Foster Air Force Base

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Foster Air Force Base
Foster Field

Tactical Air Command Emblem.png

Part of Tactical Air Command
Victoria County, near Victoria, Texas
Victoria Regional Airport TX 2006 USGS.jpg
2006 USGS airphoto
Foster AFB is located in Texas
Foster AFB
Foster AFB
Coordinates28°51′09″N 96°55′07″W / 28.85250°N 96.91861°W / 28.85250; -96.91861
TypeAir Force Base
Site information
Site history
Built1941
In use1941-1945; 1953-1950
 
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Foster Air Force Base
Foster Field

Tactical Air Command Emblem.png

Part of Tactical Air Command
Victoria County, near Victoria, Texas
Victoria Regional Airport TX 2006 USGS.jpg
2006 USGS airphoto
Foster AFB is located in Texas
Foster AFB
Foster AFB
Coordinates28°51′09″N 96°55′07″W / 28.85250°N 96.91861°W / 28.85250; -96.91861
TypeAir Force Base
Site information
Site history
Built1941
In use1941-1945; 1953-1950
A twelve-ship formation over the Guadalupe River in the vicinity of Foster Field, Texas, Summer 1942
North American F-100s of the 450th Fighter-Day Group, about 1956. North American F-100C-5-NA Super Sabre 54-1775 identifiable. This aircraft was lost in combat during the Vietnam War when assigned to the 37th Tactical Fighter Wing at Phu Cat Air Base on 2 August 1968, its pilot was recovered.
Boeing KB-50D Superfortress, 48-123, of the 622d Air Refueling Squadron (4505th ARW) carrying out first triple-point refueling operation with three North American F-100C Super Sabres (54-1825, 53-1774, 54-1848) of the 451st Fighter-Day Squadron (322d FDG), 1956
For the civil use of this facility and airport information, see Victoria Regional Airport

Foster Air Force Base (1941–1945, 1952–1959) is a former United States Air Force base, located approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east-northeast of Victoria, Texas. A flying training airfield during World War II, it was part of Tactical Air Command during the Cold War as a tactical fighter and command base.

History[edit]

Named in memory of Lt. Arthur L. Foster (25 November 1888 - 10 February 1925), a native of Georgetown, Texas, and a United States Army Air Corps instructor killed in a crash at Brooks Field, Texas in 1925. Foster's son received his training and commission at the base in the spring of 1942.[1]

Previous names[edit]

Major commands to which assigned[edit]

Major units assigned[edit]

62d Single Engine Flying Training Group (originally 97th School Squadron), 4 September 1941 - 30 April 1944
63d Single Engine Flying Training Group (originally 48th School Squadron), 4 September 1941 - 22 March 1944
3580th Pilot Training Group (Basic, Single-Engine), 1 May 1952 - 1 July 1954
3580th Air Base Group, 1 May 1952 - 1 July 1954
3580th Maintenance & Supply Group, 1 May 1952 - 1 July 1954
450th Fighter-Bomber Group (later 450th Fighter-Day Group), 1 July 1954 - 11 December 1957
450th Air Base Group, 1 July 1954 - 1 January 1959
450th Maintenance & Supply Group, 1 July 1954 - 11 December 1957

Major aircraft assigned[edit]

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Foster Air Force Base was established as an advanced single-engine flying school for fighter pilots six miles (10 km) northeast of Victoria, Texas, in the spring of 1941. A local funding campaign led by E. J. Dysart the previous spring had raised some $17,000 to locate the base at Victoria on a 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) site as an economic asset. Subsequent government construction cost more than $4 million.[1] Leases were formally approved by the War Department on 4 March 1941, with construction beginning on 14 April 1941 by American-Friedman-Bitulithic Associates.[3]

The airfield was activated on 15 May 1941 by the Gulf Coast Air Corps Training Center. The mission of the new airfield was the training of aviation cadets in the advanced phase of flying training. Foster was assigned to the Air Corps Advanced Flying School (Single Engine). In the advanced phase, the cadets flew advanced trainers, fighters and fighter-bombers. Pilot wings were awarded upon graduation and were sent on to group combat training. Graduates were usually graded as Flight Officers (Warrant Officers); cadets who graduated at the top of their class were graded as Second Lieutenants.[4]

