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Forward head posture is the anterior positioning of the cervical spine. It is a posture problem that is caused by several factors including sleeping with the head elevated too high, extended use of computers, lack of developed back muscle strength and lack of nutrients such as calcium.  This posture is sometimes called "Scholar's Neck", "Wearsie Neck", or "Reading Neck."
Possible negative effects include tingling and numbness in the arms, and a burning pain between the shoulder blades.
Treatment involves stretching the muscles in the front of the neck and torso such as the anterior scalenes, middle scalenes, pectoralis major, pectoralis minor while also strength training muscles in the back of the neck and torso such as the erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids and posterior deltoids.
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