Franklin County, Illinois

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Franklin County, Illinois
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton
Map of Illinois highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1818
Named forBenjamin Franklin
SeatBenton
Largest cityWest Frankfort
Area
 • Total431.44 sq mi (1,117 km2)
 • Land408.89 sq mi (1,059 km2)
 • Water22.56 sq mi (58 km2), 5.23%
Population
 • (2010)39,561
 • Density95/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district12th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
 
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Franklin County, Illinois
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton
Map of Illinois highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1818
Named forBenjamin Franklin
SeatBenton
Largest cityWest Frankfort
Area
 • Total431.44 sq mi (1,117 km2)
 • Land408.89 sq mi (1,059 km2)
 • Water22.56 sq mi (58 km2), 5.23%
Population
 • (2010)39,561
 • Density95/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district12th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt". According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561, which is an increase of 1.4% from 39,018 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Benton.[2]

History[edit]

Franklin County was established on January 2, 1818 and formed from parts of Gallatin and White Counties. It was named for Benjamin Franklin.[3]

The first settlers arrived in Franklin County in 1804. This group included six brothers named Jordan. They settled in the southeastern corner of the county, near today's Thompsonville. For shelter, they first built a pole shed, covered with brush, chinked with mud, thatched with a grass roof, and open to the south. A fire was kept burning outside the south face. This was replaced by a log cabin before winter arrived. This became known as the Jordan settlement.[citation needed]

In the winter of 1809, during Tecumseh's War, the threat of attacks by hostile Indians was very real. Governor Edwards urged the settlers to build forts for defense. Frank Jordan built two stockades. The one at the Jordan settlement was known as "Jordan's Fort", while the second was several miles to the west and was called "Frank's Fort". Frank's Fort eventually grew into the town of West Frankfort.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 431.44 square miles (1,117.4 km2), of which 408.89 square miles (1,059.0 km2) (or 94.77%) is land and 22.56 square miles (58.4 km2) (or 5.23%) is water.[4] Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.

Map of Franklin County, Illinois.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Political subdivisions[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Franklin County
Historical population
CensusPop.
18201,763
18304,083131.6%
18403,682−9.8%
18505,68154.3%
18609,39365.3%
187012,65234.7%
188016,12927.5%
189017,1386.3%
190019,67514.8%
191025,94331.9%
192057,293120.8%
193059,4423.8%
194053,137−10.6%
195048,685−8.4%
196039,281−19.3%
197038,329−2.4%
198043,20112.7%
199040,319−6.7%
200039,018−3.2%
201039,5611.4%
Est. 201239,407−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the U.S. Census of 2000,[7] there were 39,018 people, 16,408 households, and 10,976 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 18,105 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of American, 16.2% German, 14.9% English, 11.4% Irish and 6.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.2% spoke English and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 16,408 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,411, and the median income for a family was $36,294. Males had a median income of $31,429 versus $19,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,407. About 12.60% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Climate and weather[edit]

Benton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.9
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
45
26
 
 
4.2
 
56
36
 
 
4.5
 
67
45
 
 
4.6
 
76
54
 
 
4.1
 
85
63
 
 
3.2
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
88
65
 
 
2.9
 
81
58
 
 
2.9
 
69
45
 
 
4.5
 
56
37
 
 
3.6
 
43
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Franklin County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Coordinates: 37°59′N 88°55′W / 37.99°N 88.92°W / 37.99; -88.92