Frank Wolf (politician)

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Frank Wolf
Franklinwolf.jpeg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 1981
Preceded byJoe Fisher
Personal details
Born(1939-01-30) January 30, 1939 (age 75)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Carolyn Stover
ResidenceVienna, Virginia
Alma materPenn State University B.A. 1961

Georgetown University Law Center LL.B. 1965[1]

OccupationAttorney, Congressman
CommitteesHouse Appropriations Committee
ReligionPresbyterian
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army[2]
Years of service1962-1967[2]
 
  (Redirected from Frank R. Wolf)
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Frank Wolf
Franklinwolf.jpeg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 1981
Preceded byJoe Fisher
Personal details
Born(1939-01-30) January 30, 1939 (age 75)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Carolyn Stover
ResidenceVienna, Virginia
Alma materPenn State University B.A. 1961

Georgetown University Law Center LL.B. 1965[1]

OccupationAttorney, Congressman
CommitteesHouse Appropriations Committee
ReligionPresbyterian
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army[2]
Years of service1962-1967[2]

Frank Rudolph Wolf (born January 30, 1939) is an American Republican legislator who has represented Virginia's 10th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives since January 1981. He announced in December 2013 that he would not run for re-election in 2014, and is set to retire at the conclusion of his 17th term in office.[3] At the time of his announcement, he was the state's longest serving congressman.[4]

Early life, education, and early political career[edit]

Born and raised in West Philadelphia, Wolf overcame early in life a speech impediment which caused him to stutter.[5] Attending Pennsylvania State University, he was a member of Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity, received a degree in political science and subsequently earned a law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C.. He then joined the United States Army as a reservist and became a lawyer for the military.

Wolf entered politics in 1968, at the age of 29, when he became a legislative assistant to Edward Biester, the Republican congressman from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district. From 1971 to 1975, Wolf served as an assistant to Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

During the 1976 presidential election year, Wolf's first campaign for Virginia's 10th congressional district ended with his loss in the Republican primary to Vince Callahan by 45%–42%.[6] Two years later, amidst the 1978 midterm elections, he won the Republican nomination unopposed, but lost the general election to the incumbent Democrat, Joseph L. Fisher, 53%–47%.[6]

Along with Ronald Reagan's decisive victory over incumbent President Jimmy Carter in the 1980 presidential election, Wolf's third run for the House seat proved to be successful, as he won the Republican primary with 75% of the vote and then defeated Fisher in a rematch, 51%–49%.[6] In the 1982 midterms, Wolf won re-election with 53% of the vote.[6] Since then, he has won re-election with an average of 67% of the vote and was unopposed by a Democratic opponent in 1994 and 2000. His closest races have come in the Democratic wave elections of 2006 and 2008. On both occasions he defeated professor Judy Feder, by 57%–41% and 59%–39%, respectively.[6][7] In 2012, as Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney carried the district by 1%, Wolf was re-elected by 20%.[8] In September 2013, it was announced that Wolf will be challenged in the 2014 election by Democrat Richard Bolger, a Fairfax attorney and small business owner.[9][10]

1981, Congressional Pictorial Directory, Wolf as a first term Congressman

The 10th District has seen extensive changes since Wolf took office. Initially a purely Northern Virginia district covering Fairfax, Arlington, and Loudoun counties, the 1990 redistricting by a Democratic Virginia General Assembly moved the district away from Arlington and enlarged to the west and south to encompass parts of the congressional district held by U.S. Rep. George Allen, which was eliminated to create a black-majority district in accordance with the Voting Rights Act. Allen chose not to challenge Wolf, instead running for Governor of Virginia in 1993. The district kept approximately the same complexion after the 2000 apportionment by a Republican Virginia General Assembly, but lost territory in the outlying areas of the district to allow for population growth in Fairfax and Loudoun. In 2013, the Fairfax portion of the district holds about 40 percent of the population, Loudoun county holds 30 percent, and the remainder of the district at 30 percent.