The initial class of cadets arrived in September 1941 and served under Lt. Col. Warren R. Carter, the first commander. WACs began to arrive the following May. Cadets used North American AT-6 Texan trainers and Curtis P-40 Warhawk fighters to drill in aerial gunnery, though actual practice took place on ranges located on Matagorda Island and Matagorda Peninsula. In addition to these bombing ranges on Matagorda, at least ten auxiliary landing fields and a sub-base (Aloe AAF, built in 1943 5 miles southwest of Victoria) was controlled by Foster for emergency landings and aircraft overflow.[1]

The field was formally dedicated to 1st Lt. Arthur L. Foster on Sunday, 22 February 1942, who was killed along with Maj. Lee O. Wright in the 1030 hrs. crash of a Curtiss JN-6H, AS-44806,[5] ~2 miles (3.2 km) E of Brooks Field, Texas on 10 February 1925. Foster's widow, Mrs. Ruth Young Foster, of San Antonio, Texas, unveiled a plaque that read "Dedicated to the memory of Lieut. Arthur Lee Foster, a pioneer in aviation who gave his life teaching others to fly."[3]

In 1943, the War Department constituted and activated the 77th Flying Training Wing (Advanced Single-Engine) at Foster and assigned it to the AAF Central Flying Training Command. The 77th was a headquarters for advanced training at several bases of AAF Central Flying Training Command.

Many pilots returning from overseas service were taught to become aerial gunnery instructors at Foster Field. In addition to the pilot training mission, Foster also served as a medical evacuation facility for injured veterans. There were several housing facilities located on the base.[1]

On 1 January 1945 the 2539th Army Air Forces Base Unit took control of the ground station administrative functions. As World War II wound down Foster Field took control of several smaller facilities as they were being closed. On 1 September 1945 the mission at the airfield changed from pilot training to becoming a separation station. Foster Field itself was inactivated on 31 October 1945, being placed in standby status. On 15 November the facility was completely closed and eventually the Foster Field site returned to its prewar owners, the Buhler and Braman estates.[1][4]

Cold War[edit]

Air Training Command[edit]

The Air Force retained a recapture right, which it exercised at Foster and at many other former bases to accommodate the Korean War training surge. In the fall of 1951 the government purchased 1,376 acres (5.57 km2) at the site, and Foster Field was reactivated for single-engine jet training.[1] Foster Field was designated Foster Air Force Base on an inactive status on 1 September 1952, by Department of the Air Force General Order No. 38, dated 29 August 1952.[1]

The facility was assigned to the United States Air Force's Air Training Command. The 3580th Pilot Training Wing (Basic, Single-Engine) was assigned to the base on 1 May 1952 as the primary training organization as well as the base host unit. The first cadets graduated in March 1953 after three months of duty using North American T-28 Trojan propeller and Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star jet trainers.[1][4]

After the end of combat in Korea, Air Training Command returned various combat crew training responsibilities to Strategic Air Command and Tactical Air Command in 1954. The command was able to do this because bases like Greenville AFB and Laredo AFB had acquired sufficient facilities to assume their full share of the pilot training load. Various bases were transferred to the combat commands, among these was the transfer of Foster AFB to TAC on 1 July 1954[4]

Tactical Air Command[edit]
Emblem of the 450th Fighter-Day Wing
322d Fighter-Day Group Patch

Foster Air Force Base was designated a permanent military installation on 1 July 1954. Col. Frank L. Dunn became the new commander, replacing Col. C. C. Sonnkalb.[1]

Under Tactical Air Command, the 450th Fighter-Bomber Wing, was activated at Foster, on 1 July 1954, replacing and absorbing the assets of the 3580th PTW. Four operational squadrons (720th, 721st, 722d and 723d) were assigned to the 450th Fighter-Bomber Group, initially being equipped with the North American F-86F Sabre.[6] Its aircraft wore an approximation of the stars and stripes, with seven red and six white stripes on the trailing edge, and three stars in white on the blue forward portion of the fin. They also were designated with a colored, scalloped nose chevron.[7]

Along with the 450th, a second group, the 322d Fighter-Day Group was assigned to Foster, and attached to the 450th FDW. The 322d consisted of the 450th, 451st and 452d Fighter-Bomber Squadrons, also flying the F-86F.[6] Its aircraft wore a broad band on the fin with its playing card insignia superimposed.[7] The 450th FBG was an operational unit, while the 322d took over the training mission formerly performed by ATC prior to the transfer of the base to TAC.

