Frankfurt U-Bahn

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Frankfurt U-Bahn
U-Bahn.svg
Westend-u-bahn-c-linie-2010-ffm-001.jpg
Underground station Westend on Lines U6 & U7.
Background
OwnerRMV
LocaleFrankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
Transit typeRapid transit/Premetro
Number of lines9[1]
Number of stations86[1]
Daily ridership321,000 (2012)[1]
Annual ridership117.3 million (2012)[1]
WebsiteVGF
Operation
Began operation4 October 1968[2]
Operator(s)Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt (VgF)
Train length50–105 metres (164–344 ft)
Headway5-15 minutes (daytime)
Technical
System length64.9 km (40.3 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(standard gauge)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)
System map
U-Bahnnetz Frankfurt
 
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Frankfurt U-Bahn
U-Bahn.svg
Westend-u-bahn-c-linie-2010-ffm-001.jpg
Underground station Westend on Lines U6 & U7.
Background
OwnerRMV
LocaleFrankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
Transit typeRapid transit/Premetro
Number of lines9[1]
Number of stations86[1]
Daily ridership321,000 (2012)[1]
Annual ridership117.3 million (2012)[1]
WebsiteVGF
Operation
Began operation4 October 1968[2]
Operator(s)Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt (VgF)
Train length50–105 metres (164–344 ft)
Headway5-15 minutes (daytime)
Technical
System length64.9 km (40.3 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(standard gauge)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)
System map
U-Bahnnetz Frankfurt

The Frankfurt U-Bahn, together with the Rhine-Main S-Bahn and the Frankfurt Straßenbahn, forms the backbone of the public transport system of Frankfurt, Germany. Its name derives from the German term for underground, Untergrundbahn. Since 1996, the U-Bahn has been owned and operated by Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt (VgF), the public transport company of Frankfurt, and is part of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV) transit association.

The U-Bahn opened in 1968,[2] and has been expanded several times. It consists of three inner-city tunnels and above-ground lines in the suburbs. About 59% of the track length is underground.[citation needed] The above-ground sections operate at different standards from traditional rapid transit systems due to the independent expansion of at-grade rail for those sections – they are more like light rail due to their not being fully grade-separated.

The network consists of 86 stations on nine lines, with a total length of 64.85 kilometres (40.30 mi).[1] Eight of the nine lines travel through the city center (line U9 being the exception). In 2012, the U-Bahn carried 117.3 million passengers,[1] an average of approximately 321,000 passengers per day.

History[edit]

Planning began in the 1950s to replace the overburdened streetcars with a more robust public transit system. The political parties put forward plans for a full U-Bahn, a streetcar system with an underground section downtown, and an elevated railway. Eventually politics, in the form of the 1964 municipal election, resolved the issue in favor of the U-Bahn project that began as a light rail/Stadtbahn network using tunnels in Frankfurt's city core, but which in the future would be transformed into a fully rapid transit U-Bahn network.

The U-Bahn opened on 4 October 1968, with the underground route from Hauptwache to Nordweststadt.[2]

Current routes[edit]

The U-Bahn consists of nine lines, U1 to U9, running on three primary sections based on the three tunnels, with a shorter fourth section in the suburbs:

SectionLineRouteStations
A
(and D)
U1Frankfurt U1.svgGinnheim - Römerstadt - Nordwestzentrum - Hauptwache - Willy-Brandt-Platz - Südbahnhof20
AU2Frankfurt U2.svgBad Homburg-Gonzenheim - Ober-Eschbach - Nieder-Eschbach - Bonames - Hauptwache - Willy-Brandt-Platz - Südbahnhof21
AU3Frankfurt U3.svgOberursel-Hohemark - Oberursel - Niederursel - Hauptwache - Willy-Brandt-Platz - Südbahnhof28
B
(and C+D)
U4Frankfurt U4.svgEnkheim - Schäfflestraße - Seckbacher Landstraße - Bornheim - Konstablerwache -
Willy-Brandt-Platz - Hauptbahnhof - Festhalle/Messe - Bockenheimer Warte
15
BU5Frankfurt U5.svgPreungesheim - Eckenheim - Hauptfriedhof - Konstablerwache - Willy-Brandt-Platz - Hauptbahnhof16
CU6Frankfurt U6.svgHeerstraße - Bockenheimer Warte - Hauptwache - Konstablerwache -
Ostbahnhof
15
CU7Frankfurt U7.svgHausen - Bockenheimer Warte - Hauptwache - Konstablerwache - Eissporthalle -
Hessen-Center - Enkheim
20
A
(and D)
U7Frankfurt U8.svgRiedberg - Niederursel - Hauptwache - Willy-Brandt-Platz - Südbahnhof19
D
(and A)
U7Frankfurt U9.svgNieder-Eschbach - Riedberg - Niederursel - Nordwestzentrum - Römerstadt - Ginnheim12
Frankfurt U-Bahn network map showing Sections A, B, C.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "ZAHLENSPIEGEL 2012" [STATISTICS 2012] (pdf) (in German). vgF. December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  2. ^ a b c "History - The history of local public passenger transport in Frankfurt". vgF. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 

German

External links[edit]