Tenure[edit]

Wolf has been especially prominent in three areas: transportation, human rights, and gambling. He is the current co-chair of the US Congress Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, formerly the Human Rights Caucus.[11]

The National Rifle Association gives him a A- and the American Civil Liberties Union gives him a 0%. Some other rankings include 0% from Clean Air Flow Energy, 100% from National Right to Life, 0% from the Human Rights Coalition, 17% from the National Educational Association, 5% from the League of Conservation Voters, 92% from the United States Border Control and 10% by the Alliance for Retired Americans.[citation needed]

Group ratings
YearGroupRatings
2010ACLU13
2011ACLU--
2010ACU92
2011ACU80
2010ADA10
2011ADA10
2010CFG69
2011CFG72
2010AFSCME0
2011AFS44
2010FRC100
2011FRC--
2010LCV10
2011LCV21
2010ITIC33
2011ITIC--
2010NTU75
2011NTU67
2010COC88
2011COC93

[1]

Human rights

Wolf has traveled extensively to places around the world where people are suffering, including five times to the Sudan since 1989. He has advocated for relief of the Darfur genocide.[12] He has also convened conferences in his district to address human rights issues around the world.

After the trial of the leadership of the Bahá'í community of Iran was announced on February 11, 2009[13] Wolf voiced his deep concern over the "systematic persecution" of the Bahá'ís.[14] On February 13 Wolf offered a resolution on the subject of the trial of the Iranian Bahá'í leadership co-sponsored by seven others in H. RES. 175 - "Condemning the Government of Iran for its state-sponsored persecution of its Baha'i minority and its continued violation of the International Covenants on Human Rights" which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.[15] The situation has gathered international attention including defense of Nobel Laureate attorney Shirin Ebadi in June[16] after she received threats in April warning her against making speeches abroad, and defending Iran's minority Baha'i community[17] - see Arrest of Bahá'í leaders.

On September 30, 2010, Wolf spoke against human trafficking during a Black Women United for Action conference at Mount Vernon, George Washington's historic home.

Wolf has vocally criticized the human rights record of China.[18] Around the time of the 1995 International Women's Conference in Beijing, Wolf called for the Most Favored Nation (MFN) status of China to be revoked, alleging that human fetuses were considered a delicacy in China .[19] He was one of the leading congressman trying to stop the grant of permanent MFN status to China in 1999. [20] When Wolf and Congressman Chris Smith were in Beijing shortly before the 2008 Summer Olympics, the Chinese security service prevented them from participating in a dinner meeting with local human rights lawyers.[21]

In the 2011 United States federal budget, Wolf inserted a clause prohibiting NASA and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy from any joint scientific activity with China for the remainder of the 2011 fiscal year. Wolf remarked, "We don't want to give them the opportunity to take advantage of our technology, and we have nothing to gain from dealing with them. And frankly, it boils down to a moral issue. ... Would you have a bilateral program with Stalin?"[22] This prohibition resulted in Chinese journalists being denied access to the launching of Space Shuttle Endeavour on the mission STS-134, that was carrying the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer which was built in part by Chinese scientists.[23]

Iraq War[edit]

During the Bush administration, Wolf voted consistently with the President's positions. For example, Wolf voted in favor of military action in Iraq in 2002. He also voted to make the Patriot Act permanent, opposed requiring Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act warrants for wiretaps within the United States, and supported the president in restricting congressional oversight for CIA interrogations.[12]

However, in March 2006, Congress, at Wolf's suggestion by inserting an earmark into a supplemental appropriation bill, and in a breach with the Bush administration, announced the creation of the Iraq Study Group to reassess the U.S. strategy in Iraq.[24][25]

Social issues[edit]

Wolf believes abortion should be illegal and he opposes subsidized birth control for federal employees. Congressman Wolf has also voted to deny funding to Planned Parenthood. He also opposes funding for international family planning in developing countries. Frank Wolf is against the Employment Non-Discrimination Act for fear it would destroy religious freedom. He believes marriage is between one man and one woman.[26] Wolf has signed letter supporting the "one man one woman" issue in the Manhattan Declaration.[26]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

In the 109th Congress, Wolf was chairman of Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs, and its ranking minority member in the 110th. He is co-chairman of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus with Jim McGovern, who replaced the late Tom Lantos. [27] Wolf is a member of the Moderate Republican Main Street Partnership.

Electoral history[edit]

