were located in Winona Lake, Indiana, until 1990 when the denomination moved its headquarters to Indianapolis.[7] The church has about 77,000 members[8] in the United States and an average attendance of 107,000[9] at its Sunday services. Worldwide its membership is over 800,000 with large segments of membership in the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, and Rwanda (with around 120,000 members).[citation needed]


Beliefs and practices[edit]

In doctrine, Free Methodists’ beliefs are the standard beliefs of evangelical, Arminian Protestantism, with distinctive emphasis on the teaching of entire sanctification as held by John Wesley, to whom the Free Methodist Church traces its origins.[10]

Many question the difference between the United Methodist Church and the Free Methodist Church. Both denominations share a common heritage linked to the Methodist revival in England during the 18th century. There is very little difference in doctrine. There are more differences in practice and polity.[11]

The tolerance of the United Methodist Church for allegorical hermenueutics has caused it to be generally thought of as liberal whereas the Free Methodist Church is usually considered conservative. As concerns worship style, the Free Methodist Church is less ceremonial than the United Methodist Church, is less likely to follow even a modified liturgical format during worship, and its clergy typically do not wear vestments of any sort during worship.

From its beginning the Free Methodist Church struggled with the issue of the ordination of women. The first general superintendent, B.T. Roberts, was in favor of ordaining women, but never saw it take place in his lifetime. Out of his own conviction he wrote Ordaining Women: Biblical and Historical Insights. The impact of his writings eventually prevailed in the church. The Free Methodist Church affirmed the ordination of women in 1911.[12] As of June 2008, out of 2,011 ordained clergy, 216 were women (11%). Twenty-six percent of all ministerial candidates are women.[11]

Free Methodists recognize and license unordained persons for particular ministries. They mandate lay representation in numbers equal to clergy in the councils of the church.[13]

As a reaction to paid musicians in the Methodist Church, early Free Methodists enjoyed a cappella congregational hymns during worship. However, the General Conference of 1943 voted to allow each Conference to vote on whether or not their churches could have instrumental music.[14] As a result, pianos and organs became common across most conferences. Currently, many churches have worship teams composed of vocalists, drums, keyboards, guitars, and other instruments. Although the music is evolving, attitudes toward dancing are still negative.

Organization[edit]

The Free Methodist Church's highest governing body is the World Conference,[15] which is composed of representatives, both lay and clergy, from all countries with a Free Methodist General Conference. As the church in each country develops, its status progresses from Mission District to Annual Conference to General Conference. There are currently 13 General Conferences in the world, which are linked together through the articles of religion and common constitution of the first two chapters of the Book of Discipline and the World Conference.[16]

World missions[edit]

International Child Care Ministries (ICCM), a child sponsorship initiative serves more than 21,000 children in 29 countries around the world. Through education, meals and medical care, children in need are given an opportunity for a better life. Each sponsored child is connected to a Free Methodist congregation or ministry at a local level.

Sustainable Empowerment through Economic Development(SEED), a micro-enterprise and livelihood ministry of Free Methodist World Missions, facilitates self-sustaining businesses, training in business skills and Christian discipleship. Focused on economically vulnerable members of the Free Methodist world family, it provides an international market for products produced by Free Methodist artisans.

Volunteers in Service Abroad (VISA) connects volunteers from the Free Methodist Church in the U.S. and UK with Free Methodist World Missions for hands-on ministry internationally.

The church currently has ministry in 82 countries around the world.[17] These are:

AFRICAASIAEUROPELATIN AMERICAMIDDLE EASTNORTH AMERICA
AngolaAustraliaBelgiumAntiguaEgyptCanada
BeninCambodiaBulgariaArgentinaIraqUnited States
BotswanaHong KongFranceBahamasJordan
BurundiIndiaGreeceBolivia
CameroonJapanHungaryBrazil
Democratic Republic of CongoMalaysiaItalyChile
EthiopiaMyanmarPortugalColombia
GabonNepalRomaniaCosta Rica
GhanaPhilippinesSpainDominican Republic
KenyaSouth KoreaUkraineEcuador
LiberiaSri LankaUnited KingdomEl Salvador
MalawiTaiwanFrench Guiana
MozambiqueThailandGuatemala
NigeriaHaiti
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)Honduras
RwandaMexico
South AfricaNicaragua
SwazilandPanama
TanzaniaParaguay
TogoPeru
UgandaPuerto Rico
ZambiaUruguay
ZimbabweVenezuela

Higher education[edit]

B.T. Roberts began what is now Roberts Wesleyan College in 1866. Spring Arbor College followed in 1873, Seattle Pacific University in 1891 and Greenville College in 1892. Central College began in 1914, a continuation of Orleans Seminary begun in 1884. Azusa Pacific University was formed by a merger with Los Angeles Pacific College and other small denominational colleges.[5]

The denomination currently maintains a relationship with the following educational institutions:

In addition, the Free Methodist Church is one of several denominations supporting Azusa Pacific University (Azusa, CA). Wessington Springs College is a former, now closed institution which was located in South Dakota. Internationally, there is Osaka Christian College of the Japanese Free Methodist Church, Hope Africa University,[18] a recently founded school in Bujumbura, Burundi, and the Faculdade de Teologia Metodista Livre, São Paulo, Brazil.

