Frances Lankin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

The Honourable
Frances Lankin
MPP for Beaches—Woodbine
In office
September 6, 1990 – June 2, 1999
Preceded byMarion Bryden
Succeeded byriding dissolved
MPP for Beaches—East York
In office
June 3, 1999 – July 31, 2001
Preceded byfirst member
Succeeded byMichael Prue
Personal details
BornLondon, Ontario
Political partyNew Democratic Party
Occupationpublic servant, former charity president, former union executive and politician
 
Jump to: navigation, search
The Honourable
Frances Lankin
MPP for Beaches—Woodbine
In office
September 6, 1990 – June 2, 1999
Preceded byMarion Bryden
Succeeded byriding dissolved
MPP for Beaches—East York
In office
June 3, 1999 – July 31, 2001
Preceded byfirst member
Succeeded byMichael Prue
Personal details
BornLondon, Ontario
Political partyNew Democratic Party
Occupationpublic servant, former charity president, former union executive and politician

Frances Lankin, CM PC is a former president and CEO of United Way Toronto, and a former Ontario MPP and cabinet minister. She currently co-chairs a government commission review of social assistance in Ontario.

Contents

Early career

Originally from London, Ontario, Lankin started her career as the executive director of a childcare centre before attending the University of Toronto to study criminology. Due to a provincial government hiring freeze, Lankin was unable to get a position in her desired field working in probation and parole, so she accepted a position as a correctional officer. Lankin was one of the first women correctional officers to work at the Don Jail, an all-male institution. After four years, Lankin became a probation and parole officer before taking a position with the Ontario Public Service Employees Union (OPSEU).

Lankin was a very active member of OPSEU, where she focused on many issues of concern to women workers. She took a position as Equal Opportunity Coordinator with the union, working on such issues as paid maternity leave, pay equity and childcare. While at OPSEU, Lankin helped found the Ontario Coalition for Better Childcare and was provincial spokesperson for the Equal Pay Coalition. She eventually became an economic researcher and finally a full-time negotiator for the Union. During her time at OPSEU, Lankin was appointed by the provincial government to the Workers' Compensation Appeals Tribunal for a 3-year term.

Political career

Lankin was elected Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) for the Toronto riding of Beaches—Woodbine in the 1990 provincial election, succeeding retiring NDP MPP Marion Bryden. The NDP under Bob Rae won its first-ever majority government in this election, and Lankin, then thirty-six years old, was appointed to cabinet on October 1, 1990 as Minister of Government Services and Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet. These positions gave her considerable authority over the provincial civil service.

Lankin was promoted to Minister of Health on April 22, 1991. She soon developed a reputation as one of the most proficient ministers in Rae's government, and won praise for her attention to administrative detail. She also became one of Rae's most trusted ministers, and a part of his "inner circle".

On February 3, 1993, Lankin was shifted to the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. Here, she reversed her previous opposition to spending cutbacks, and pursued policies of fiscal restraint that were unpopular with many NDP supporters. Previously a defender of universal free drug coverage for senior citizens, she now supported Finance Minister Floyd Laughren's introduction of user fees.

The Rae government was defeated in the provincial election of 1995, although Lankin was re-elected in Beaches-Woodbine by about 3,000 votes over her nearest opponent.

When Rae resigned as NDP leader in 1996, she declared herself a candidate to succeed him. She was regarded as the frontrunner in this race, and was strongly supported by senior members of the Rae government and the party establishment. However, this identification actually damaged her popularity among party delegates who were disappointed by the rightward shifts of the Rae government. Rival candidate Peter Kormos accused her in the leadership debate of bearing responsibility for the "social contract", which forced open collective bargaining agreements with public sector unions and was deeply unpopular with labour, and for the Rae government's abandonment of a promise to institute a publicly run auto insurance system.

Lankin's actual position in relation to the "social contract" was somewhat complicated. She initially opposed the Rae government's plans to revisit existing labour contracts, and personally warned Rae of the fallout that would result from organized labour. She later considered resigning from cabinet over the issue on two separate occasions, but ultimately chose to remain because (she argued) it would give her the opportunity to moderate the legislation. She did, in fact, replace Rae's initial plans for outright wage rollbacks with requirements that workers above a certain income level take unpaid leave days. Even in this moderated form, however, the legislation was highly unpopular and strained the NDP's relations with the labour movement.