Virginia's 10th congressional district: Results 1978–2012[28][29][30]
YearRepublicanVotesPctDemocratVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct
1978Frank Wolf61,98147%Joseph Fisher70,89253%
1980Frank Wolf110,84051%Joseph Fisher105,88349%
1982Frank Wolf86,50653%Ira Lechner75,36146%Scott BowdenIndependent2,1621%
1984Frank Wolf158,52863%John Flannery95,07437%
1986Frank Wolf95,72460%John Milliken63,29240%
1988Frank Wolf188,55068%Robert Weinberg88,28432%
1990Frank Wolf103,76161%N. MacKenzie Canter57,24934%Barbara MinnichIndependent5,2733%Lyndon LaRoucheIndependent2,2931%
1992Frank Wolf144,47164%Ray Vickery75,77533%Alan OgdenIndependent6,8743%
1994Frank Wolf153,31187%(no candidate)Bob RileeLibertarian8,2675%Alan OgdenIndependent13,6878%
1996Frank Wolf169,26672%Robert Weinberg59,14525%Gary ReamsLibertarian59,1453%
1998Frank Wolf103,64872%Cornell Brooks36,47625%Robert BarnettIndependent4,5063%
2000Frank Wolf238,81784%(no candidate)Brian BrownLibertarian28,10710%Marc RossiIndependent3,2266%
2002Frank Wolf115,91772%John Stevens45,46428%
2004Frank Wolf205,98264%James Socas116,65436%
2006Frank Wolf138,21357%Judy Feder98,76941%Wilbur WoodLibertarian2,1071%Neeraj NigamIndependent1,8511%
2008Frank Wolf223,14059%Judy Feder147,35739%Neeraj NigamIndependent8,4572%
2010Frank Wolf131,11663%Jeff Barnett72,60435%William RedpathLibertarian4,6072%
2012Frank Wolf214,03858%Kristin Cabral142,02439%J. Kevin ChisholmIndependent9,8553%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Virginia / Tenth District". The Almanac of American Politics 2012. Washington, D.C.: National Journal Group and Atlantic Media Company. pp. 1685–1688. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7. LCCN 2011-929193. 
  2. ^ a b c "Representative Frank Rudolph Wolf's Biography". Project Vote Smart. One Common Ground. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Va.’s Rep. Frank Wolf won’t seek re-election". The Washington Post. Associated Press. December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  4. ^ Reilly, Mollie (December 17, 2013). "Frank Wolf, GOP Congressman, Won't Seek Reelection In 2014". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ Presence TeleCare Telepractice - Frank Wolf Interview
  6. ^ a b c d e "Rep. Frank Wolf (R)". National Journal Almanac. National Journal Group Inc. 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "November 2008 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  8. ^ Jost, Lauren. "Frank Wolf Wins Re-Election" (McLean Patch, November 7, 2012)
  9. ^ http://atr.rollcall.com/frank-wolf-receives-democratic-challenger-va10/
  10. ^ http://www.richardbolger.com
  11. ^ "About the Committee". Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "Frank Wolf on the Issues". OnTheIssues.Org. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  13. ^ "Iran to try Bahais for spying for Israel". AFP. 2009-02-11. 
  14. ^ "Iran Continues Systematic Persecution of Baha'is" (Press release). House of Representatives, Congressional Record. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  15. ^ "Condemning the Government of Iran for its state-sponsored persecution of its Baha'i minority and its continued violation of the International Covenants on Human Rights. (Introduced in House)" (Press release). House of Representatives, Congressional Record. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  16. ^ "Local Baha'is worry about their fellow believers in Iran" (Press release). The Chatham News. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  17. ^ BBC NEWS. Top Iranian dissident threatened
  18. ^ Congressman Frank R. Wolf : China
  19. ^ Cannibalism and the Chinese Body Politic: Hermeneutics and Violence in Cross-Cultural Perception
  20. ^ Wolf, Frank (March 24, 2004). "U.S.– China trade debate filled with questions". Association for Asian Research. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  21. ^ Yardley, Jim (2008-07-02). "China Blocks U.S. Legislators’ Meeting". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  22. ^ Mervis, Jeffrey (21 April 2011). "Spending Bill Prohibits U.S.-China Collaborations". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  23. ^ Hao, Cindy (20 May 2011). "Chinese Journalists Barred From Shuttle Launch". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  24. ^ Barone, Michael; Richard E. Cohen (2008). The Almanac of American Politics 2008. Washington, D.C.: National Journal Group and Atlantic Media Company. pp. 1688–1692. ISBN 978-0-89234-117-7. 
  25. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D. (2006-12-05). "An Earmark With an Impact". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  26. ^ a b Roach, Erin (Jan 5, 2010). "Congressmen write letter opposing Uganda anti-gay bill". Baptist Press. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  27. ^ Barr, Andy. "McGovern Replaces Lantos as Human Rights Co-Chair" (The Hill, June 12, 2008)
  28. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  29. ^ "Election results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  30. ^ "November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 27, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Videos
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Joseph L. Fisher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th congressional district

1981–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Chris Smith
R-New Jersey
United States Representatives by seniority
14th
Succeeded by
Steny Hoyer
D-Maryland