Through the John Wesley Seminary Foundation (JWSF) graduate students who are preparing for full-time ministry in the Free Methodist Church are provided a grant or loan at the following affiliated schools:[19]

Publishing[edit]

Like John Wesley before him, B.T. Roberts recognized the Christian’s responsibility for publishing.

Before the founding of the church in 1860, B.T. Roberts began publication of a monthly journal, The Earnest Christian. In 1868 The Free Methodist (now Light & Life magazine) began. A publishing house was established in 1886 to produce books, periodicals and Sunday school curriculum and literature.[5]

Beginnings[edit]

Early leaders, T. B. Arnold and B. T. Roberts privately financed and produced several publications.

The official publishing institution was established by the church at the 1886 General Conference. The church purchased the publishing business built by Rev. T. B. Arnold for $8,000. Arnold was named first publisher and B. T. Roberts was elected editor of The Free Methodist. The Free Methodist Publishing House is recognized under its trade name Light and Life Press.

Growth and development[edit]

The Free Methodist Publishing House operated at three locations in Chicago, Illinois. In February 1935, it moved along with Free Methodist Headquarters to Winona Lake, Indiana.

During its history, the Free Methodist Publishing House built up a plant and accumulated property worth several hundred thousand dollars. It also contributed thousands of dollars out of its profits to other activities of the church.[21]

Over the years, as the ministry of the Free Methodist Church expanded, various departments of the general church gradually moved into Free Methodist Publishing House accommodations. This was provided at vast cost and without the investment of any capital by the general church.

In 1960, the Free Methodist Publishing House board issued a deed in favor of the general church, whereby the church became the owner of the old property, plus nearly eight acres of land. For this the general church paid nothing, but agreed to make payments of $5,000 per year over a ten-year period to the Free Methodist Publishing House.

Ministry[edit]

Arnold’s Commentary was published from 1894-1980. In the late 1950s and early 60s the church pioneered fully graded church school materials. In 1960 the Aldersgate Biblical Series was developed as the only inductive curriculum of its time.[22]

A fully equipped printing area consisting of letterpresses, offset press, cutters, folders, bindery, linotypes etc. contributed toward making the church independent of commercial printers for the production for its printing needs at that time.

Acting on the recommendation of its executive committee, the board voted in 1988 to phase out printing operations.[23] This decision and the 1989 General Conference decision to move the Press and Headquarters from Winona Lake to Indianapolis in 1990 shifted the focus of the Press. Where formerly, the Press produced and published Sunday school curriculum, this venture is now carried on in cooperation with other holiness denominations.

Beginning in 2008, the Wesleyan Publishing House, publishing arm of the Wesleyan Church, began serving the distribution and customer service needs of Light and Life Press.

Mission statement[edit]

Light & Life Communications [LLCOMM], the official publishing aim of the Free Methodist Church, is a not-for-profit corporation that exists to serve in partnership with its parent body, the Free Methodist Church. Its primary purpose is to publish and distribute materials that enable the church to fulfill its stated mission. Light & Life Communications also offers its services and materials to all who seek to make Christ known.[24]

Publications[edit]

Free Methodist Communications is the publishing division of the Free Methodist Church. Publications may also be printed or distributed under the name Light & Life Communications.

Light and Life Magazine [LLM] is the official magazine of the Free Methodist Church in the United States and is also available online. The magazine has a monthly circulation of 53,000 English copies. Each issue is translated into Spanish and published concurrently as Revista Luz y Vida, which has a monthly circulation of 6,000 copies. Jeff Finley is the magazine's managing editor.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bloomington Free Methodist Church Website
  2. ^ 2003 Book of Discipline. Free Methodist Church. 2003. p. 9. 
  3. ^ Light & Life Magazine [LLM]
  4. ^ Editorial, Free Methodist, May 1941
  5. ^ a b c Light & Life magazine, July 1995
  6. ^ A Brief Story of Our Church, C.L. Howland, Winona Lake, In.
  7. ^ Marston Historical Center
  8. ^ http://www.freemethodistchurch.org/sections/about_us/faqs.shtml
  9. ^ Free Methodist Statistics
  10. ^ "Who are Free Methodists?". Free Methodist Church. Retrieved 2009-05-28. 
  11. ^ a b Free Methodist Church of North America
  12. ^ The Female Pastor: Is There Room for She in Shepherd
  13. ^ 2007 Book of Discipline, Free Methodist Church of North America
  14. ^ "Free Methodists to Have Church Music. The Daily Times Beaver and Rochester (NY), June 19, 1943, p. 2.". Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  15. ^ World Conference
  16. ^ membership
  17. ^ Free Methodist World Missions
  18. ^ Hope Africa University
  19. ^ The Pastor as Administrator
  20. ^ http://fmcusa.org/leadership/grants/
  21. ^ B.H. Gaddis, publisher, 1933-1954
  22. ^ Snapshots, Donald E. Demaray, 1985,229-230
  23. ^ Light and Life magazine, January 1989
  24. ^ Light & Life Communications, 1993
  25. ^ Light & Life Magazine
  26. ^ World Mission People

External links[edit]