As a result of criticisms from Kormos and others, many of Lankin's potential supporters went to rival candidate Howard Hampton, who had also been a cabinet minister in the Rae government, but was not part of Rae's inner circle. Hampton defeated Lankin on the third ballot by fewer than 200 votes. (See Ontario CCF/NDP Leadership Conventions.)

While in opposition, she wrote and submitted a private-members' bill banning the use of restraints on elderly patients. Her bill was unanimously carried by all parties in the Legislature and became one of two private members bills submitted and passed by Lankin, a very rare accomplishment for a third-party opposition MPP.

In the 1999 Ontario election, which reduced the NDP to only nine seats, Lankin scored a convincing re-election victory in the redistributed riding of Beaches—East York. Lankin resigned her seat in 2001 to accept a position as president and CEO of United Way Toronto.

United Way Toronto

Lankin was the president and CEO of United Way Toronto from 2001 to 2011, guiding the organization through its transformation from a trusted fundraiser to an organization dedicated to addressing underlying root causes of social problems. Under Lankin’s leadership, United Way Toronto has engaged in a number of strategic initiatives that aim to improve the lives of individuals, families and neighbourhoods in Toronto including:

Lankin retired from the United Way in 2011.[1]

Other work

Lankin has served on the boards of several not-for-profit and charitable organizations in addition to her leading role at United Way Toronto. Over the years, she has served on the boards of Equal Voice, The Canadian Club, The Canadian Foundation for Economic Education (CFEE), Altruvest Charitable Services Seneca College, the Toronto City Summit Alliance, the University of Toronto's School of Public Policy Advisory Committee, the Board of the Ontario Hospital Association, the Board of the Literary Review of Canada, the Mowat Centre’s Advisory Committee, the Ontario Press Council and is Chair of the TELUS Toronto Community Board. She co-chaired the Toronto City Summit in June 2002 and 2003.

In 2006, she co-chaired a federal government Blue Ribbon Panel, which made recommendations for improving how the federal government distributes grants and contributions to charities and other organizations. Currently, she is a member of .

In 2009, Lankin was sworn in to the Queen's Privy Council of Canada, appointed by the Prime Minister as a member of the Security Intelligence Review Committee, which provides an external review of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.

On November 30, 2010, the provincial government announced the appointment of Lankin and Munir Sheikh to lead the Commission for the Review of Social Assistance in Ontario. They are expected to issue their final report in June 2012.[2]

In 2012, Lankin was named a 2012 Trudeau mentor by the Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation.

Awards

Electoral record

Provincial record

Ontario general election, 1999
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    New DemocratFrances Lankin19,70345.9+3.5
    Progressive ConservativeJudy Burns12,77629.8-1.1
    LiberalBill Buckingham9,33221.8-2.3
    GreenMichael Schulman4311.0-
    Family CoalitionDan Largy2640.6-
    Natural LawDonalda G. Fredeen2300.5-0.1
    IndependentSteve Rutchinski1640.4-
Ontario general election, 1995
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    New DemocratFrances Lankin10,86242.4-16.0
    Progressive ConservativeLynda Buffett7,92330.9+16.6
    LiberalStephen Lautens6,15824.1-1.6
    IndependentBrad Allen3191.2-
    CommunistMiguel Figueroa1690.7-
    Natural LawDonalda G. Fredeen1620.6-
Ontario general election, 1990
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    New DemocratFrances Lankin14,38158.4-
    LiberalBeryl Potter6,32925.7-
    Progressive ConservativeKevin Forest3,53514.3-
    IndependentSam Vitulli4001.6-

1996 leadership convention

First Ballot

CandidateDelegate SupportPercentage+/-*
Howard Hampton64933.7%-
Frances Lankin61131.7%-
Peter Kormos43422.5%-
Tony Silipo23212.0%-
Total1,926100.0%

Second Ballot

CandidateDelegate SupportPercentage+/-*
Howard Hampton80642.4%+8.7%
Frances Lankin69136.4%+4.7%
Peter Kormos40221.2%+9.2%
Total1,899100.0%

Third Ballot

CandidateDelegate SupportPercentage+/-*
Howard Hampton97154.9%+12.5%
Frances Lankin79344.8%+8.4%
Total1,769100.0%

References

External links