With these two fighter groups assigned to the base, assigned personnel increased to about 6,000.[1] The primary mission of the 450th FBW was to maintain tactical proficiency for combat operations and to prepare for overseas deployments as part of Ninth Air Force.[6]

In early-1955, the 450th FBW began receiving new North American F-100C/D Super Sabre aircraft, replacing the obsolescent F-86s. The 450th FBW was the first operational Tactical Air Command wing to be equipped with the F-100. With the change of equipment, the wing was redesignated as the 450th Fighter-Day Wing on 8 March 1955, with all its subordinate groups and squadrons also being redesignated.[6]

On 8 July 1955, Foster AFB became the location of Headquarters, Nineteenth Air Force. Nineteenth AF had no units or aircraft permanently assigned. Its mission was planning and carrying out force protection and rapid response using temporarily attached units deployed to overseas crisis locations. From Foster, Nineteenth AF responded to the 1958 Lebanon crisis, when the United States sent in forces to sustain a pro-Western government after a conflict in Iraq threatened to spill across the border.[6] Also, attached to Nineteenth AF, the 450th FDW carried out the first overseas deployment of a complete tactical force as a unit in a training flight to Europe in 1956. The next year three Foster-based F-100s flew the first TAC single-engine, nonstop, round-trip mission over a great distance when they "attacked" Panama in a training maneuver.[1]

On 1 July 1958, the 450th was redesignated as the 450th Tactical Fighter Wing as part of a worldwide USAF renaming of its Fighter-Bomber and Fighter-Day units with a single mission designator.

Closure[edit]

On 28 August 1957, despite the fact that President Dwight D. Eisenhower appropriated funds for new construction at the base, the base was ordered closed by the spring of 1959, with the resident 450th TFW and both groups inactivating.[1] This closure was due to budgetary constraints in the Air Force, however the closing came as a surprise to both Victorians and base commanders.[1]

Nineteenth Air Force was moved to Seymour Johnson AFB, North Carolina, effective 1 September 1958. The 450th TFW F-100 aircraft were reassigned to the 4th and 36th Tactical Fighter Wings, and all units assigned to Foster were inactivated by mid-December 1958.[6]

Despite a rigorous "Save Foster" campaign led in Washington by Senators Lyndon B. Johnson and Ralph Yarborough and Congressman Clark W. Thompson, the base closed on 31 December 1958.[1] It was formally inactivated effective 1 January 1959 by Department of the Air Force General Order No. 7, dated February 9, 1959.[1] The 450th was reactivated by SAC as a B-52 Stratofortress strategic bombardment wing in 1962 to replace the 4136th Strategic Wing.[6]

Post military use[edit]

The local economy suffered greatly from the closure of Foster AFB. In the summer of 1960, the General Services Administration approved the exchange of Aloe Field for Foster Field, and Victoria County Airport was moved to the latter site. The growth of the county airport slowly replaced the loss of Foster AFB as numerous businesses located there.[1]

Two of the largest businesses to locate at Victoria County Airport were the Devereux Foundation, a therapeutic-education center, and Gary Aircraft, which repaired surplus C-54 Skymaster (Douglas DC-4) aircraft in 1968. In 1976 Foster became the site of Victoria Regional Airport, which provides passenger service and connections with major carriers.[1]

The Victoria Composite Squadron of the Civil Air Patrol's Texas Wing continues to meet at the location.[8]


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Roell, Craig H. "Foster Army Air Field". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  2. ^ Gulf Coast Training Center was reassigned from Office, Chief of Air Corps and no longer a major command.
  3. ^ a b Victoria, Texas, "U.S. Honors Pioneer In Aviation Who Died Teaching Others to Fly", Victoria Advocate, Sunday 22 February 1942, Volume 44, Number 230, Section 1, Pages 1-2.
  4. ^ a b c d Manning, Thomas A. (2005), History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942-2002, Office of History and Research, Air Education and Training Command, Randolph AFB, Texas.
  5. ^ http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/1940sB4/1925.htm
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Ravenstein, Charles A., Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977, Office of Air Force History, 1984
  7. ^ a b Donald, David. Century Jets: USAF Frontline Fighters of the Cold War. AIRtime, 2004. ISBN 1-880588-68-4.
  8. ^ http://capvct.org/content/about.htm

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]